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Durham University

University Library

ORCID, ResearcherID and Scopus Author ID

Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID)

The Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) is an open, non-profit, community-driven initiative providing you, as a researcher, a unique persistent identifier. This aims to:

  • identify and connect you with your research publications and other outputs
  • distinguish you from other researchers, globally, who may share the same or similar name
  • reduce repetitive data entry through linkages with publisher, funder and university systems

View the video below for more information, or follow the links on the right of the screen to register for an ORCID ID.

See our ORCID FAQS for further information about ORCID, its benefits, and how to get the most from your ORCID ID.

In November 2017, HEFCE published its REF 2021: Decisions on staff and outputs, which gave notice to UK HEIs that HEFCE "expect to require ORCID as a staff identifier in future [Research Excellence Framework] exercises and the funding bodies strongly encourage an ORCID to be provided for all ‘Category A submitted’ staff in REF 2021."
In July 2018, Research England (which has inhereited responsiblities for REF from HEFCE as of April 2018) published its Draft Guidance on Submissions and Panel Criteria. The guidance lists ORCID under required data for all Category A submitted staff, where held, and required for all researchers named in Impact Case Studies.
Durham therefore strongly encourages all Durham staff and doctoral students to register for an ORCID ID, and to record this on their profile within the university's staff profile system (see R&IS Funding Bulletin June 2018).

ORCID is now mandated by several funding bodies when applying for funding (the Wellcome Trust and NIHR) with other funders advocating and supporting its use (RCUK, the European Commission). Many publishers are now also allowing author's to use an ORCID iD as part of any submission process for publication, with other publishers requiring its authors to register with ORCID if they have not already done so (The Royal Society, PLoS, AGU, Science, eLife).

What is ORCID?

What is ORCID?

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ORCID Inc. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817

Some examples of existing Durham ORCID iD holder profiles can be found at:

Other Author IDs

ORCiD is an open, non-proprietary and platform-agnostic system. This means it can be used easily by multiple systems and providers, which is why it is favoured by many research funders, publishers and academic institution.

There are other, commercial author identifiers which are widely used and it may be adviseable for authors to also be aware of and use these.



Researcher ID is an author identifier specific to what were many Thomson Reuters products, such as Web of Science. It is widely used in many Science subjects as a means of tracking both publications and citation data used in the Web of Science Citation Indices and Journal Citation Reports.

Scopus Author ID

Whilst ResearcherID is a proprietary identifier used by Thomson Reuters products, Scopus Author ID is specific to Elsevier products such as Scopus and SciVal.

Unlike ResearcherID, it is not something you need to register for. Instead, Scopus will automatically create an Author ID for all authors of publications it indexes. Where it thinks a publication may relate to an author already assigned a Scopus Author ID, it will link it to the existing ID. If it cannot ascertain a link, a new ID will be created. This can mean that as an author, you may find you have publications split between multiple Scopus Author IDs that you need to merge together (to aid others finding your research, and to avoid any impact on author level citation metrics.

Your Academic Liaison Librarian

James Bisset

Academic Liaison Librarian
Researcher Support

0191 334 1589

Training Overview

ORCID Support

ORCID: Stand out from the crowd

Further Reading about ORCiD and Research Identifiers

Researcher 1-2-1

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Need help? Drop me an email or request a 30 minute 1-to-1 consultation to scale any brick walls in your way.

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Don’t lose access to your ORCID record!

Helping our users re-gain access to their ORCID account is our most common Help Desk ticket. Most often, this is because you’ve changed organizations and no longer have access to the email address connected with your account. There are some simple steps you can take to prevent this problem.  Option 1. Add another email address to your account The best way to make sure you maintain access to your ORCID account as you move around in your career is by adding at least one additional email address.  You can do this by following these steps, after logging in: Under Account Settings, select Email and contact preferences, click Edit. Enter an additional email address in the Add another email field and click Add. A verification message will automatically be sent to each new address you add. Please click the verification link in the message to confirm your ownership of the email. We strongly recommend that you add a personal email address as a back-up. This will help ensure you don’t lose access to your ORCID record, and that you’re easily able to reset your password. Each address has its own visibility setting, and ORCID will not share any email information that you have marked as private. Option 2. Two-factor authentication In the past, we hoped that security questions might be the answer, so these were available from the reset password and account settings pages. However, in recent years it has become clear that security questions are not the answer, and we have therefore removed this feature in the Registry, and we plan to remove existing questions and answers from our database as well soon.    Instead, if you wish to make your ORCID account more secure, we recommend that you enable two-factor-authentication. Should you have any additional questions or feedback, please let us know.   Blog

