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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.iii.16 Miscellanea theologica s.xv ex./xvi in.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

10/1/90 AJP revision of AJP + additions by AID 8/1/90

[1] + 1 (s. xvii) + 179 + [1]. Paper, quarto (c. 430 x 280 mm., see below), or, for outer bifolium of quires 3-6 and inner of quires 4 and 6, membrane. Watermarks: (1) quire 1, Unicorn, cf. Briquet, no. 10186 (1487) and others of 1490s; not in Piccard; (2) quire 2, uncertain; (3) quires 3-6, 8, several types of gothic P with forked stem, without and with quatrefoil above, one of Piccard type XIII (from 1460s, mostly of 1480s, 1490s and early 1500s); (4) quire 7, Pot, cf. Briquet, nos 12477-8 (1476-81), and a specimen on paper of similar size to this, 1484; (5) quires 9-10, Serpent, cf. Briquet, nos 13735-8 (1483-91 and later printed books). 195 x 140 mm. Upper and lower edges cropped, except lower edge of f. 50 (turned up) left to deckle (215 mm. in all). Evidence of damp-staining and mildew; f. 180 tender, torn and roughly repaired.

Collation: (A: ff. 2-19:) 116 wants 1 (blank ?) before f. 2, 2 three (ff. 17-19, with sewing between ff. 17 and 18, which are not conjoint, see part of watermark in f. 17 not complemented in f. 18), wanting more than one before f. 17 (?); (B: ff. 20-118) 326 wants 2-6 (except fragments) before f. 21, 428, 522, 628; (C: ff. 119-80) 7-824, 96, 108.

Catchwords on quires 3-5 and 325 (penult.). 'Paupirus' written (by hand B ?) up lower outer edge of f. 38.

Written space 123 x 80-85 mm., or from f. 41, 130-135 x 90 mm., increasing to c. 150 x 105 mm.; framed in ink or, from f. 91, in brown. 18-24, or, from f. 40v, 25-27 unruled long lines.

Written in upright set secretary, with some loops and hooks ff. 3-18v and 21-28, or, from f. 32 onwards and item 3, perhaps by the same hand, rather larger and more akin to hybrida, but with 8-like (anglicana) g, and punctuating with psalm colon (punctus elevatus with single or double cross- bar). Ink of ff. 175v-178 brown.

Forma legendi (f. 50v) and marginalia of item xx added in textura quadrata; item xx [f. 118rv] in secretary.

Decoration: text-capitals lined with red. Highlighting of texts, ff. 50v-51, in yellow wash. A few red paraphs and line-fillers. Initials: (i) A[ngelus], C[hristus], E[vangelista] and M[aria] to elements in item 8(a), ff. 57v- 105, 1-line, red; (ii) 2-line, red, with infilling and flourishing in ink up to f. 34; (iii) to items xx, xx [ff. 3, 28v, 32, 47, 51, 112, 119, 124], between 3- and 6-line, as (ii) or, ff. 47 and 69v, blue. Border in ink and red around text, f. 14v. Initials not executed ff. 175v-176.



1. f. 2 (added, s. xvi med., in the same hand as item ult.)

(a) 'Cum holye ghoste';

(b) 'mihi ad te scribere conanti';

(c) In tabulis binis lex est depicta petrinis | ... nec rem cupias alienam;

(d) Prima rubens vnda, ranarum plaga secunda. | ... primam necat vltima plenam.

(c) Versus de decem preceptis. ICVMA no. 9121; another version printed C. Horstman, Yorkshire writers - Richard Rolle of Hampole, (London; 1895), i,427-428, from London B.L. MS Arundel 507, largely written by Richard de Sedgebrook monk of Durham (13xx-1xxx), where it is followed by the same item as here;

(d) Hildebert of Lavardin, Carmen de plagis Egipti. ICVMA no. 14595; PL 171,1436; ed. A. B. Scott, Hildeberti Cenomannensis episcopi carmina minora, (Teubner, Leipzig; 1969), p. 21; another version printed Horstman, Op. cit., p. 428.

f. 2v blank.

