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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.II.2 Ruth - Esther cum glossa, Aelred; Augustine s. xii in. - ex.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.


Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

22/10/93 AJP after AID check

Originally two separate sections (A and B), brought together by the late twelfth century (see contents-list f. 1v).

[1] + 1 + 174 + [1]; foliated 1-174, with 12 repeated. Membrane (A: 0.17 mm., some natural edges and flaws; B: 0.13 mm., smoother than A; quires of A and B both with hair-side outermost), 266 x 180 mm., top edge heavily cropped, outer pricking frequently cropped in A.

Collation: one (f. 1); (A: ff. 2-147) 18, 2-610, 78, 8-912, 1012 wants 11 canc. after f. 100, [missing quire12], 11- 1312, 1410; (B: ff. 148-174) 15-1610, 1710 wants 7 (blank ?) after f. 173 and 9-10 (blank ?) after f. 174.

Leaves of quires 1-16 numbered by horizontal soft brown strokes at the top left margin of the versos in the second half of each quire. Traces of erased catchwords on leaves 1- 4 in quires 15 and, in red, 16. Quire 2 numbered, .ii., in the centre of lower margin of the last verso (f. 18v), cropped. Catchword on quire 5 in main ink, and perhaps on quires 7-8 and 12 largely cropped; also added s. xiv on quire 11.

Writing and decoration


Items 1-7:

Pricking in inner and outer margins. Written space c. 209 x 153 mm.; ruling in brown. Two gloss columns, one on either side of text column, or, single gloss column, generally outside text column. Single text column (73 mm. wide, ff. 1- 17v; c. 90 mm., ff. 39-45; 72-97 mm., ff. 18-38v, 45v-60; 105-126 mm., ff. 60v-61v), not varying in width on any one page; much unfilled space within ruled area. 40 lines for gloss; text on alternate gloss lines. First line of gloss above top ruled line.

Written in northern European proto-gothic bookhand, in a very similar hand to item 8.

Decoration: text-capitals and headings filled with brownish pink, ff. 9, 47v-48v. Headings in Lombardic capitals, to items 1 in red, and to 7 in red and green. Initials: (i) to items 5-6 and 7 prologue, 2-line, plain red; (ii) to items 1-4 and 7 texts, and to Canticle of elder Tobias, 5-line or more, with reserve features and foliate terminals etc., in red, and green and/or blue, or (f. 9) in green outlined in brownish pink. Pen and ink drawing, contemporaneous, well-executed, of a mythical beast (lion's body and man's head), hind feet cropped, f. 50v lower margin.

Item 8 (beginning f. 63, in the last quire of item 7):

Pricking in inner and outer margin. Written space c. 210 x 130 mm., 32 lines per column, two columns or, 8(c), long lines. First line above top ruled line.

Written as items 1-7, in a very similar hand. Original punctus flexus item 8(d); added on the last leaf (f. 69) of item 8(b).

Decoration: Headings in red capitals to item 8(a), (b), (d) sermons 1-31, (c) explicit, and opening word of (d). Initials: (i) 1-line, to item 8(a) line 9, to 8(b) every 'onera', in plain red or (f. 65v) green, or, to 8(c) 'Omelia' and 'De' (31), in red alternating with alternately green and blue; (ii) to 8(d) sermons 2-31, 3-line or, in a few cases, more, in red, green or blue, some plain but most with foliate infilling and terminals in green and/or red; (iii) to 8(a, b), 5- or 6-line, in red and blue or green, as (ii), or, to 8(d), over 6-line, ink outline only. Faint sketches: a bearded face, f. 103v; two cats (?), f. 121v flanking a hole in the parchment.


Written area c. 215 x 130 mm. approx.; ruling faint sharp grey. 30-31 long lines, the first above the top ruled line.

Written in Caroline minuscule, well-executed, by one hand, s. xii1.

Decoration: initials: (i) to chapters, etc., 2-line, plain red or (f. 158) green; (ii) opening I, as (i), in green with foliate terminal. Sketch, in brown, of foliage, f. 174.


f. 1v In hoc uolumine continentur hec ... [list of all the contents of the volume, on a separate ruling, perhaps in the main hand and ink of (A), s. xii ex.]

1. f. 1v, from a larger sheet, contains part of a geometrical drawing in soft brown, comprising compass-drawn arcs in two sizes and circles, suggestive of the plan of an apse.


Preliminary matter to items 3-4 follows item 4.

2. ff. 2-9 Incipit Liber Ruth. (text:) In diebus unius iudicis ... ... genuit Dauid regem. Explicit Liber Ruth; (marginal gloss:) Rab[anus]. Propter paucitatem spiritualium doctorum ... ... nomen quod spiritus sancti copulemus; (interlinear gloss:) Regno scilicet diaboli qui est princeps ... ... ¶Sinagogam. ¶populus christianus.

