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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.V.4 Sermones; Sententiae; Alfraganus; etc. s. xii ex.; s. xiii ex.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

30/4/90 AJP revision of AJP + AID 24/6/87

The manuscript comprises five sections, of which (D) and (E) are the older. (B) represents an aid to the use of (C), presumably made before (C) was brought together with (A) to provide coverage of the whole liturgical year; (D) and (E) may have been appended as late as the seventeenth century.

1 (s. xix) + 1 (re-used medieval leaf) + 227 + [1]; foliated 1-226, repeating 74, 114 and 182. ff. 35v-42v have a numbering, 8-19, in the lower margins in soft brown, s. xiii (?), of uncertain significance. Membrane (0.1 mm. for (A) and (C), 0.12 mm. for (D) and (E); quires with fleshside outermost in (A-C), hairside outermost in (D) and (E), with only quire 21 in (E) arranged by Gregory's rule; some flaws and, in (E), natural edges), 165 x 115-120 mm., all outer edges cropped and lower edges of (D) substantially.

Collation of ff. 3-226: (A: ff. 3-44) 112, 24, 312, 412 + two leaves (ff. 43-44) after 12; (B: ff. 45-51) 58 wants 8 (blank ?); (C: ff. 52-145) 6-1312; (D: ff. 146-161) 14-158, [quire(s) missing after f. 161 ?]; (E: ff. 162-226) 16-188, 1910, 20-228, 234, 24 four (ff. 223-226). Catchwords on quires 16-18 and 20-22


Written space c. 120 x 85 mm.; ruled in softish brown. 2 columns; 44-50 lines. Written in minute incipient anglicana, with double compartment a only occasionally, proficiently, by one hand.

Decoration: only executed on ff. 3, 16, 19-23 and 40. Text- capitals lined with red. Paraphs in red. Themata etc. underlined in red. Initials, to sermons, 2-line, in red, ff. 3 and 40v, otherwise unfilled spaces.


Written space c. 130 x 100 mm.; ruled in sharpish brown. 3 or, for item 4(b), 2 columns; 40-43 lines.

Written in incipient anglicana, without double compartment a, proficiently, by one hand.


Written space c. 130 x 90 mm.; ruled in greyish brown. 2 columns; 38-42 lines.

Written in anglicana, proficiently, by one hand.

Decoration: text-capitals and paraphs lined with red, f. 52r-v. Themata etc. underlined in red, ff. 52r-v and 106v- 114. Rubrics to sermons, ff. 104-127. Initials, to sermons: (i) 2-line, unfilled spaces; (ii) f. 52, 3-line, red and blue.


Written space c. 133 x 80 mm.; ruled in greyish brown. 29-31 long lines, the first above the top ruled line.

Written in a minuscule with documentary features, proficiently, by one hand.

Decoration: Initials, (i, ii) to some paragraphs, and to chapters, 1- and 2-line, in red, blue or green, most with infilling and a little flourishing in red or blue.


Written space c. 110 x 77 mm.; ruled in greyish brown. 24-25 long lines, the first above the top ruled line.

Written in a minuscule with some documentary features, rather clumsily, by three hands, changing for items [ff. 221v, 223v]; or, item [f. 226v], smaller and neater, by a fourth hand.

Decoration: text-capitals and paraphs filled with green, ff. 219-221, or, items [f. 194v and ff. 221v-223], red. Paraphs, in red, f. 162r-v

Initials: (i) to items [ff.207v, 208v] and in lists to items [ff. 162-163, 195], 1-line, red, blue or green; (ii) to chapters of item [ff.195-199], 1-line, as (i) with infilling in red or blue; (iii) to items [ff.199v, 205, 209v, 217v, 221v], 2-line, as (ii), or, f. 221v, P in red decorated with green and infilled with a face drawn in green; (iv) to chapters of item [ff. 162-194], 3-line, as (ii), or, f. 163r-v, gold with infilling in red and green; (v) to items [ff.162, 195, 223v], 4-line, gold with infilling in red and green, or, to item [f.195], I, in gold with red and blue flourishing, or, to item [f.223v], unfilled space.


1. Front flyleaf is part of a leaf (folded), s. xii med., containing part of a sermon for the Annunciation of B.V.M., on Luc. 1:[26 ?]-35.

2 cols; one col. c.65 mm. wide. Over 32 lines. 10 lines occupy 60 mm. Written in England.


