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Durham University

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ORCID, ResearcherID and Scopus Author ID

Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID)

The Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) is an open, non-profit, community-driven initiative providing you, as a researcher, a unique persistent identifier. This aims to:

  • identify and connect you with your research publications and other outputs
  • distinguish you from other researchers, globally, who may share the same or similar name
  • reduce repetitive data entry through linkages with publisher, funder and university systems

View the video below for more information, or follow the links on the right of the screen to register for an ORCID ID.

See our ORCID FAQS for further information about ORCID, its benefits, and how to get the most from your ORCID ID.

In January 2019, Research England published its Guidance on Submissions and Panel Criteria. The guidance lists ORCID under required data for all Category A submitted staff, where held, and required for all researchers named in Impact Case Studies.
Durham expects all Durham staff and doctoral students to register for an ORCID ID, and to record this on their profile within the university's staff profile system (see R&IS Funding Bulletin June 2018).

ORCID is now mandated by several funding bodies when applying for funding (the Wellcome Trust and NIHR) with other funders advocating and supporting its use (UKRI, the European Commission). Many publishers are now also allowing author's to use an ORCID iD as part of any submission process for publication, with other publishers requiring its authors to register with ORCID if they have not already done so (The Royal Society, PLoS, AGU, Science, eLife).

What is ORCID?

What is ORCID?

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ORCID Inc. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817

Some examples of existing Durham ORCID iD holder profiles can be found at:

Other Author IDs

ORCiD is an open, non-proprietary and platform-agnostic system. This means it can be used easily by multiple systems and providers, which is why it is favoured by many research funders, publishers and academic institution.

There are other, commercial author identifiers which are widely used and it may be adviseable for authors to also be aware of and use these.



Researcher ID, now integrated with Web of Science Publons platform, is an author identifier specific to what were many Thomson Reuters products, such as Web of Science. It is widely used in many Science subjects as a means of tracking both publications and citation data used in the Web of Science Citation Indices and Journal Citation Reports.

Scopus Author ID

Whilst ResearcherID is a proprietary identifier used by Thomson Reuters products, Scopus Author ID is specific to Elsevier products such as Scopus and SciVal.

Unlike ResearcherID, it is not something you need to register for. Instead, Scopus will automatically create an Author ID for all authors of publications it indexes. Where it thinks a publication may relate to an author already assigned a Scopus Author ID, it will link it to the existing ID. If it cannot ascertain a link, a new ID will be created. This can mean that as an author, you may find you have publications split between multiple Scopus Author IDs that you need to merge together (to aid others finding your research, and to avoid any impact on author level citation metrics.

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Further Reading about ORCiD and Research Identifiers

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ORCID DE - Milestones and Key Figures

The ORCID DE project, which is funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG), has got much closer to achieving its goal - the dissemination of ORCID in Germany - in the past year including: The sixth edition of the leading standard for Open Access repositories and journals in Germany was published in early October with the "DINI Certificate for Open Access Publication Services 2019". Four recommendations for implementing ORCID were added to the certificate, continuing the project’s activities in the field of standardization as outlined in the "DINI Position Paper: Author Identification using the Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID)", published last year. Another ORCID DE workshop was held at the beginning of October as part of the Open-Access-Tage 2019 in Hanover. ORCID Inc. and representatives of the ORCID consortia in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland contributed to this international discussion. The results of a short survey conducted in June by the ORCID Germany Consortium were also presented as a poster at the Open-Access-Tage. This poll of our 50 consortium members focused, among other things, on the target infrastructures and software solutions in which ORCID is to be implemented. Since July 2019 it has been possible to link ORCID with the Integrated Authority File (GND) via the "ORCID Search & Link Wizard". The German National Library, as an ORCID DE project partner, has successfully interlinked authors and their publications in the German National Bibliography with the GND and ORCID iD. Since 2017 it has also been possible for authors to claim their works in the Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) using the "ORCID Search & Link Wizard". In September 2019, we celebrated more than 100,000 works claimed in BASE - a decisive contribution to the dissemination and acceptance of ORCID iD in Germany. In addition to reaching these milestones,  the success of the ORCID DE project can also be seen through these metrics: As of October 2019, there are 157,381 ORCID iDs with a .de e-mail address or the country set to Germany, compared with 43,798 ORCID iDs at the beginning of the project in April 2016.  The ORCID Germany Consortium now has 54 members, including universities, non-university research institutions and research funders, compared with just one in May 2016. The majority of these institutions have either already implemented ORCID or are in the process of doing so. Through the launch of the ORCID Germany Consortium and the achievement of these project milestones, the ORCID DE project has made a significant contribution to the establishment and growth of the ORCID community in Germany. To ensure that this young and rapidly growing community can continue to develop steadily, we have applied for a second phase of project funding from the German Research Foundation (DFG). If approved, ORCID DE2 will investigate the use of organizational identifiers as well as further optimizing the services that have been set up so far and ensuring that the ORCID Germany Consortium is sustainable. The ORCID DE project’s achievements so far confirm the success of Germany’s project-supported dissemination of ORCID iD. This approach will be pursued further in order to anchor ORCID sustainably in the overall German research landscape.   The German version of this article is available at Blog

