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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.I.8 Anselm; Augustine s. xiv1

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

2/2/90 AJP revision of AJP + AID

This volume was procured by Robert Graystanes, monk of Durham, together with several other volumes of Augustine's works still in the Cathedral Library (MSS ), probably in Oxford, where they were probably also made, in the 1320s, some from exemplars in the Cathedral Priory's collections.

[1] + 1 (coarse, s. xvii ?) + 141 + 1 (medieval flyleaf) + [1]; foliated 1-142, repeating 60. Membrane (0.12 mm.; smooth; some natural flaws, sewn up f. 115, and edges; quires with fleshside outermost), 325 x 220 mm.; outer and lower edges cropped, see loss of leaf-numbering.

Collation of ff. 2-141: 1-1112, 1210 wants 10 (blank ?).

Catchwords on quires 1-11. Quires 4 and 6 numbered on first recto at extreme lower left. Leaves in the first half of quires 1 and 6-12 numbered in roman in soft brown. Quires 1- 10 signed two-thirds down lower outer margin in soft brown, a-k, with x at each central gutter on the recto.

No pricking, apart from pricks for main frame-lines. Written space 250-252 (quires 1-2), 253-255 (quire 3) or 248-250 x 164-166 (quires 1-3), 160-175 (quire 4), 157 (quires 5-7), 154 (quire 8), 149-151 (quires 9-10) or 146-148 mm.; ruled in greyish brown. 2 columns. 62-67 (quires 1-3) or 52-56 lines.

Written expertly, ff. 1-14/46 (I) and ff. 14/46-36v/6 (II) in fere-textura, by two hands, with wording for rubrics in (I) in margins in anglicana; ff. 36v/7 onwards (III) in textura, perhaps all, apart from part of f. 49v/a-b, by one somewhat variable hand, using paler ink to start with.

Decoration: text-capitals stroked with red, rather inconspicuosly in stint (I). Paraphs, red or blue, in stint (I). Initials: (i) to similitudes of item 1, two divisions of item 2, and texts and sermon-openings of item 4, 2-line, blue, with infilling and flourishing in red; (ii) to item 3 book 2, I, a mitred figure in orange robe on a gold base, on a pink ground patterned with white, extended for most of space between columns in pink and blue patterned with white, touched with gold and ending in tri-lobed leaves inter alia in orange; (iii) to item 4 second half, 4-line, and to each item, and book 3 of item 3, 6- - 8-line, inhabited, in blue or pink patterned with white, on grounds of the other colour patterned with white, framed, except ff. 1 and 102, with gold, enclosing, against plain gold grounds, scenes, for which some directions in sharp greyish brown remain in the margins: f. 2, on left figure (Anselm) in mitre and pink cloak with orange collar seated at lectern writing in book, with two circles in top right corner; f. 14, 'Episcopus in cathedra scribens & coram eo juuenis disputans contra episcopum (?) de prescientia (?) dei Maiestas & liber clarus in manu (?)', as f. 2, but seated figure (Anselm) in blue cloak, and with face and right arm (of God ?) at top right handing down red book, and below tonsured figure in blue with hand[s] raised in prayer; f. 19v, 'Episcopus in cathedra ...', as f. 2, but (Augustine), and with brown bear's head (Devil) at top right and below it a figure [Evodius] in pink gown and orange undergarment standing with right hand raised and holding a severed hand (?) in left; f. 28v 'Episcopus in cathedra scribens & contra eum discipulus disputans de deo ex vna parte & Cumulus pecunie ex altera parte', as f. 2, but seated figure (Augustine) in blue cloak, with top section occupied by bust (God) in pink, blessing with right hand and holding T-sphere in left hand, and with heap [of money, see direction] to the right, and below tonsured figure in blue with orange undergarment with hands raised in dispute; f. 36v 'Episcopus scribens in cathedra & cum cristo loquens', as f. 2, but (Augustine) with haloed figure (Christ) on right in orange-lined blue cloak with pink undergarment and with hands raised in exposition; f. 102 'Episcopus in cathedra & paulus loquens sibi coram eo', also 'contra arrianos' for unfilled rubric, as f. 2, but with haloed bald beared figure (Paul) on right in orange cloak and pink undergarment holding sword upright in left hand.