Sermons on epistles and gospels of Temporal, largely of Franciscan origin. The first sermon for each 'day' in items 2 and 3 is covered by a single marginal numbering, 1-62, by the main scribe (?), with subsequent sermons for the same 'day' and some subsections of sermons lettered, perhaps for indexing purposes.

2. ff. 3-31 Quasi diluculum preparatus est egressus eius. Os. 6[:3]. In hiis uerbis tria monstrantur circa aduentus ... ... gustato spiritu desipitionis caro id est carnalitas.

Largely John de Castello (Chatillon ?) OFM, Sermons for Advent - Pentecost. 136 of the 147 sermons (the other 11 being indicated below by italicized letter-references) are Schneyer Rep. iii,374-409, nos 355, 350, 356, 358, 357, 359 (here ending 'Christus passus est etc.'; Rep. no. 359 has the same ending as no. 4), 360, 8, 9, 361 divided in two at '... a quibus nos liberet etc. [E]runt signa etc Usque ibi superne v. or. Sap 5 ...' , 362, 11, 363, 364, 12, 365, 366 (here shorter and ending 'incipe ab ultimo'), (r), 367, 368 divided in three (second part as no. 18, third beginning 'In ventre uirginis per carnem assumpta'), 369, 370, 22, 371, 25, 26, 372-374, 28, 375, 31, 376, 377, 34, 35, 37-39, 378, 42, 379, (as), 46, 47, 380, 51, 381, 53, 55 (here ending 'et reuersurus erat subditus parentibus'; Rep. no. 55 has the same ending as no. 382), 382, 56, 57, 384 divided in two at '... ego a te. de. bap. [B]aptizatus autem Iesus etc. Duo notantur circa presentis diei negocium ...', 385, 61, 63, 65, 386, 68, 387, 388 and 389 not divided as Rep. but in 389 at '[P]rouidentes bona etc. [Rom. 12:17]. quod faciendum est coram deo', 390, 74 (here longer), 391, 77, (bs), 392, 78, 393, 394, 81, 82, 395-397, 87, 88, 398-400, ?401, ?94, 93, 402, 403, 99, 404, 100, 104, 405, 406, 113-115, (cv), 407, 408, 121, 409, 124, 410, 411, 128, 129, 131, one column blank (f. 18v), 412, 13 lines blank (f. 18v), 413, (di), 135, 414-417, (do), 141, 145, 146, 418, (dt), (du), 152, 154, 419, (dy), 420, 421 divided in two at '... gloriam et premium ad quod etc. Et baiulans etc. Nota quod redemptor crucem suam baiulauit hodie multipliciter ...' (f. 23), a version of 160 (?), 422, 424, 425 (ending with 2 lines added at foot of column below next sermon), 426 (ending 'aperti sunt oculi eorum etc. Prosequere de bono hospitalitatis et elemosine'; Rep. no. 426 ends the same as no. 169), 169, 427-432, 185, 433, 187, 434, 191, 435, (eu), (ev), 436, 437, 200, 438, 440-443, 444 and 445 combined (f. 29), 446-456.

The 11 interspersed sermons are:

(r) f. 5v [T3] [C]um audisset etc. [Mt. 11:12]. Spirituali in hiis tria notatur circa Iesum ... ... duos misit ad absolucionem aliis. Mt. 21.

(as) ff. 8v-9 [T7] Ecce positus est hic etc. [Luc. 2:34]. In quadruplicem ruinam positus est Iesum ... ... per recordacionem continuam quarum indigebi etc.

(bs) f. 12v [T14] [P]lenitudo legis est dilectio [Rom. 13:10]. Et hoc quadruplici ratione secundum quod quattuor implet et perficit legem ... ... impleta lex. Exo. 25.

(cv) f. 16v [T19] De eodem [i.e. Ductus est Iesus - Mt. 4:1] Nota quod propter quattuor voluit dominus noster duci in desertum ... ... Ebe. 12. omnis disciplina in presenti etc.

(di) f. 19 [T22] Accepit Iesus panes etc. Io. 6[:11]. In hiis uerbis tria iniungitur que debent a nobis fieri ... (only 12 lines) ... ut det illis etc. quoad tercium.

(do) f. 20r-v [T23] Si ueritatem etc. [Jo. 8:45] In hiis uerbis ponitur rationalis questio ex parte Christi immo cum digna compassione ... ... Item latronis Luc. 23. nos quidem dignis etc.

