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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.II.3 Augustinus, Methodius s. xiv ex.; xv1 - xv med.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

 

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

2/2/94 AJP after AID check of AJP revision of AJP


The short older section, (B), was subjoined by 1670 (see list of contents, f. 1v), perhaps by s. xvi2 (see notes, perhaps in the same hand, ff. 36 and 325v).

[1] + 1 (paper, s. xvii) + 327 + [1]; foliated 1-326, with 188, 206 and 290 repeated. Membrane (A: 0.165 mm., good, matt, hair and flesh sides difficult to distinguish, some natural edges and flaws; B: 0.12 mm., mediocre, fleshside outermost, some natural edges), 285 x 190 mm., outer and lower edges cropped (see loss of parts of some signatures), marks from mildew at various points.

Collation: (A: ff.2-314) [quire 'a' missing], 1-398, 40 four (ff. 311-314); (B: ff. 315-325) 4110 + 1 leaf (f. 325) after 10.

Catchwords on quires 1-37. Quires signed 1-22, b-z, with roman numbers; 23-35, a-n, with arabic numbers; f. 317 (413) signed 'iii'. In quires 1-39 the last verso mostly has seven evenly spaced short horizontal marks in soft brown running down into the gutter, perhaps at the sewing-stations.

(A)

Items 1-2:

Written space 221-226 x 138-142 mm.; ruling in sharp grey- brown. Two columns; 40 lines, with ruling for every tenth line only in quires 1-36, but thereafter for each line.

Written in a somewhat rounded secretary that includes 8- shaped g and 6-shaped final s, well-executed, using black ink inclined to flake away.

Decoration: lemmata underlined in red in item 1. Line-fillers, in item 2 only, in red and/or blue. Initials: (i) to item 2 each new second letter, 1-line, in alternating red and blue; (ii) to item 1 homelies and item 2 each new first letter, 3- (up to f. 70v, f. 295, and in item 2), 4-, 5- (ff. 121v, 179, 200, 207, 212v-214v, 218-220. 245v), or 6- (f. 205v) line, in blue, with red flourishing sometimes with distinctive flower-head terminals (e.g. ff. 68v, 129v).

Running-titles: in item 1 only, original, 'Capitulum' and arabic numeral in red above space between columns, 'Omelia' and arabic numeral in ink at top outer corner of rectos.

Item 3:

Written space 222 x 140 mm.; verticals only, in sharp brown. Two columns; 48-49 lines, no ruling.

Written in a secretary of somewhat documentary aspect.

No decoration, apart from penwork elaboration of initials and final Amen.

(B)

Written space c. 225 x c. 135 mm.; ruling in soft brown. 42- 43 long lines.

Written in an angular anglicana, of a documentary type, rarely employing long r.

Decoration not executed, except capital letters filled with red on ff. 324-325v. Blank spaces, with guide-letters, for initials to (i) chapters, 2-line; (ii) opening, 4-line.



Contents

(A)

1. ff. 2-300v crucem leuari saltem cum illi dicerent si filius dei est ... ... eciam ipse compeller(er) terminare sermonem. Expliciunt omelie beati Augustini super Iohannem euuangelistam. Qui scripsit finem; sit benedictus Amen. quod .JB. [or perhaps, being a monogram, .BJ.].

Augustine, In Iohannem tractatus defective at the start: ... iii-cxxiv. PL 35,1397-1976; ed. D. R. Willems, Avrelii Avgvstini opera viii: Sancti Avrelii Avgvstini In Iohannis evangelivm tractatus cxxiv, (CCSL 36; 1954), breaking in at Tract iii: 3.12 (ibid. p. 21). Tract lv starts "Pascha fratres" (f. 207), omitting "Cena domini ... dilexit eos" (ibid. p. 463: 1.1-6). The tracts are numbered in the headings and running-titles in a single sequence, ending 'Omelia 124'; sub-divisions are indicated by marginal letters. Calculation suggests that a little over 9 folios of text is missing at the start, but to judge from signatures a single quire ['a'].

2. ff. 301-312 ABraham. de eius origine fuerunt iudei. christiani autem non sed ex promissione. omelia.42.C. ABscondere.quare christus abscondit se .Oa.28.B. ... ... ZElotipus est deus.oa.13a.h. [Z]Elum domus domini quis habet. omelia.10a.G. Explicit tabula operis Augustini super Iohannem. et cetera. Qui scripsit finem sit benedictus Amen quod .JB. [or, as item 1, .BJ.].

Tabula super Augustinum In Iohannem. The key-words are arranged in strict alphabetical order, with a major coloured capital at the point where the first letter changes and a minor coloured capital where the second letter changes; under each key-word the individual entries are numbered in arabic. Sampling indicates that the lettered subsections of the homilies referred to here correspond to the lettered subsections in item 1 above.