2. ff. 3-18v:

(a) f. 3r-v De spiritu sancto Cum venerit paraclitus ... Iohannis xijo [15:26] Consuetudo est quando magna principis aduentus exspectatur ... ... super omnes qui audiebant verba dei;

(b) ff. 3v-6 Paraclitus quem mittet pater ... Io. xvjo [14:26] legitur quod cum christus ascendit quadragesima die post resurreccionem turbati erant apostoli ... ... per desertum in nocte donec venirent in terram promissionis. Vnde Dauid [Ps 142:10] spiritus ... terram rectam et ad regnum celorum;

(c) f. 6r-v Si quis diligit me sermonem meum seruabit Ioh 14[:23] Cum dominus cenasset cum apostolis dixit eis quod in breui esset recessurus ... ... et talis non est dignus spiritu sancto;

(d) f. 7r-v (Reuelacio. co 70) Reuelacio: Nota quod beata Birgitta fuit presentata ante tribunal Christi et tunc vidit multas animas saluatas ... ... reddent racionem qualiter bona ecclesie me[e] expendunt;

(e) ff. 7v-9 Hic incipit sermo: De nouo sacerdote Uas eleccionis est mihi vt portet nomen meum coram principibus et regibus [Acts 9:15]. Verba hec dixit dominus ad Ananiam Hec verba potuit dicere ad angelum custodem huius sacerdotis ... ... gracia que data est sibi a deo vt operetur in castitate perseruerans. omnes ergo rogemus pro eo ad dominum.;

(f) ff. 9-11v (leuitici co ix[:7]) Sermo de nouo sacerdote Accede ad altare ... pro populo Solempnitas hodierna non per angelum nec per hominem instituta est sed per primum sacerdotem Christum ... ... aliam ad humeros rident De 4 potestate vnde Marcus [16:17] In nomine meo demonia eiicient;

(g) ff. 12-14v Ipsi popula eius erunt et ipse erit eorum deus Apc 2jo[:3]. Dominus diuidet populos in die iudicij in tres partes Vna est sua que secur? erunt in nubibus ... ... in ignem terribilem vbi perpetue ardebunt Rogemus dominum vt a morte eterna nos eripiat;

(h) ff. 14v-17 Sermo beaci Augustini De Annunciacione Marie Uidi portam in domo domini clausam ... et clausa erit ineternum [cf Ezek 44:2] Quid est quod porta in domo domini clausa nisi quod Maria virgo erat semper intacta ... ... [lacuna between ff.16 and 17 of one or more leaves ?]

quia de virginis membris virtus nascetur angelorum;

(i) f. 17r-v Sermo de Beata Maria Mariam debemus commendare propter tria Primo a sua largitate quia non solum viuis ... ... quia creasti me et dotasti me hic et in futuro vita eterna;

(j) f. 18 (Reuelacio) Nota quod legitur in libro quodam quod beatus Iohannes raptus in spiritu audiuit dominum dicere matri sue Quis dolor fuit moior [sic] ... ... et ab eo nunquam separabo nec in vita nec in morte;

(k) f. 18r-v Item sicut stella dirigit nauigantes in mari et ipsi diligenter considerant stellam maris quia ducit eos ad ad portam. Ita nos qui sumus in maris huius mundi ... ... ideo dicitur maria illuminatrix quia genuit illum qui totum mundum illuminauit deo gracias;

(l) f. 18v Narracio Erat quedam b?catrix nomine monialis pulcra valde custos ecclesie ... ... et reuersa vitam suam in bono terminauit.