(ds) f. 21r-v [T24] Benedictus qui venit etc. Mt. 21[:9]. Quare benedictus scilicet quia venit sublimiter. humiliter. vtiliter ... ... vtilitas ibi propter quod et deus etc.

(dt) f. 21v [T24] Humiliauit semetipsum etc. Ph. 2[:8]. Duo sunt que ostendunt nobis officium hodiernum de Christo .s. gloriam ... ... locus speculationis. immundi qui spiritus immundendo aliis etc.

(dx) ff. 22v-23 [T25] Ego autem in medio uestro sum etc. Luc. 22[:27]. Hodie in medio nostrum in cena cras in medio latronum in cruce ... ... In celo gloriam. ad quam etc.

(et) f. 27 [T31] Amen a. d. u. quia plorabitis et flebitis. etc. [Jo. 16:20] q. d. h. [quod dicit hoc ?] est via quam tenere debetis scilicet lamentacionis et fletus ... ... in gau. vnde Apo. 22. -.

(eu) f. 27v [T31] Modicum et iam non videbitis etc. [Jo, 16:16] In serie huius ewangelii quam ad presens; notantur .9. primum est sponsi Iesu per passionem subtraccio ... ... non solum extra me sed in memetipso etc.

Among these eleven (ds, dx) are Rep. vii, 321-322 nos 92 (T24), 93 (T25).

MS Paris Nat. lat. 16473 ff. 144v-182v, Schneyer's source for John de Castello nos 355-493, is preceded by quite a number of the sermons nos 1-354, but they are not the same as those interspersed here among nos 355-493. In MS Munich 14832, the section that corresponds quite closely to item 2 below is preceded by sermons for Advent - Pentecost, many of them from John de Castello nos 1-354 or 355-493, but the selection is not identical to that here and there are also sermons by other preachers.

3. ff. 31-44v Si quis diligit me etc. Io. 14. In hoc ewangelio quattuor comprehendit dominus primo promittit discipulis spiritus sanctus ... ... Modum curacionis nota in ewangelio sicut ius. | [C]onfidimus in domino Iesu etc. [Phil. 1:6]

Sermons for Pentecost - Pentecost 21. 43 of the 69 sermons (the other 26 being indicated below by italicized letter- references) occur in the latter part of the Franciscan collection in MS Munich 14832, listed Schneyer, Rep. vii,323-327, nos 137, 138, 139, 140, 141 (Thomas Aquinas, pseud., Rep. v,595 no. 216), (f), f. 32v left almost entirely blank, 148, 149, 151, 143, 145, (l), 155, a version of 153 (?), 154, 158, 156, 162, (s, t), a version of 161 (?), (v-x), 167, (z), 173, 174, 171, (ad), 178, (af), 176, 181, 182, (aj, ak), 180, 185 (Aldobrandinus de Cavalcantibus, Rep. i,159 no. 126), (an), 183, 184, 187, 188, cf. 186, (at, au), 191, 192, 189, 190, (az-bd), 201, 200, (bg-bi), 206 (John de Castello, Rep. iii,410 no. 481), 203 (Idem, Ibid. 410 no. 482), (bl), 204 (Idem, Ibid. 399 no. 323a), 208, 207 (Idem, Ibid. 411 no. 484), 212, (bq), opening text (Phil 1:6) only, f. 44v largely blank.

Among the 26 interspersed sermons, there are 14 more by John de Castello than in Munich 14832, (af, aj, au, az-bd, bg-bi, bl, bq and br), Rep. iii, 398-411 nos 466 (here considerably longer, ff. 37v-38), 467-469, 307, 470, 474, 475, 478-480, 483 and 485; and 2 more by Aldobrandinus de Cavalcantibus, (ad, ak), Rep. i,197 no. 625 and 159 no. 124 ('Nota quod peccator intelligitur per surdum et mutum. Surdus ab auditu legis diuine ... (16 lines) ... ad desperacionem'); also 1 by Aldobrandinus de Toscanella, (x), Rep. i,231 no. 125 (ending 'fide moyses grandis factus negauit etc [Heb. 11:24]'); and one by Bonaventura (?), (an), cf. Rep. i,686 no. 405 (f. 39 Conclusit scriptura - [Gal. 3:22]. Duo facit in hiis uerbis apostolus. primo ostendit conclusa omnia sub peccato per scripturam ... ... si volumus laborare in vinea Mt. 19 [recte ? 20:2 seq.]. conuentione facta etc.').

