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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.IV.4 Jan van Wackerzele, Life of St Barbara (in English), etc. s. xv med.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

7/3/90 AJP revision of AID; 2/95 AJP after AID check

[1] + 2 (s. xvii ?) + 77 + 2 (medieval binding leaves) + [1]; foliated i-ii, 1-80. Membrane (0.25 mm.; or, quires 7- 10, 0.15 mm., less matt and with fleshside outermost save for quire 10), 200 x 142 mm., slightly cropped. Ink flaked away in quires 1-6. particularly on ff. 25-32 and 48rv.

Collation: 1-98, 108 wants 5 (blank ?) after f. 76 and 7-8 (blank ?) after f. 77. First three rectos in quires 1-3 numbered in lower outer corners.

No evidence of pricking or line-ruling.

Quires 1-6 (ff. 1-48v): Written space c. 160 x 103 mm.; framed in sharp grey. 24-26 lines, the first on top frame-line. Written in anglicana of common law type, expertly by one hand, with variations in size, but most notably a spreading on f. 48v suggesting that work had already started on the following quires. Rubrics from f. 28 onwards by second hand.

Quires 7-10 (ff. 49-77): Written space 150-155 x 106-112 mm.; framed in sharpish brown. 26-28 lines, the first on top frame-line. Written in anglicana, expertly, by one hand, with more secretary features (e.g. unlooped w) than the first hand and generally smaller.

Decoration: Latin names and quotations underlined in red. Text-capitals lined with red. Principal ink punctuation-marks in quires 1-3 touched over with red. Paraphs in red in quire 1. Line-fillers in red by second hand. Initials, two, f. 1, 2- and 3-line, in washed-out blue, with infilling and flourishing in red.



(a) ff. 1-54v In the worshyp of oure lorde Jesu cryst and of his moste blessed and glorius modere oure lady seynt Mary seint Birgit seint Austyne and of all the seintis of heven here begynneth the lyf and passioun of ... seint Barbara ... the first chaptur ... Devyne scripture and vary trew gospell ... ... parteners of his glory a monge alle aungels and sayntis. Qui cum patre ... seculorum. Amen. Here endyth the lyfe and martirdome with the translacions and Inuencion of the glorious spouse of criste Seynt Barbara.

(b) ff. 55-76 And after here foloweth the miracles of the same ... [T]her was somtyme a knyght whiche hade saynt Barbara in grete reuerence ... ... as if it hade layne ded frome the tyme that she was pute in the grownde firste. Expliciunt Miracula beate Barbare ad presens et non terminentur in hoc seculo.

(c) Now Barbara the Spouse of criste that moche art of myght | For the loue of thi Spouse that loved the of right | Saue vs ffrom alle soden chaunces be day and be nyght | So that after this wreched lyfe we may come to endles li[ght cropped away]. Amen.

(a) Jan van Wackerzele, Life of St Barbara, BHL 920 and 926 (without 918, the author's prologue), translated from Latin into English, with a new preface, see B. de Gaiffier, 'La légende latine de Sainte Barbe par Jean de Wackerzeele', Analecta Bollandiana lxxvii (1959), 5-41. 16 chapters; unfilled blank spaces for the rubrics to chapters 2 and 9. The top half of f. 4 is void, as if for a final portion of chapter 1 or a long rubric to chapter 2, but there is nothing more at this point in London Lambeth Palace MS 72, see below.

This version is much longer than the life in Caxton's Golden Legend; modern editions have been prepared and proposed respectively by Mrs M. Crane, Professor A.A.Kurvinen and Miss V.Russell. Without the preface, it is one of the items incorporated only in the copy of the Gilte Legende (of the prose translation dated elsewhere 1438) in Lambeth 72, see M. Görlach, The South English Legendary, Gilte Legende and Golden Legend, Braunschweiger Anglistische Arbeiten 3 (Braunschweig 1972), pp. 19-20; another additional life in Lambeth MS 72 is that of Jerome by Simon Wynter, brother of Syon abbey, also without its prologue. Bodleian Library Douce frag. e.47 has the end of chap. 8 and most of 9, sig.D2-4 of an early printed edition of this version, STC 1375.5 (Pynson c.1520 ?).

(b) Miracles of St Barbara, also from Wackerzele, BHL 933-55 (without 932, the preface). 23 stories; here chapter xiii precedes chapter xii, as in Lambeth 72.

(c) IMEV Suppl., no. 2300.8 (unique).

2. f. 77 (added in italic hand, s. xvi/xvii) Think not the time I pray you ouerlong | To reade the verse of Barbara bright of hue | A worthy saint and daughter to a king | Whose actes of fame here partly do ensewe | This lilly sweete, this flower of fragrant smell | Vnto the rose full well I may compare

Introductory stanza to a verse-life of St Barbara, possibly by 'J Fullwell', to judge by added underlining and numbering of the words '(2) full well (1) I'.

4. f. 78r-v (binding fragment, bound in upside-down) Most of one leaf on optics, s. xiii/xiv.

Latin; 2 columns, each 60 mm. wide, of 45+ lines; written in academic textura; unfilled spaces for diagrams and initials.

5. f. 79r-v (binding fragment, bound in along foot) Part of a bifolium of Latin rhyming couplets, s. xv med.

Parts of the concluding portion of the set of Latin poems (1363)on William de Valence and his son Aymer, earls of Pembroke, including the prose heading referring to the latter's death in 1324, by Jacobus Nicholai de Dacia, scholar of Marie de St Pol, Aymer's widow and foundress of Pembroke College Cambridge, see H. Jenkinson, Archaeologia lxvi (1915), 401-46, esp. 443-6 with extracts; also BRUC p. 425, for a scanty entry on the author.

The text here corresponds to BL MS Cotton Claudius A.xiv ff. 32v-33v and 37-38, s. xv med.; Paris, B.N. lat. 10323, s. xiv med., is another copy, possibly the dedication copy, see P. Lehmann, Mitteilungen aus Handschriften II, Sitzungsberichte d. Bayerischen Akad. d. Wissenschaften philosophisch-historische Abt., Jhrg 1930, Heft 2, pp. 42-3.

Over 34 lines, up to c. 80 mm. long; written in secretary; sewing-holes in former centre-fold.

Written in England. Special mention of SS Brigit and Augustine in item 1(a) points to the origin of the text at Syon Abbey, but there is no direct evidence for this copy.

Secundo folio: and feersness

Description of contents, in the hand of George Davenport, f. ii; the manuscript occurs in his catalogue, REF.

stains on f. 79v from the covering of the former binding. Now sides of sprinkled brown calf with pairs of blind fillets along three sides and vertically c.20 mm. from spine, Hugh Hutchinson's WHAT along hinge-lines; his roll (...---...), gilt, on edges of boards. Spine replaced, s. xix med.; 1 clasp.