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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.III.3 Clemens V, Constitutiones; etc.; Summae super Decretum s. xiv med.; s. xii2

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.


Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

31/1/94 AJP after AID check of AJP revision of AJP

The two sections of the manuscript were previously bound in the opposite order, to judge by the lettering of the quires, s. xvi/xvii; this appears to be the earliest evidence for their being together.

[1] + 1 (paper, s. xvii) + 93 + 1 (paper, s. xvii) + [1]; foliated, i, 1-94. Membrane (A: 0.1 mm., poor quality; B: 0.18 mm.; some flaws (repaired, with stitches gone, f. 48) and natural edges; quires of (A) with fleshside outermost; flesh and hair sides in (B) indistinguishable), 231 x 160 mm.; upper and outer edges cropped. Staining from damp on (A) and the first leaves of (B); ff. 1, 28v, 29v and 30 also badly rubbed, with a little loss of text.

Collation: (A: ff. 1-29) 1-212, 34 + one leaf (f. 29) after 4 (now bound with quire 4); (B: ff. 30-93) 4-98, [quire(s) missing after f. 77], 10-118. Catchwords on quires 1 (?) and 2. Quires lettered, s. xvi/xvii, i k l a-h. Rectos in the first half of quire 2 numbered with horizontal strokes in soft brown at centre of lower margin.


No evidence of pricking remaining. Written space c. 185 x 122 mm.; ruled in faint brown or gray. Two columns; c. 48 lines.

Written in a rounded gothic minuscule typical of glosses to legal texts, proficiently.

Decoration: paraphs, red or blue, normally alternately. Initials: (i) to 'Idem', 1-line, blue or red alternately; (ii) to capitula and items 2-3, 2-line, blue, with red Italian-style infilling (normally a pair of vertical lines, some also with a pair of circles) and light flourishing; (iii) to tituli, 3-line, as (ii); (iv) to item 1, red and blue I, with red flourishing, and a feston down left edge of text-block of alternately red and blue sections 15-20 mm. high.

No running-titles.


Pricking in outer margins only. Written space 170 or (quires 7-9) 173 x 100-103 mm.; ruled in brown or sharp gray, with 13 mm. space between columns divided by two verticals, at 3 and 10 mm. Two columns; 40 lines, the first above the top ruled line.

Written in proto-gothic minuscule, expertly, by several hands, changing c. f. 71v and at ff. 78/a and b (101), 86 (111), 89v/a4; ff. 30-31 written much smaller than the rest.

Decoration: some text-capitals lined with red ff. 30-80v and 85-86. Lemmata of item 6 mostly underlined, generally in red, the line having frequent small descending semicircles on ff. 78v-80. Paraphs, in red, in item 5. Initials: (i) to distinctions and questions, 1-line, red or (ff. 47, 54v, 55v, 57, 62-64, 70v. 72, 77v) green or (f. 54) blue; (ii) to item 5 chapters and to item 6, 2-line, red or (ff. 41, 46) blue.

Running-titles, in red, giving chapter number, ff. 41v-77.



1. ff. 1-27 (Constituciones Clementine edite in consilio vienensi) Iohannes episcopus seruus seruorum dei dilectis filijs doctoribus et scolaribus vniuersis oxonie commorantibus ... Quoniam nulla iuris sanccio ... Fidei catholice fundamento ... ... nec erit propter hoc processus irritus nec etiam irritandus.

Clement V, Constitutiones; ed. CIC ii,1129-1200. III,vii,2 (CIC ii,1162) is divided in two at 'Bonifacius episcopus' (f. 10); I,vi,3-4 (CIC ii,1140) are not divided (f. 3v). The rubrics are only represented by ink notes in the margin [by the original scribe ?]; the tituli are numbered 1-[50] in the margin in soft brown, in a single sequence ignoring the book divisions.

Another early copy addressed to Oxford University, B.L. MS Royal 11 C.xi, is followed by a group of three decretals, the first two the same as items 2-3 below.


2. f. 27r-v Iohannes etc. suscepti regiminis etc Cum itaque in non nullis ecclesiis ... ... priuilegijs etc nulli ergo etc Si quis etc Datum ... anno secundo.

John XXII, Constitucio de divisione fructuum beneficiorum vacantium, 25 Oct 1317; ed., as Extravagantes decretales Ioannis XXII i,2 with fuller final clauses, CIC ii,1205- 1206.

