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ORCiD, ResearcherID and Scopus Author ID

Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCiD)

The Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCiD) is an open, non-profit, community-driven initiative providing you, as a researcher, a unique persistent identifier. This aims to:

  • identify and connect you with your research publications and other outputs
  • distinguish you from other researchers, globally, who may share the same or similar name
  • reduce repetitive data entry through linkages with publisher, funder and university systems

View the video below for more information, or follow the links on the right of the screen to register for an ORCiD.

In November 2017, HEFCE published its REF 2021: Decisions on staff and outputs, which gave notice to UK HEIs that HEFCE "expect to require ORCID as a staff identifier in future [Research Excellence Framework] exercises and the funding bodies strongly encourage an ORCID to be provided for all ‘Category A submitted’ staff in REF 2021." Durham therefore strongly encourages all Durham staff and doctoral students to register for an ORCiD.

ORCiD is now mandated by several funding bodies when applying for funding (the Wellcome Trust and NIHR) with other funders advocating and supporting its use (RCUK, the European Commission). Many publishers are now also allowing author's to use ORCiD as part of any submission process for publication, with other publishers requiring its authors to register for an ORCiD if they have not already done so (The Royal Society, PLoS, AGU, Science, eLife).

What is ORCID?

What is ORCID?

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ORCID Inc. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817

Some examples of existing Durham ORCiD holder profiles can be found at:

Other Author IDs

ORCiD is an open, non-proprietary and platform-agnostic system. This means it can be used easily by multiple systems and providers, which is why it is favoured by many research funders, publishers and academic institution.

There are other, commercial author identifiers which are widely used and it may be adviseable for authors to also be aware of and use these.



Researcher ID is an author identifier specific to what were many Thomson Reuters products, such as Web of Science. It is widely used in many Science subjects as a means of tracking both publications and citation data used in the Web of Science Citation Indices and Journal Citation Reports.

Scopus Author ID

Whilst ResearcherID is a proprietary identifier used by Thomson Reuters products, Scopus Author ID is specific to Elsevier products such as Scopus and SciVal.

Unlike ResearcherID, it is not something you need to register for. Instead, Scopus will automatically create an Author ID for all authors of publications it indexes. Where it thinks a publication may relate to an author already assigned a Scopus Author ID, it will link it to the existing ID. If it cannot ascertain a link, a new ID will be created. This can mean that as an author, you may find you have publications split between multiple Scopus Author IDs that you need to merge together (to aid others finding your research, and to avoid any impact on author level citation metrics.

Your Academic Liaison Librarian

James Bisset

Academic Liaison Librarian
Researcher Support

0191 334 1589

ORCiD Support

ORCiD: Stand out from the crowd

Further Reading about ORCiD and Research Identifiers

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Need help? Drop me an email or request a 30 minute 1-to-1 consultation to scale any brick walls in your way.

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ORCID Plans For 2018: Rolling Out Our Core Strategies

Our countdown to 2018: 5 years in operation, 4 million registered researchers, 3 national laboratories collecting iDs and putting facility use information in ORCID records, 2 surveys, and 1 million affiliations associated with ORCID records. So, what's in store for 2018?  During 2017, we embarked on a journey to explore how ORCID can optimally position its offering to empower researchers and advance the research ecosystem to drive better research outcomes. We engaged in a scenario planning process, imagining potential scenarios for the research environment in 2035, and identified four core strategies: Position the researcher at the center of all that we do Invest in developing a robust information infrastructure Enable a wide range of verified iD-ID connections Develop sustainability through strategic relationships We have created a roadmap for the next three years centered on these core strategies.  Each year focuses on a specific research sector. During 2018, our goal is to make ORCID record information richer and more secure using the funding community as our lens. Researchers We will be working to make it easier for researchers to connect information to enter data into their ORCID record, from using identifiers and APIs to resolve metadata to making it possible for researchers to proactively approve trusted parties from their ORCID account. We will be collecting and sharing evidence demonstrating the impact of ORCID integrations on improving data quality and reducing researcher data entry burden. And, we will continue our leadership in researcher control and data privacy, making adjustments to our user interface and process documents to ensure we are ready for GDPR when it comes into force in May. Infrastructure In 2018, we are engaging with funders in a project called ORBIT  (ORCID Reducing Burden and Improving Transparency).  We got a bit of a head start in 2017 with a series of webinars, the launch of the ORBIT funders working group, and the publication of our new funder web pages in November.  In 2018, we will be working with funding organizations to review their application and reporting information needs, and determining what information could be supplied through the use of identifiers and APIs.  We will be piloting projects with funders to test the feasibility of using ORCID as a hub to enable information sharing – both pulling information from and putting funded award information into ORCID records. Trusted Assertions Since our launch, we have made substantial progress with ORCID adoption in the publishing community; well over 7,000 journals now use ORCID in the manuscript submission process, and more than 1,600 require iDs for authors. In 2017, our research institution initiatives made it possible to couple university identity management and ORCID sign on processes and we made it more straightforward for universities to add employment affiliation information to ORCID records. We’ve started work on updating our affiliations data model to accommodate service activities, professional awards, and memberships. This work will be released in the next iteration of our API in 2018. Strategic Relationships We are starting the year hosting our first ever consortium workshop, which will introduce our 20 (!) consortia to each other, celebrate best practices, and encourage the development of shared approaches to ORCID awareness and adoption. ORCID consortia are fundamental to our mission and reflect our core values of global engagement and collaborative decision-making. Consortia help build national and regional communities of practice that support open research infrastructure on a global scale.  We have been working on clarifying roles and responsibilities and launched our new consortium web pages at the end of 2017.  We will be publishing an updated consortium member agreement early in 2018.     Share your ideas and follow our progress As in previous years, we maintain an open roadmap and current development board, so you can check what is on our plan and what we are currently working on.  We will also be posting regular updates here on our blog. We welcome your ideas and comments!       Blog

