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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.I.7 Rog. Waltham, Compendium morale; etc. s. xv med.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

6/2/90 AJP revision of AJP + AID

[1] + 1 (paper, s. xvii) + 248 + [1]; foliated i, 1-248. Membrane (0.12 mm.; smooth; natural edge, f. 185; quires with fleshside outermost), 330 x 233 mm. Outer edges cropped; upper corner of f. 114 and lower third of f. 247 torn away, with loss of text; some leaves soiled; stains on f.248.

Collation: 18 wants 1-3 before f. 1, 28, 310, 4 two (ff. 25- 26), 58 wants 1-2 before f. 27, 6-278, 288 wants 1 before f. 207, 29-308, 318 wants 2 before f. 231, 328, 332, 34 two (ff. 247-248). Catchwords on quires 1-3 and 5-32, in cartouches, some with red decoration. Quires 10-26 signed F- y, but cropped away on quires 13, 15-16 and 20-21.

No evidence of pricking. Written space 239-244 x 175-177 (83.13.80) mm., or, ff. 27-248, 232-235 x 158-168 (71.17.70 - 75.18.74) mm.; ruled in ink. Double columns. 41-42, or, ff. 27-248, 34-35 lines.

Written in a set, somewhat angular, anglicana, commonly with sinlge-compartment a, or, for rubrics, bastard anglicana, expertly. Ink black, flaked away on some leaves.

Decoration: text-capitals of items 2-5 inconspicuously filled with yellow. Most head-words in item 1, and sources of citations in item 2, underlined in red. Paraphs red or blue, alternating in item 1 and list of rubrics concluding item 2, the latter having red line-fillers. Divisions of text of item 2 entered in margins, in red. Initials: (i) to item 4 and to divisions of items 4 and 6 and subdivisions of item 2, 2-line, blue, with infilling and flourishing in red; (ii) to item 5, 3-line, as (i); (iii) to each new letter of item 1, 4-line, as (i); (iv) to divisions of item 2, 2-line, gold, on a ground of deep pink or blue and filled with the other colour, patterned with white, with marginal sprays in ink touched with pale green; (v) to item 7, 3- line, as (iv) with pink infilling shaded with white; (vi) to item 6, 4-line, as (iv); (vii) to item 3, 6-line, blue and pink shaded with white, on a ground of gold decorated with foliage and strawberry pistil in orange, green, blue and pink shaded with white, and with marginal sprays as (iv) also with foliage as on ground and gold ivy-leaves; (viii) to items 1 and 2, missing.

Running-titles, in item 2 only, in red, giving Rubric number.


1. (quires 1-4) ff. 2-25 [missing beg. Abstinencia Octauiani in suis cenis notatur R.2.F.4. ...] Amicus ab amico non peteret res nisi honestas. Ra.11a.E.1. Amicus facere iocundius est ... ... Zerses rex medorum deceptus adulatoribus cum maximo exercitu vincitur. Ra.5a.A.3. Explicit Tabula super compendium Morale. Laus deo.

Thomas Grant (d. 1474), Tabula super Compendium Morale Rogeri de Waltham; an alphabetical subject-index to item 2 below. For the authorship and opening words see Oxford Bodleian Library MS Laud misc. 616; Bodl. MS Fairfax 4 contains the same index, but other copies of item 2 have differing indexes. On Grant, see Emden, B.R.U.O.

ff. 25v-26v ruled but blank.

2. ff. 27-216v [First two leaves lost, beg. Sapientiam sanctorum exquiret ...] si plurimorum noticia comprobetur. Et per Senece epistola 6. Nullius boni sine socio iocunda possessio est ... ... (f. 216) ... sicut bonus debitor optimo creditori. Explicit compendium Morale de quibusdam dictis et factis exemplaribus antiquorum per Rogerum de Waltham. Canonicum Londoniensem compilatum ... beate virgini se commendans. Amen. Rubrice huius Compendii Moralis. Prologus in compendium Morale de virtuosis dictis et factis exemplaribus antiquorum. Ra. 1a. Descripcio rei publice ... Ra. 2a. ... (f. 216v) ... Ra. 12a. Qualiter temperandus sit animis ... timenda vel non timenda.

Roger of Waltham (d. 1336), Compendium Morale. Bloomfield, no. 5289. Most copies seem to be s. xv med. Here the text is divided into 12 rubrics; red letters and numbers in the margins indicate these divisions and subsections, which correspond to those used in item 1, but in the list of rubrics (ff. 216r-v) the Prologue is numbered '1' and in consequence Rubric 1-9 are numbered '2' - '10', but, since Rubric 10 is unnumbered, Rubrics 11 and 12 are so numbered, as in the text. Each of Rubrics 7 and 8 in the list (i.e. 6 and 7 of the text) is divided into two, at 'De .jj. [recte 12] Abusionibus' and 'De quadriplici paciencia', but in neither case is this second part numbered and the sub- divisions of the text are continuous. Other copies have 13 Rubrics (B.L. MS Royal 7.E vii) or 14 Capita (Oxford, Merton Coll. MS 265).

