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Durham University

University Library

ORCID, ResearcherID and Scopus Author ID

Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID)

The Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) is an open, non-profit, community-driven initiative providing you, as a researcher, a unique persistent identifier. This aims to:

  • identify and connect you with your research publications and other outputs
  • distinguish you from other researchers, globally, who may share the same or similar name
  • reduce repetitive data entry through linkages with publisher, funder and university systems

View the video below for more information, or follow the links on the right of the screen to register for an ORCID ID.

See our ORCID FAQS for further information about ORCID, its benefits, and how to get the most from your ORCID ID.

In January 2019, Research England published its Guidance on Submissions and Panel Criteria. The guidance lists ORCID under required data for all Category A submitted staff, where held, and required for all researchers named in Impact Case Studies.
Durham expects all Durham staff and doctoral students to register for an ORCID ID, and to record this on their profile within the university's staff profile system (see R&IS Funding Bulletin June 2018).

ORCID is now mandated by several funding bodies when applying for funding (the Wellcome Trust and NIHR) with other funders advocating and supporting its use (UKRI, the European Commission). Many publishers are now also allowing author's to use an ORCID iD as part of any submission process for publication, with other publishers requiring its authors to register with ORCID if they have not already done so (The Royal Society, PLoS, AGU, Science, eLife).


Some examples of existing Durham ORCID iD holder profiles can be found at:

Other Author IDs

ORCiD is an open, non-proprietary and platform-agnostic system. This means it can be used easily by multiple systems and providers, which is why it is favoured by many research funders, publishers and academic institution.

There are other, commercial author identifiers which are widely used and it may be adviseable for authors to also be aware of and use these.



Researcher ID, now integrated with Web of Science Publons platform, is an author identifier specific to what were many Thomson Reuters products, such as Web of Science. It is widely used in many Science subjects as a means of tracking both publications and citation data used in the Web of Science Citation Indices and Journal Citation Reports.

Scopus Author ID

Whilst ResearcherID is a proprietary identifier used by Thomson Reuters products, Scopus Author ID is specific to Elsevier products such as Scopus and SciVal.

Unlike ResearcherID, it is not something you need to register for. Instead, Scopus will automatically create an Author ID for all authors of publications it indexes. Where it thinks a publication may relate to an author already assigned a Scopus Author ID, it will link it to the existing ID. If it cannot ascertain a link, a new ID will be created. This can mean that as an author, you may find you have publications split between multiple Scopus Author IDs that you need to merge together (to aid others finding your research, and to avoid any impact on author level citation metrics.

Your Academic Liaison Librarian

James Bisset

Senior Manager
Library Research Services

0191 334 1589

DU Library Blog

ORCID Support

ORCID: Stand out from the crowd

Further Reading about ORCiD and Research Identifiers

Researcher 1-2-1

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Need help? Drop me an email or request a 30 minute 1-to-1 consultation to scale any brick walls in your way.

News Feed: ORCiD News feed

From the Board Chair: Leadership Transition at ORCID

Dear Colleagues, On behalf of the Board, I wish to acknowledge the outstanding contribution Laure Haak has made in building ORCID to what it is today. With confidence in the organization and the team, Laure will be directing her energy and skills to founding her own company. Laure is the founding Executive Director of ORCID and has dedicated the last eight years to building it from an idea into a reality. Her passion, dedication, and knowledge of all things ORCID are legendary. Laure has taken ORCID on an amazing journey to a point where it is now a key component of the international research ecosystem—a more than impressive achievement. There is global and cross-disciplinary adoption of ORCID by researchers and implementation by funders, publishers, research institutions, and technology platforms. ORCID is fully supported by its member community, has reached financial stability, and has processes that ensure transparency and resiliency for years to come. Laure has built an outstanding team of Directors who will, together with the Board, ensure that we don’t miss a beat as we seek out another outstanding candidate to take ORCID through its next stage of development. I will be working closely with the Board, Laure, and the team on transition arrangements and we will provide further details before the end of May. The ORCID Board has no doubt she will continue to make amazing contributions in whatever she chooses to do. We wish her every success in her new endeavours. Best Wishes, Linda O'Brien Chair, ORCID Board Related Posts Ch-ch-changes: Part 2 Closing out 2019: Reflections and Thank You ORCID’s Next Phase: 2025 Vision Blog

