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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.IV.2 Fasciculus Morum, abridged; etc. 1477

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

12/2/90 AJP revision of AID

Items 6-9, 11-13 are in English or contain English passages.

The three sections (A-C) of the manuscript appear to be the work of one identified scribe, but soiling of the first leaf of (B), f. 125, suggests that it existed separately for a time; it could well have been written at an earlier date. Why (C) should have an original, independent, overlapping, foliation is not clear, but may suggest that another section, now lost, once stood between (A) and (C).

Differences between the shades of the inks of the foliation and texts from f. 118 onwards, and other changes in the writing, may indicate that batches of contents were added or appended after intervals of time.

2 (s. xvii) + 171 + 1 (s. xvii); original arabic foliation by text hands, 1-160 and 156-167, with 121 torn out, superseded for last twelve leaves by a modern foliation, 161-172. Paper, quarto (watermarks: siren (?), up to f. 13, cf. Heawood, 15th cent., no.76, A.D. 1477; gothic y with cross above, thereafter, Briquet, nos 9173-83, A.D. 1442- 72), 207 x 145 mm., with many deckle fore-edges. f. 1 nearly detached.

Collation: (A: ff. 1-120) 112, 2-314, 4-912 1012 wants 9 (f. 121, blank ?); (B: ff. 125-160) 11-128, 1312, 148; (C: ff. 161-172) 1512. Catchwords on quires 1-9 and 12-13. Some leaves, apparently randomly, have the first syllable(s) of the verso repeated in the lower margin of the preceding recto, e.g. in quire 2 ff. 14, 15, 17, 20, 23 and 24.

No evidence of pricking. Written space 150 x 100-105 mm.; framed in soft brown. Two columns for ff. 90-93. c. 27-28, or, (B), 25-26, or, (C), 29-30 lines.

Written in anglicana, very currently, with either single or two compartment a, entirely, probably together with side- notes and additions, by Thomas Olyphantt, in several stages, but using a distinctive form for w, and also idiosyncratic page catchwords randomly (see above); the script of ff. 125- 144v and 149-152/9 differs somewhat in aspect and in using two compartment a, and the language may exhibit some distinctive dialect features, quite possibly deriving from the exemplars, rather than the scribe's background.

Decoration: underlining and paraphs, both in text and marginalia, in red. Initials, to item 7 and in item 1(b) for each new initial letter of alphabet, 2-line, red.



1. (a) ff. 1-89v Hic incipiunt quedam notabilium que tractaui de libro vocatum fasciculus morum. (Pars prima. Capitulum primum.) Augustinus Si eque amat magis diligiretur creatura quam creator ... ... vnde liquet quod bellum spirituale contra hostes hos aggredi non debemus formidare. Et nota quod virgines pre ceteris sanctis cristum secuntur prope diuersas eorum prerogatiuas que continentur in libro qui vocatur fasciculus morum etc quem librum composuit frater Robertus Selke de ordine fratrum minorum. Expliciunt quedam notabilia que continentur in libro qui vocatur fasciculus morum Anno domini 1477 Cuius possessor Thomas Olyphaunntt Capellano etc

(b) ff. 90-93 Incipit Tabula libri precedentis etc. Aduersitas per yemem [i.e. hiemem] intelligitur 14. Adulator ... ... Christus passus est 6 feria 22;

(c) ff. 93-116v Dominica prima aduentus & dominica in palmis. Ecce Rex tuus venit Matt.21 Videmus quod regis absencia crescit... [sermons for Temporale] ... ipsi recipient nos in eterna tabernacula Amen. Explicit tractatus qui dicitur fasculus [sic] morum. Anno domini 1477. 12 die mensis Julij Per Thomam Olyphaunntt Capellanum scriptus.