Running-titles in red for titles, and, for book-numbers of item 3 and sermon-numbers of item 4, alternately red and blue characters, repeated for item 4 in margin beside initials.

Contents:

1. ff. 2-14 (Ans de Similitudinibus) Anselmus Cantuariensis archiepiscopus de humanis moribus siue de similitudinibus. Quod uoluntas dicitur tribus modis. Uoluntas tripliciter intelligitur. voluntas enim dicitur illud anime instrumentum. quo uult et affeccio eiusdem instrumenti ... ... ita angeli spiritus malignos a sua seuicia cohercent et opprimunt ne nobis noceant inquantum uolunt. Explicit liber .a. de similitudinibus.

De similitudinibus Anselmi, i-cxcii. PL 159,605-702; with additional matter in caps 71 (Memorials of St. Anselm, ed. R. W. Southern & F. S. Schmitt, (Auctores Medii Aevi 1; OUP for British Academy, London, 1969), p. 63/7-9), 98 (ibid., p. 80/18-19), 124 (ibid., p. 86/3-4; etc.), and 125 (ibid., p. 86/15-17). A number of rubrics are omitted.

As originally copied there were 203 divisions, counting 18 which has space for a rubric but not for a capital; this results from the amalgamation of 52 & 53, 99 & 100, 105 & 106, 152 & 153, 190 & 191, the division of 5, 6, 25, 89, 104, 122, 132, 182 and 188 into two, of 159 into three, and of 131 into six. Subsequently divisions were introduced where chapters had been amalgamated, save in the case of 190 & 191, and a further division was made in 25. The chapters were numbered 1 - 197, with no number assigned to 5ii, 25ii & iii, 100, 158, 159i & ii, 160, 182i & ii, and 192 (ult.).

2. ff. 14-19v Incipit liber de concordia presciencie et gracie. De tribus illis questionibus in quibus dei presciencie. atque predestinacioni nec non et gracie liberum arbitrium repungnare uidetur ... ... si hoc scriberem; quod gratis accepi gratis uolui petentibus impende. Explicit liber anselmi. Cantuariensis archiepiscopi. De concordia presciencie et predestinacionis. et gracie dei sum libero arbitrio.

Anselm, De concordia praescientiae et praedestinationis et gratiae dei cum libero arbitrio. PL 158,507-542; ed. F. S. Schmitt, S. Anselmi Cantuariensis archiepiscopi opera omnia, ii, (Edinburgh; 1946), 245-288. In addition to the normal tripartite division the scribe indicated by means of marginal numbers a division into 21 sections, of which 8 and 9 comprise Quaestio II.

3. ff. 19v-36v Incipit augustinus. de libero arbitrio. Dic mihi queso te utrum deus non sit auctor mali.(R) Dicamus (si) planum feceris; de quo malo queras. ... ... et ab hac disputacione requiescere aliquando compellit. Explicit liber augustinus de libero arbitrio.

Augustine, De libero arbitrio. PL 32,1221-1310; ed. W. M. Green, Sancti Avrelii Avgvstini opera, VI,iii, (CSEL 74; 1956); idem, Avrelii Avgvstini opera, II,2, (CCSL 29; 1970), 211-321. Sample readings do not point consistently to any one of the four recensions, ibid. 207-208. The two speakers are indicated by lightly written letters, mostly in spaces provided, but a few by interlinear addition; as in MS R, the letters are A and R, corresponding to ibid. Evodius and Augustinus.

