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Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.II.4 Peter Aureolus; tabula patristica s.xiv ex./xv in.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

22/10/93 AJP after AID


Two sections of similar date and related contents, uniformly executed in certain respects, bought, and the first probably corrected, by an identifiable monk of Bury St Edmunds (O.S.B.), and bound together soon afterwards.

A description of the manuscript is given at Rouse, Registrum, pp. clii-iii.

[1] + 1 (former pastedown) + 237 + [1]; foliated 1-237, with 101 repeated. Membrane (A: 0.12 mm., a few flaws; B: 0.12 mm., more variable in quality than A; quires of A and B both with flesh side outermost); 260 x 175 mm. Outer pricking cropped.

Collation: one (f. 1); (A: ff. 2-96) 1-712, 812 wants 10 (blank ?) after f. 94; (B: ff. 97-237) 9-1912, 2012 wants 11-12 (with text) after f. 237, [subsequent quires missing ?].

Catchwords on quires 6-7 and 9-19. (A) quires signed: 1-8, a-h; in quires 1-4 in soft brown with the central fold marked X and all twelve leaves signed in arabic (except d: 10, xj, xij), sometimes with roman numerals added higher up in the second half of the quire. (B) quires signed: 12-20, a-h and j, all in soft brown and at the centre of the lower margin, and with the central fold marked with a medieval 4; quires 9-18 and 20 have the rectos of the first half numbered in arabic in soft brown, at the centre of the lower margin or, quire 10, at the lower right, with the numbers repeated in ink in quire 12; quires 17-19 have the rectos of the first half numbered in arabic in ink at the lower right. Quire 10 numbered '2us' in soft brown. Last leaf of (A) and first of (B) marked with matching signs in soft brown, .

(A and B) Written space 195 x 115 mm.; ruling brown, with writing lines apparently rubbed away on all save blank leaves (ff. 95-6); three verticals for outer margin, and two, or sometimes one in (B), for inner margin. 42 long lines.

(A)

Written in English textura, proficiently.

Decoration: paraphs, in red or blue, generally alternating. Initials: (i) to divisions, 2-line, in blue, with foliate infilling and flourishing in red; (ii) to opening, 5-line, red and blue, with red foliate infilling and extension, and flourishing, and with a double line down left edge of text- block, the inner line plain blue and the outer composed of alternately red and blue brace-bracket forms c. 20-25 mm. high. A note in red, 'in istis 4or quaternis ixCd' de R. (?) L. (?)', f. 49v foot, cropped, more probably refers to the number (950) of red and blue paraphs up to this point, rather than that of rubricated letters ('rubricis litteris' ?). A note at the end of (A) in soft brown, 'In isti [sic] 8o quaterni [sic] sunt de litteris cum paraffis xxj C', f. 96 (812) foot, perhaps in the hand of the signatures in (A) or of the larger ones in (B).

Running-titles generally on versos only, naming Biblical books.

(B)

Written in small English secretary, with a short r of somewhat Continental appearance, expertly, in brown ink, with virgula, punctus and elevatus; by one or two hands: (i), up to f. 217, with rubrics giving names of authors and book-titles in a tall narrow anglicana formata, from wording by a minute version of the main hand in preceding spaces; (ii) from f. 217v to the (defective) end, generally very similar to (i) and increasingly resembling it, but with anglicana a (gradually diminishing in favour of simple a), long r and final 6-shaped s consistently, more uneven lines, and with no rubrication. Hand (i) may be identifiable, see Provenance below.

Decoration: Biblical books and chapters in outer margins in ink by the main hands underlined in red; similarly in text authors' names and works from f. 218 onwards. Scriptural lemmata underlined in red, with red paraphs. Initials: (i) to each work, 2- or 3-line, in blue, with foliate infilling and flourishing in red; (ii) to each author (except Bernard, f. 222v, as i), 4- (ff. 205, 207v), 5- (f. 214v), or 6-line, as (i); (iii) to opening, 6-line, in red and blue, with red foliate infilling and extension, and flourishing.

Running-titles giving author's name, in red, on first page only of relevant portion.