Announcing the Results of ORCID’s 2020 Board Election

by Julie Balter  On behalf of the ORCID Board and staff, thank you to everyone who submitted nominations and participated in the elections process, especially the members of our Nominating Committee. Please join us in welcoming our new and returning Board members: Yuko Harayama  (researcher member), Tohoku University, Japan Daniel Hook (second term), Digital Science, UK Linda O’Brien (second term), Griffith University, Australia Andrew Preston, Clarivate Analytics, UK Katharina Ruckstuhl, Royal Society Te Apārangi, New Zealand ORCID holds Board member elections every year, following an open recommendation and nominations process. ORCID Board members serve for three years; each year about a third of the Board seats are up for election. The Nominating Committee was chaired this year by ORCID Board Member Alison Mitchell. The committee reviewed 15 applications.  The committee must balance a number of objectives when developing the slate. Their overarching aim was to recommend candidates who are driven by the ORCID mission and are able to contribute to ORCID’s development through their personal and organizational knowledge and networks of influence. Diversity is also an important factor - in terms of skills, geographic location, organizational representation, and gender - and the committee must also ensure that the Board, as per our bylaws, remains majority non-profit. The Nominating Committee’s slate of candidates was reviewed by the Board at its September 2019 meeting, announced in this blog post by Alison Mitchell, and sent directly to ORCID members via our newsletter and an email to all voting contacts in member organizations. We also held regional Town Hall meetings after the slate was announced for members in the Americas, Asia Pacific, and Europe, Middle East & Africa, to provide an overview of the process, share information about the slate, and answer questions.  Of the 959 members eligible to vote in the 2020 Board elections, 293 (30.6%) cast votes, above the 10% participation threshold needed for the election to be valid. Of those members casting ballots, 277 (94.5%) voted in favor of the slate, 12 (4.1%) abstained, and 4 (1.4%) voted against the ballot. The election results were certified at 13:07 GMT on 22 November 2019. Related posts Call for Nominations for the ORCID Board in 2020 Last Call for 2020 ORCID Board Recommendations Announcing the ORCID Board Slate for 2020 Blog

Time Flies...

