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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.II.5 Speculum Amicitiae etc. [Misc. theol.] s. xiv½

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms and word breaks may have ... broken. This has not yet been rationalized.

Description amended by AID April 2006 and November 2009.

An assemblage of eight separable sections, all produced at about the same date, and to very similar patterns, particularly in the case of (A-C) and (G); brought together very soonafterwards, probably with a further section now missing from the end, (see listof contents, f. iv).


f. i Blank former pastedown, with adhering fragment of Latin7+ lines c.25x80 mm. in cursive [s. xiv](upside-down): topic?

f. iv List of contents,s. xiv med., by same or similar hand to the following texts, with 20-25 mm. cutoff top no doubt with ex-libris inscription (1½ lines); originally no entry foritems [7-9], but [8 and 9] inserted marginally in smaller similar handand [7] added s. xiv ex.; last entry, `Quidam tractatus de Scaccario',cancelled by (post-medieval graphite) pencil, not now in the volume, thoughCosin MS. V.III.15 (q.v.) is a copy of J. de Cessolis s.xiv med., but differenthand and decoration and of somewhat smaller dimensions, separately bound sinces.xvii med.

f. ii blank.

f. iiv Ex-libris ofThomas Lawson monk of Durham s. xvi in. above list of contents, s. xvii, with no entry for final item deleted in list f. iv above; entriesnumbered 1-5 s. xvii in. with ascription of 5 and list of 6-13 by Davenport,who appended a reference to T. James' catalogue of Cambridge MSS for item 1..

-- A --

1. ff. 1-11v Primum quid sit amicicia arbitror disserendumnon videamur inaniter pingere ... ... ut pro innumerabilibus peccatis meis apudiustum iudicem et misericordem intercedat Explicit speculum amicicie.

Speculum spiritalis amicicie, ed. pp. 297-323 in A. Hoste,'Le Speculum spiritalis amicitiae compilation du xii siècle de deuxtraités d'Aelred de Rievaulx par Thomas de Frakaham', Studia Monastica 3(1961), ii, 291-323, collating this copy as MS C. Bloomfield 4218.

2. ff. 11v-14 Incipit speculum humilitatis. Dominus nosterIesus Christus dicit discipulis suis in euangelio. Nolite in sublime tolli ...... humilitatem exhibuit beatus saluator Christus Iesus. qui cum patreet spiritu sancto vivit et regnat in seculaseculorum. Amen. Explicit speculum humilitatis.

Speculum humilitatis, ed. pp. 129-136 in C. H.Talbot, `The Speculum humilitatis attributed to Ailred of Rievaulx', Studia

Monastica 1 (1959), 121-136, collatingthis copy as MS D. Item 2 follows item 1 (with its ascriptiom to Frakenham) in Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 424, s. xiii, Lambeth 431, s. xiii (fromLanthony), and Seville. Bibl. Colombina 7.2.1, s. xiii/xiv. Dom A. Hostethought it also certainly by Frakaham (Studia Monastica 3, 296n.22).

f. 14v ruled but blank.

-- B --

3. ff. 15-27 Capitulum primum. Quid amici requisierunt. Cum iam suscepti operis optato fine gauderem meque xijcim voluminibus iactatum ... ... Omnia vergunt nihilominus in ruinam. quemaiestatis tue pietate fuerint segregata. Explicit liber magni AurelijCassiodori Senatoris de anima. Capitula libri precedentis. Primum. Quid Amicirequisierint ... xviij. Oracio.

Cassiodorus, De anima, endingat xviii line 29 in ed. by J.W. Halporn, pp. 501-575 in Magni Aurelii Cassiodori Senatoris Opera, pars I: variarum libri xii, ed. A. J. Fridh, CC96 (Turnhout 1973); this copy (miscited as V.II.4) belongs in Class I, probablyI(a), but has no clear affiliation to any copies collated for the CCapparatus. The text did not have a very wide English or Norman circulation. Ff.21-32 (only) have arabic folio-numbers added, 21-32, andmarginal letters, a-d, in the same ink on each leaf, s. xiv, for indexingitems 3 and 4.

4. ff. 27v-38v Incipit liber sancti Augustini de spiritu etanima. Quoniam dictum est mihi vt me ipsum cognoscam sustinere non possum ut meipsum habeam incognitum ... ... vt quicquid supra illud est; aliud non sit quamracio. Explicit liber sancti Augustini de spiritu et anima.