Ch-ch-changes: Part 2

After eight years of living and breathing the world of research infrastructure and persistent identifiers, I have decided to step back and allow myself to take a broader view. That’s right: I am leaving ORCID. Read more / listen to the symphony that is ORCID. Sonata: What’s up? | 4 Non Blondes I started at ORCID eight years ago as its first full-time employee. I had recently gone through a start-up merger and acquisition and was looking for a new adventure. ORCID was “a great big hill of hope,” for sure. We made an early decision to operate as a virtual office, intentionally testing approaches and tools to enable global-scale adoption. Collaborative from the start, our work to establish membership agreements involved prospective members, Board members, legal counsel, and staff. Back-office processes—staff handbook, payroll, accounting—we developed in consultation with colleagues in nonprofits and small business. We partnered with organizations to test our APIs and build integrations that co-launched with the Registry. All that in the first six months!  This was possible because the founding Board had hammered out principles, mission, and governance—and some start-up funding. Having those fundamentals in place provided a clear arena for decision-making and made it possible to get the motors running. Credits and Acknowledgements:  Thank you to Founding ORCID Board chair, Howard Ratner; and to David Kochalko, Simeon Warner, Bernie Rous, and Craig van Dyck for inviting me to interview; and to the founding Board for their partnership. Thanks to Laura Paglione for joining the wild ride as the second employee, for her trust and unbounding energy and good sense, and for making the Registry launch happen. Thanks to Jackie Ewenstein for her counsel. Thanks to our launch partners for sticking with us through the launch.  Thanks to Wally Schaffer, Walt Warnick, and Liz Allen for getting ORCID in front of research funders. Adagio: Sweet Dreams | Eurythmics Before I took the Executive Director role, I asked my kids (then 8 and 10) how they’d feel about me “traveling the world and the seven seas.” It was a fine spring day and we were scooting about in my red Mini with the top down (it’s all about the presentation).  With their enthusiastic support, I packed my bag and hit the road.  The time after the launch of the ORCID Registry was amazing—to see user registrations grow to 50,000 in the first few months and welcoming our first members. We concentrated on demonstrations—through partnerships on the European Commission-funded ODIN and THOR projects, the Alfred P Sloan Foundation-funded Adoption and Integration Program, which spawned similar projects in the UK, Australia, and New Zealand. From a Gira por España to a round-the-world trip starting in the UK, through Qatar, Singapore, South Korea, Japan, China, New Zealand, and Australia…. I learned how to pack one carry-on for all seasons, but more importantly, listen and learn from the community their pain points and hopes for ORCID. I was (and still am) impressed by the openness of the research community, your interest in engaging with ORCID, and your ability to push the boundaries to evolve how research information is shared.   Credits and Acknowledgements: Thank you to Catalina Wilmers for her excellent work helming our Help Desk, to Rob Peters for creating an independent tech stack and making sure I didn’t get distracted on Slack, and to Will Simpson for utter dependability. Thanks to Ed Pentz for his leadership as ORCID Board chair. Thanks to Susan Stickley for leading us through scenario planning. Thanks to Chris Shillum for asking hard questions.  Thanks to Joåo Moreira, Jo McEntyre, Liz Allen (both of you), Consol Garcia, Rebecca Bryant, Josh Brown, Josh Greenberg, Neil Jacobs, Sally Rumsey, Wolfram Horstmann, Martin Fenner, Mummi Thorisson, Andy Mabbet, Torsten Reimer, our A&I program participants, and soooo many many more for believing in the mission! Minuet: Uptown Funk | Mark Ronson How to scale operations to meet demand is a common challenge of all new ventures. Is our value clear? Can we generate enough revenue to support what we want to do in the timeframe we would like?  Do we need to speed up or slow down?  Enter our “Don’t believe it?  Just watch!” era. We iterated through a series of consortial membership models, with the goal of blending local context with global implementation standards and technical support. For this to really work, we needed to make our virtual office global. With the support of the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust, we were able to build out our team to support local engagement. What a huge difference that made!  