Ruth, with Glossa Ordinaria. Ed. ii, 285-306, without starred paragraphs, save for most of Josephus on 2:1, etc. The final gloss, 'Gr[egorius]. Donec ueniat ... ad dispensationem domini nostri iesu christi', is followed here by five further glosses, 'Idem. Si manducabat iesus et bibebat. ... non absurde dicimus; Or[igenes]. Iusticiam accidentem quis habere ... eam possibile est; Or. In secundo de periarchon. Materia extra ... ratione inuenitur; Pamphilus. Incusatur origenes quod dei filium ... rationales sint; Or. In primo libro de peria(r)ch<r>on. Ex his didicimus tantam esse et auctoritatis ... spiritus sancti copulemus.' Stegmller, Rep. Bib., 11788/1-4.

3. ff. 9-25v Liber Tobie incipit. (text:) Tobias ex tribu et ciuitate neptalim ... ... et cunctis terram habitantibus. Explicit liber Tobie; (marginal gloss:) Beda. Liber tobie: in superficie littere ... ... fraterna societate copulandi; (interlinear gloss:) ¶Bonus domini. ¶Personam describit ... ... in terra uiuentium.

Tobit, with Glossa Ordinaria. Ed. ii, 1499-1554, without starred paragraphs or gloss on 1:6 'Videtur obloqui'. Stegmller, Rep. Bib., 11797/2-3.

4. ff. 25v-48 (Incipit liber Iudith). (text:) Arfaxat itaque ... ... in presentem diem. Explicit liber Iudit; (marginal gloss:) Rab. Queritur quo tempore ... ... recordaremur tui syon. ¶Dum durat presens seculum; (interlinear gloss:) ¶Quo tempore hystoria ... ... euaserunt potestatem

Judith, with Glossa Ordinaria. Ed. ii, 1553-1612, without starred paragraphs, save on 10:5 from 'Abre sue. carnalibus', or the glosses on 1:4 'In gloria', 11:4 'Aug. Species', and 16:25 'Amb. Nec his'. Glosses here not in ed. are on 10:3, 'ut occidat uermes qui non moriuntur', and 15:8, 'Omnium militum christi quamuis impar labor ... adornatum conferant ecclesie'. Stegmller, Rep. Bib., 11798/1-4.

5. (a) f. 48rv Prologus in Thobiam. Chromatio et Heliodoro ... ... dignati complesse. Explicit prefacio - Beda. Liber thobie in superfitie ... ... in subditis;

(b) f. 48v Capitula Personam<*> describens: ostendit ... ... Qualiter rediit ... conuersatione permansit [xiij].

(a) Tobit prologue, Stegmller, Rep. Bib., 332; Bib. Sac., viii, 155-6; and first unstarred gloss ed. ii, 1500, which also occurs on f. 9 above. Both preface and gloss occur at the end of Esther on the fragment now Bamburgh Sel.40 back fly-leaf.

(b) Tobit capitula, matching neither set in Bib. Sac. viii, 159-61, which have 16 and 15 chapters; Cambridge Pembroke Coll. MS 63 ff. 89v-90 has a similar list of 13 chapters.

6. ff. 48v-49 Prologus. In Iudith. Apud hebreos ... ... superaret. Explicit prologus. Arphaxat: superbos signat ... ... insidias cogitationis.

Judith prologue, Stegmller, Rep. Bib., 335; and brief typology not in ed. ii, 1553-6.

7. (a) f. 49 Incipit liber Hester. Librum hester uariis translatoribus ... ... et in lxx. editione maluimus. Explicit prefatio sancti iheronimi. Historiam Hester tempore assueri non dubitamus fuisse ... ... simulacrorum seruitus.

(b) ff. 49v-62v Incipit liber Hester. (text:) In diebus assueri ... ... seminis sui pertinerent. Que habentur in hebreo ... ueru prenotauimus. Explicit liber Hester; (marginal gloss:) Assuerus qui nomine christum ... ... quia nec habuit; (interlinear gloss:) ¶vii. Simile est regnum celorum ... ... sunt ierusalem. ¶filiorum spiritualium.

Esther, with Glossa Ordinaria:

(a) Prologue, Stegmller, Rep. Bib., 241; Bib. Sac. ix, 3-4; and glosses, as ed. ii, 1614-7 the first, second and fourth unstarred glosses, cf. Stegmller, Rep. Bib., 11799/1-2.

(b) Text, ending with Jerome's interjection, Bib. Sac. ix, 48; with gloss, ed. ii, 1613-58, without starred paragraphs or marginal glosses on 1:1, 2, save for 'Virtus ... suadeat' and 3 'Huius conuiuii' which are in (a) above, on 5:5, save for 'Concordat ... iniqui', and on 8:14. Stegmller, Rep. Bib., 11799/3.

8. (a) ff. 63-64 Epistola A. Abbatis Rieuallis: ad G. uenabilem [sic] episcopum Lundoniensem. Dilecto et diligendo ... ... uel ultra precedere parati.

(b) ff. 64-69v Sermo in aduentu domini: de undecim oneribus. Tempus est: fratres carissimi ut misericordiam ... ... inueniamur. prestante <domino> domino nostro.