The text includes French quotations: 'iuxta illud quod gallice dicitur Fous est qe fere ne voet. ceo qe a force fere le estuet', f. 112v; 'Et ideo a tali amore cauendum est. sicut inde alius. sic gallice refert. Damour qe de pecche vien se doit chescun bien garder. keplins la croit pur fol se tient qant vient a desseuerer. Nul ne se ydoit affier qe damage et honte crient. Nest pas amour einz est amer qe meynt homme ad mys a nyent', f. 181v. Original marginal gloss re Ciconia, 'anglice a stork', f. 61.

f. 216v/b ruled but blank.

3. ff. 217-231 Incipit liber exortacionis Beati Augustini ad <quendam del.> Comitem Iulianum carissimum sibi. O mi Frater. Si cupias scire quam uis ego nesciam quam perfectissima atque plenissima est iusticia ... ... vna deitas. gloria. virtus. honor. imperium. et potestas in secula seculorum. Amen.

Paulinus of Aquileia, De salutaribus documentis. PL 40, 1047-78; 99, 197-282, lacking 279/2-282/21, by loss of leaf between ff. 230 and 231. An s. xiv ex. English copy (Manchester, John Rylands Univ. Lib. MS. Lat. 341, ff. 84- 103) is edited in S. L. Fristedt, The Wycliffe Bible, II (Stockholm Studies in English 21, 1969), 61-120. Here the text has no divisions.

4. ff. 231-235v Tractatus Aurelij Augustini de couersione [sic]. Conuersorum sancte et pie in christo viuencium tres in conuersione alternacionum status ordine sibi inuicem succedentes ... ... Sed ipsa lux sit. Vt sit nos lux exterius circumscribat. Vt interius impleat. Vt in circumscripta exterius circumscribat. Quod nobis prestare dignetur iesus qui cum patre et spiritu sancto viuit et r. deus. Amen.

A compilation, mainly comprising extracts from Gregory, Moralia in Job, xxiv, 11; see PL 76,301 (f. 232), 302-303 (f. 232v), 303-304 (f. 233r-v), 304 (f. 233v), 304-307 (ff. 234v-235v). Another copy is in Cambridge Trinity College MS B.5.18 (164) ff. 67-71, in which there is also a copy, ff. 47v-48, of item 5 below.

5. ff. 235v-236v Tractatus Aurelii Augustini ad Religiosos. Ex quo surgit Religiosus ad matutinas vel ad vigilias. vite sue tempus debet semper Monachus prospicere et videre vt semper bene faciat. ... ... Contricionem debet habere; quia deum conditorem suum offendit. Uerecundiam. quia quod ante vnum hominem non faceret. in conspectu dei et angelorum facere non erubuit.

Rmer, I, 377, lists this and another copy among unidentified attributions to Augustine: see under item 4 above.

6. ff. 236v-239v Incipit epistola Aurelij Augustini ad Cirillum de laude Ieronimi. Gloriosissimi cristiane fidei atlete sancte Matris ecclesie lapidis angularis in quo ad modum fundata firmata consistit ... ... cum nullatenus possit suo desiderio defraudari. Valeque ora pro me. Deo gracias.

Augustine, pseud., Epistola de S.Hieronymo. BHL, no. 3867. PL 22, 281-289; 33, 1120-1126. F. Cavallera, Saint Jrme I, ii, (Louvain, 1922), pp.144-145, argues for s. xiv authorship of both this and item 7 below. The single subdivision (f. 237) is at PL 22,283/56 (33,1122/27), where the text diverges noticeably.

7. ff. 239v-248 Incipit epistola Cyrilli ad Aurelium Augustinum de transitu Ieronimi gloriosi. Uenerabili viro episcoporum eximio Augustino ... ... Quo quid ei acciderit enarrante deo et glorioso Ieronimo laudes maxime persoluuntur. Amen.

Cyril, pseud., Epistola de S. Hieronymo. BHL, no. 3868. PL 22, 289-309, end of cap.xii; 33, 1126-1141, end of cap.xii. See item 6 above for Cavallera on authorship. The bottom third of f. 247 is torn away.

f. 248v ruled but blank.

Correction & Annotation:

Item 2 has original sidenotes: Narracio, Exemplum, Parabola, Prosa latina et gallica (f. 181v, see above), Versus. Some original or contemporary marginal notes in item 3, including hand-pointers. Rough bird or animal head in soft brown, f. 112 lower margin. 'Nota' and 'Nota bene' repeatedly on ff. 171-177, s.xv. 'Hystoria notanda' in soft brown, f. 171v foot; 'notanda sequencia', in ink with a thick pen, f. 195v, s. xvi in., accompanies much underlining and systematic marginal markings in grey-brown ink, which earlier in item 2 are accompanied by a secretary hand rather of s. xvi med.; by the same (?), f. 212, the foundation of the Grande Chartreuse and the Carthusian order is marked with an ink trefoil. IS THIS THE LAUD ANNOTATOR. Italic marginalia s. xvi/xvii, e.g. on ff.81v-82r, 104-6.

Written in England.

Secundo folio: Amicus ab (f. 1).

'Geo. Davenport. 1670.' on paper slip (from previous binding) stuck on pastedown; his list of contents, f. 1v.

Binding: standard, s. xix med.; 2 clasps.