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Durham University

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DUL MS Cosin V.iii.24 Doctrine of the Hert; Tree, and Fruits of the Holy Ghost. s. xv med.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

24/1/90 AJP revision of AID 16/1/87; 2/95 AJP after AID check

V.iii.24 Doctrine of the Hert; Tree, and Fruits of the Holy Ghost. s. xv med.

The work of a contemporary corrector (scribe II), who also wrote parts of item 2, is found in all three sections of the manuscript.

There is evidence that item 2 was copied by two scribes (I and III) working simultaneously to some extent at least, possibly from an exemplar divided into quires or bifolia: scribe III's stint begins at the top of f. 44, the first of two leaves inserted in place of four leaves in quire 3, and the text runs on directly from the end of scribe I's stint, which ends only 5 lines down f. 43v, so leaving the rest of that page blank. Scribe II, the corrector, apparently took the blank on f. 43v to have been left for a missing passage of the text, such as that he had supplied on f. 30, and so filled it, with the same text as that at the start of scribe III's stint, f. 44 lines 1-23.

Item 4 last chapter (ff. 125-150v) appears to have been copied at a different stage from chapters 1-6, to the page format that scribe III used in completing item 2; his distich at the end of the text on f. 124v may indicate that he initially believed this to be the end of item 4.

Items 2-4 are also found in Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS McClean 132, but that ms. is neither the source nor a derivative of the copies here, see below.

The manuscript is described Vaissier, pp. xiv-xxiv.

[1] + 2 (endleaves, the first a raised pastedown, s. xv) + 150 + 1 (endleaf, s. xv) + [1]; foliated i-ii, 1-151, with ff. i-ii and 1 also numbered 1-3; ff. 92-140 and 142-150 (section C) have a pencil foliation (1-20, 22-29, 31, 30, 32-59) by George Davenport that takes into account (as f. 20) the leaf lost after f. 111 but skips the singleton leaf (f. 141) containing supplied text. Partly membrane: quire 6 (scribe IV) in toto (all hairsides outwards); outermost and innermost bifolia of quires 1-3 (very largely scribe I); outermost bifolia of quires 4-5 and 7-12 (scribe III), also adjoining bifolium of quire 7. Otherwise paper (quarto), with deckle outer and lower edges of some leaves; watermarks in quire 1 of Agneau pascal, cf. Heawood, 15th Century, no. 56 (c. 1483-85), Briquet nos 23-25 (c. 1481-95), Piccard XV.x.1637-8 (1455, 1478), 1640-1 (1481-2), 1643-6 (1483-9); in quires 2-3 and with variants in quires 7-9 of Bonnet, cf. Heawood no. 20 (c. 1444-59), Briquet no. 2825 (c. 1448-74, incl. London 1453); in quires 4-5 and 10-12 of 3 Monts in a circle with cross above, Briquet no. 11851-94 (1391-1430). c. 217 x 150 mm. Wormholes in ff. 91-103 and 128-51.

Collation: (A: ff. 1-70) 1-216, 316 wants 12-15 after f.43 replaced by 2 leaves (ff. 44 and 45), 414, 514 wants 10 (blank ?) after f. 69 and 12-13 (blank ?) after f. 70; (B: ff. 72-91) 68, 712; (C: ff. 92-150) 814, 914 wants 7 after f. 111, 106 (2nd and 3rd bifolia, ff. 120-123, transposed), 1114, 1214 + 1 leaf (f. 141) after 2 and wants 12-14 (blank ?). Catchwords on quires 1-4 and 6, also f. 17v (21) and, to supplement notes on transposed bifolia, ff. 120v-123v. Quires numbered in roman on the last verso, with the same number repeated on the first recto of the next quire, both at the lower inner corners. Quires 8-10 signed a-c, and quires 11-12, a-b.

Scribe (I): ff. 1-43v/5 except passages by scribe (II):

No evidence of pricking. Written space 150-160 x 110 mm.; blind or framed faintly in grey. 22-31 long lines.

Written in a mixed cursive, more secretary than anglicana, proficiently, with top-line ascenders decorated with strap-work, and elements of some capitals on left margin elaborated with leaves and human faces. Latin and English quotations underlined. Spellings East Anglian (xalt, xuldyst but also schulde in places; qu- or qw- for wh-).