(c) f. 70 Omelia i. De eo quod scriptum est. Onus babilonis quod uidit ysaias filius Amos. ... ... Omelia xxxi. De eo quod scriptum est. Uenter meus ad Moab sonabit. usque ad finem oneris Moab. Expliciunt capitula.

(d) ff. 70-147v Incipit omelia prima: de onere Babilonis. (f. 70v) Omnium que fuerunt uel sunt uel futura sunt ... ... uel aliorum edificationem attemptabimus.

Aelred of Rievaulx, Sermones de oneribus:

(a) Epistola de sermonibus. PL 195, 361-4. Stegmller, Rep. Bib., 942. The name initials are glossed by a cursive hand of s. xiii1 `Aldredi' and `Gilebertum', the latter being Gilbert Foliot who became bishop of London in 1163; Aelred died in 1167.

(b) Sermo in adventu domini. PL 184, 817-28; Schneyer, i,62, no.26.

(c) List to (d).

(d) Sermones De oneribus, defective. PL 195, 365-500; La Bigne, Magna Bib., xiii, 8-71. Schneyer, i,62-5, nos 27-39, 43-57. Text lost between ff. 101 and 102, i.e. between PL 414 line 6 'iocundum reseruat' in sermon 13 and 431 line 14 'cucurrimus' in sermon 17, calculable as over 11 leaves so presumably a quire of 12, particularly as this manuscript, like other English copies of s. xii, appears to contain the longer version (ed. La Bigne); cf. C. Dumont, `Autour des sermons De oneribus d'Aelred de Rievaulx', Coll. Ord. Cist. Reform. 19 (1957), 114-21. The sermons have the normal numbering, as A. Hoste, Bibliotheca Aelrediana, Instrumenta patristica 2, (Steenbruge; 1962), pp. 55-57, where this copy is listed; Sermon 23 is subdivided (123v), with the words 'Hec fratres moraliter' (PL 195, 458 line 21) starting a new line with a red capital, but no rubric or number, and this subdivision is also found in Paris, Bib. Nat. MS lat. 17467, and Bib. Mazarine MS 998, which, with Bib. Nat. MS lat. 491, agree with the corrected text here.


9. (a) ff. 148-169v (Augustinus Contra Julianum) Iam nunc ab alterius uoluminis exordio ... ... iure ante ferri possunt.

(b) ff. 169v-173 Duo fecit adam pudenda abscondit ... ... tunc ueritatem poteris tenere qua uinceris.

Augustine, Contra Julianum, (a) Book iv,1-15, PL 44, 737-76/42, here in 18 chapters; (b) short extracts from Bks v-vi, ending with the final sentence, cf. PL 44, 781-874. Title added s. xiii in. by a hand found in similar titles of other Durham Priory books.

Correction and Annotation

Items 1-8 corrected early, including supply in more than one hand of omitted matter (e.g. ff. 10 r. marg., 12/3 interlinear gloss, 16 foot, 19, 21v, 24v, 34, 58rv, 60v). In item 8 original marginal 'Nota's and 'D.M.' (e.g. f. 84v), 'N.O.' (f. 99v); corrections and annotations in plummet and ink in s. xiv anglicana, as also in item 9. 4-line note of the same period on f. 1r. Doxology (?), in faint grey, added s. xii/xiii at the end of item 8(b).


Written in England. The use of the punctus flexus in item 8(d), but not elsewhere in (A), may reflect the Cistercian origin of the work and hence the exemplar, rather than the context in which this copy was made. The similarity of the writing of the list of contents on f. 1v and of the contemporary Durham ex-libris on f. 2 suggest strongly that items 1-7 and 8 were written for the monastery, after 1163 (see item 8a); cf. also above item 4's added title. Mynors compares the initials of (A) to those of several Cathedral Library manuscripts. IS THE HAND OF (B) FOUND IN OTHER DCP MSS?

Secundo folio: angustia (f. 3), Dicit (f. 149).

'Liber sancti Cuthberti de Dunelmo', f. 2, s. xii ex., in hand and ink very like that of the contents-list on f. 1v and of the text of items 1-7; item 9 added title, s. xii/xiii, is in a hand found in other Durham Cathedral books, cf. Piper pls 58-59. 'Liber sancti Cuthberti de Dunelmo', f. 1, s. xiii/xiv, in a cursive hand. Identifying letter 'D' at the top of f. 2, s. xiv/xv. Cropped remains of inscriptions at the head of ff. 2 and 63 in the hand of the Priory librarian c. 1400. Whole contents of volume listed in the Cloister catalogue of 1395: Cat. Vet. p. 50.

Items 1-7, 8 and 9 listed separately in John Cosin's subject catalogue of c. 1668. As well as providing the usual inscription of the episcopal library Rud made some marginal notes on the content of items 8 and 9.

Binding: s.xix med., usual style, with two clasps.

DCM p.72, no.120.