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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.iii.13 Pontificale cum notis s. xiii1

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.


Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.


5/12/89 AJP revision of AJP; checked AID & revised AJP 8/94

Not listed by J. Brückmann, "Latin manuscript pontificals and benedictionals in England and Wales", Traditio 29, (1973),391-458, nor in CBP. The texts with music are in items 2(a) and its marginal supplements, 3(a, b), 8(a), 13, 14(a) and 15.

The provision in the main part of the book, (A), for the king's marriage (item 15) was called for only once in thirteenth-century France, when Louis IX married Marguerite of Provence at Sens in 1234. If the book was made for that occasion, somewhat hurriedly, this may be the explanation for the fact that it was left incomplete in certain respects: item 15 was not quite finished; there are unfilled spaces for rubrics on ff. 1-16v, 33v-34v, 36-38 and 89v-96; the musical notation of the texts for which staves were provided, was executed in two styles, but was not completed, see below.

The supplementary section, (B), is very similar to (A) in its decoration.

Substantial supplementation was provided very early in the margins of items 2(a), 13 and 15, and perhaps item 3, see below.

[1] + 103 + [1]; foliated 1-102, repeating 80. Membrane of high quality (0.15 mm.; smoother for quires 3-6; flaws, ff. 63 and 91, stitched up; holes, avoided by the scribes, ff. 82 and 98; hair and flesh sides indistinguishable), 214 x 144 mm.; lower edge cropped (see ff. 38 and 64v).

Collation: (A) 1-128, 13 one (f. 96); (B) 144, 152. Ascenders of the catchword survive on quire 8, f. 64v. Quires 7-8 numbered in the ink of the text (?), at centre foot of last verso, i-ii; quires 1-13 lettered early, at left of lower margin of first recto, a-n.

Prickings in outer and, quire 7, inner margins, the former partly cropped away, with a second row in (B) further in. Written space 140 or (B) 132 x 86-89 mm.; ruled in sharp grey, 21 long lines or (f. 75v) 11 + 4-line staves, and, in (A), with one line above top ruled line.

Written (A) in gothic minuscule of calligraphic quality, expertly, in AJP's view by at least three scribes, changing at ff. 17 (31), 49 (71) and perhaps 65 (91), the second using smaller scripts for many cues and most notated items, and scripts with documentary features for the long rubric to item 4 written in black, an extract on f. 48r-v and cues on f. 61; for most of the rubrics in quire 1 (ff. 1-8v), which are not in the text hand(s), faint grey guide-notes remain visible in the margins. (B) in gothic minuscule, leaning to the left, somewhat clumsily, by one hand, using a smaller script for cues, etc.

Notation mostly of Franco-Lorraine or German type, with square type used on ff. 18v, 45v, 75v, 88 and 91v-93v, and parts of ff. 25v and 28v; not executed, ff. 20 and 78v-79, and parts of ff. 31r-v, 75v.

The early additions, s. xiii med., are (a), in item 2(a), in brown ink in two sizes of textura, with some musical notation, by one mediocre hand; (b), in item 13, in faint grey, with some cursive features, by one (?) fluent hand; (c), in items 15 and perhaps 3, very faint grey, probably as (b).

Decoration: paraph in ink, f. 51, flourished in red and black. Initials: (i) in text, 1-line, alternately red and blue, infilled with a pair of vertical lines of the other colour, or, to some cues, with infilling and flourishing of the other colour; (ii) to texts, 2-line or 1-line + stave, alternately red and blue, with infilling and flourishing of the other colour; (iii) to items 6(a), 7(c), 8(b), 10, 12, and 14 (a,b), and to major texts in items 1, 2(b), 4, 6(a), 7(a), 8(a), 14(a) and 15, 3-line, in blue parti-red, the line between the two colours being stepped in many cases, infilled with red touched with blue, and flourished in blue and red; (iv) to items 1, 2(a,b), 3(a) and 11, and principal texts in items 1 (Christmas, f. 2; Pentecost, f. 12v) and 2(a), 4-line, as (iii), that to item 2(a) with terminals in the form of two large blue fleurs-de-lys; (v) to items 3(b) and 5, and to principal texts in item 3(a), between 6- and 9-line, as (iii). The penwork to many type (iv) and (v) initials is very elaaborate.

No running-titles.