ORCID at Boston College: Create & Connect with PeopleSoft

(Originally posted on the Lyrasis Blog) Boston College is one of the ORCID US Communitymember institutions leading the way for ORCID adoption at US research institutions (see current member list). Boston College became an ORCID member so they could take advantage of the name disambiguation, interoperability, and time-saving benefits of ORCID as a single identifier for researchers to use throughout their career, regardless of changes in name, discipline, or location. Boston College’s ORCID Libguide provides an excellent example for others to follow in promoting ORCID: Boston College (BC) has integrated ORCID into their central identity management system to create an application known as “BC Create or Connect,” which provides a single portal for researchers at Boston College to start their journey with ORCID. The application allows researchers to register and connect their ORCID iD to their BC Eagle ID through the HR system PeopleSoft. From there, the system is configured to write/assert employment affiliation information to researchers’ ORCID records and collects ORCID iDs to display on public facing faculty profile pages. A walk-through of the integration: Researchers at Boston College go to where they are taken to a screen asking them to login with their Eagle ID. This allows the system to verify the user and make sure they are in fact affiliated with the institution. Once they log in with their institutional credentials, they are taken to a main ORCID page, “ORCID at BC” that explains what ORCID is and prompts users to “Create or Connect” their ORCID iD: When a user clicks on the green “Create or Connect” button, the user is then asked to authorize permission for the institution to connect with their ORCID iD. In the case of Boston College, users are asked to allow BC to read any limited-access information they may have on their ORCID record (ORCID data visibility can be set set to public, private, or “trusted parties”/limited access), add or update biographical information on the user’s ORCID record, and add or update the user’s research activities: From there, they will be asked to either log in to their ORCID record if they already have an ORCID iD, or they will be asked to register for an ORCID iD if they don’t have one yet. (It is free to register for an ORCID iD, and it takes very little time.) This process ensures that the connection between ORCID and Boston College is authenticated and trustworthy. When a user authorizes these permissions, Boston College can then easily gather data about researcher activity through ORCID, as well as make trustworthy and accurate assertions about the faculty that are affiliated with the institution, providing a verified source confirming that this person does in fact work at Boston College: The authenticated ORCID iD is then displayed on faculty’s public facing profile pages (see example here): For more information, please contact Many thanks to John O’Connor, Scholarly Communications Librarian at Boston College, for sharing this information via webinar (recording available 1:55-8:35). You may find John O'Connor on the BC Digital Scholarship website. Please click here to learn more about the ORCID US Community consortium. Blog

Connected Research!

This post was co-authored by Josh Brown, ORCID's Director of Partnerships, and Tom Demeranville, our Director of Product. Our thanks to Dr Carlin for his permission to share this use case. At ORCID, our tagline is ‘connecting research and researchers’. Sometimes people ask us ‘what do you connect?’ and we usually refer them to our vision, which is of “a world where all who participate in research, scholarship, and innovation are uniquely identified and connected to their contributions across disciplines, borders, and time”. In this blog post, we will explore one case study of what that vision looks like in reality: one researcher, connected to an institution, to the funding that has enabled their research, and to all of those connected to the outputs that communicate their research findings to the wider world. Dr Leo Carlin is a researcher. He is a leukocyte biologist, based at the Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute in Glasgow. Looking at his ORCID record, you can get a sense of his career, and how active he is - memberships, education, employment, publications and funding are all here. For the purposes of this blog post though, we will focus on the fact that he received funding from UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), specifically for a project called "Regulation of Pulmonary Neutrophils In Vivo: Direct Interrogation by Intravital Microscopy," supported by the Medical Research Council. If you click the grant number shown in the ORCID record, it takes you to the project page in UKRI’s Gateway to Research, which provides much more information about the project: If you click the people tab, it shows that both Leo and his ORCID iD are associated with the grant: Looking at Leo’s ORCID record, there are a lot of works added from Europe PMC. A search in Europe PMC using either the grant number or the ORCID iD returns this paper (a collaborative project and led by Cristina Lo Celso of Imperial College and the Francis Crick Institute) that work funded by the grant contributed to: The record for the paper shows ORCID iDs for several co-authors too, as well as three other funding sources for the work that lead to this paper being published: The link to the article at the publisher’s site uses a Digital Object Identifier to direct potential readers to the published paper. This case study shows identifiers and infrastructures working in harmony to connect and share research achievements.   Blog