(a-c, e-i) Sermones;

(c) AID: ST JC 29? cf CCCC 320 f 11v FROM BRIDGETINE HOUSE OF ELBING IN PRUSSIA; ST AUG? OR, not GEOFFREY BABION RLSM ii,151 no. 10 - PL 171,471-476


(e) AID: 2 FOR THIS ON THIS THEME IN BUDA UNIV; cf ROYAL 8.C.v f 12, which is on the same text, but appears to be different otherwise; part of a miscellaneous collection of sermons;

(f) VIA HAUREAU APP: cf CLM 16226 fol 37;

(g) AID: BUDAPEST MUS NAT 389 fol 64. HAUREAU APP. ON THIS TEXT: CLM 14648 fol 241-2;

(h) Not known to Dr F. Rmer elsewhere. TRY JAN RE PORTA CLAUSA

(i) includes narrationes and a revelation about the 5 sorrows;

(j) De 5 doloribus B.V.M. The common series of the five sorrows: Symeon, Temple, Arrest, Crucifixion, and Deposition, see ASTD p. 513 n. 4.

(l) STORY OF NUN WHO WENT OFF FOR 20 YEARS LEAVING KEYS ON ALTAR OF BVM & BVM COVERED FOR HER UNTIL HER RETURN. CHECK CAT. ROM. See Stith-Thompson, Motif Index of Folk Literature, IV, 442 (K1841.1) and references there.

3. (added in top margins, s. xvi in.):

(a) f. 3 Nunc lege nunc ora nunc (cum) feruore labora | Sic erit hora breuis et labor ille leuis;

(b) f. 17 Peruia porta poli. pietatem prode parentis | Pande preces proli; populi peccata panentis.

(a) Versus. ICVMA no. 12451, recording copies in England in Cambridge Clare College MS Kk.4.1 (James 14) from St Albans abbey (s. xiv), London British Library MS Harley 913 fol 15 (s. xiv) CHECK CATALOGUE, Oxford Balliol College MS 114 schl (s. xiv) CHECK CATALOGUE.

f. 19r-v blank but frame-ruled.

f. 20 originally blank. Collect, added s. xvi/xvii.

f. 20v blank.


Five leaves torn away between ff. 20 and 21, with a little writing on two of the fragments surviving; the hand is the same as f. 20 seq., but the missing opening of item 4 would not have required all this space, see below.

4. ff. 21-28 [Quoniam carissime in via huius seculi] ... dicens Vtinam saperent etc Quis nisi imperitus homo hec audiens ... ... quomodo sapies quomodo recte intelliges quomodo nouissima tua prudenter prouideas Finito libro sit laud et gloria Christo.

Augustine/Bernard, pseud., Speculum peccatoris, opening missing. ILWVV no. 4918, not including this among numerous copies listed; PL 40, 985 line 19 - 992. The 25 lines missing from the beginning would have occupied less than the last page of the leaves torn out before f. 21, see above.


(a) ff. 28v-29 Euangelizo vobis gaudium magnum ... Luc 2o[:10] Dicitur prouerbia xxvo[:25] aqua frigida anime sicienti desideratis Sicut delectat aqua frigida eum qui sitit ... ... Tercio angelis quia intellexerunt eorum ruinam per restaurari Ideo cantabant Gloria in excelsis deo et in terra pax hominibus bone et [Luc 2:14];

(b) ff. 29-31v Euangelizo vobis gaudium magnum Luc 2o[:10] Legitur in historia romanorum quod quando natus est Christus fuit Imperator nomine Octauianus vir bellosus ... ... gaudium tocius mundi cuius humilacio sit nostra exaltacio et perducat nos vbi nunc regnat in celi palacio (Amen);


6. f. 31v (added in space after item 5, s. xvi in.):

(a) hoc talentum ad minus uel ad medium est munus (?) lxxij librarum ad maximum Cxxli.;

(b) Vngor confiteor aspergor conteror oro | Do benedico que sunt venialia tollo | Hijs delentur peccata venialia.

7. ff. 32-46v O Anima tribulata et temptata; tibi verbum istud proponitur vt discas de quo tribulaciones deseruiunt et vt eas non solum pacienter ... ... Per multas tribulaciones oportet nos intrare in regnum celorum. quod nobis concedat qui viuit et regnat etc.