The other 8 interspersed sermons are:

(f) f. 32r-v [T40] Gratia domini nostri Iesu Christi etc. Cor''.17. [II Cor. 13:13] Duo notantur in uerbis istis scilicet distinccio personarum in creacione et effectus exhibiti creaturis ab ipsis personis ... (only 9 lines) ... apparet in tribus membris. Rep. ix,623 no. 96, attributed to John de Castello in Munich MS 7963 f. 188v.

(l) f. 34 [T45] Omnes vnanimes in oratione .e. Pe'.3 [: cf. 7-8]. Duo principaliter proponuntur nobis in hac epistola quibus ordinantur fideles ... ... Mt. 25. Venite benedicti etc.

(s) f. 35 [T47] Stipendia peccati mors [Rom 6:23] Duo genera stipendiorum innuit hic apostolus scilicet vite et mortis. stipendia mortis dat diabolus qui congregat exercitus ... ... Mt. 19[:29] Centuplum accipiet hic in presenti et vi. eter. p. in futuro.

(t) f. 35r-v [T47] Misereor super turbam. etc. Mar.8[:2]. In hoc ewangelio circa dominum principaliter duo notantur de quibus propheta. Duo hec audiui etc. Misericordia notatur in prima parte qua motus est ad miraculum ... ... omnia opera enim operatus es nobis domine [Is 26:12]. Rep. viii,742 no. 122.

(v) ff. 35v-36 [T48] Debitores sumus non carni etc. Ro. 8[:12]. Nota .4. generale debitum quo tenemur scilicet domini. proximi. carnis. mortis ... ... tria specialiter appetit caro scilicet commessari. luxuriari. ociari.

(w) f. 36 [T48] Attendite a falsis prophetis etc. Mt. [7:15]. Tria in summa facit dominus in ewangelio primo hortatur ad cautelam falsorum prophetarum ... ... heretici sunt precidendi ab ecclesia et comburendi.

(z) f. 36v [T49] Ait villicus intra se etc. [Luc. 16:3] Nota .8. commendabilia in isto summenda a nobis in bonum per exemplum. Primum quod post mala commissa ad se rediit citatus a domino ... ... Mt. 5[:16]. sic luceat lux uestra.

(at) f. 40 [T54] Occurrerunt ei etc. [Luc. 17:12]. Inter omnia peccata maxime peccatum luxurie assimilatur leprose et hoc propter sex proprietates ... ... manus operacionis. pedes sancte affeccionis. De hac materia require Dominica secunda post octauum epiphanie. Alius processus de eodem.



(a) ff. 45-46v A. ante. A. | Amare.18 1.| Apparere.58. | Arma.2. ... ... V ante V Aurum.176. ... mutus.110. Surdus.110.

(b) ff. 46v-50 1 De dingnitate Christi.140 | De humilitate Christi. 64. 84. ... ... De multiplici vtilitate sequenti vij<.> (?) bonum. 198.

(a) Tabula to the following collections of sermons, item 5 below. It comprises single word subjects, arranged in sections according to the first two vowels and within each section alphabetically by the first letter. It was apparently drawn up from item 5 itself, since the numbers refer to those assigned to the sermons there and appear to be correct despite the fact that one sermon between 6 and 7 (f. 56) is not numbered and there are two numbered 66 (f. 80r-v).

(b) Subject analysis to the following collections of sermons, item 5 below. Each sermon is analysed in turn; the number of subjects in a sermon ranges from one to nine and some subjects are followed by numbers cross-referring to other sermons where the same subject occurs. The unnumbered sermon after 6 (f. 56) is treated as part of 6, and the second numbered 66 (f. 80v) as the first of two 67s.

ff. 50v-51v blank.



(a) ff. 52-104 Assit principio Sancta maria meo. Dominus iudex noster ... y. 33[:22]. Notantur duo. filii dei dignitas ibi. dominus iudex ... ... Ja. 2[:13]. iudicium sine misericordia ei qui non facit misericordiam.

(b) ff. 104-145v De beato andrea apostolo. [O]mnis qui audit uerba mea ... Mt. 7[:24]. in uerbo proposito tria possunt specialiter attendi ... ... Item quibus repleantur mali. Require supra in sermone Sancti Stephani.

(a,b) The sermons have a single numbering, 1-[19]8, in the margins, by the main scribe(s) or rubricator, with one sermon between 6 and 7 (f. 56) not numbered and two numbered 66 (f. 80r-v).