Happy Holidays from the ORCID Team!

Season's greetings from all of us, and our thanks to everyone for your support in 2017! Download our 3D cookie cutter pattern if you'd like to try your hand at making your own iD cookies! (Photo - and cookies! - courtesy of Laura J Wilkinson) Blog

Announcing results of 2018 Board elections

ORCID holds Board member elections every year, following an open recommendation and nominations process. ORCID Board members serve for 3 years; each year about a third of the Board seats are up for election. This year, we had six seats up for election plus an new seat for an additional researcher. The Nominating Committee was chaired this year by Richard de Grijs, a researcher member of the ORCID board. The committee reviewed 20 applications, including 8 applications for the new second researcher position on the Board. Applications reflected the global nature of ORCID, with nominations from ORCID members in Europe, Middle East, Africa, North America, Latin America, and Asia. The committee must balance a number of objectives when developing the slate. Their overarching aim was to recommend candidates who are driven by the ORCID mission and are able to contribute to ORCID’s development, through their personal and organizational knowledge and networks of influence. The committee also was keen to ensure the Board was diverse - in terms of skills, geographic location, organizational representation, and gender. And, the committee ensured that the Board, as per our bylaws, remains majority non-profit. The Nominating Committee put forth a slate of candidates, which was reviewed by the Board at its October meeting and then put forth to the ORCID membership. After a 30-day period during which we recieved no alternate nominations, we opened elections via a secure voting web page. We emailed the main contact of each current ORCID member with details about how to vote.  For those members who wished to vote in person, we provided details in the October member newsletter on how to participate in an ORCID Members webinar held on 21 December 2017.  During this meeting, we described the nominations and elections process, took questions, and cast the final proxy vote to close the voting process. Of the 729 members eligible to vote in the 2018 Board elections, 252 cast votes, above the 10% participation needed for the election to be valid. Of those members casting ballots, 236 (93.7%) voted in favor of the slate; 12 (4.8%) abstained, and 4 (1.6%) voted against the ballot. The election results were certified at 13:15 GMT on 21 December 2017. Please join me in thanking our Nominating Committee for their service, and in welcoming our new and returning Board members: Salvatore Mele Alison Mitchell Ed Pentz Daisy Selematsela Edward Wates Simeon Warner Karin Wulf On behalf of the Board and ORCID staff, our thanks to everyone who submitted nominations and participated in the elections process!     Blog