Peter of Blois, pseud., De duodecim tribulationibus. ILWVV, no. 1302, not including this among ten copies in England listed (Cambr. U.L. Ii.6.39 f. 198; London B.L. Add 16170 f. 48, Arundel 286, Burney 359 ff. 38-63, Harley 485 ff. 73-93, 4172 ff. 95-105; Oxford Laud misc 210, Corpus 193 ?, Merton 43, 47); PL 207,989-1086. The opening words of this copy are divergent ?FOUND IN ANY OF THE OTHER COPIES OR EARLY PRINTED ED IF THERE IS ONE ??? The prologue and each 'utilitas' begins with a lombardic initial in red.

SEE NOW A.Barratt, MET ed.of for different texts.

G. Hendrix, OGE 56 (1982), 109-24, gives evidence for the authorship of Hugh of St Cher.


f. 47 Iesu Marci (in red, at top corners).

(a) ff. 47-111 Opusculum vite et passionis Christi eiusque genetricis Marie ex reuelacionibus beate Birgitte compilatum et compendiosa legenda eiusdem. Hoc presens opusculum intitulatur opusculum vite Iesu Christi: necnon eius genitricis Marie. Quod ad excitandum mentis deuocionem ... (f. 49v) ... acciones dei autori persoluendo. Sequuntur rubrice breues huius libelluli et capitulorum: De preuaricacione Ade ... (f. 50v) ... qui eidem deuote famulantur. C. xlj. (added: @Incipit forma legendi hunc librum ... quam formam frater sacre religionis Carthusiensis ... (heading, lacking a verb) Notandum est quod iste liber diuiditur in quatuor partes ... ad laudem dei in suis sanctis. Explicit forma legendi librum de vita) (f. 51) @Incipit prima pars huius libri ... @De preuaricacione ade que causa fuit ... Capitulum primum. Angelus loquitur. Leccione septima. Protestatur sacra pagina Adam in paradisi felicitate existentem ... ... Vt homo intelligat quam districtius sum malis et quam pius bonis. Finito libro: sit laus et gloria Christo | Et eius matri: sit honor sancto similis omni | Michi que scribe: deus omnipotens miserere.

(b) f. 111v Remedium contra temptaciones. Uirgo Maria apparuit beate Birgitte quodam die sancto (sic) Pasche vt habetur vj libro reuelacionum capitulo xciiij ita dicens Tali die sicut hodie surrexit a mortuis filius meus ... vt opera tendunt ad bonum finem Amen.

(c) f. 111v Obiit a' (?) beata Birgitta in Roma ... Interpretacio nominis. Birgitta dicitur quasi mirre gutta ... vt patebit.

(d) ff. 112-116 Sequitur legenda beate Birgitte vidue sanctissime prout eam Bonifacius papa nonus Et Martinus quintus in bullis canonizacionis et confirmacionis eiusdem de verbo ad verbum inseruerunt. Hec nempe mulier gloriasa [sic] Ex patre Birgero et matre Sigrida coniugibus ... ... silencia excerpsimus fidelium que charitati harum serie volumus intimari. Explicit legenda.

(e) f. 116v Oratio deuota ad beatam Birgittam. O Birgitta mater bona. dulcis ductrix et matrona. nobis fer suffragia. ... ... Vbi deum contemplari. tecum semper sociari. possimus in gloria Amen.

(f) f. 116v Quicumque voluerit de beata Birgitta missam legere. dicat officium vnius continentis cum collectis sequentibus oratio. Domine iesu Christe qui beatam Birgittam propter multorum secretorum inspiracionem ... de mundi illecebris ad visionem celestium transferamur Qui viuis etc. Secretum. Suscipe quesumus domine preciosa munera que in beate Birgitte sponse tue commemoracione deferimus ... suis reuelacionibus conformari. Qui viuis Etc. Postcommunio. Saciasti domine familiam tuam muneribus sacris ... in exitu fruebatur. domino nostro iesu Christo qui tecum .

