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Durham University

Department of Theology and Religion


Publication details for Dr Rik Van Nieuwenhove

Van Nieuwenhove, Rik (2020). 'Trinitarian Indwelling'. In The Oxford Handbook of Mystical Theology. Howells, E. & McIntosh, M. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 388-403.

Author(s) from Durham


This chapter discusses two models of the Trinity: the so-called social or interpersonal model, and the psychological or intrapersonal model. How we conceive of the indwelling of the Trinity will be determined by the extent to which we espouse one of these models. The chapter argues that the social model, although rather fashionable in current theology, may not be as suitable as the intrapersonal model to account for the indwelling in the soul of the divine Persons and the Son in particular. The intrapersonal model, on the other hand, can account for a genuine indwelling of both the Son and Holy Spirit.