(a) Robert Silk O.F.M., Fasciculus Morum, abridged. The seven parts are here divided into chapters. S. Wenzel, Verses in Sermons: Fasciculus Morum and its Middle English Poems, (Cambridge Mass. 1978), pp. 19-20, 106-8, notes that this abbreviation has only six of the sets of ME verses;

(b) Subject index to (a), with references by folio-number to the copy here;

(c) Sermon outlines, appended to (a). Wenzel notes that only 38 of the appended sermon-outlines appear, with two of the sets of verses.

2. ff. 116v-117

(a) Nichill deo dignius bona voluntarie ... Nunquam anima pacificatur ...;

(b) versus De tribus abbatibus Primus largus dixit Porta patens esto. 2us tenax dixit claudetur honesto 3us largus dixit;

(c) versus Preterit ista dies ... gloria mundi;

(d) Dum potes esto ... dominator;

f. 117

(e) v Rebus in interitis nihil est incertius hora | Mortis morte nihil certius esse potest;

(f) v Stulcior est stulto qui flet pro patre sepulto | Defunctum scire poterit non posse redire

(a) Latin sententiae, quotations from Isidore 'in soliloquio' and Augustinus;

(b-f) verses, (b-d) Walther, Proverbia, nos 21941 line 1, 22258 and 6658 line 1.

3. f. 117r-v 1. Da pauperibus vnum denarium in vita tua ... ... 8. ... et omnes sancti orarent pro te.

Cf. H. E. Allen, Writings ascribed to Richard Rolle, pp. 317- 20, on the revelation of nine points in this form , also referring to eight points in German CHECK THIS AND THE POINTS

4. ff. 117v-118 Hec sunt proculdubio Ephesus scilicet que est ad dexterram [sic] in terreno regno christi Et compostellam que est ad sinistram ... Tres apostolicas sedes ... ... constat honesta vsus in hodiernum diem in fide orthodoxa. etc vt patet in gestis karoli imperatoris magni. WHAT IS THAT ?

Particularly concerning Compostella and Galicia.

5. ff. 118v-120 Vt habetur in littera bone venture (marg.) Videmus enim ad sensum quod arbor producens fructum ... ... Multa audies et parum narrabis etc

Corresponds in parts with a 'Tractatus inducens hominem ad devocionem' in Paris, B.N. MS lat. 3603, ff. 125v-129v; ed. J. J. Vaissier, A deuout treatyse called the tree & xii frutes of the holy goost, (Groningen 1960), pp. lxix-lxxv. At f. 118v foot '&c' indicates abridgment. Four divisions, numbered in margin.

SEE B.DISTELBRINK, Bonaventurae Scripta, dubia ?

ff. 120v and 122 blank; f. 121 torn out.

6. ff. 122v-124v This is the lettere that owr lord god sentt to dyuerse places at e peple shuld amend thame and specyally for to kepe the sonday frome all manere of warkes ... Alle manere of men that incressys wod for to growe ... ... bott ai shall hafe my grace and joy with owttyn end. To e whilke joy he bryng vs qui sine fine viuit etregnat Amen++ Explicit.

See R. Priebsch, Letter from heaven on the observance of the Lord's Day (Medium Aevum Supplement, 1936), and C.Lees,


7. ff. 125-128v Scribitur. Ecc.12. deum time et mandata eius obserua ... Frendis 3e sall wele vnderstand at it ys wryttyn. Ecc.12. Drede i god and kepe hys commandmentis ... ... from e begynnyng of e worlde e wylke he graunt 3ow and me at for vs deyd a pon e rode tre Amen.

TO BE ED> V.O'Mara for Leeds Ph.D.

8. ff. 128v-133v (Causes for which the Church Curses & Excommunicates, add., s. xviii) At e begynyng god and haly kyrke Cursys all ase at e franches or e fredom of haly kyrk brekys ... ...