(g) ff. 116v-117 Oratio ad beatam Caterinam filiam beate birgitte vidue. O svvenorum aduocata. Caterina sociata. christo eternaliter. Clara sede collocata ... post hunc vite terminum Amen.

(h) f. 117 Si quis voluerit missam de eo legere. dicat officium vnius virginis cum collectis sequentibus. Oratio. Deus qui eximie castitatis priuilegio et virtutum sanctimonia beatam Caterinam ... possimus percipere felicitatem Per dominum nostrum. Secretum. Super hanc oblationem nostrum quesumus domine benediccio tua ... merita obtineant Per dominum. Postcommunio. Celestibus sacramentis refecti altaribus tuis ... ad vtriusque profectum salutis Per dominum.

(i) f. 117r-v Item de eadem beata Katerina. Beata Caterina filia Birgitte quamuis virum nomine Egghardum nobilem et potentem per plures annos habuerit ... ... dolorem dencium pacientes. eius meritis sunt liberati.

(a-i) appear to be copied from a printed edition of the Opusculum etc., either that by G. Leeu, Antwerp, (3 March 1489), or by P. Drach, (Speier, 16 May 1491), GKW 4396-7, in both of which have the items here, in the same order, followed by an Epistola exhortatoria ad meditationem passionis christi by Jacobus Canter, Frisius, to a nun Ghebba; the colophons state that the Opusculum and Legenda were compiled in the Brigittine monastery of Teneramund, Cambrai diocese.

(a) The added Forma legendi (f. 50v) is not in the printed texts and is of Carthusian composition, presumably in England; it sets out use before and after the liturgical hours and for other daily readings, and mentions a book called 'Laus diuinis operibus et regula de sacerdotibus';

(c) the dates run to the confirmation of canonisation by Martin V in 1419;

(d, f) a Legenda and Officium were composed by Birger Gregorsson (d. 1383), cf. Oxford, Balliol Coll. M<S 225 and Bodleian Lib., MS Bodley 346;

(e, g) RH, nos 12718, 13791.

9. (added on blank final leaf of quire 6, s. xv/xvi) f. 118r-v IESUS T MARIA (in Byzantinesque capitals) | Welbiloued Susturs in our lord iesu crist Aftur dew salutyng knowe ye that of such goostly writyngis ... ... And prey for vs and we shall for you that we may mete in heuen AMEN.

A copy of a letter from one convent of nuns to another, accompanying some spiritual writings to be circulated therein and to be copied for neighbouring religious communities, also exhorting them to follow the ancient virtues and practices of religious life. The letter could have been composed by the spiritual director of a nunnery, and its style and script resemble those of Thomas Betson, brethren's librarian at Syon Abbey (14 -15 ); cf. A. I. Doyle, It was presumably added here for its own intrinsic interest, not as a covering letter for the other contents of this volume or section thereof, which are all in Latin.


10. ff. 119-122v @Uirtutes doctrine salutis: anime et corporis. Hic continentur nouem virtutes quas dominus noster ... reuelabat dicens Da pauperibus meis vnum denarium in vita tua ... ... quod caro tua sinderetur in particulas (ending incompletely ?)

Albertus Magnus, pseud., Novem virtutes. ILWVV, no. 2338, listing only three copies, all in England (Cambridge Caius MS 140(80) ff. 83-85; London B.L. MS Harley 206 f. 116; Oxford Bodleian Library MS Bodley 48 f. 23). H. E. Allen, Writings ascribed to Richard Rolle ..., (Modern Language Association of America Monograph 3, New York & London; 1927), pp. 317-320 adds Latin copies in London B.L. MSS Add. 34807 ff. 89-93v, Royal 7.D.xvii ff. 269 seq., 8.C.i ff. 164 seq.; Oxford Bodleian Library MS Bodley 861; Uppsala University Library MSS C.159 (sent out to Vadstena by a brother of Syon, Clement Maidstone), C.631; and refers to its wide circulation in Germany and the Low Countries. ALLEN p. 319 n 3 SUGGESTS THE POSSIBILITY THAT ATTRIBUTIONS TO ALBERT OF COLOGNE GO BACK TO ALBERT SUERBEER OF COLOGNE, ABP ARMAGH 1240 etc. WHO HAD CONTACTS WITH TEUTONIC ORDER OF WHICH GERARD OF VLIEDERHOVEN below WAS A MEMBER. MANY VERSIONS OF THIS TEXT; WHICH DOES OURS CORRESPOND TO? AID has notes on other copies to check.