We welcomed our first consortia in Denmark, then UK and Italy, followed by Taiwan, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Germany… and now have over 20. In addition to expanding our global reach, we also expanded the types of connections we supported, making more visible the broad range of contributions that researchers make and their affiliations and credentials. We partnered with on open annotations. We partnered with F1000 on Peer Review standards. We partnered with publishers on an open letter supporting ORCID integration in publishing workflows. We partnered with Crossref and DataCite to enable ORCID record updates. We partnered with the US Department of Energy and publishers on research resources. We partnered on open identifiers for organizations. We partnered with research funders around the world on use of identifiers in funding workflows.  Credits and Acknowledgements:  Thank you to Brooke Rosenzweig, Dan Whaley, Rebecca Lawrence; Nobuko Miyairi, Matt Buys, Alice Meadows, Doug Wright, and the rest of the amazing ORCID “Class of 2015”; Natasha Simons, Adrian Burton, Clinton Watson, Stuart Taylor, Clifford Tatum, Patricia Cruse, Andrew Cormack, Crystal Schrof, Erin Arndt, Susan White DePace, Terry Law, Neil Thakur, Rick Ikeda, and many many more. Thanks for getting into the details with us and showing how open infrastructure CAN be done. Allegro: Marathon | Rush ORCID is as much about our values as the service we provide to the community. We care deeply about sustainability, in all its forms. “It is not how fast you go. It is more than the finish line.”  I am so pleased by how ORCID has developed and grown into an essential component of the global research infrastructure. There is global and cross-disciplinary adoption of ORCID by researchers. You, our members—funders, publishers, research institutions, and technology platforms—have implemented ORCID in hundreds of systems, making it possible for researchers to easily share their information with openness and transparency. The community and our team at ORCID together make ORCID sustainable. With our community as essential partners, I have confidence in the strength and resilience of ORCID and our continued progress toward realizing the vision we set out to accomplish: a world where all who participate in research, scholarship, and innovation are uniquely identified and connected to their contributions across disciplines, borders, and time.  Credits and Acknowledgements:  Thank you to Veronique Kiermer for her service and mentorship as ORCID Board Chair, to Meg Buzzi for the right thing at the right time, to Tom Demeranville for defining “done,” to Sarah Hershberger for making financials flow, to Ivo Wijnbergen and Julie Petro for embracing the leadership firehose, to Liz Krznarich for making sure we keep thinking outside the box, to Angel Montenegro for being always an inspiration, to Brian Minihan for his malarkey as a fellow midwesterner, and to the entire ORCID team. Thanks to all of our Consortium lead organizations and tireless community managers. Thanks to Ben Brown and Carly Robinson and so many more for making the ORCID vision a reality. You all rock! Coda: Even in the Quietest Moments | Supertramp I have truly enjoyed working with all of you to foster the ORCID community. “Your laughter brings me joy.”  I have learned so much and am inspired by your commitment. You challenge us to be inclusive, to live up to our values, and to serve you with integrity and processes that ensure trust and transparency for years to come. It has been my pleasure and privilege to have been a part of the ORCID journey with you!  As my symphony with ORCID comes to its end, the organization is starting its next one. My next part? I am taking a break to enjoy the music and explore the polyphony of individual, team, and community responsibilities and rights in collaborative change efforts. I am planning a new venture to help public good start-ups develop foundational principles and to guide organizations in adapting to and adopting virtual workspaces.  Stay tuned! Related Posts From the Board Chair: Leadership Transition at ORCID Ch-ch-ch-ch-Changes: Lots and Lots of Changes Closing out 2019: Reflections and Thank You ORCID’s Next Phase: 2025 Vision   Blog