Including Latin provisions and form of excommunication, f. 131; expanded English version and address to 'Gode men & women', ff. 131v-132; a Latin note on Si quis, f. 132v; and another address 'Frendis', f. 133. CHECK & LYNDWOOD ? See O. Pickering, "Notes on the sentence of cursing in Middle English", Leeds Studies in English, new ser. 12 (1981), 229-44, esp. 235-6; the York version as found in Manuale, ed. W. G. Henderson, CHECK ALL PORTIONS

9. ff. 133v-135v In nomine patris et filij et spiritus sancti Amen. e naeme of e fadyr and of e son and of e haly gaeste swa be It Fadyr owrs ... ... of e hale clergy of bath e provynce of 3orke and Caunterbery &c.

Lord's Prayers, Hail Mary, Creed (distributed amongst the apostles), Ten Commandments, Seven Deadly Sins, Five Senses, Seven Works of Mercy, Seven Sacraments, Seven Principal Virtues, and Fourteen Articles of the Faith; the last corresponding broadly but not exactly with Archbishop Thoresby's text, York 1357: cf. The Lay-Folks` Catechism, EETS ] ... to deme e whyk and e dede These suld ilka curate theche oppynly to hys parochenes at e leste foure tymes in Ilka 3ere efter e ordenaunce ...

10. (added in two different shades of black ink by hand I, Thomas Olyphantt's, with rubrication also differing in shade from surrounding texts) f. 135v:

(a) Numquid requires imposicio manuum sacerdotum in sacramento penitencie ... Concordat cum isto Thomas in vltima parte summe quest.84a;

(b) Si sacerdos sumat corpus christi in celebracione misse ... xxiiij d. c. occa sperita & in glosa.


11. ff. 136-140

(a) Hic incipiunt 33es exhortaciones optime et necessarie curatori parochianis suis festiuis diebus faciende The fyrst euere Curett is bond to teche ... ... (f. 140) thurght hys grace and mercy Amen. Also 3e sulde hafe a sayntus bell ... bot if ai be confermyd of owr holy fadyr e bysshop Amen;

(b) ff. 138v-139 and 140 lower margins (added, by hand I) Latin notes.

(a) 33 sections, numbered in margin, and a final unnumbered section;

(b) the last cites 'extra de vsuris Conquestus'. CHECK EXTRAVAGANTES

12. ff. 140v-142 Deprecemur deum patrem omnipotentem pro statu et stabilitate sancte matris ecclesie. Gud men and women we sall make a speciall prayer ... ... for ame and all oer saules says 3our Pater noster and a Ave maria &c De profundis et cum orationibus Deus qui nos patres et matres ... gaudio fac videre.

Bidding prayers for all classes, and other Latin invocations for the dead. COMPARE OTHER TEXTS OF BIDDING PRAYERS

13. ff. 142v-147 Baptismus cum omni reuerencia et magno honore celebretur ... ... et sic sine baptismo moritur tunc sacerdos esset deponendus. de q. d.iiij. c. de Cathecuminis etc.

Includes baptismal formula in English, f. 143. A sidenote, 'Hec in 3a parte oculi sacerdotis Capitulo de be<>', against the final sentence refers to the work by William de Pagula. CHECK WHOLE WITH MS (IN CL ?)

14. f. 147r-v Narratio. Innocencius de miseria condicionis humane libro 2 capitulo 66 quod quidam philosophus cum in veste contemptibili principis aula adisset ... ... (De baptismo) Moraliter. Antequam filius dei ... quia Reg. iiijto Posuit Josias janitores as hostia templi vt nichil ingrederetur immundum. (Require plus de baptismate in fine libri qui vocatur pars oculi s[acerdotis] in vltimo folio).


f. 148r-v blank.

15. f. 149 Non debet sacerdos parochialis esse sine crismate etc ...

Latin notes, including the form of churching women.


(a) ff. 149-151 Ordo ad faciendum sponsalia. (f. 149v) Ordo ad faciendum sponsalia statuantur ante ostium ecclesie ... ... quia dies pentecostes octauam non habet etc;

(b) f. 151 Tempus sponsalium patet per hunc versum | Aspiciens veterem circum quasi quis benedicta.