Scribe (II): ff. 17r-v and 32r-v (outer bifolium of quire 2), 30/8-15, 39/5-foot, 43v/6-foot (duplicating f. 44/1-23 by scribe III), and f. 141r-v (inserted leaf); also marginal corrections throughout.

Written space 146-160 x 105-110 mm. 22-24 long lines.

Written in a small anglicana with single-compartment a, fluently.

Scribe (III): ff. 44-69v, 92-140v, 142-150v. Named, f. 124v distich, William.

No evidence of pricking. Written space 163 x 98-100 mm., or, ff. 92-124 (quires 6-10), 145 x 105 mm.; framed in sharp grey. 30-35 or, ff. 92-124, 27-30 long lines.

Written in anglicana formata, with a slight leftwards slope, expertly. Spellings East Anglian, with swych for such; on ff. 92-150v, see LALME I,87, 240, II,490: CP 8480, Bury St Edmunds. Chapter-headings underlined, also quotations (in red on ff. 92v and 95v). Copying inattentive and uncomprehending, to judge by the volume of corrections required.

Scribe (IV): section (B), i.e. ff. 72-91v (item 3). Named, f. 91v, Robert Baile.

Pricking in outer margins. Written space 127-130 x 90 mm.; ruled in sharp greyish brown. 24-26 long lines.

Written in anglicana formata, with secretary final s; or, for Latin quotations, bastard anglicana, larger; expertly. Spellings East Anglian (xall, xalt); LALME I,87, 240, II,482: LP 8310, south of Bury St Edmunds.

Decoration not executed; unfilled spaces for initials to items 3 (3-line) and 4 (4-line).

No running-titles.


1. f. ii (added, s. xv/xvi) O Jhesu ful of myght markyd in i mageste | Save our kyng bothe day and nyght | In every place wher so he be | Quod Welles.

IMEV, Suppl. no. 2469.5. Repeated on the same page, in a similar hand, with 'day' omitted and ending 'he be et cetera'.

There are medieval pen-trials and scribbles on this page and also ff. 70v-71 and 151r-v, chiefly in Latin and including phrases of the Vulgate and liturgy, epistolary formulae, etc.


2. (quires 1-5) ff. 1-69v Doctrina cordis. Intelligite incipientes in populo et stulti aliquando sapite as seynt austyn seyth ese wordys ben vndirstonde in thys wyse 3e that ben vnkunnyng ... (f. 2) Capitulum primum Howe and in what wyse a mynche shuld make redy her hert to gode bi the 3ift of drede. [R]eligiose sister seuen informacions I rede in holi writte to teche a simple soule ... ... and sekyr possessyon of euerlastyng blysse and joye at neuer schal haue ende. to at bryng vs he at bouht vs on e rode tree Amen.

Adapted translation of Hugh of S. Cher (?), De doctrina sive praeparatione cordis; for attribution of the original Latin to other authors, see G. Hendrix, "Hugh of St Cher O.P., author of two texts attributed to the 13th-century Cistercian Gerard of Lige", in Studia Cisterciensia R. P. Edmundo Mikkers oblata, Citeaux: Commentarii Cistercienses 31 (1980). English version ed. Mary P. Candon, The Doctrine of the Hert, (Ph.D. diss. Fordham Univ., New York 1963) from four manuscripts including this; Cosin, which is the only copy with initial x regularly for s(c)h, and Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS McClean 132, fall into one group, but, although they are closely related, it is not clear that either is derived from the other.

The main text begins on f. 2, after a preface and list of seven chapters. For the duplication of a passage, ff. 43v-44, see introductory note to this manuscript above.

ff. 70v-71v blank.


3. (quires 6-7) ff. 72-91v Here begynneth a lettre of relygyous gouernaunce sent to a relygyous woman. [G]race in thys lyfe & joye withouten ende. Relygyous syster. for as meche as ou art now planted in the gardyn of holy relygyon ... ... amonge e holy trees of hys heuenly paradyse be e helpe & gracyous medytacion of our blyssed lady. Amen. Nunc finem fixi penitet me si male scripsi. | <Baile Robertus> in celum sit benedictus. Amen.