Nominations Now Open for ORCID Board Elections 2021

I’m pleased to announce the start of this year’s search for dynamic and enthusiastic individuals from across the research community to join the ORCID Board. The ORCID Board fulfills a very important role in the organization’s governance by providing strategic guidance and oversight for the successful achievement of ORCID’s mission. More information is available in the ORCID Board Charter (PDF).  Every year, the ORCID Board nominations process gives the ORCID membership a direct voice in the organization’s governance. The Board’s composition and annual elections are an important part of ORCID’s charter, and the election process is a fantastic opportunity to ensure that ORCID grows and develops in close partnership with its members. This year, we have a larger than usual number of current Directors transitioning off the board due to term limits and retirement, so we are looking to fill up to seven board seats. As this year’s Chair of the Nominating Committee, I look forward to working closely with the other Committee members who represent the diversity of ORCID membership: Salvatore Mele, CERN (CH) Andrew Preston, Clarivate Analytics (UK) Wen-Yau Cathy Lin, Tamkang University (TW) Mohammed Baessa, KAUST (SA) The role of the Nominating Committee is to select a ‘slate’ of candidates that is balanced and diverse, taking into account different sectors, regions, and skills, as well as the ORCID bylaws requirement that a majority of Board seats be reserved for not-for-profit organizations.  We seek to ensure the Board is representative of our community’s diversity. New Board Directors should ideally offer perspectives and skills complementary to those of Board Directors who will be continuing to serve next year.     Board Directors must be from current ORCID member organizations, all of which are eligible to nominate representatives to serve on the Board. In addition, ORCID reserves two Board seats for researchers, irrespective of their affiliation. New Board Directors will serve for a period of three years, starting from January 1st, 2021 (the first Board meeting will be in February 2021). They are expected to attend each of three annual Board meetings and to play an active role in ORCID activities during the course of their term. Through 2019, these meetings were in person—across Europe, North America, and occasionally Asia.  In 2020, due to the current health situation, definitely one—and probably two—of the Board meetings will be virtual. In the current uncertainty, no decision can yet be made for 2021 and beyond. It's possible that more meetings will be virtual, but to the extent possible, a majority of meetings will be in person.  To help achieve our goal of broad representation across sectors and regions, last year we introduced a Board Meeting Attendance Fund to reduce financial barriers to participation in Board governance. For more information about ORCID governance, please see the Board Charter.  Annual reports and other governance information is available on our Governance web pages.   Please nominate yourself or encourage colleagues to nominate themselves to stand for election to the ORCID board using the ORCID Board Nominations Form. You can nominate yourself or (with their permission) another individual. Please be sure to tell us what strengths you would bring to the Board and why you’re interested in serving. We are looking for people with a broad range of skills and experience—including those who work in organizations which support research/researcher workflows, disciplinary associations, university research services, or research technology/profile platform providers—and have experience with the following areas: Risk management, with legal, privacy, and/or IT focus Finance and business modeling  Marketing and communications  Governance or board service with other organizations In light of ORCID’s global footprint and departing Board Directors, we will particularly welcome applications from the Americas.  More information about what we are looking for is available on the ORCID Board Nominations Form.  We will consider all recommendations received by August 1, 2020. The slate will be presented to the current Board for approval at our September meeting, after which it will be announced publicly. The community has the choice of either voting on the slate or proposing additional candidates (within 30 days of the slate being announced), in which case the election will become a plurality vote by candidate. To propose additional candidates, a group of 20 or more members must submit a nomination in writing to ORCID before October 29, 2020. Note that the group may not include more than one member per consortium (for specific details, see Article III, Section 2b of ORCID's Bylaws). We will send notifications and open the election by electronic ballot on October 29. The full process is summarized below: ORCID Board 2021 Election Key Dates Date Activity May 8, 2020 Call for Board member recommendations August 1, 2020 Closing date for Board recommendations September 22, 2020 Nominating Committee presents slate for Board approval September 29, 2020 Slate made public October 28, 2020 Closing date for alternative nominations October 29, 2020 Voting opens November 30, 2020 Voting closes, results announced at virtual Member meeting January 1, 2021 Elected members start their term February 11-12, 2021 Board meeting, (provisionally in) London (UK) We look forward to receiving your recommendations over the coming months.  On a personal note, I have served on the ORCID board for many years and can highly recommend it. It is a very rewarding experience both personally and professionally. Fellow Board Directors and the ORCID staff are great people to work with and learn from, and helping ORCID grow, thrive, and achieve its mission is a worthy undertaking. I encourage people to consider nominating themselves or encourage a colleague or someone you think would be a good Director to nominate themselves.  If you are thinking about nominating yourself but aren’t sure or have questions, please get in touch at Remember, the deadline for nominations is August 1, 2020. Related: ORCID Values in Practice: Announcing our Board Meeting Attendance Fund Blog