Augustine, pseud., De spiritu et anima i-xxxiii. PL 40, 779-803; in this copy some chapters are amalgamated, and caps xviii and xxii are divided in two. Blomfield 4935; Römer II/2, 113.

ff. 39-40v ruled, butoriginally blank; f. 40v reference to Pitsaeus concerning next item, added by George Davenport.

-- C --

5. ff. 41-57 Incipit tractatus de veneno. Racio veneni potissime conuenit peccato .s. prioritate originis. generalitate infectionis etdifficultate cure ... ... ponitur in sepulcro cum eo viua. Et hoc habet illapro magno omnibus aliis derelictis Explicit

Malachias Hibernicus (ps. Robert Grosseteste), De venenis (pr. Paris 1518), divided into sixteen chapters, of which cap xi is

here (f. 48v) divided in two, so producing seventeen chapters; there are substantial divergences in this copy,e.g. cap xi/xii ends `Cycada est auicula que quodammodo est pennata. anglice greshopper' (f. 51r-v). This copy is miscited in Thomson, Grosseteste,p. 270, as V.ii.53. Bloomfield

ff. 57v-58v originally blank,with only f. 58v ruled; note on Hugh of St Victor `floruit anno 1130', byDavenport, f. 58v.

-- D --

6. ff. 59-82 De origine artium. Primum capitulum. Omniumexpetendorum prima est sapiencia in qua perfecti boni forma consistit ... ...vt introducat nos ad puram et sine animalibus cenam. Amen Dve precipue res suntquibus quisque ad scientiam instruitur ... amorem scientie eam legit. et sicsecunda pars quoque finem accipit. Explicit.

Hugh of St Victor, DidascaliconI,i - V,xiii and I,i. PL 176, 741-809 and 741; ed. C. H.Buttimer, Hugonis de Sancto Victore: Didascalicon - de studio legendi,a critical text, (Washington; 1939), not mentioning this copy. Apart from ashort section (ed. p. 109 line 6 - p. 114 line 27) with Ó class readings,perhaps arising through text being supplied from another source to make good alost leaf at an earlier stage in the transmission, and the absence of Book VI,xiv and xv, the distinctive readings place this copy in ß class, but it lacks the distinctive readings of Ô family, and of the two main groups in Ùfamily, which together constitute ß class; similar problems of classificationarise with ed. MSS G, R, and W. Only three out of the thirty MSS collated infull are in England. No instance is recorded of a copy as here, that ends like ß texts with Book VI,xiii, lacks the preface `Multi sunt ... torpore otio' normally found with ß texts, and has the preface common to both Ó and ß classes at the end; the closest parallel seems to be Aberdeen University MS 241, from St Paul's London.There are a number ofdivergences from the chapter-divisions etc. given in ed.

7. ff. 82-86 De anima secundum rem diuersas videnturphilosofi sententias protulisse Plato dicit animam ... ... ad minus substantia prima simplex que deus est. Explicit.

`Tractatus compendiosus de anima eteius potenciis', added s. xiv ex. to list of contents, f. iv.`Burlaeus de potentiis animae', added by George Davenport, f. 82; but does notend as the defective copy of Burley, De potentiis anime, Balliol Coll. MS 93(1) nor Medieval Studies 33 (1971), 85-113.

8. ff. 86-87v {De vnitate et vno [added in margin, s.xiv]} Unitas est qua vnaqueque res dicitur esse siue simplex siue

composita... ... Unitas igitur est qua vnaqueque res vnaest et est id quod est.

Domingo Gundisalvo, De unitate.PL 63, 1075-1078, as Boethius, De unitate et uno; ed. pp. 3-11in P. Correns, `Die dem Boethius flschlichzugeschriebene Abhandlungdes Dominicus Gundisalvi de Unitate', BGPM - TU 1,1 (1891), 1-56.Diaz y Diaz, no. 1014, with one English copy, Oxford Bod.Lib. MS Auct.F.5.28 (also item 9 below), among thirteen listed.

A space left for words `si divisibilis', presumably on account of defect in exemplar, f. 86v line 21.

9. ff. 87v-88 Scias nihil esse nisi substantiam et accidenset creatorem substantie et accidentis benedictum ... ... In hac complentur scientie disciplinales que dicuntur scientie dematrices quatuor vt iam manifestum est.

Alpharabius, trans. Domingo Gundisalvo, De ortu scientiarum, i,1-4. Ed. pp. 17-19 line36 in C. Baeumaker, `Alfarabi über den Ursprung der Wissenschaften (De ortuscientiarum)', BGPM - TU 19,3 (1916), 1-32. Diaz y Diaz, no.1013, with one English copy, Oxford Bodleian Library MS Auct.F.5.28 (cf. item 8 above), among eleven listed. ALSO in Oxford Corpus 86?