Introducing the new OJS-ORCID plugin

The recent launch of version 3.1.2 of PKP's Open Journal System (OJS) marks an exciting moment -- an upgraded ORCID API plugin! Journals upgrading to OJS 3.1.2 can now request authenticated iDs from both contributing authors and co-authors, and Member API users can assert published works directly to an author's ORCID record with the author’s permission. All journals that upgrade to the latest version of OJS can benefit from the new features. Like ORCID, OJS is an open-source, community-driven platform, which benefits from an engaged community of developer contributors. ORCID API support enabling collection of authenticated ORCID iDs was first launched in 2016 with OJS 3.0, through the work of community developers including the University of Pittsburgh. The latest additions were developed by a team of OJS community members in Germany, including Nils Weiher and Dulip Withanage of Heidelberg University (also an ORCID member through the German national consortium). The plugin also fine-tunes the collection of authenticated ORCID iDs to meet the requirements of ORCID's best practices recognition program Collect & Connect: iDs are collected only by the ORCID API and cannot be entered or edited manually by the author or editor. Editors can request iDs and update permissions from authors and co-authors during production by sending an email from the submission metadata screen.         The expiration date of the access token clearly displays on the admin view of the author profile. ORCID iDs previously collected by the journal, but which cannot be confirmed as authenticated, still display in articles, but without the green iD icon on the public view. ORCID members using the OJS plugin without any changes can meet the requirements the Authenticate, Display, and Connect badges and immediately receive Member API credentials.   ORCID Plugin is available in  OJS3 Plugin gallery. Interested users can see a list of currently implemented features here. Watch this video of the upgraded ORCID Member API Plugin in action. About PKP The Public Knowledge Project is a multi-university initiative developing (free) open source software and conducting research to improve the quality and reach of scholarly publishing. PKP is best known for its work maintaining Open Journal Systems (OJS) and Open Monograph Press (OMP). Blog

ORCID Annual Report for 2018 Now Available!

My Year in Review post provided an overview of our 2018 activities. Now, in our annual report you can learn more of the details - in words and pictures! Some of our key achievements: ORCID adoption. Not only did our five millionth researcher register for an iD during 2018 but, even more importantly, we saw a significant increase in the number of records with at least one connection to another identifier. Integrations. The number of ORCID member integrations increased by one third during 2018, expanding the opportunities for researchers to use their iD in situ. 73.6% of ORCID registrants have now authorized record updates from at least one member integration. Sustainability. Reaching financial sustainability has been a core ORCID goal since the start. We made substantial progress toward this in 2018, increasing our membership by 20% - we broke 1000! - and maintaining our 2Q 2019 breakeven forecast.   Infrastructure and technology. All ORCID integrators -- members and non-members -- are now using our API v2.0 or higher. We also launched the beta version of our API 3.0, which includes data fields for research resources and more affiliation types (qualifications, invited positions, distinctions, service, and membership). Trust and transparency. As part of our ongoing commitment to openness, we kicked off an initiative to make it easier to see the source of information on ORCID records. Communities of practice. Our consortia program grew to 70% of our membership in 2018, with ORCID consortia now in 21 countries. Our consortia lead organizations help develop ORCID communities of practice in their regions, encouraging best practice and expanding the use and adoption of iDs. Engaging with the community. During 2018 we focused especially on the funder community through our ORBIT (ORCID Reducing Burden and Improving Transparency) initiative. In December nine funders showed their support for ORCID by signing an open letter committing their organizations to implementing ORCID using our best practices. Working with you, our community, is at the heart of everything we do. We are grateful for your participation in our Board, our working groups and task forces, and workshops.  I’d like to take this opportunity to thank all of you for your continued support of ORCID as we move toward achieving our shared vision of a world where all who participate in research, scholarship, and innovation are uniquely identified and connected with their contributions and affiliations, across disciplines, borders, and time.   Blog