(a) Cf. MANUALE. English formulae, f. 150; citations of Hostiensis, Thomas Aquinas and Morardus doctor, and reference to question discussed and determined in the papal palace and brought to England by Master John Halstede in 1321, f. 150v. IS THIS W.DE PAGULA ?

(b) words glossed 'non potest' and 'potest';

other marginal additions by the same hand in same and different ink on ff. 149v and 150v.

17. ff. 151v-152 Sers we er geddyrid at is tyme be for Almyghty god Owr lady hys moder sant mary ... ... N. wyll ou do e same Ita debitur femina etc

Address at a wedding, including formulae. The compiler seems to have had more than one source of the same offices, perhaps including MANUALE EBOR ?, cf. items xx above and 18(b) explicit below.


(a) f. 152r-v Ordo ad cathecuminum faciendum In primis fiat vt habetur in Manuale vsque post consecracionem fontis ... ... subs forma predictas videlicet secundum Johannem In principio erat etc;

(b) ff. 152v-154 Debet et sacerdos terminum refigere competentem ... ... Post. Com. Benedicimus deum celi etc Vt in alio Manuali;

(c) ff. 154-158 Ordo ad visitandum infirmum etc. ne in Ira etc. A. Ne reminiscere etc. ... ... Cum vero anima in exitu seu dissolucione corporis visa fuerit etc.

(b) continuation of a discussion of matrimony, preceded by a sign to key it in at some previous, unidentified, point.

19. f. 158v (Vt scribitur in legenda sanctorum in festo circumcisionis domini prope finem) Notandum quod a paganis olim et gentibus in hijs kalendis multe supersticiones oberuabantur ... quas Augustinus in quadam sermone commemorat ... arguite. corripite. Castigate. etc

20. ff. 159-160v Confessio generalis die pasche. All at sall be howsyllytt at is messe knele downe ...

... & panance for my synnys & absolucion &c Misereatur vestri Et Absolucio Dicatis quina [sic] vice Pater noster Aue maria cum Credo etc Dominus Ihesus Christus pro sua magna pietate ... In nomine patris & filij & spiritus.


21. (quire 15) ff. 161-170 (Durum est tibi contra stimulum calcitrarie id est contra dei verbum et potenciam) In exitu Israel de egipto id est fidelis anime de mundo ... ... Augustinus de civitate dei ... de nullis certa est ideo orat pro omnibus.

An ad hoc collection of Latin dicta and sententiae, from scriptural, patristic, liturgical, hagiographical, and canon law (?) sources, including two more from Master William de Montibus, Beda in omeliam super Micheam, Marchus, Eusebius Emissenus, Gregorius in omelia super Mattheum festo sancti Andree apostoli [i.e from the breviary ?, cf. Brev. Ebor. ii.92; BUIES ???], legenda plurimorum martirum, and for other feasts, Clemens xxxviij d. [i.e. the Clementinae ?], in prologo Psalterij, Jeronimus, Seneca, Omelia beati hylarij episcopi super lucam, in vita sancti Bertini abbatis, in vita sancti Thome apostoli, Augustinus de absolucione, Augustinus in omelia super Mattheum, Augustinus de civitate dei.

Written in England, probably all by Thomas Olyphannt, partly in 1477, see colophon to item 1(c), and at other times. Items xx, xx xxx, derive from the province of York. Dialect variants initially assigned to North Central Lincolnshire, but subsequently re-assigned to Cumbria, see XXXXXXXX. The nearest part of the province of York to the former would be Nottinghamshire, where the name Olyphant has been found, see ???

Secundo folio Est leo

'Geo. Davenport <Donum Johannis Tempest Armigeri. 1665.>', on older pastedown, visible through window in later overlaid pastedown, refers probably to John Tempest of the Isle and of Old Durham (d. 1697), see R. Surtees, History, IV,i, 93; Davenport had two other manuscripts from him, see MSS XXXXX. Davenport's list of contents, f. iiv.

brown calf, blind-tooled by Hugh Hutchinson c. 1665-95; 1 clasp, s. xix med., as usual.