ORCID at the Yonsei University Medical Library: Improving researcher experience

한국어 5/19/2020: This blog post has been updated to include more information in the paragraph about the YUHSpace ORCID integrations. In Korea, where the three most common surnames account for over half of the population, ORCID’s ability to mitigate confusion caused by name ambiguity is especially important, and highlights our values of global inclusivity. We recently had a chance to chat with Dr. Na Won Kim, Medical Librarian from the Yonsei University Medical Library, to discuss how their integration with ORCID has improved researcher experience by allowing easier maintenance of their ORCID record.  Can you tell us a bit about your roles as a researcher, librarian and the main contact for ORCID at Yonsei University Medical Library? As a medical librarian with the Yonsei University Medical Library, I am devoted to informing as many researchers as possible about the importance of ORCID. To increase participation, we are continuously explaining the benefits of ORCID through our library website service or via educational outreach. ORCID is a tool for researchers to improve their individual research, but it is equally as important for policy makers—such as a university president or dean—to be aware of ORCID and to encourage researcher participation. When and why did Yonsei University Medical Library join ORCID?  Yonsei University Medical Library joined ORCID in 2018 to improve our research capabilities. Specifically we were looking for ways to assist our individual researchers in maintaining their ORCID records with their latest data.  Can you tell us more about Yonsei University Health System Space (YUHSpace) ORCID integrations?  YUHSpace is our institutional repository. The ORCID integration with YUHSpace helps researchers share their research achievements. It allows a researcher's thesis to be registered in the institution's research achievement system at the time it is published but the system is not open to everyone. Before we integrated with ORCID, researchers at Yonsei University didn't have a good system to disseminate their academic information. In addition, research papers are updated by periodically linking them to the ORCID record of researchers who have delegated ORCID authority. How would you describe overall awareness of ORCID at Yonsei University? As many researchers are not yet familiar with ORCID, one of our goals is to increase awareness, which we do by providing organizational members with information at the university and library level as well as providing ORCID-related education at conferences. What is unique about ORCID in Korea? Beyond simply providing the required author information, we are committed to helping researchers learn about the benefits of ORCID. Many academic journals published by the Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors (KAMJE) are required to include ORCID information with their author profiles. Since KAMJE is also integrated with ORCID it is really beneficial that YUHS and KAMJE work so closely together on communications.  What is your perspective on advocating for ORCID in the Korean community?  