The heading is in same textura as side-notes and the Forma legendi of item 9(a) above.

f. 123r-v blank and unruled.

11. ff. 124-175 @Quatuor nouissimorum liber de morte videlicet penis inferni iudicio et celesti gloria. quem plerique cordiale appellant ... feliciter incipit. Memorare nouissima tua: et ineternum non peccabis ecclesia.vij [ ] ... ... (f. 174v) Heu vtinam saperent et intelligerent ac nouissima prouiderent. Amen. Scriptorique mihi: rex omnipotens miserere. Hic postremo annectuntur tituli quatuor nouissimorum et primo ponit prohemium. secundo diuidit istum librum in quattuor partes. (f. 175) Primum nouissimorum est de morte corporali ... Quartum ... De maxima et stabili leticia regni celestis. Capitulum iiij.

Gerard (or rather John?) of Vliederhoven, Cordiale quatuor novissimorum. ILWVV, no. 3057, listing among many copies only three in England (Cambridge Caius MS 770(813) f. 61, Pembroke MS 206 ff. 120-142; London B.L. MS Add. 15105 f. 271). There is also Bodl. Fairfax 23. The Cosin copy, by the distinctive wording of the opening rubric and that of the contents-list, is probably taken from one of the Paris editions, c.1485/90-1500?, GKW 7487, 7493,, 7496,, 7499-504.

12. ff. 175v-177 Sequitur de visionibus beate Matilde que habentur in eius libro qui dicitur liber spiritualis gratie. (a) In primis de visione archangeli Gabrielis gloriosam virginem Mariam salutantis. [C]um autem euuangelium Missus est etc legeretur vidi archangelum Gabrielem beate virginis pedegogum venientem in Nazareth ... Sic que virgo mater dei et hominis est effecta spiritu sancte testante.

(b) f. 176 In sacratissima nocte melliflue natiuitatis Christi visum est sibi quod esset in monte petroso ... viuat mecum mea benignitas sine fine Amen

(c) f. 176v Alia vice dixit ei dominus. Maximum bonum et vtilissimum quod ore suo homo facere potest ... in omni dominum benedicat 3o lio xljo cao

(d) Orabat hec dei famula pro quadam persona que merorem cordis sui conquesta fuerat ... quia non possum lassari nec tediari 4o lio xio co.

Mechthild von Hackeborn-Wippa, Liber spiritualis gratie, extracts, not corresponding with the book and chapter numbers or readings in the first edition, 1510, but with the text in J. Le Fvre d'taples, Liber trium virginum, 1513 CHECK USHAW COPY AGAIN

13. ff. 177v-178 Alexandra virgo nobilis et pulcherima in regno Arrogonie ad predicacionem sancti Dominici confratrinam psalterij beate virginis Marie intrauerat ... ... Et deus vocat se eorum patrem et Maria virgo se dicit eorum matrem Quibus dictis disparuit: et felix eternaliter manet.

Copied from M. Francisci de Insulis, Quodlibet de veritate fraternitatis Rosarii, 1485, sig. A7v; this passage is not in the previous editions of [1476?] and 1480.

14. ff. 178v-179 Versus

(a) f. 178v Superbia. Infima vi veto scandere celsa peto - Aquila | ... Inuidia. In tenebris video lumen secucio - Vrsus.

