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Durham University

University Library


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What are Journals?

Journals (also referred to as periodicals or serials) provide up-to-date coverage of developments in any field, as well as forming the long-term record of research. They are published at regular intervals - daily/weekly/monthly, etc. These periodic parts are usually referred to as "issues", and the issues will generally be brought together to form "volumes". Frequently a volume corresponds to a calendar year.

Finding Journal Articles

Use the links above for information about finding print and e-journals. 

Citing Journal Articles

If you use journal articles in your written work you will need to be able to cite them (provide references to them) in a clear and consistent way. This is particularly important in extended essays, dissertations and theses. You should include all the elements described below. There are several styles for doing this - use Cite them Right for further details on different referencing systems. However, each department has a preferred style for use in written work, so also check with them.

References to Journal Articles

You need to know all the parts of the journal reference in order to find an article but also to be able to cite it correctly. The reference may contain the journal title in full, e.g.

McEwan, C. (2005) New spaces of citizenship? Rethinking gendered participation and empowerment in South Africa. Political Geography 24(8): 969-991

or in an abbreviated form, e.g.

Rosenblum, E. (2006) Convergent Evolution and Divergent Selection: Lizards at the White Sands Ecotone. Am. Nat. 161(1): 1-15

In each of these examples the information given is author(s), year of publication, title of the article (or "paper"), journal title (in italics), volume number (and part number where appropriate) of journal, and page numbers of the article within that volume.