It’s important to have a persistent, unique identifier tied to an individual’s research for search purposes, especially where there are a lot of common surnames, like here in Korea. ORCID’s goal of alleviating confusion caused by name ambiguity is especially important as Korean names are often redundant when they are written in English. What do you see are the biggest challenges for research institutes like YUHS and for your community? Many librarians are aware of the need for collecting, managing, and servicing research materials from institutional researchers, but it is difficult to connect to the actual services that support these tasks.  To this end, the National Library of Korea selects 2-3 institutions every year to provide systemic assistance. With the help of Yonsei University Medical Library, it was also possible to establish an institutional repository, YUHSpace. Even with the help of system installation, however, the collection and management of research work is a labor-intensive task. Adding additional manpower—such as a library head—is an essential part of research management.  What’s your favorite thing about ORCID? Because all researchers’ profiles can be managed on one page, I think ORCID is a good tool to record research achievements. In addition, the ORCID  API helps library administrators address the difficulties of entering and managing research paper information. Researchers find that libraries not only provide reference materials for research, but that their research capabilities after publication are improved. What three words sum up ORCID for you? Improve Research Power!   연세대 학교 의과 대학의 연구자, 사서, ORCID의 주요 담당자로서의 역할에 대해 말씀해 주시겠습니까? 많은 연구자들에게 ORCID 의 중요성을 알려주어 연구자의 ORCID 가입을 확대하도록 해야 합니다. 이를 위해서 도서관 홈페이지 서비스나 이용교육 등을 통해서 지속적으로 설명해주고 있습니다. 연구자에게 ORCID 는 연구력 향상을 위한 하나의 도구라는 인식을 심어주어야 합니다. 또한 연구자 뿐만 아니라 대학의 총장이나 학장 등 정책 결정자들에게 이 중요성을 알려서 조직원들이 모두 참여할 수 있도록 독려해주는 것이 무엇보다고 중요합니다. 연세대 학교 의과 대학은 언제, 왜 ORCID에 가입 했습니까? 2018년 7월에 가입을 했고, 연세의료원 연구자들의 연구력 향상을 위함이었습니다.  개인 연구자들이 각자 ORCID 페이지를 최신 데이터를 유지하면서 관리하기는 어려운 점이 많이 있기 때문에 이 부분을 도서관에서 지원해주기 위해서였습니다. 연세대 학교 보건 시스템 공간 (YUHSpace) ORCID 통합에 대해 더 자세히 말씀해 주시겠습니까? 연세의료원 연구자들의 논문을 발표하면 기관의 연구업적 시스템에 논문을 등록하고 있습니다. 이 때 연구자들은 연구논문의 서지정보 정확성이 떨어진 경우가 많이 있는데, 이 부분을 검색을 통해서 보강하고 open access 논문을 찾아서 institutional repository 인 YUHSpace에 올려 서비스 하고 있습니다. 그리고 그 연구논문을 ORCID 권한을 위임한 연구자들의 ORCID 페이지에 주기적으로 연계해주어 연구논문들을 갱신 관리해주고 있습니다. 연세대 학교에서 ORCID에 대한 전반적인 인식을 어떻게 설명 하시겠습니까? 아직은 많은 연구자들이 ORCID 의 개념이나 의미를 잘 모르고 있는 것 같습니다. 대학이나 도서관 단위에서 조직원들에게 필요성을 알려주는 것도 필요하지만 학회 등 연구자들이 쉽게 접근이 가능한 단위에서 ORCID 의 의미를 알려나가는 것이 중요한 것 같습니다. 한국에서 ORCID의 특징은 무엇입니까? 한국의 의학학회에서 발행하는 많은 학술지들이 저자정보에 ORCID 정보 입력을 의무화한 학술지들이 많아지고 있습니다. 단지 저자정보 기입을 위해서 ORCID 를 생성한 연구자들이 많이 있을 것 같습니다, 그들에게 단지 학술지 투고를 위해서만 사용하는 것이 아니고 ORCID 가 연구자에게 어떤 도움을 주는지에 대해서 더 알려나가야 한다고 생각합니다. 한국 사회에서 ORCID를 옹호하는 것에 대한 당신의 관점은 무엇입니까? 한국의 연구자들의 이름은 영문 표기 시 동명이인이 엄청나게 많다는 있는 문제가 있습니다. 본인의 연구논문만을 검색하는 것이 어려운 경우가 많습니다. 이를 해결하기 위한 방법으로서 매우 훌륭하다는 것을 알아야 합니다. YUHS와 같은 연구소 및 지역 사회에 가장 큰 과제는 무엇이라고 생각하십니까? 기관 연구자들의 연구물들을 수집 관리하고 서비스하는 것에 대해 많은 사서들은 필요성을 인식하고 있으나 실제 서비스로 연결되는 것을 어렵습니다. 이를 위해서 한국의 국립중앙도서관에서 매년 2-3개 기관을 선정해서 시스템 적인 도움을 주고 있습니다. 연세대학교 의학도서관 역시 그러한 도움을 받아서 기관 repository 인 YUHSpace를 구축할 수 있었습니다. 하지만 시스템 설치에 도움을 받는다 하더라도 연구물의 수집과 관리는 많은 인력이 필요한 작업입니다. 인력 추가는 도서관장 등 기관장의 의지가 꼭 필요한 부분입니다. ORCID에서 가장 좋아하는 것은 무엇입니까? ORICD 는 연구자의 profile을 한 페이지에 모두 관리할 수 있다는 부분으로 자신의 연구업적을 알릴 수 있는 좋은 도구라고 생각합니다. 그리고 연구논문을 개인이 직접 입력하고 관리하려면 많은 어려움들이 있는데, 이 관리를 도서관에서 할 수 있도록API를 제공한 것은 아주 좋은 방법이라고 생각이 듭니다. 도서관이 연구를 위한 참고자료를 제공해줄 뿐만 아니라 논문 발표 이후 연구력 향상에도 도움을 줄 수 있다는 사실을 연구자들이 알게 됩니다. 어떤 세 단어가 ORCID를 요약합니까? Improve Research Power! Related Blog Posts ORCID in the Asia-Pacific Region: Involve, Engage, Consolidate   Blog