Contents:

(A)

1. ff. 1-16v (quires 1-2) [three lines blank, for rubric ?] Deus qui in filij tui domini nostri iesu christi humilitatem ... ... et beatorum spirituum efficiamini coheredes. Amen.

Benedictiones de tempore (Christmas - Pentecost 21), some preceded by the opening words of the collect of the day (marked * below), some with added rubrics (marked 'r' below). The blessings are CBP, nos 925, r1643, 1688 ending 'de celis et poni in presepium', r321, r854, r1566, r1600, r1545, r732, 1087, *1097, *r ('dominica .ia. post aduentum' recte Epiphany 1) 926, *r1143, *r1711, *r2019, *r855, *r1005, *r1584, *r ('In dominica .viija. post epiphaniam') 632, *r ('in quinquagesima') 1694, 92 beginning 'Benedic domine hunc populum tuum fructibus' with (b) as 82, *r192, *r1576, *r1577, *r1193, *r8, *r180, r1671, r233, r879, r292, r1106, 1070, 314, 1010, 858, 884, 679, 995, *576, *1616, *112 ending 'heredes', 1919, 1560, 281, 380, 1152 dividing b) / c) after 'remedium', 186, 948, 1659, 1258, 351 *159, *1880 gallican form, *169, *1337, *1696, *31, *1433, *1962, *1499 rubric erased, *921, *1236, *1388, *631, *360, *571, *1745, *1528, *1562, *1886, *1703. This manuscript was neither used for CBP, nor included in its list of 'codices nondum adhibiti' (162B,38-102).

The same blessings in the same order are found in one manuscript used for CBP: Paris Bibl. Nat. MS lat. 953, a Pontifical [s. xii] from the abbey of Saint-Amand, diocese of Tournai (162B,56); while Brussels Bibl. Royale MS 389, a Pontifical [s. xiii] from the abbey of St Martin Tournai (162B,44), lacks only nos 1143 and 1433, and Rouen Bibl. Munic. MS 372 (A.20) [s. xiv], of unknown provenance (162B,71), lacks only no. 1688. The Brussels and the Rouen manuscripts agree with this manuscript in the Sundays after Pentecost to which they assign particular blessings, but Paris 953 differs in generally assigning each of these blessings to the previous Sunday, i.e. no. 1703 is Pentecost 21 in the Cosin, Brussels and Rouen manuscripts, but Pentecost 20 in Paris 953. In this manuscript all the blessings are arranged in threefold form, in eight cases (nos 1087, 1097, 1010, 858, 1919, 1659, 1258 and 351) by combining elements, an arrangement also found, at least to some extent, in the Paris, Brussels and Rouen manuscripts. The texts in this manuscript contain a number of minor variants not found in the Paris, Brussels or Rouen manuscripts; virtually all the variants in the Paris manuscript are found here, but not all those in the Brussels and Rouen manuscripts.

Items 2-4 are on quires 3-6.

2. (a) ff. 17-31v Incipit ordo ad benedicendam ecclesiam. Primum ueniat episcopus indutus uestimentis suis ... Actiones nostras quesumus domine et aspirando perueni ... ... Terribilis est locus ... Gloria patri et filio;

(b) ff. 31v-33v Deus qui inuisibiliter omnia contines. ... ... pietatis inclines Per dominum nostrum;

(c) ff. 33v-34v Missa in dedicatione altaris. Dicit dominus sermones meos ... Deus qui inuisibiliter omnia contines ... altare hoc ... Hec dicit dominus. In die illa (Is 18:7, 19:19,21,22,24,25) ... Locus iste a deo ... Alleluya. Adorabo ad templum ... Clara chorus Non est arbor bona (Luc 6:43). Stetit angelus ... Hostias tibi domine in ... altari hoc ... Passer inuenit sibi ... Deus qui de uiuis et electis ... amplificetur augmentis. Per;

(d) ff. 34v-36 Incipit consecratio cymiterij. Primitus cum aqua benedicta episcopus ... Asperges me domine ysopo ... Domine ne in furore ... ... Item uertat se ad aquilonem et dicat Omnipotens deus qui es custos ... Tunc dicat in medio atrij hanc orationem Adesto quesumus ... felicitatis premia consequantur. Per ... cum deo. Explicit consecratio cymiterij.