10. ff. 88-89v Congregatis 24 philosophis solum remansit eisin questione quid est deus ... ... et claritatem in re generat in se ullam ethoc est quod dicit. Expliciunt 24 propositiones philosophorum cum commento deessentia diuina.

Liber xxiv philosophorum. Ed. pp. 207-214 in C.Baeumker, 'Das pseudo-hermetische "Buch der vierundzwanzig Meister" (Liber xxiv philosophorum); ein Beitrag zur Geschichte desNeupythorageismus und Neuplatonismus im Mittelalter', BGPM - TU25,1/2 (1927), 194-214; in this copy the final `sentence' issubstantially different, as in one other English copy (Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS McClean 169 fols 262v-263v), written by Robert Emylton, a fifteenth-century monk of Durham. Copies listed, including this, M-T.d'Alverny, `Hermetica philosophica' app. i, in Catalogus Translationum etCommentariorum i, ed. P. O. Kristeller, (Washington, 1960), 151-4.

CCCM143A, ed. F. Huby (1997) 26 lists 26 manuscripts, of which six, grouped by common descent, have commentary I (p. lxxiii) and only those two this sentence XXIV (p. xxxii).

11. ff. 89v-98v Incipit tractatus compendiosus de septemnoctibus. Solet rerum qualitas ex tempore notari. Vt abraham in feruore fideiexistens angelos in meridie uidit ... ... qui est deus uiuorum et non motuorumet qui habitat lucem inaccessibilem. dominus deus omnipotens cui est honor etgloria in secula seculorum Amen.

The only other copy traced is in Ramsey abbey library catalogue, s. xiv med., ed. R. Sharpe et al., CBMLC 4(London 1996), B67.80, followed by a long list of anonymous texts, possibly inthe same volume. But the incipit only is in Bodl. e mus.222, s. xiii1(Darley Augustinian abbey, Derbys. s.xiv), f. 139v, lines 6-10 there, 10-30being apparently another item (J. Longere, Les

sermons latins de Maurice de Sully (1988), p. 192, ex inf. R. Sharpe.

ff. 99-100v originally blank,with 99r and 100r ruled; citation of T. James' catalogue of Oxford andCambridge MSS, concerning

the next item, added by George Davenport, f. 100v.

-- E --

12. ff. 101-132 Leo Fortissimus bestiarum ad nulliuspauebitoccursum. Bestiarum uocabulum proprie ... ... ab adam vsque nunc; in filios inobediencie debachatur.

Bestiary, without illustrations. Bloomfield 2932. A copy of the much enlarged Physiologus that circulated in England from the twelfth century, described as the `second family', F.McCulloch, Mediaeval Latin and French Bestiaries, (Chapel Hill, NorthCarolina; 1962), pp. 34-38. It corresponds in arrangement to that in M.R. James, The Bestiary, being a reproduction in full of the manuscript Ii.4.26 in the University Library, Cambridge, with supplementary plates fromother manuscripts of English origin, and a preliminary study of the LatinBestiary as current in England, (Roxburghe Club; 1928), with the end of the penultimate chapter on Supplementary pl. 16, the last chapter on Supp. pl. 10 recte1; as usual, it has sections beginning `Quocienscumque' and `Omnibusanimantibus' (f. 107v) after canis, and reads `aspido delone'(f. 121) forAspidochelone.

f. 132v blank.

-- F --

13. ff. 133-166 Incipit prologus in libello qui intitulaturvictoria Iesu Christi contra Antichristum. Non sum propheta neque filiusprophete. Amos .7. Idcirco ne fingam me in hoc opusculo ... per ordinempretermittuntur. Capitula primi libri .1. De interpretatione nominisantichristi ... (f. 133v) .35. Quare deus ... euenire permittet. ExpliciuntCapitula primi libri. ... Omnis noticia incipit a cognicione significatinominis ... ... ab igne in eterno Antichristo in membris eius peruersis nosliberet qui est benedictus in secula seculorum amen. Epilogus libri. De ortoigitur sacre scripture canonice originalium ... nec forte apparentemprobabilitatem. sed forte ficticiam falsitatem. Explicit.