(a) Sermons on epistles and gospels of Temporal, Advent 1 - 25th Sunday after Pentecost and Corpus Christi. The Franciscan collection listed Schneyer, Rep. vii,2-11. The copy here differs in omitting no. 84, as in the copy sold at Sotheby 11 Dec. 1979 as item 36, and in having nos 61, 60, 62 in that order. The copies of this collection in MS Munich 7932, described Rep. vii,2-11, and in MS Paris, Bib.Nat. lat. 3555 ff. 2-96, described Catalogue g'en'eral des manuscrits latins vi,87-95, have innumerable minor divergences in the opening words of the first seventy-four sermons; the Cosin copy never agrees with Paris against Munich in these cases, but follows Munich in thirty-three cases. This copy is not among the fifty or more listed Rep. vii,11, of which ten also contain item 4(b), see Rep. vii,16.

(b) Sermons on epistles and gospels of Sanctoral, Andrew - Saturninus and Barnabas. The Franciscan collection listed Rep. vii,11-16. The copy here differs in having a third sermon for Christmas day between nos 143 and 144, a sermon 'De martiribus inter pasca et pentecosten' between nos 162 and 163, and a sermon for Agnes attributed to Gregory of Cremona (Rep. ii,243 no. 24, ending 'propter quod letabunda et laudans exclamat. gaudens gaudebo etc.') in place of no. 152 (ff. 114v-114*); in omitting nos 172 and 175; and in having no. 171 at the end after no. 202.

The third sermon for Christmas day, ff. 109v-110, is '[E]wangelizo u. g. m. etc. Luc.2[:10]. Verba sunt angeli ad pastores. in quibus duo principaliter possunt attendi. primum est natiuitatis Christi annunciacio ... ... Quales uero saluat et a quibis malis. Require in sermone dominice quarte post epiphaniam'; and the sermon between nos 162 and 163, ff. 120v-121v, '[S]tabunt iusti in magna constancia ... Sap. 5[:1]. Uerbum illud legitur in festo martirum inter pascha et pentecosten. ad quorum honorem et laudem et ad informacionem nostram ... ... a quo nos li. dignetur etc.'


6. ff. 146-161v Id uero considerandum est ?utrum in? Augustinus ait. Quid res alie sunt quibus fruendum est; alie quibus ... ... Ex his aperte ostenditur quid misericordiam. quid obdurationem intellexerit (ending imperfectly)


caps iii-vi follow Sentences I,d iv,1,2, d v,1&2,3-med (146r-147r), and (161v) I,d xl,4, d xli,1... DOES NOT APPEAR TO BE ABBREVIATIO MAG BANDINI PL 192,977-1021. ?LEAD IN GHELLINCK (1948) pp 268-71. FURTHER LEADS ARE MOST LIKELY FOUND IN PARIS AT THE INSTITUT DES H.E.

f. 151v blank.


7. ff. 162-194v Differencia prima in annis arabum et latinorum . et in omnibus mensium ... (f. 163) [D]ifferencia xxx ... duas eclipses. Numerus mensium arabum et latinorum est duodenus. Mensis arabum incipiunt ab almuharan ... ... unus fuerit in climatibus septentrionalibus et alter in parte meridiana. Alleluia.

Alfraganus, trans. John of Seville, Rudimenta astronomica. Ed. F. J. Carmody, Al-Farghani: Differentie scientie astrorum, (Berkeley, Cal; 1943). T&K col. 960.

8. (added, s. xii/xiii, in blank space) f. 194v

(a) Elementa simpla scilicet calor frigus siccitas humor ... ... super eos oriencium contingit.

(b) Isti sunt tres dies anni pre aliis obseruandi. Primus est viii kl Aprilis ... mala morte morietur.

(c) In anno sunt iii dies et tres noctes quibus si homo genitus sit sine dubio corpus eius integer ... iii kl Februarii et est mirabile in istis

(b) 3 lines.

(c) 2 lines.

9. ff. 195-199 In nomine domini incipit epistola Messehelach in rebus ecclipsis lune ... Primum capitulum est de ratione circuli ... Dvodecimum in coniunccione minori. ... Primum capitulum ... Dixit Messehelach. quia dominus altissimus fecit terram. ad similitudinem spere ... ... Intellige hoc est nouissimum eorum que pretulimus in hoc libro. et est de secretis astrorum. Perfectus est liber cum dei laude et eius auxilio.

Messahala, Epistola de rebus eclypsium et coniunctionibus. T&K cols 696, 729 and 1217. Printed Cl. Ptolemaeus, Quadripartitum; etc., (Venice; 1493), ff. 148-149; and see Osiris 12 (1956), 63.