(a) Ordo ad benedicendam ecclesiam, without blessing of ornaments etc. PRGDS i,124-173: XL, 1 ending '... fiat confessio et dicantur cum oratione ista preces.', and leading on to collect as PRMA i,171 'Actiones nostras ... operatio atque locutio ...' rather than litany; 2-4 omitted; 9 is preceded by PRGDS ii,154: CV,7 and followed by CV,8; 10 omitted; 11-12 substantially different, with 'Adesto deus unus ...' and 'Tollite portas ...' as antiphons; 14 cum cambuta sua] baculo suo, (see PRHMA iv,319 and 340 for an instance of this, a Franco-German symptom); 15 and 18 responsory 'Tollite portas'; 21 form of Pax extended; 22 replaced by 'Deinde incipiat episcopus. Hoc in templo summe deus. Aut Ueni creator spiritus. Aut Ueni sancte spiritus.'; 25/26 Greek and Latin alphabets transposed; 25 as 14 above; 26 antiphon 'Deus cuius sedes celum ...' with versus as in 15; 27 followed by 6 repeated, and 30; 29, 31 and 33 omitted; 34 and 35 in full transposed; 37a and 38 transposed; *; 39 adding 'et reconciliationem ecclesiarum. consecrationemque altarium et atrij'; 42 extended 'et in honore sancti .N. ut per intercessionem eius ...'; *; 45 antiphons are 'Exurgat deus ad nostri famulatus obsequium ...', 'Qui habitat in adiutorio ...' and 'Hec est domus domini ...'; 52 words at anointing omitted, supplied later in lower margin; 53 - 56 replaced by 'Consecratio. Confirma et consecro te ... Hoc facto; sumat crisma et faciat similiter dicens ... [erased *] Consecrare ac sanctificare dignare domine lapidos istos. ...' (ff. 27v- 28); *; 61, 65 - 67 omitted; 62, 69, 64, 63 follow 70; 71 - 122 omitted; 123 without mention of revesting, providing antiphon 'Cvm iocunditate ...' cf. XL,10; 124 - 130 omitted; *; 132 first antiphon only; 133 a version without antiphon; 134, 136, 138 and 139 omitted; 142 lacking rubric; 144 '... preces. Benedicamus patrem et filium cum sancto spiritu. Benedictus es domine in firmamento. Illuminet dominus uultum suum super nos.'; *; 146, 149 - 150 (ult.) omitted.

Supplementary alternative texts were added s. xiii med. in the margins, at points indicated above by *: (f. 24v) beside 37a, marked 'vacat', 'Benedictio uini domine iesu christe qui es uitis uera ...', a version of PRGDS ii,371: CCXXVII; (f. 25) beside 42 'sanctificetur aqua ista hoc salutifero crismate ...' and 'Sanctificetur hoc altare in honore sancti .N. ...'; (f. 28) keyed to 52 'Consecrare et sanctificare digneris domine deus lapidem istum. siue altare istud in honore sancti .N. per istam olei unctionem ...'; (ff. 27-28) 'Bis ungatur altare oleo per se. Crismate semel per se. quarte Crismate et oleo et confricetur per totum.', PRGDS i,86: XXXIII, 26 over erased text, 'Hic ungat crismate et oleo dicens. Consecrare etc. et canatur A Sanctificauit. Quam sequatur omnino subscripta in margine', ibid. 31; (f. 28v) note beside 57 second antiphon referring to addition in lower margin of blessing of incense etc. as XL,109 and PRMA i,190: XVII, 59-60, 62; (ff. 30v-31r) to follow 123 PRMA i,185: XVII, 41-44 first antiphon, 47, 'A Gaudent in celis. A Fulgebunt iusti. Deinde incipiat episcopus ad altare. A Exultabunt.', 50 omitting 'clemens ac benignus', 49, 'Deinde ponat tria grana incensi intus et sic reponantur reliquie et turificentur' PRGDS i,171: XL, 139-141, 'A Stetit angelus iuxta aram ... in conspectu dei. alleluia.', PRMA iii,486: 2,III,37; (f. 31v) beside 145 'A Omnis terra ...', [? to follow 145] 146.

(b) Missa in dedicatione ecclesie; as PRGDS i,175-176: XLI, together with Epistle, Gradual, Offertory and Communion as in PRMA i,193: XVII, 73-78. Preface as reported ibid. no. 77 note 4, Sequence 'Clara chorus' cf. ibid. iii,477, and Gospel, Luke 6:43-48, is not normal, cf. ibid. i,87 for an instance in a Clairvaux manuscript, Troyes MS 2272.