ORCID in 2017: The Directors' Cut

In 2017, we made progress on several fronts.  We welcomed almost 200 new members, and consortia in Canada, South Africa, and Norway.  We grew to over four million users, improved our Registry user interface, and undertook a major update of our training resources.  We nurtured working groups on ORCID in Books, User Facilities, and Organization Identifiers. And as always, we released new features and were integrated into many more workflows, making life just that much better for researchers. I thought it would be fun to hear the highlights from the Directors themselves! Technology:  Rob Peters Looking back over 2017 and picking out our favorite/most important tech projects is harder than you think! Our seven developers completed over 40 new projects. Pushed out our 2.0 API. This marked a major shift from the original monolithic API designs to one that better reflects scalable RESTful designs An out-of-bandwidth project that helped shift how we think about supporting community needs. It provides a lightweight way of collecting Authenticated ORCID iDs and a first step toward tools we are planning in 2018 A quick, unplanned and under-pressure migration to a whole new CDN architecture to provide better international service, after our old CDN was blocked in a country that represents a major portion of researchers   It’s important keep up with best practices. That necessitated switching the canonical form of the ORCID identifier to a secure protocol and implementing OpenID Connect. Of course some improvements are behind the scenes. In 2017 we implemented  backend message queues to help us keep up with changes to the over four million records and 35 million items in the Registry. This also helped streamline processing of our annual public dump and enabled us to provide on demand data for our premium members Strategic Initiatives: Laura Paglione Our strategic initiatives work centers on preparing for the future, and ensuring that we are making impactful progress toward our mission with our current work. During 2017, we embarked on a strategic planning process that will help guide our work over the next several years. Using a process called Scenario Planning, we envisioned four versions of how the research ecosystem may look 20 years from now, and considered the steps we should take today to prepare for any one of them. More details in a future blog post In the last half of the year we worked to increase research institution engagement with ORCID, particularly in connecting affiliations to ORCID records. This work concentrated on adding new memberships from US-based research institutions, increasing the prevalence of research institutions asserting affiliations (earning Connect badges), and several updates to affiliations in the ORCID record, and to the resources that we provide Early in the year, we completed work with the ORCID REFEDS working group to develop and release a comprehensive set of recommendations on ORCID use in the Federated Identity Management (FIM) community. The group published the recommendations as a report as part of the TNC17 proceedings Partnerships: Josh Brown ORCID is a community-led organization -- our users, members, and other partners are at the center of everything we do . These partnerships enable us to support identifier adoption, integration, and innovation globally while remaining a small, lean organization.Highlights from our first year with a dedicated partnerships role include: We have worked to develop and embed a more strategic approach to partnerships in every team across ORCID, with a focus on organizations that share common principles with ORCID and are really aligned with our vision; strategic partnerships which help us to leverage and energise our global community; and tactical partnerships, where we can work together to deliver a really clearly defined goal. We are now building a framework to help us to understand and support truly effective partnerships Over the last five years, we have been privileged to work with a truly superb group of volunteers from across the research world: our ambassador network. They have helped us to scale dramatically, and to become truly embedded in the community. Going forward, we are moving to a region- and sector-based community of practice approach, driven by our network of partners and consortia, so  we have decided to wind up our formal ambassador program at the end of 2017. On behalf of everyone at ORCID, I’d like to offer a HUGE thank you to all our ambassadors, past and present,. We look forward to working with you in the future - stay in touch! This year, we have been talking to research funding organizations, to better understand their needs. Funders collect a huge amount of information, and can make great use of identifiers to improve that data and make it easier for researchers and administrators. We hope you find our new suite of resources for funders and their system providers useful We’ve also worked with a global group of funders to develop and launch the ORCID Reducing Burden and Improving Transparency (ORBIT) project, which aims to make it easier to share information, using open, trusted identifiers to automate and simplify the process of collecting and providing information. The project represents a real chance to improve the openness, reliability and interoperability of research information. Watch this space for more information in 2018 Operations: Sarah Hersberger Much of what my team does - HR, finance, and operations - is internally facing, but has a critical impact on how ORCID is able to deliver its services. We welcomed new staff in Germany, Hungary, the US, Brazil, and China.  We now have 30 employees in 11 countries and collectively we speak nine languages! Another big thank you to the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust -- we are in the middle of a generous 18-month $1.84m grant that was awarded in October 2016. We were awarded a $50,050 contract from the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) for our ORCID Reducing Burden and Improving Transparency (ORBIT) project and $19,900 from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to support travel expenses related to strategic planning at ORCID.  Thank you to both organizations for your support! We launched our own repository - which helps us deliver resources (with DOIs!) to you, including working group reports and our new training resources. Since its launch this past summer, we have published over 100 records, have over 24K views, nearly 9K downloads and have reached more than 25 countries We completed another successful TrustArc (formerly TRUSTe) privacy audit We are in the middle of our Board of Directors election process for the group whose three-year term starts in 2018.  This year we received 20 applications to join the ORCID Board of Directors, including eight applications for the new second researcher Board position.  More information about the 2018 elections can be found at Membership: Matt Buys Membership is how we sustain the ORCID Registry.  Our members provide insight into local research policy, they integrate ORCID iDs into information systems, they govern the organization, and our consortia help us scale globally. During 2017, 192 members joined ORCID, including new consortia in Brazil, Canada, South Africa, Norway, and a funder consortium in the US Going into 2018, ORCID is looking at supporting more than 1,000 member organizations. We launched an Internal dashboard to track membership growth, updated our consortium policy and member agreements, and are working with Rob’s team to test member self-management service options and automating processes. To establish a firm foundation for future growth, we formed cross-regional teams and coordinated regional engagement strategies Our team hosted 15 open workshops in all regions, where we were able to listen to our community and better understand what you need from ORCID Our largest member sector is research institutions. To ensure that this sector is growing sustainably, we worked with Alice’s team to revise our advice and documentation and rolled out the Institutional Connect program as a major strategic initiative Community: Alice Meadows The community team is responsible for  bringing together the why (communications and marketing for ORCID) with the what and the how (member and user support) through community support, engagement, training, and outreach activities. We continued to spread the word about our Collect and Connect program, and have now reviewed over 200 member integrations and awarded badges to more than 40 integrations that meet our best practices. Look out for a blog post on our 2017 achievements early next year! To coincide with our fifth anniversary in October, we launched a suite of new training and outreach materials, including videos and a communications plan and resources, as well as fully updating our KnowledgeBase articles for users. More resources to follow in 2018 Working with Josh and Matt respectively, we’ve created new web pages and resources for funders, research institutions, and consortia, to better support those communities as they adopt and implement ORCID in their workflows Together with Rob’s team, we’ve worked to improve the ORCID UI and make it easier for users to manage their records, including deprecating their own duplicate records, enabling easy printing of records, and improving the OAuth screen Blog