In 2016, when I nominated myself as researcher member to serve on the ORCID Board of Directors, I really had no idea of the rapid pace of ORCID’s development I would witness. Now, as we near the end of 2019, it is nearing the end of my three-year term on the ORCID Board.  A few years prior to 2016, I had volunteered to become an ORCID Ambassador, as part of a support network that was active from 2013 to 2017. At the time, I was based in Beijing, China, where I was a senior academic at Peking University. I was also deeply engaged in a scientific publishing context as deputy editor of The Astrophysical Journal Letters. In both roles, I had encountered the relative homogeneity of Chinese surnames, which in turn made it difficult at times to find specific researchers. This naturally led me to embrace the key ORCID objective of name disambiguation and so, when the opportunity arose, I was keen to support ORCID’s development, adoption, and integration from a more impactful perspective. I’m stating the obvious when I say that the transition from active engagement to a more abstract leadership role on the ORCID Board was daunting. I was pretty much thrown in at the deep end, with an expectation that I would be able to contribute from the get-go to high-level discussions involving publishing industry, library, research funder, and repository representatives. As a senior academic, I am not easily fazed by having to acquire new skills or knowledge, but this learning curve was really quite steep. Other new Board members have since expressed similar sentiments, so we have now established a mentoring scheme for incoming colleagues. Over the course of the past three years, I have witnessed rapid developments in the governance of both the organization as a whole and the Board in particular. From a start-up still finding its niche in the complex research ecosystem, ORCID has now become a mature organization with ambitions to match. Despite my rookie status, I was invited to chair the important Board Nominations Committee that first year—an induction of sorts. One achievement I am particularly proud of is that my suggestion to add a second researcher member to the ORCID Board was adopted without any serious objections. I felt strongly that, while I could speak to attitudes and developments in the physical and natural sciences, extending my role to represent the arts and humanities was not viable. As an immediate result, we appointed current Board member Karin Wulf to fill the gap. I believe that her active engagement and leadership have already been immensely beneficial to the ORCID mission. Yet, despite my immersion into high-level policy discussions, I continued to have a hard time coming to grips what ORCID could really do for me as a researcher. That lingering confusion changed fairly abruptly in early 2018, after I took up a more senior academic and Faculty leadership role at Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia. My new employer turned out to be very keen to make an impact in the international research landscape. As part of the induction process, I was encouraged to link my research output to my ORCID and Scopus IDs, including recording my new affiliation. The University’s research support team proactively added my new affiliation to my ORCID and PURE research management pages as well. Ostensibly, this makes it easier for our administrators to keep track of research outputs, grants, and the like, but any significant benefits for the researcher of going through these motions still escaped me. However, my indifference changed to excitement when I applied for my first research grant using the Australian Research Council’s web-based research management system at the beginning of this year. The ARC had introduced a new feature that made my life as a grant applicant much simpler: instead of manually copying and pasting my bibliography into the relevant boxes, I could now pull my research outputs directly into the system by linking to the ORCID repository. Needless to say, this development saved me—and many other researchers nationwide—a significant amount of time, despite a number of lingering inconsistencies that have since been ironed out. Imagine having to copy and paste up to 100 articles one by one…! Whether or not it helped me write a better proposal is yet to be seen; the outcomes of this year’s applications for ‘Discovery Projects’ are still pending at the time of writing. ORCID has now clearly reached a stage where it’s getting useful to me in my professional life. I hope that my suggestions and input into the Board’s large variety of discussions have contributed to an improved overall experience for all stakeholders. I have, for sure, gained a lot of respect for the dedication, drive, insights, and great personalities of my fellow Board members and of the hard-working ORCID staff alike. It’s time for me to move on, but I hope to remain involved somehow in ORCID’s further development and to keep in touch with the many friends I have made during my stint as ORCID Board member. Thank you for your guidance, insights, and friendship! Related information ORCID  Workflows from a Researcher’s Perspective (slides)     Blog

ORCID: It's All About the People

When I joined ORCID back in May 2015, I had no idea what an amazing community I was becoming a part of. Four and a half years later, as I look forward to my next adventure in the wonderful world of information infrastructure — in my new role as Director of Community Engagement for NISO, starting on November 11 — I know for sure that ORCID really is all about the people. First, of course, are the millions of individuals who have now registered an ORCID iD. Our users are at the heart of everything ORCID does, especially in this, our Year of the Researcher, and the growth in the number of registrants — and in your use of ORCID — has been nothing short of incredible. Shortly after I joined ORCID, we celebrated our 1.5 millionth registrant; today there are 7.3 million of you and counting, an almost five-fold increase. And the number of connections to ORCID records is growing apace; for example, there are now over 46 million works connected to ORCID records. While I clearly can’t possibly know all our users personally, I do feel that I’ve got to know a lot about you, thanks to your participation in the regular community surveys we’ve implemented since I joined ORCID, and your engagement with us on Twitter, where we now have close to 30k followers. I’ve loved working with our community to refine our messaging and create outreach resources that help you, our all-important users, better understand the why, what, and how of ORCID!  Our members and consortia are equally important, and I’ve been lucky to meet many of you, virtually and/or in person at various meetings and events I’ve attended around the world over the past few years. Your support for the organization, via both your membership fees and your outreach efforts and integrations, is essential for ensuring ORCID’s future sustainability. And your willingness to share your experiences — with us, with other ORCID members and consortia lead organizations, and with the wider community — and to learn from them, is a great demonstration of our global ORCID community of practice. Thank you! Now for the hard part — the many wonderful people I’ve been lucky enough to work with directly during my time here. There are too many of you to name everyone individually, and I am SO grateful to each and every one of you. I’ve learned so much — from my ORCID colleagues, from our Board members, and from the many dedicated individuals who have shared your time and expertise so generously in ORCID community events and initiatives over the past few years. Your willingness to participate — by joining our working groups and task forces, commenting on our recommendations, sharing your ideas and feedback, and so much more — has been a real inspiration. I do want to take this opportunity to call out a few people whose support  — and friendship — I have especially appreciated during my time here: the lovely ORCID Community team (who I worked with from 2016 through last September) for always giving it your all; my fabulous fellow Directors (past and present) for being there with and for me, through thick and thin; and my wonderful counterparts in the Crossref/DataCite/ORCID gang of three. Leaving ORCID is bittersweet. As I hope you can tell, I love our community and I’ll miss working here enormously. But I’m not going far — ORCID is a NISO member and partner! — and I’m already looking forward to seeing many of you at Crossref LIVE19 in Amsterdam and/or at PIDapalooza 2020 in Lisbon, not to mention at the first ever NISO Plus meeting in Baltimore, MD! Thank you! And (in the ORCID team's native languages) see you soon! اراك قريبا, ще се видим скоро, 再见, tot ziens, à bientôt, bis bald, hamarosan találkozunk, また近いうちにお会いしましょう, greitai pasimatysime, te vejo em breve,  Увидимся, adios     Blog