(c) Missa in dedicatione altaris. Introit: PRGDS i,179: XLVII,1; Collect: ibid. i,175: XLII,1 templum] altare; Epistle: cf. PRMA iii,496-497; Gradual: ibid. i,193: XVII,74; Sequence: ibid. iii,477; Gospel: see preceding item; Offertory: cf. PRGDS i,180: XLVII,4; Secret: not traced; Communion: cf. PRGDS i,180: XLVII,6; Postcommunion: ibid. i,182: XLIX,5.

(d) Consecratio cimiterii. PRGDS i,192-193: LIV, with opening antiphon provided, and two prayers at end as PRMA i,287-288: LIIb, 10 and 12.

3. (a) ff. 36-39 Hic incipiunt prefationes. Prefatio de natiuitate domini O eterne deus; Quia per incarnati uerbi mysterium ... ... PER OMNIA secula ... WERE dignum ... osanna in excelsis;

(b) ff. 39v-43 TE IGITUR clementissime pater per iesum christum ... ... Placeat tibi sancta trinitatis ... Amen.

(a) Prefationes cum propriis infra canonum. Only the first proper preface has a rubric. The prefaces are identified by no. in E. Moeller, Corpvs praefationvm, (Corpvs Christianorvm 161, 161A-D; 1981, 1980); propers for Communicantes and Hanc igitur, C: and H.i:, by p. in The missal of Robert of Jumièges, ed. H. A. Wilson, (Henry Bradshaw Soc.11; 1896):- No. 1322, C:p.49; no. 1294, C:p.55 [Epiphany]; no. 863 [Lent]; no. 1527 ending at 'reparauit', C:p.103, H.i:p.102 [Easter]; no. 1165, C:p.114 [Ascension]; no. 813, C'noctem', H.i:p.118 [Pentecost]; no. 879 ending 'Adorant dominationes.' [Trinity]; no. 1200 [Cross]; 366 with variants as Cc [Assumption]; no. 1484 [Peter & Paul].

Most of these prefaces occur in northern French copies of the Gregorian sacramentary revised by Benedict of Aniane, see Corpus praefationum: étude préliminaire, (CC 161), lxii-lxiv, An codd: H, J, O, P, Q, X; no. 1200 does not, but is found added in a sacramentary from Saint-Vaast Arras, see ibid. lxiv, An:S. The only manuscripts used for CBP in which all these prefaces occur are the three English pre-conquest sacramentaries, ibid. lxx, of which the oldest, the Leofric missal, derives from Saint-Vaast Arras.

f. 39 lower part blank.

(b) Canon misse. Interlined crosses in red or grey indicate when the priest should make the sign of the cross.

The margins of ff. 37, 40v, 41v and 42 have long early additions in very faint grey.

4. ff. 43-48v Incipit ordo in die cene domini. Feria quinta maioris ebdomade id est in cena domini mane primo mansionarij ordinent omnia ... secretum et prefationem. atque Te igitur vsque ad eum locum. Intra quorum ... christum dominum nostrum Tunc offeratur pontifici oleum ... De eo cur ampulla quibusdam cooperta ad salutandum defertur; dicit libellus Romani ordinis de consecratione crismatis. ... ... cotidie eum salutamus Incipit exorcismus olei ... Exorcismus grece. latine coniuratio. ... ut non possit diabolus || [breaking off, through loss of subsequent quire(s) ?].

Ordo in feria quinta maioris ebdomade: benedictio olei, with extracts from Amalarius, Liber officialis, imperf. PRMA i,214-215, 219-225: XXXa, 1, 27 beginning 'Hora autem tertia' - 32, without text-cues, 34 - 35 but with direction to break off from the Canon at a point after the Words of Institution rather than before, cf. PRGDS ii,69-70: XCIX,258, 36-39, 42-49, 52-53, 55, ... 56 ...; before (f. 48r-v) and after (f. 48v) XXXa:56 are extracts from Amalarius: PL 105,1016, 1017, and 1015; Amalarii episcopi opera liturgica omnia, ed. J. M. Hanssens, (Studi e Testi 138-140; Vatican, 1948, 1950), ii,75, 76-77, 72. Extracts from Amalarius form section XXXa:37 in the twelfth-century Roman pontifical, but have only been noticed in one copy of the earlier Romano-German pontifical: Vienna 1817, see PRMA i,220 note.