[英語版: ORCID members in Japan seeking more concerted efforts] 日本ではすでにORCIDメンバーとなっている機関が中心となって、来年4月を目処に学術機関によるコンソーシアム設立を検討しています。東京工業大学でORCID実装にあたっている 森雅生教授 に現在の検討状況についてお話をうかがいました。 ORCIDコンソーシアムを検討しているのはどの機関ですか? すでにORCID機関会員である5機関を中心に、日本の学術機関によるORCIDコンソーシアムが検討されています。3つの大学(慶應義塾大学,東京工業大学,筑波大学)と、2つの国立研究機関(物質・材料研究機構, 国立情報学研究所)です。 2017年9月に,これらの機関の実務担当者や,他の研究大学の最もORCIDに近い実務者を対象として、コンソーシアム設立可能性を探るためのオンラインミーティングが行われました。 どんなことが話し合われましたか? 機関参加による直接的なメリットはAPIの優先的利用権ですが、そうした技術的な議論だけでなく、コンソーシアム化することによって日本国内の研究者情報の統合や、科学技術政策へのORCIDの具体的な活用方法についても議論されました。 その後どのような進展がありましたか? 現在は,2018年4月のコンソーシアム設立に向けて,上記有志による設立趣意書の作成や,各種事務手続きの方法など,具体的な議論と作業が続けられています。12月26日にはNIIを会場として、より多くの機関を招いて検討会が開催される予定です。また、2018年1月に予定されているリスボンでのコンソーシアムワークショップにも関係者が参加する予定です。 関係者内ではどのようにコミュニケーションをとっていますか? コンソーシアムの設立のための情報共有のツールとしてウェブサイトを立ち上げました。また,機関会員および機関参加を検討している機関の担当者のためのメーリングリストも運営しています。 東京工業大学は2016年9月からORCIDメンバーとなっています。ORCIDをどのように活用されていますか? 現在,Tokyo Tech Research RepositoryにORCID APIを実装し、研究活動のエビデンスとしてORCIDからデータをダウンロードしています。組織及び個人の評価システム(制度)を確立するにあたっては、まず研究者の活動状況について効率的なデータ収集が必要です。このため、ORCIDから研究業績データが自動的に提供されることは有益です。 本学では、海外からの研究者のリクルートや、本学を修了したポスドクの海外派遣の際に、ORCIDが役に立つことが知られつつあります.研究者情報の円滑な移行やプロモーションへの活用の観点で,ORCIDの需要は高まると考えます。 日本の研究機関がORCIDを導入するにあたり、どのような困難を克服する必要があるでしょうか? 個別の研究機関が十分なリソースを持っているわけでないので,ORCID機関会員専用の特典を十分に活用できるとは限りません。この事実は、大学や研究機関がORCID会員となるインセンティブを縮退させていると思われます。個人的な見解ですが、日本では、コンソーシアムが協力して特典機能を利用したサービスを企画し、機関会員増加を進めるべきだと思います。 Blog