Contents

(A)

1. ff. 2-94v Incipit compendium literalis sensus tocius diuine scripture editum a fratre petro aureoli. ordinis fratrum minorum. Et primo ponitur commendacio sacre scripture in generali. prologus. Uenite ascendamus ad montem ... gregorius .xxiijo moralium. Primo exponens illud iob co. xxxiijo. scriptum est semel ... ... mirre et thuris et vniuersi pulueris pigmentarij. etc. Explicit compendium Petri Aureoli super bybliam tocius pagine sacre etiam Carmine finito sit laus et gloria christo. Qui scripsit scripta manus eius sit benedicta

Petrus Aureoli, Compendium sensus litteralis tocius divine scripture. RBMA 6422, this copy not listed among eight in England. Ed. P. Seeboeck (1896). Here there are 77 rubrics: 5 in Prologue; 1 for each of the groups Pentateuch, Joshua- Maccabees, Major Prophets, Minor Prophets, Gospels, Epistles; 1 for each book of Psalms-Apocalypse, 5 more in Lamentations and 9 more in Apocalypse (Seeboeck p.442 'Caputolum [sic] secundum' here, 451 here 'capitulum iiijm', 458, 474, 495, 514, 527, 550, 553 'Vtilitates libri et condiciones').

ff. 95-96v ruled but blank.

(B)

2. ff. 97r-237v Avgustinus de verbis domini. Liber generacionis iesu christi legitur secundum 15.d. Matheus cepit ab abraham et terminauit ad Ioseph etc. ... ... nam vult intelligi ¶Anselmus cur deus homo [rest wanting]

Patristic tabula, comprising citations relating to New Testament texts from works by Augustine, Ambrose (f. 165), Jerome (f. 176), Gregory (f. 183), Origen (f. 196), Haimo: Pauline Epistles (f. 205), Hugh [of St Victor] (f. 207v), Bede (f. 214v), Bernard (f. 222v), Damascenus: 'in sentenciis suis qui vocatur christus capitulo 79 per totum Donec capitulo 88' (f. 231v), Rabanus: Super Mattheum (f. 232v), Cassiodorus: Super Psalterium (f. 236), Anselm: Cur Deus Homo [and perhaps other works, now all wanting by the loss of subsequent leaves] (f. 237v). Each work is taken separately and the citations are arranged in accordance with the standard order of the New Testament texts to which they refer. This is the only identified substantial survival of what must have been the second stage in compiling the so-called Tabula septem custodiarum, in which all the citations were brought into a single order, comprehending the whole Bible; this was produced by the Oxford Franciscans, probably by 1309, see Rouse, Registrum, pp. xcviii-cxxvi, with discussion of the text here at pp. cx-cxix.



Corrections and Annotation:

(A) Numerous neat small corrections in the text and marginal corrections, in the hand responsible for Thomas Clare's inscriptions (ff. 2, 97); these supply many omissions of words, phrases and longer passages, some clearly correcting errors by homoteleuton, e.g. 77r-78v. IT WOULD BE WORTH COMPARING XEROXES OF THESE FOLS WITH OTHER COPIES: CCCC 156, Durham Cath B.iv.29, BL Add 8902, Royal 2.D.xxxvi, 8.G.iii, Merton 12, 243, Lincoln Coll 18. 'Nota argumentum contra peccatum originale', f. 43v, the only note by the correcting hand, possibly therefore taken from the exemplar.

(B) Omissions supplied by both copyists, but more by (i) than (ii), and some by (i) in (ii)'s stint (ff. 225v and 235).



Provenance

Both sections written in England; most of (B) perhaps by Fredericus Naghel of Utrecht who copied philosophical tracts at Oxford in 1423, see DDM Oxford i no. 781 (Corpus Christi Coll. MS 243) and ii pl. 309.

Secundo folio: Aliquid indicitur (f. 2); audiendi audiat (f. 98).

'De empcione Magistri thome clare cuius anime propicietur altissimus amen (iij li. over erasure)', f. 2, and 'de empcione Thome Clare', f. 97, both in the same hand and ink, an expert English secretary (with long r), s. xv in., also responsible for the corrections in (A); this is not the hand of CUL MS Add. 6190, written at Oxford in 1441 by Thomas Clare, monk of Bury, see DDM Cambridge i,44 no. 106 and ii pl. 237, but most probably his older namesake, also a monk of Bury, who was a doctor of divinity of Oxford by 1414, see BRUO i,425. The phrase 'De empcione' was common at Bury, but 'so far as we know was not used elsewhere', Rouse, Registrum, p. cliii. The first inscription implies a gift and the shortness of the second suggests that the two parts were already bound together: 'prec. ij marc.' erased in the top outside corner of f. 97 and the larger price over an erasure at the front of the volume suggests that the latter is an inclusive sum. The volume probably passed to the Benedictine abbey of Bury, but Gloucester College Oxford, the Benedictine study-house, is also possible.

'H.H.', f. 2, s. xvi/xvii, with some small illegible writing above, perhaps of the same period.

'... Davenport. 1664.' on piece of paper (from previous flyleaf or pastedown) stuck on front pastedown; contents list on f. 1v in his hand.

Binding: marks on former pastedown (f. 1) of 5 bands, VIV. Standard s. xix, 2 clasps.