4. ff. 36v-141 Incipit liber.augustini. de verbis. domini. .1. Agite penitenciam appropinquabit enim regnum celorum. .2. Luceat lumen ... .3. Attendite ne iusticiam ... .4. Qui fecerit et sic docuerit maximus ... De scripturis ueteribus ac nouis de trinitate contra arianos .65. Ewangelium audiuimus et in eo dominum eos arguentem ... ... (f. 102) Audi quod sequitur quod bona egerunt in resurreccionem iudicij conuersi ad dominum. Explicit.liber. augustini.de verbis domini. Incipit liber.augustini.de verbis apostoli. Sancta et diuina eloquia fratres iugiter immo cotidie ... (f. 102v) equales angelis dei per christum dominum. .1. De corpore et sanguine domini ... .23. Videte quomodo caute ambulemus ... I AVdiuimus ueracem magistrum diuinum redemptorem ... ... ego erogem ueniet qui exigat. Tu autem domine miserere. Nostri. DEO GRACIAS. Qui scripsit Carmen sit benedictus.Amen.

Augustine, Sermones 64 `De verbis domini' (64) & `De verbis apostoli' (25). PL 39,2429-2431 lists the collections; in `De verbis domini' this copy diverges in having Serm. App. 72 instead of App. 70 as No. 14, and in `De verbis apostoli' in having Serm. App. 109 between Serms 131 and 163, and ending after Serm. 167. These features are discussed in P. Verbraken, `La collection des sermons de Saint Augustin "De verbis Domini et Apostoli"', Revue Be'ne'dictine 77, (1967), 27-46, where a classification of the manuscripts is offered. Although here the rubric and the illuminated initial at the beginning of Serm. 384 (f. 102) make it the first in `De verbis apostoli', putting this copy in Family A, the capitula to `De verbis apostoli' come after Serm. 384, with the next sermon, Serm. 131, numbered 1 (f. 102v), indicating an exemplar with Serm. 384 as the last in `De verbis domini', and so belonging to Family B. The opening of Serm. 117 (f. 70v) is not divergent, quite possibly as a result of intelligent correction, but otherwise this copy has the features of the group B1* tige, described by Verbraken (p. 37) as `spe'cifiquement anglaise': Serm. 112 ends `obdormiam in morte' (f. 67v: PL 38,647), while `De verbis apostoli' has Serm. App. 109 as No. 2, and ends after Serm. 167.

In the capitula to `De verbis domini' (f. 36v) No. 2 is divided and the latter part is numbered `3', so that the following capitula are numbered one too high, up to No 50, numbered `51'; since what should be No 51 is omitted, Nos 52-65 are numbered correctly. Durham Cathedral Library MS B.II.18, the twelfth-century copy of these sermons that belonged to Durham Cathedral Priory, does not appear to be the immediate source of this error.

5. f. 141 (colophon) l<ibe>r <S. Cuthberti de Dunelm>o ex procuracione fratris R<o>berti de Graystanis. Et continent in eo libri subscripti | de similitudinibus | de concordia. predestinacionis presciencie | et gracie cum libero arbitrio. -- Anselmi |

De libero arbitrio. | De uerbis domini super .4. euangelia. | De uerbis apostoli -- Augustini

ff. 141v-142 blank, save for notes in soft brown on De verbis domini and one in ink on De verbis apostoli, s. xiv, f. 142.

Correction and Annotation:

Some side-notes in original hands. Notes in soft brown, ff. 35-38. Notes in ink , s.xiv, ff. 45-47 and 49-51. 'sc'' repeatedly in soft brown in the margins - what is its meaning ?

Written in England, probably in Oxford; Dr J. J. G. Alexander and Mr M. Michael regard the illumination as Oxford work of the period (1323-35) when Graystanes was there. Durham Cathedral Library MSS B.II.19-20, also acquired by him, have similar directions to their illuminator, but by a different hand.

Secundo folio: agat quibus

Procured by Robert Graystanes, monk of Durham (d. 13xx) and recorded in Oxford 1323 - 1335, presumably for his house, see colophon, item 5 above. 'D.', s. xiv ex., and 'D.', followed by title, s. xiv/ex, f. 2 head, in the usual style of Durham Priory letter-marks. The manuscript is identified by these, and its secundo folio, as entered in the catalogue of the cloister collection in 1395, Catt. Vet., p. 71.

'Geo.Davenport. 1663.' on a slip stuck to front pastedown; his list of contents, f. 1v.

Binding: standard, s. xix med.; 2 clasps.