3. ff. 27v-28v Iohannes episcopus ... execrabilis quorumdam tam religiosorum quam secularium ambicio ... ... quoad cetera permansurum ¶Nulli ... pagina etc. ¶Datum ... anno secundo.

John XXII, Constitucio de pluralitate beneficiorum cum cura animarum, 19 Nov 1317; ed., as Extravagantes decretales Ioannis XXII iii with fuller final clauses, CIC ii,1207- 1209.

f. 29r blank

4. f. 29v (added, s. xiv med., in anglicana)

(a) Tituli Septimi libri. De Clementinis. Prologus De summa trinitate ... ... De verborum significacione;

(b) Constitucio de diuision... tuum beneficiorum. Constitucio de reu... pluralitatum.

(a) List of tituli of item 1;

(b) titles of items 2-3 above.


5. (quires 4-9) ff. 30-77v .i. De iure naturali quod in lege et euangelio continetur ... ... (f. 41) absque eius auctoritate noua metropolitana constitui ualet. vide Infra causa vii q. i. Mutuaciones [34 seq.]. Causa .I. De simonaicis qui spiritualia emunt uendunt uel ad nexa spirituali libet [recte spiritualibus] ... ... ¶Quidam uero declinantes prolixitatem breuiorem faciunt solutionem.

Summa super Decretum Gratiani, I - II,xxx,1..., end defective, of untraced authorship, identical in some portions to the summa "De multiplici iuris divisione". P. Legendre, "Miscellanea Britannica", Institute of research and study in medieval canon law: Bulletin for 1959, Traditio 15, (1959), 491-497 prints the section on II,xxiii,2 (p. 496), and gives a short description of the text, noting 'une étroite dépendance de l'auteur par rapport à la Somme de Rufin' (p. 494). The first part (ff. 30-41) comprises a summary of Decretum I distinction by distinction, the second a fuller treatment of Decretum II question by question; as compared with other copies there are omissions on matters concerned with papal authority and fuller treatment of fine points of procedural law. Two parts of a decretal of Alexander III (1159-1181) are inserted in the text: Jaffé, no. 14091 (ff. 71 and 76); several others are found among the near-contemporary marginal annotations: nos 13904 (f. 32v), 14156 [21 July 1177] (f. 45), 13583 (f. 45v), 14156 (f. 47), 14091 (f. 55v), 13859 (f. 58v), 13727 (f. 63v), 12200 (f. 64v), 14136 (f. 74v), 12293 (f. 75v), and 14091 (f. 77v); for a fuller analysis and discussion, see pp. 138-147 in K. W. Nörr, "Die Summen De iure naturali und De multiplici iuris diuisione", Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Kanonistische Abteilung 79, (1962), 138-63, comparing the present manuscript with London Lambeth Palace MS 139, but not with Cambridge Trinity Coll. MS O.7.40 ff. 247-254 or Cambridge Pembroke Coll. MS 72 ff. 68-75, as has been noted, with other observations, by W. Becket Soule O.P., who has suggested that Lambeth MS 139 contains a corrupt copy of Pembroke MS 72.

6. (quires 10-11) ff. 78-93v Lex erit omne quod ratione constiterit. hinc collige quod ubi canon deficit. ... ... propter prelatorum austeritatem et uitam minus honestam.

Abbreviation of Simon de Bisignano, Summa super Decretum Gratiani, I - II,viii,15, end defective; identified P. Legendre, art. cit., p. 494.

Correction and Annotation:

Early corrections in items 5-6 by interlineation, supply in margin (e.g. ff. 46v-47), or over erasure (e.g. ff. 68v, 71v, 73v).

Original (?) side-notes in item 5, boxed in red, with line treated similarly to underlining of ff. 78v-80, see above under Decoration. Considerable marginalia, s. xii ex., of items 5-6, including decretals in item 5, see above. Notes in a small hand, s. xiii/xiv, using arabic numbers, f. 79r-v.

Early numbering of tituli of item 1, see above, repeated in upper margin, c. 1500, perhaps by Thomas Swalwell monk of Durham, cf. his note (f. 27).


Written, (A) in southern France or northern Italy, (B) in northern France or England.

Secundo folio vacaturo (f. 2), scandalum (f. 31).

Note c. 1500 by Thomas Swalwell monk of Durham, f. 27.

'Geo. Davenport. | 1663', through cut-out in later pastedown; his note of item 1 only, f. iv. Note of item 2, by Thomas Rud, f. iv

Binding: sides of s. xvii leather, blind-tooled with Hugh Hutchinson's tools nos ?? and ??; spine replaced, s. xix med.; one clasp.