Ed., with item 4, Vaissier, pp. 1-35, based on Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS McClean 132; that agrees more with the copy here than with BL MS Add. 24192 or the printing of 1534/5 (S.T.C., no. 13608), but neither is derived from the other (p.xliv).


4. (quires 8-12) ff. 92-150v Here begynnyth a lettere sent to a relygyous woman of e twelve frutys of the hooly goost and of the frut of charyte. Capitulum primum. [R]elygyous sustyr/ yt ys not long agoyn at I wrote to the a pystyl ... ... (f. 150) ther to seen the vyrgyn of vyrgynys and oure lord 3oure louyng spowse here blyssyd sone. endelesly Amen. Here endyth a pystyl mad and sent to a relygyous woman of e twelue frutys of e hooly goost. the chapetrys ... Capitulum primum ... The twelthe frut of e tree of goostly lyuynge ys chastyte.

Ed., with item 3 above, Vaissier, pp. 36-163. In the space below the end of chapter 6, f. 124v, the scribe (III) wrote 'Wyth mercy and pyte | Prey for e wryhtere of thys dyhte William'. A passage omitted on f. 140v near the beginning of the 'twelfth frute', ed. pp. 139/19 'as it is' - 140/21 'virginite', was supplied by the contemporary corrector (scribe II) on an inserted leaf, f. 141rv.

The bifolia comprising ff. 120-123 were transposed very early, and notes by scribe II, supplemented by catchwords, guide the reader to the correct order: ff. 121, 120, 123, 122.

Correction and Annotation:

Brown marginal + signs occur throughout the volume, particularly in scribe (III)'s stint, wherever a correction was thought necessary. By no means all were carried out; where they have, a black dot near the + indicates that correction had been done. This was effected within the text, in the margins, or as a supply leaf (f. 141), neatly, by scribe (II), evidently from exemplars, rather than independent judgement.

Written in England, probably for an East Anglian nunnery, in part by two named scribes (III and IV), probably, to judge by the practised appearance and character of their scripts, commercial copyists, though their prayers may indicate a charitable enterprise; the dialect features of their work have been diagnosed as characteristic of Bury St Edmunds and its southern hinterland, see above. Completed and corrected (scribe II) in the same hand as Cambridge U. L. MS Hh.I.11, ff. 45- 53v, 55-60, a volume, also s. xv med., which from its contents was also made for a nunnery, and from its language in East Anglia, see LALME I,67-8 and III,326, which places the common hand, and four others in that manuscript, in Norfolk.

Secundo folio: Capitulum secundum (f. 2), that ys (f. 3); vyce of (f. 73); perauenture (f. 93).

Probably prepared as an exemplar for further and fairer copies, to judge by the amount and care of correction.

'amen quod Iohannes Waynfleett', in spindly textura in red, f. ii head, s. xv2, perhaps the brother of Bishop William Waynfleet of Winchester who was dean of Chichester and d. by Nov. 1479, see BRUO iii,2001. 'Welles', f. 151v, twice, s. xv/xvi (?), cf. item 1.

Duplicated passage, f. 43v, crossed out in ink, perhaps by the same hand as supplied a catchword there, s. xvi/xvii.

'Geo. Davenport. 1664.', f. iv; his list of contents and notes from [Thomas] James and Pits on the Doctrina Cordis, f. iiv; he also foliated items 2-4 separately in pencil, noting on f. 111v the loss of the following leaf, and wrote 'Finis' in ink and 'G.D. 1664' in pencil, ff. 69v, 91v and 150v, in the last case with 'Perlegi'.

: bound up early, to judge by scribe (II)'s notes to guide the reader over the transposition of bifolia (ff. 120- 123) in quire 10, but not before that scribe's corrections in quire 4, see that across the gutter of ff. 53v-54; marks of 4 bands (IIII), f. i (raised pastedown); offsets, illegible, of manuscript strengthening strips, now missing, at the centres of quires 4, 11 and 12 (ff. 53v-54, 131v-1322 and 146v-147). Now standard, s. xix med.; 1 clasp.


J. J. Vaissier, A Deuout Treatyse Called the Tree & XII Frutes of the Holy Goost, (Groningen 1960),