Items 5-15 are on quires 7-13.

5. f. 49r-v Ad congregationem concilij. Assumus domine sancte spiritus. assumus. peccati quidem ... Benedictio concilij Christus dei filius qui es initium ... repetatis illesj. Amen. Quod ipse.

Ordo qualiter concilium agatur, extr. PRGDS i,278-279, 291: LXXX, 16 with different opening, 61.

6. (a) ff. 49v-52v In ordinatione abbatis debet episcopus missam celebrare hoc modo. ... conuocet decanum et capitulum ... Ecclesie nostre fratres karissimi. pater electus ... ... placere contendat. Per. Et peragatur missa ordine suo;

(b) ff. 52v-53 Missa pro abbate. a. Protector noster. Ps Quam dilecta. ... ... benigna pietate conseruet. Per.

(a) Ordinatio abbatis cum interrogatione et professione. PRGDS i,62-67: XXVI. The interrogation and profession occur between 2 and 3, 3 ending '... letanie. et he preces inter cetera. Vt locum istum uisitare ... Ut nos exaudire ... Finita letania;', 7 starting with opening sections of the ordinary preface, 10, 13 and 14a-end omitted.

(b) Missa pro abbate. PRGDS i,69-70: XXVII.

7. (a) ff. 53-56v In ordinatione abbatisse debet episcopus missam celebrare et eam benedicere prostratam ... ... iugiter placere contendat. Per;

(b) ff. 56v-57 Oratio ad Missam. Concede quesumus omnipotens deus famule tue abbatisse. ut ostendendo et exercendo ... ... benigna pietate conseruet. Per;

(c) f. 57 Ordo ad benedicendam abbatissam. cum obierit abbatissa alia que loca ... Exaudi domine preces nostras et super hanc famulam ... ... quocumque ierit. Prestante eodem domino nostro iesu christo. qui uiuit. Postea ducatur ad sedem. et fiant omnia que diximus de abbate.

(a) Ordinatio abbatisse infra monasterium suum. PRGDS i,77- 81: XXXII, 1 and 6 omitted, 10 followed by investiture with pastoral-staff, ibid. 66: XXVI,12, and XXXII:14, ends after 11;

(b) Missa pro abbatissa. cf. PRGDS i,69-70: XXVII - Missa pro abbate, as item 6(b) above;

(c) Ordinatio abbatisse alibi. PRGDS i,48 and 50: XXII, 3, and 7.

8. (a) ff. 57v-60 Incipit ordo ad consecrandas uirgines. Primo discutiat episcopus earum etatem. scilicet. si xx et v. annorum sint ... ... bannum ne quis presumat sanctum istud molare propositum;

(b) f. 60 Benedictio uiduarum castitatem proficentium. Uidue in primis ... Respice domine propitius super hanc famulam ... Alia Gregorius. Famulam tuam domine tue custodia muniat ... illesum custodiat.

(a) Consecratio virginis. Closest in the Roman tradition to material introduced by Durandus: PRMA iii, 411-423: XXIII, 2, 5, 10 - 13, 19, 29, 31 - 34, 36, 48, 41, 44, 50 in singular, 51, 54;

(b) Benedictio vidue. cf. PRMA i, 160 and 157: XII, 23, and 10, virginitatis] uiduitatis in both.

9. f. 60r-v Oratio pro iter agentibus. Exaudi nos domine. ut iter famuli tui ... protegatur auxilio. Per.

PRGDS ii,227: CXXVIII, 2.

10. f. 60v Benedictio baculi episcopalis. Omnipotens et misericors deus qui ineffabili bonitate uotis supplicantium assistis. ... cum grege suo integrum tibi immaculatumque conseruet. Per dominum.

Repeated f. 80r-v below.

11. ff. 60v-61 [I]Ncipit ordo ad clericum faciendum. Presta quesumus omnipotens deus; ut huic famulo tuo .N. ... ... sine macula in sempiternum custodias. Per.

De clerico faciendo. PRGDS i,4-6: III, 1-3, 5.

