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Durham University

Department of Theology and Religion


Publication details for Dr Kimberley A. Fowler

Fowler, Kimberley A. (2018). "Reading Gospel of Thomas 100 in the Fourth Century: From Roman Imperialism to Pachomian Concern over Wealth”. Vigiliae Christianae 72(4): 421-446.

Author(s) from Durham


Recent scholarship has made strides in evidencing a Pachomian monastic relationship
to the Nag Hammadi Codices, yet this remains to be sufficiently investigated through
analysis of Nag Hammadi material bearing Pachomian traits, or best explained within
a Pachomian ideological environment. In this article I argue that Gospel of Thomas
100’s redaction of the “give to Caesar what is Caesar’s” pericope (Mk 12:13-17 par.) can be
better understood in light of conflict between Pachomian material wealth and ascetic
aspirations. The redaction demonstrates that conflict over Roman tax payment, crucial
in the first-century context of the Synoptic Gospels, is in this fourth-century context
essentially irrelevant.