Hugh de Novocastro, De victoria Christi contra Antichristum. This copy, in two books (35 and 34 chapters respectively), lacks the opening sentences of the prologue, `Humilis ille propheta ...', and the last words of the epilogue with a following capitulumimpertinens; these are found in an English copy of s. xiv med.,

B.L. MS Add. 36984, and also in the editioprinceps (Nuremberg 1471), in both of which the ascription is to Hugh de Novo Castro, often taken to be Newcastle-upon-Tyne or Neufchâtel in Lorraine,although there is evidence pointing to a Germanic background,

e.g. Neuburg. The dating of the workin ii, 26 is A.D. 1315 in the copy here and B.L. MS Add. 36984, but 1319 in the editio

princeps and other continental copies. Cf. V. Heynck,`Der Skotist Hugo de Novo Castro O.F.M.', Franziskanische Studien 43(1961), 244-66.

f. 166v ruled but blank.

-- G --

14. ff. 167-183 Quoniam misericordia et veritas custodiuntRegem ... <Immo> quatuor virtutes cardinales .s. prudencia ... ... quovis ire ego via. quo vis ire ego veritas vbi vis manere ego vita. Amen.

John of Wales, Breviloquium devirtutibus antiquorum principum et philosophorum. Bloomfield 4971 lists this copy among many others; J. Swanson, John of Wales, (Cambridge,1989), p. 239 no. 113 misplaces this as now at Durham Cathedral. Entered as `Libellus de 4 uirtutibus cardinalibus ...' in list of contents, f. iv.

15*. f. 178v [added s. xiv med., upside-down,in lower margin] Est homo res fragilis qui durat tempore paruo | Est ergo simul flori qui nascitur aruo.

Cf. Walther, Versanfänge, no.5691.

ff. 183v-184v originallyblank; f. 184v is ruled, with a note, added by George Davenport, of entry by T.James [Ecloga ... p. 96] for a copy of the next item in `S. Benedictinum. 371', [i.e. Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 217].

-- H --

16. ff. 185-195 Colloquium gabrielis et virginis deincarnacione domini. Dixit deus serpenti de Muliere | Ipsa conteret caput t. i. c. e. ... (f. 189) a dextris confitetur acceptat. Colloquium Gabrieliset virginis de incarnacione domini. Fit caput ex angue planta mulieris inangue. | Visa ... ... Vt crucis ascensor latronum fit quasi censor | Sic compossedii agnos discernit ab edis.

[Adam of Dore ?], Pictor in carmine,abbreviated. This is (12) out of the thirteen copies listed, pp. 143-144,in M. R. James, `Pictor in carmine', Archaeologia 94, (1951), 141-166, where the attribution to Adam of Dore is preferred to Bernard of Morlaas,p. 144. It is misdescribed as `from the Cathedral Library', and wrongly `has everything except the preface'; the Prologus is absent, the Tabula of subjects (ff. 185-189) is as printed, pp.

151-166, except that the rubrics to ix and lxxxiv are omitted, and sections cxxix and cxxx are reversed, though not in the text, while in both list and text the first part of rubricxxxiv is lacking, and there is no error in rubric lx. To judge by the textshown in Archaeologia plates XXVII and XXIX, this copy is an abbreviation without annotation, consisting of the rubric for each NT antitypefollowed by the first couplet of each OT type; an older abbreviation in Cambridge UL MS Kk.5.10 (Kk.5.16: James p. 143), which belonged to DurhamCathedral Priory by the sixteenth century, is different and appears to consistof each NT antitype followed by the rubric and one couplet, rarely the first,of each OT type. Deirdre F. Baker, Pictor in Carmine uel Adaptatio Rerum Gestarumin Veteri Testamento ad Nouum: a critical edition (D. Phil. thesis,University of Toronto. 1991), from 19 manuscripts, observes that the title`Pictor in Carmine; is probably originated by M. R. James. and that there is another distinct continental abbreviation entitled `Rota in medio rotae'. The Cosin copy (described ibid., pp. 95-98, wrongly as in a medieval binding) of type 31a, shares very closely variants with Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 217 (from Worcester Cathedral Priory), possibly derived from a common witness.

See also K. A. Wirth (ed.) Pictor in Carmine: ein Handbuch der Typologie aus dem 12. Jahrhundert, nach de Handschrift des Corpus Christ College Cambridge 300 (Berlin 1989), which almost entirely ignores Baker's work on the text and is devoted extensively to the iconographical sources and parallels.

ff. 195v-197v blank, with f.196v ruled.

Correction and Annotation

Words in Greek in capitals in a differentink from the main scribe's, f. 130. Neat early corrections, some by the main scribes, similar to marginal notes for rubrics, over erasure (e.g. f. 47), andby interlinear (e.g. f. 66) and marginal (e.g. ff. 147, 154, 181) additions. Early marginal annotation, by several hands, formally written, particularly in(A, C, G- H), also lightly and minutely in (C, F-G) including `Nota pro fratribus minoribus' against a passage on evangelical poverty (f. 163v),where a slightly later note contests their standpoint. Distinctive hand-pointer with long finger, (s. xv ?), f. 109v.