3. (added, s. xv med., in space remaining in quire 40) ff. 312v-314v In nomine domine nostri Iesu Christi Incipit liber methodij ... Sciendum est nobis fratres karissimi quomodo in principio creauit deus celum et terra ... ... Et Impij sine fine penam pacientur. vnde nos dominus eripere dignetur qui viuit cum patre et spiritu sancto per infinita secula. Amen.

Methodius Patarensis pseud., De principio et fine seculi. At least four Latin versions of this text circulated in medieval Europe, see pp. 95-97 in D. Verhelst, 'La préhistoire des conceptions d'Adson concernant l'Antichrist', RTAM 40 (1973), 52-103; one was translated more than once into Middle English. This copy conforms most closely to Verhelst p. 96 note 233, the 'short text' ed. pp. 192-203 in C. d'Evelyn, 'The Middle-English metrical version of the Revelations of Methodius; with a study of the influence of Methodius in Middle-English writings', PMLA 33/NS 26 (1918), 135-203, which lists copies in London, Oxford and Cambridge (pp. 139-140n); for a similar list, cf. John Trevisa, Dialogus inter Militem et Clericum, Richard FitzRalph's Sermon: `Defensio Curatorum', and Methodius, `þe Bygynnyng of þe World and þe Ende of Worldes', ed. A. J. Perry, EETS OS 167 (1925), xxxvii-xliii. This copy includes, however, a substantial passage (ff. 313vb-314b) largely concerned with the Saracens (see Speculum 21 (1946), 318-324), beginning with the words recorded by d'Evelyn p. 210 note 20, which is not found in the longer version ed. E. Sackur, Sibyllinische Texte und Forschungen; Pseudomethodius, Adso und die Tiburtinische Sibylle, (Halle; 1898), pp. 59-96, but does occur in a longer and divergent version in an 'interpolated copy' mentioned by d'Evelyn p.140: B.L. MS Additional 34018 ff. 94 seq.

(B)

4. ff. 315-325v cApitula meditacionum sancti augustini Episcopi et Doctoris de Spiritu Sancto. quomodo peccator inuocabit Spiritum sanctum humiliter ... Set nos viuat secum ineternum. Capitulum xxiij expliciunt Capitula. (f. 315v) Incipiunt Meditaciones capitulum Primum. dOmine deus spiritus sancte timeo et desidero loqui tibi de te pro me ... ... nouos pullos suos pascat. educat. perducat ad nidum illum eternum. in quo cum deo patre et filio. permanes. in secula seculorum. Amen quod <E/C/O/Q.s.wode> expliciunt meditaciones sancti Augustini de Spiritu sancto.

Augustine pseud., Meditaciones de spiritu sancto. Substantial passages are printed in A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen age latin, (Paris; 1971), pp. 415-456. This copy is No. 5 in his list of 19 (pp. 419-425), of which 13 are in the United Kingdom. It has the normal division into 23 sections (p. 426).



Correction and annotation

Corrections in item 1 in the main hand by supplies in the margin keyed in with ad hoc signs touched with red (e.g. ff. 35, 44rv, 83, 84, 141, 167v, 235v, 236, 277rv, 287), and one by a slightly later hand, f. 227v; also by expunctuation (e.g. ff. 136, 298).

Pointing hand and 'Sabellianum', s. xv, f. 146v; note, s. xv, f. 306; pen-trials, ff. 155v, 236v, 269v, 325v.

Notes and signs, s. xvi2, ff. 17, 34, 36-37 (in Greek, on Adam, etc.), 113v ('o ceci papistie ...'), 325v.



Provenance

Written in England; the latter part at least of item 1 and item 2 by a scribe whose initials, JB or BJ, end their colophons; (B) by a scribe, most likely called Eastwode, whose name is partly erased in the final rubric (f. 325v), beside which is added 'gloria patri | laus sit christo', erased.

Secundo folio: to (A) missing; illam desidero (f. 316).

Names, s. xvi/xvii, perhaps in one hand, 'Thomas Graye', ff. 9, 197, and 'John Forster', ff. 146v, 163v. 'Sainte George', ff. 1 and 2 top, s. xvi/xvii, possibly Sir Richard Saint-George (d. 1635), herald and antiquary, or his eldest son, Sir Henry (1581-1644), also a herald, see DNB 50, pp. 126-7 and 125.

'Geo Davenport | 1670.' on slip stuck to front pastedown; f. 1v his note of contents

Binding: Standard, s. xix; 2 clasps.