12. ff. 61-71 Ordo qualiter rome ordines fiunt. Mensis primi. quartj. septimi. decimj. sabbatorum die ... Postulat sancta mater ecclesia ... ... Post missam ad infulas reiciendas. Stola innocentie induat te dominus. [three lines blank]

Ordinationes. PRGDS i,10-36: XV,1-2; X; XVI,1A 'Scis illos ... ad huius onus officij.'; XV,3-4; XVI,1A 'Postea ... Auxiliante ... memor sit communionis sue.'. 'Hic faciat episcopus excommunicationem ne quis per symoniam ... Post hec dicat episcopus hanc orationem. Oremus fratres karissimi. ut deus pater omnipotens gratiam sancti spiritus ... Post modicum interuallum sternantur tapetia ... litania ... hee preces inter cetera. Et pontificem nostrum in tuo sancto seruitio confortare ... Vt eam immaculatam conseruare digneris. et cetera.'. XV,6.

(f. 62v) 'Psalmista' XV,8.

(f. 63) 'Ordinatio ostiarij.' XV,9. 'In nomine patris ... per hoc ostium traditur uobis ministerium ... et reiciendi indignos'. XV,11.

(f. 63v) 'Ordo lectorum.' XV, 12, 14, 13, 15-16;

(f. 64) 'Ordinatio exorcistarum.' XV, 17-19;

(f. 64v) 'Ordinatio acolitorum' XV, 20-21, 24;

(f. 65) 'Ordinatio subdiaconorum' XVI, 6-8; '... induat eos subdiaconalis ... Talari tunica ... Accipe manipulum ... Accipite potestatem legendi epistolam ... stent in ordine suo usque dum communicauerint. et missa finiatur' cf. PRMA ii,335-336: IX,6 and note;

(f. 66) 'Ordinatio diaconorum.' PRGDS XVI, 9-10, 12, 18, 17a, 14 beginning 'Were dignum ... ', 15, 17, 19 with 'Induat te ...' PRMA ii,341: X,11;

(f. 68v) 'Ordo presbiterorum. Presbiteri cum ordinantur. episcopo benedicente et manum super capita ... Accipite spiritum sanctum quorum remiseritis peccata remittuntur eis.' cf. PRMA ii,127. PRGDS XVI, 27-31, 34-38;

(f. 70v) 'Benedictio super omnes ordinatos ... Omnipotens deus sua uos clementia ...' CBP, no. 1696.

13. ff. 71-80*v Quomodo consecratur episcopus. In consecratione episcopi. ordo talis est. Cvm tertia cantatur dompnus archiepiscopus ... ... Ego .N. .N. ecclesie episcopus subscripsi. Explicit consecratio episcopi.

Examinatio et consecratio episcopi (province of Rheims). The opening rubrics vary substantially from PRGDS and PRMA, 'Sequitur hymnus. Ueni creator spiritus.', PRGDS i,124: XXXIX,3, PRMA iii,378: 1,XIV,16. PRGDS i,207-226: LXIII, 12-13 second question omitted, order changed and additional question: 'Vis ea que ... mores tuos ... castitatem ... semper diuinis ... humilitatem ... beato petro et sancte romane ecclesie eiusque uicario esse subditus secundum instituta patrumm ... sancte .N. ecclesie ... mihi et ecclesie professionem facere; sicut tui antecessores fecere ... Pauperibus ...', 14 third question beginning 'Credis unum deum uerum. plenum et perfectum. omnipotentem. et per omnia coequalem patri ...', 15. 'Item ad electum dompnus dicat metropolitanus. Eya frater professionem uolumus ... Tunc legat electus cartam suam ... Ego .N. illius sedis .N. ordinandus episcopus. et sacro sancto ministerio ... Tibi etiam et priuilegio Remensis ecclesie (74r) ... subscribo', see PRMA i,47 for a similar example. 16. 'Tvnc dominus archiepiscopus ueniens in sacrarium ... Comprouinciales autem episcopi induant electum ... Deinde metropolitanus cum processione redeat ...'. PRMA i,145: X,14. PRGDS LXIII, 32, 34, 21-22. *. Gospel: Mark 16:15-20. LXIII,52, 54. PRMA i,147-148: X, 22, 21, 23-25. *. PRGDS LXIII, 55-56. 'Postcommunio Euntes predicate ... Tvnc cantet pariter clerus A Ecce quam bonum et quam iocundum ... V Sicut ungentum in capite ... A Ecce quam bonum.' cf. PRMA ii,361 line 35 seq. PRGDS LXIII, 36-38. 'Item alia oratio Deus tocius creature principium et finis. ...'. LXIII, 39, 43-45, 40. 'Alia benedictio baculi. Omnipotens et misericors deus. qui ineffabili bonitate uotis supplicantium assistis ...' as separately in item 10 above. 41-42. 'Tvnc communicet dompnus metropolitanus episcopum. ...'. 62. 'Item alia postcommunio Hec nos ...' PRGDS i,70: XXVII, 5. 'Finita missa det archiepiscopus nouo presuli sanctorum euuangeliorum librum ... Accipe ... Tvnc det ei archiepiscopus osculum ...' cf. PRMA i,150: XII, 29-30. PRGDS i,230-1: LXV.

