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Durham University

Department of Theology and Religion


Publication details for Professor Karen E. Kilby

Kilby, Karen (2020). Paradox and Paul: Catholic and Protestant Theologies of Grace. International Journal of Systematic Theology 22(1): 77-82.

Author(s) from Durham


John Barclay offers a capacious and helpful framework for reflection on large swathes of the history of the theology of grace with his notion of the six ways of ‘perfecting the gift’. In this article, I extend his analysis to a consideration of certain typical differences between Catholic and Protestant conceptions of grace. Where Protestant theology tends toward a juxtaposition of grace with sin, Catholic theology often considers grace in relation to nature, and each side, I suggest, has its own characteristic proclivity towards paradox.