Physical description

[1] + 2 + 196 + 2 + [1]; foliated i-ii,1-198, by AID in 1952. Foliation (s. xiv) on ff. 21-60: 21-32in ink, 36-60 in soft brown; 12 separate s. xvii paginations in pencil,by George Davenport, starting afresh at items 1, 3-8, 11-14 and 16.Membrane (0.14-0.16 mm., some flaws, quires with flesh-side outermost);243 x 165 mm., outer and lower edges cropped (see loss of pricking on mostleaves, also turned-in squares on ff. 9, 171).

Collation. Two (ff. i-ii); (A: ff. 1-14)114; (B: ff. 15-40) 212, 314; (C: ff. 41-58)48, 510; (D: ff. 59-100) 6-812, 96;(E: ff. 101-132) 10-1112, 128; (F: ff. 133-166)13-1412, 1510; (G: ff. 167-184) 168,1710; (H: ff. 185-196) 1812; 192 (2, f.198, only a broad stub).

Catchwords on quires 4, 6-8,10-11, 13-14, 16, i.e. at all points where a text continues fromone quire to the next, except quire 2

(f. 26v). Quires 2-3 signed c and r,with arabic numerals, in soft brown. Rectos in the first half of quires 1, 5-7,11 (?) and 16-17 numbered in roman or, quire 6, in arabic, or, quire 16, withcircles, in soft brown, on quire 1 to be read from the fore-edge; rectosof quires 15 and 18 lettered similarly.

Page-preparation. Written space 188 or (D-E)192-195 or (F) 197 or (G) 190 or (H) 200 x 115-120 or (H) 136 mm.;ruling in brown, generally fainter in (D), and sharper in (G). 41 or (D, F) 42or

(E) 43-44 long lines, or (H)50, two columns.

Script. Written in excellent round anglicana, by atleast two hands, (A-C, E-H), and (D); perhaps (E) and (F) by athird and a fourth. Wording for rubrics in (B-C) entered in margins in ink,very fine and small, and similar to corrections and marginal notes. Rubrics notprovided in (D, E and G).

Running-titles. In (A) only, perhaps in the samehand and ink as contents-list on f. iv

Decoration. Scriptural quotations in (F)underlined in red. Text-capitals touched with red in (F, H). Paraphs, redor blue, generally alternating. Initials: (i) to item 10 propositions and item11 nights 1-2, 1-line, blue with red flourishing; (ii) to (A-G)chapters, etc., 2-, or most in (D), 3-line, blue with red foliateinfilling and flourishing, or (A-C, G) alternately red with mauve foliateinfilling and flourishing; (iii) to openings of items 1-6, 12-14and 16, 3- (items 4, 12), 4- (item 16), or 5-line, bipartitered and blue, with red foliate infilling and extension, and flourishing, and,except item 12, a "J-border" or (items 2, 4, 6, 13-14 and 16)part of it, the inner plain blue and the outer composed of alternately red andblue sections c. 15 mm. high with brace-bracket or (item 1) saw-edgeforms.

Binding. Rusty holes in first few leaves, as from nails of clasps, at two points on fore-edge and also at centre of top and foot. Coversof s. xvii calf bear Hugh Hutchinson's rolls A and D, and his tool no. 2. Spinereplaced s. xx ex., 1 clasp.

HistorySecundofolio: omne plane.

`.Iohannes. de Insula', s.xiv1, f. 39, otherwise blank. Durham Cathedral MS. A.II.9, a glossed psalter, was `ex dono Johannis de Insula militis' and MSS C.I.4 and 9, of a setof civil law, were `trium puerorum de Insula scilicet Henrici, Ricardi etJohannis fratrum', in each case s. xiv½; the family may have been the DeLisles, but Insula can refer to Holy Island or a part of County Durham. The topof f. i cut away, presumably to remove ex libris, perhaps of DurhamCathedral Priory. `Liber dompni Thome lawson monachi EcclesieCathedralis dunelm ex dono venerabilis patris Magistri ThomeCastell Prioris eiusdem', s. xvi in., f. iiv.

`Geo. Davenport. | 1663' in window of front pastedown; notes by him, ff. iiv, 82, 184v; also continuation of list of contents started by another (s. xvii in.) hand, f. iiv.Ex-libris and shelf-numbers by Rud on f.1.