Alternative or supplementary texts were provided early in the margins, in sharp gray, at points indicated above by *: (f. 75v) 'Interim dominus metropolitanus ...' approximating to PRMA i,145-147: X, 18-22, to replace Gospel, PRGDS LXIII,52, 54, PRMA i,147-148: X, 22, 21 (ff. 75v-76v); (f. 78) 'Aa ... Pater sancte omnipotens deus ... ¶Item aa ... Spiritus semper septiformis ...', PRGDS LXIII, 36, 37 anointing of head, 'Benedictio anuli que incipit Sanctifica ... ¶Benedictio baculi que incipit Sustentatorum ...', 41, rubric; cf. additions recorded PRMA i,48.

14. (a) ff. 80*v-90 Incipit ordo ad benedicendum regem. quando nouus a clero et populo sublimatur in regnum. ... ... nulla possint temptatione mutari. Per dominum nostrum;

(b) ff. 90-91v Dominus uobiscum. Oremus. Omnipotens sempiterne deus. fons et origo totius bonitatis. qui feminei sexus fragilitatem ... ... ingredi ianuam. auxiliante eodem domino nostro iesu christo. Qui cum domino patre.

(a) Ordo ad benedicendum regem, cum missis. PRGDS i,246-263: LXII, 1-6(as CD etc.), 7 (nearer RT etc. than CDV). 'Vis sanctas dei ecclesias ac rectores ecclesiarum ... quasi precellenti': much longer than 8, all as rubric. 10, 12-13 (as RT etc.), 14, 16-17 (continuing as RT etc.), 18-24(as CD etc.), 25. 'Professio regis ante solium. coram deo. clero et populo facienda. Profiteor et promitto coram deo et angelis ...'. 26-28. LXXIII, 1-4. LXXIV, 1-3.

(b) Benedictio regine. PRGDS i,267-269: LXXVIII, 1-4.

15. ff. 91v-96 Sicut oculi seruorum in manibus dominorum suorum ... ... Quesumus omnipotens deus instituta prouidentie tue pro amore comitare; ut quos || [not quite finished].

Missa in sponsalibus regine. The basic elements are identified by no. in J. Deshusses ed., Le sacramentaire grégorien , (Fribourg; 1971), i, 308-311; the more local elements by p. in J.-B. Molin & P. Mutembe, Le rituel du mariage en France du xiie au xvie siècle, (Paris; 1974):-

Epistle: Eph 5:22-33. [Gradual &] Alleluia 'Protector noster ... Domine refugium ...' Gospel: Mat 19:3-11. [Offertory] 'In te speraui ...' Ps 30:15-16. [Verse] 'Domine memorabor ...' Ps 70:16-18. [Collect ?] 'Deus tuorum corona fidelium. qui uocas ad regnum ... famula tua .N. regina nostra ...' untraced. Nos 833 - 838b. [Blessings] 'Omnipotens sempiterne deus. qui in principio cuncta ex nichilo creasti ...' trans. p. 267; 'Deus qui famulo tuo thobie sanctum angelum ...' pr. p. 327 without final sentence found here and in trans. p. 267; 'Dominus iesus christus apud uos sit. ...'; 'Creator omnium rerum qui in inicio ...' pr. p. 217 note. *. Postcommunion: no. 839 left unfinished. The first element in the third blessing is CBP, no. 1271 (singular form), and the fourth blessing is no. 599.