The value of ORCID iDs in enabling digital identity on a global scale: Report from the OECD

The new Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report, Charting the Digital Transformation of Science, explores key factors in the digitalization of research. Findings are based on the  International Survey of Scientific Authors (ISSA), a 2018 survey of nearly 12,000 authors working in a variety of disciplines in 60 countries. “Overall, researchers appear to be optimistic about the potential of digitalization, especially in relation to the efficiency of research and collaboration across national borders,” state the report authors, Michela Bello and Fernando Galindo-Rueda.   Digital identity and research collaboration The report identifies four core factors that enable digital transformation of research: (1) use of digital scientific collaboration and productivity tools; (2) development and management of digital access to data and code; (3) use of advanced, computing oriented, digital tools; and (4) digital identity in online environments and communication of scientific work. A key aspect of the research community is its global interconnectivity. As challenges such as the COVID pandemic are clearly highlighting, digitalization is both an enabler and an outcome of research collaboration. While ORCID was born digital, COVID is pushing more researchers to utilize online tools and virtual collaboration spaces.  This is accelerating trends for researchers to actively define their online identity, assert links to their work, and communicate their research to their peers and beyond conventional channels. Persistent, trusted digital identity can play a role in the way researchers and their output are evaluated, which is very important as information sharing is sped up to support global challenges. And with ORCID’s principles of transparency and trust and leadership on privacy, the researcher is in control over how their identity is created, connected, and shared. ORCID as a de facto standard The OECD survey found the global-born ORCID iD to be the most widely used identification mechanism for researchers to assert online identity, eclipsing national identifiers and publisher author identifiers. In the Higher Education and Government sectors, ORCID has become a de facto standard. OECD reports that over 60% of researchers in each field reported using their ORCID iD as a digital identity in their research (see Figure 1 below, reproduced from the OECD report Figure 3.14). Similarly, over 50% of researchers in each country reported using ORCID IDs (See Figure 2 below, reproduced from OECD report Figure C.5). Report data are available here. Figure 1. Percentage of authors that use selected types of IDs.    Figure 2. Percentage of authors that use a given identifier, by country or economy of residence. The value of ORCID in enabling collaboration and research efficiency As research communities continue to evolve their use of online tools, performative aspects of research are also evolving. These changes impact data quality, access, ethical frameworks, and skills, with broad implications for research policy.  OECD reports that researchers using digital tools and digital identity more extensively tend to leverage project management and cloud services more and engage in more activities that can result in broader impact mechanisms, including patents, business management activity, provision of research services, and consultancy work. These findings are complementary to our 2019 ORCID User Survey in which over 80% of respondents found ORCID to be an essential component of the research ecosystem. They also provide additional context for our exploratory work on using ORCID iDs to enable researchers to cite bodies of work.  Reading the OECD report, I feel confident in asserting that ORCID has passed the tipping point. We are an embedded component of the global research infrastructure valued by researchers and the research community broadly. Thank you for supporting this journey, and stay with us for more to come! Related Blog Posts Open Office Hours: Sharing our Virtual Office Expertise Privacy and User Control: Always top of Mind Listening to Our Users: 2019 Community Survey  Two ways you can help ORCID learn about what you want next  ORCID’s Next Phase Blog