10. (added, s. xii/xiii, in blank space) f. 199 Si quis masculus oritur in ortu signi masculi ... res suas et cibum omnibus dabit.

ASTROLOGY 11 lines

11. ff. 199v-205 Quoniam inter vii. liberales artes. Musica primatum optinet. testante boecio. ... ... constet ex pluribus uocibus quam ex vi. ergo plures sunt uoces quam vi.

Tractatus de musica. Consists of extracts from Questiones in musica. Also found in Cashel Diocesan Library MS 1 pp. 59- 66, and, preceded by extracts from John of Afflighem, De musica, in two 13-14th century copies, Basel Universit"atsbibliothek MS F.ix.54 ff. 2-8v, and Vatican MS lat.4357 ff. 57v-64: see The Theory of Music from the Carolingian Era up to 1400, ed. J. S. van Waesberghe, (RISM, Munich; 1961-68),i,70-71, ii,95.

12. ff. 205-207 Incipientes cognoscere naturam omnium cantium ... ... si cantus debeat descendere.


13. ff. 207v-208v Quid sit inter tongos et sonos. inter tonos et epogdoos. ... ... spaciis melo sunt apti.

14. ff. 208v-209v Pes est regularis dimensio sibillarum secundum tempora ... ... Epitritus quartus est pes constans ex tribus longis et quarta breui. vii. temporum. vt feceninus.

Based closely on Donatus, Ars grammatica I,4, ed. Keil iv,369-70, using the same examples except: pyrrichius - homo for fuga; anapaestus - domino for Erato.

15. ff. 209v-217 Ad metrorum noticiam uetera uisa sunt. Quid sit metrum - Metrum est certa pedum dimensio ... ... laude beari. sede locari quam pociam.


ff. 217v-221 Clarissimo albino. Sergius grammaticus salutem. Tibi hunc libellum pretextator decus albine deuoui ... ... Si tibi usus scribendi precium uoluntatis exsoluat. Explicit centimetrvm. Servij.

M. Servius, De centum metris. Ed. H. Keil, Grammatici latini iv, (Leipzig; 1864), 456-467. As usual (ibid. p. xlvi), the 'metra ionica a maiore' and the 'metra ionica arainore [recte a minore]' are transposed.

ff. 221-223 (Mirabilia britannie) (f. 221v) Primum mirabile est stagnum lumonoi. In eo sunt insule .lx. ... ... quamuis abisset solus in extremis finibus cosmi.

Nennius, Historia brittonum, caps 67-74. Ed. F. Lot, Nennius et l'Historia Brittonum, (Paris; 1934), pp. 212-217.

ff. 223v-225v [P]rimum mirabile est chederhole. Secundum Rolendriht. Tertium albus equus cum pullo suo ... ... Tricesimum .iii. stan henge.

Ralph de Diceto, Abbreviationes chronicorum, extr. de mirabilibus Britanniae. The thirty-three wonders here correspond to nos 3-5, 6-33 and 2 in Radulfi de Diceto decani Lundoniensis opera historica i, ed. W. Stubbs, [Rolls Series 68,i], (London; 1876), 11-15, with the fourth, 'Quartum fossa in monte qui carcer eoli dicitur. vnde uenti assidue intrant et exeunt', combining elements of nos 1 & 3.

f. 226 blank.

f. 226v As xij Uncia cc.lxxxviij S xij xij assis ... ... Silica ccc.xxxiiij pars vncie xvj pars S ij. dc.viij. pars assis.

Table of small weights. T&K col. 149 records a text of corresponding content, Avranches MS 235 f. 52v [s. xii].

Correction and Annotation:

(A) and (C) Some early marginal notes in brown.

(C) Original sidenotes.

(E) Original corrections and notes, some on plummet ruling. Alternative forms of Arabic names, ff. 172-173, s. xiv ex.; a note in the same hand, f. 182.

Written in England, (A-C) presumably in a Franciscan context, see content above.

Secundo folio: phum prescriptionis (f. 4); Cilicium (f. 46); iste for[ma] (f. 53); essencia (f. 147); differencia (f. 163).

'John Bell', s.xvi/xvii, ff. 178v, 207.

'Deus providebit. J. Wood', s. xvii, ff. 2, 3.

'Geo. Davenport Donum Jo.Wood Clerici. 1670.', f. 2.

Binding: standard, s. xix med.; 1 clasp.