Molin & Mutembe note this Introit, Epistle, Gradual and Alleluya at nuptial mass in two Rheims missals of c. 1200 (pp. 209 note 10, 213 note 14); record a different Gospel in the twelfth-century Rheims pontifical from the commonly used one found here (p.213 note 17); print the second and the last blessings from the thirteenth-century Rheims pontifical, Rheims MS 343.

Supplementary texts provided early in the lower margins of ff. 95v-96, in very faint gray, at the point indicated above by *.

f. 96v blank

B

16. ff. 97-99v Oratio ad patenam consecrandum Consecramus et sanctificamus hanc patenam ad conficiendum in ea corpus domini ... ... corpus et sanguinem domini nostri iesu christi filij tui Qui tecum.

Benedictiones patine, calicis, ymaginis, lintheaminum etc. PRGDS i,150-156: XL, 88, 91. 'Deus qui typicum pascha esis agni carnibus sacrosanctum corpus ... ut quicumque ex hac patena ...', not traced. 92 beginning 'Oramus te domine deus noster. ut calicem ...', 93. 'Deus qui accepto et distributo pane uetus determinans pascha ... respice propicius super hunc calicem ...', not traced. 'Benediccio generalis ad ymagines. Domine iesu christe qui sacerdotum tuorum consecraciones ... hanc dilecti tui .N. formula sanctifica ...', not traced. 'Benediccio dei omnipotens patris ... descendat super hanc ymaginem et super omnes eam uenerantes. AmeN.', not traced. 75 beginning 'Exaudi nos quesumus domine ...'. PRMA iii,521: IX,5. PRGDS XL, 74 qui] sicut, 80 Deus] sancte, 83.

17. ff. 99v-100 Spiritus sanctus superueniat in uos et uirtus altissimi custodiat uos hic et vbique ... ... Tunc dicat diaconus hijs qui acceperunt infantes in confirmatione. Osculamini ... ecclesiasticum symbolum.

Ordo ad consignandos infantes. PRMA i,247-nnn: XXXII, 31-36.

18. f. 100 Oratio ad puerum confirmandum (vacat) consinandum Omnipotens sempiterne deus. respice ... ad nouam capillos tondendi ... peruenire consorcium. Per.

PRGDS i,3: I, 3.

19. f. 100r-v Oratio ad clericum faciendum Oremus dilectissimi fratres ... ad deponendum comam ... ... sine macula in sempiternum custodias. per.

Prefatio ad clericum faciendum. PRGDS i,4-6: III, 1-5.

20. (a) f. 101 Deus cuius prouidencia omnis creatura incrementis ... ... ad suppremam senectutem perueniat. per;

(b) f. 101r-v Christe domine qui es redemptor et saluator innocencium ... comam incidimus capillorum. Deduc eum domine in uia mandatorum tuorum ... saluator mundi. Qui viuis.

(a) Ad barbam tondendam. PRGDS i,6-7: IV.

(b) Oratio ad capillos tondendum. cf. PRGDS i,3: I, 2 for the first part.

21. f. 101v Dominus iesus christus qui discipulis suis ... Absolucionem et remissionem omnium peccatorum uestrorum percipere mereamini hic et in eternum. per Presta quesumus domine huic famulo ... reddatur innoxius. per dominum nostrum .j.

Absolutio excommunicati. PRMA ii,493: L, 2 indignos] indignum me et peccatorem ministrum tamen esse uoluit intercedente eiusdem dei genitrice maria cum omnibus sanctis. cf. PRMA i,86. PRGDS i,319: XCI, 10.

Additions: see above items 2(a), 13 and 15, and perhaps item 3.



Provenance:

Written in northern France, for use in the province of Rheims, see art. 13.

Secundo folio Benedicat.

'Thomas Cantuariensis', f. 1, refers to Thomas Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury (1533-55), perhaps entered by a secretary.

Binding: standard, s. xix med., with slightly bevelled wooden (?) boards, perhaps from a former binding; one clasp.

Bibliography:

CBP: E. Moeller, Corpvs benedictionvm pontificalivm, (Corpvs christianorvm 162 & 162A-C; 1971-1979).

PRGDS: C. Vogel & R. Elze, Le pontifical romano-germanique du dixième siècle, i-iii, (Studi e testi 226, 227, 229; Vatican 1963-1972).

PRMA: M. Andrieu, Le pontifical romain au moyen-âge, i-iv, (Studi e Testi 86-88, 99; Vatican 1938-1941).