CSIRO: The ORCID Experience - Member Story October 2019

A year before CSIRO joined ORCID we were a partner with Australian Research Data Commons (ARDC) (then known as the Australian National Data Service -- ANDS). ARDC was a driving force behind the formation of the Australian ORCID Consortium. We were hearing from our researchers that publishers were asking authors to provide their ORCID iD, so those researchers wanted more information about ORCID. They were also requesting a single place where all their career outputs could be captured, as no internal system could manage this. Helping Our Researchers We knew that, once we joined ORCID, we wanted to start working on solving issues that were important to our researchers -- their priorities were our priorities. We wanted to help promote their work, raise their visibility, and enable automated sharing of their content. Additional priorities were name disambiguation, tracking alumni, providing consistency in how CSIRO was represented in ORCID records, and supporting our researchers’ need to consolidate the broadest body of their works in a single location, their ORCID record. Integration - A Team Effort Developing our custom integration involved many different teams within CSIRO -- Library, IT Applications, Web Services and Research Data Support -- and impacted multiple systems. The integration used existing services to harvest from and feed into CSIRO’s HR system, where ORCID iDs and access tokens are stored, and to extract content from CSIRO’s companion repositories, the Research Publications Repository (RPR) and Data Access Portal (DAP). These services were expanded to capture ORCID iDs and display the ORCID icon alongside author/contributor names in those repositories. In addition, our researchers’ external and internal profile pages also include their ORCID iDs, as well as linking to the ORCID login to kick off the connect process when a researcher updates their profile. Integrating with ORCID has also improved the quality of content in our repository by removing some duplicates, and we’ve seen Increased accessibility and visibility of CSIRO outputs. While we can now see the benefits of the integration, it wasn’t without its challenges. CSIRO has around 5100 staff working across most science disciplines, distributed across 55 sites, and with a diverse range of communication channels. A single launch would not reach the widest possible audience. So it was an integration and launch that took collaboration and planning, however, we knew what we wanted to achieve and why, which helped.  Launch and Promotion of ORCID Integration Successfully integrating and launching ORCID required dedication, determination and, admittedly, a fair amount of hair-pulling. We took an agile approach, with regular meetings of the cross-team partners, and testing and re-testing the integration in the sandbox, which  provided a good outcome on the technical side, On the cultural/communications side, there was a staged launch, with events held on all our major sites, and some of the smaller sites. CSIRO’s Executive Sponsor participated in a video, which was released on launch, and is still available on the ORCID@CSIRO support page. The launch itself  required a coordinated effort across multiple sites too.  Hands-on help with signing up for ORCID worked well, and we also used the following tools before and during the launch: Video featuring CSIRO’s Executive Sponsor on our intranet network  Posters and handouts  A slidedeck for building anticipation  A roadshow at multiple CSIRO locations  Swag! ORCID @ CSIRO branded objects, such as a mobile phone charger, pens, and cupcakes and cookies at an event  Internal wiki content and intranet news updates, such as the dashboard (last image below) showing ORCID registrations via CSIRO by department Since our integration launched in February 2019, over 1,100 of 5,100* total employees have registered -- not all of whom are researchers -- with continued steady growth. Support for ORCID is shared between individual CSIRO units and our Library outreach staff. Our advice for other members is to meet with another organization that already integrated ORCID. For us, meeting with the University of Adelaide was beneficial to both our development and roll out phases. And, despite the challenges, all things considered, integrating with ORCID was easy.   Below are some of the outreach resources and materials used to promote ORCID with researchers.     *Edited: Previously read 8500 total employees and corrected to read 5100 total employees Blog