(b) f. 178v Superbia. Splendens ut luna sum cunctis altior vna | Mors. Vt facias ... Mors. Deterius rerum nihil est in fine dierum.

(c) ff. 178v-1790 Quid valet ars quid honor quid gloria quid venerari | Dum mors cu[n]cta rapit ... fero religionis amorem | Expars langoris non sum memor huius amoris.

Versus de vitiis. ILWVV, no. 5925, listing only this copy. Probably three independent pieces:

(a) 7 lines, one for each vice and its animal equivalent;

(b) 7 distiches, one for each vice alternating with 'Mors';

(c) PSLMA, no. 25204, 22 lines, a dialogue between 'Mors' and 'Homo', mainly in distiches, the first of which occurs p. 290 in a macaronic miscellany of verses in London British Library MS Lansdowne 762 ff. 99, printed T. Wright & J. A. Halliwell, Reliquiae antiquae, (London; 1845), I, 287-291.

15. f. 179v Notandum quod quatuor sunt complexiones ... Sanguineus Largus amans hillaris. ridens rubij que coloris | ... ... Malencolicus ... Parum appetit quia frigidus et parum potest quia siccus.

Versus hexametri de quatuor complexionibus. 4 couplets from the Regimen sanitatis attributed to the School of Salerno: S. de Renzi, Collectio Salernitana, (Naples; 1852-1859), lines 1696-7, 1702-3, 1708-9, 1714-5. To each couplet a third line is appended, of which there are various versions: Oxford Oriel College MS 79, pr. W. W. Skeat, The Vision of William Concerning Piers the Plowman, (EETS 38; 1869), xix; Oxford Balliol College MS 354, pr. R. Dyboski, Songs, Carols and Other Miscellaneous Poems, (EETS Extra Series 101; 1907), 139-140; Ithaca Cornell University Library MS B.60, pr. L. Thorndike, 'Unde Versus', Traditio 11 (1955), 179. This copy is the same as the Oriel version except in the 'Sanguineus' verse: 'Valet multum quia humidus gliscit nimis quia calidus', which does not correspond to the other versions; this copy differs from all three in having 'Flegmaticus' second, before 'Colericus'.

16. f. 179v Johannes Damascenus dicit quod in vere augmentatur sanguis in estate colera in authumno melancolia ... ... Nam flegmaticus naturali est ebes et piger. hec in legenda aurea.

Also on the complexions; not in Thorndike & Kibre.

16. f. 179v Annum discernere par partes sunt que quaterne | Ver petro ... vehementis | Cedit hyems retro cathedrato symone petro.


17. f. 180 Iesus | Diabolus quando decipere quemquam querit prius naturam vniuscuiusque ... ... et in diuino amore incessanter hanelant [i.e. anhelant?]. nam vt ait Hampull [i.e. R. Rolle] Facilis est amanti labor omnis. nec melius vincit quis laborem quam per amorem.


18. f. 180v (added, s. xvi med., in the same hand as item 1):

(a) De regno celi non credit mente fideli | Incipiens ... severi. | Mollia spernentes et carni vi facientes.

(b) Dicit alius poeta | Asper erit victus asper labor asper amictus | Aspera cuncta tibi si vis super ethera scribi.

(a) five lines, not in Walther;

(b) ICVMA, no. 1572, from one copy: CLM 4774 f. 200v [s. xv].


Marginal note and trefoil sign, s. xvi med., f. 147v, as items 1 and xx [f. 180v]. Hand-pointers and marginal notes in Latin, in good italic, s. xvi/xvii, ff. 36, 44v, 125v- 141, 159v, 171v-172v, sympathetic of original texts.

Written in England, with some connection to Syon Abbey to judge by items xx, xx and xx.

Secundo folio: Iubeleus.

Item 9 perhaps added by Thomas Betson, brethren's librarian at Syon Abbey (14 -15 ), see above.

Note of contents by George Davenport, f. 1v.

Binding: Standard, s. xix med.; 1 clasp.