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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.I.3

Breviarium sec. usum Sarum, cum notis, defect. s. xv1

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

14/2/90 AJP revision of AJP

Noted pieces in all items (only f. 1 in 1), except 8; blank spaces for staves and notation in item 10, and blank staves for pieces on ff. 38, 102v, 103v, 104r-v, 105v, 106v-107, 108, 109r-v, 174v, 175, 175v, 177v, 178, 180-181 and 186 ('Regina celi', filled in later).

A book of complex origin, perhaps produced in a single workshop. There are seven main sections (A) - (G), to which further material was subsequently added (items 3-4 and 10). One section (D) is the Kalendar (item 8), while (E) originally comprised the Common of time; of the other five sections only one (C) has integral lections, but (A) provides the lections for (B), leaving only (F) and (G), the Common of saints and Sanctoral, with no lections now in the manuscript. (B + F + G) and (C) were apparently written for two separate books, (B) then being extended with a short quire (13), written by a scribe not found elsewhere in the book, to join it to the front of (C); at this stage (C) had apparently lost the outer bifolium of its first quire (14), and so needed a replacement for its last leaf (f. 100), which was written by another scribe not found elsewhere in the book. (A), to judge by the size and position of its text-block, was originally intended to form part of a wider book, but in the event was only written to the end of the lection required before the start of (C), with most of the final page of (A) was left blank; the final sentences of this lection survived on the first leaf of (C), f. 90, but these were also included at the end of (A), f. 35v, so avoiding the inconvenience of a split lection.

The production of the seven sections began independently, except that the main scribe of (B), (F) and (G) could be identical; (C) has larger quires than the rest of the manuscript, but is uniform with (B) and (E) - (G) in written space and number of lines, whereas (A) differs in both respects from all the other sections. The differences between the cadels provided in five of the sections are the same as those between the scribes; they are in three hands, one being found only in (E), a second in (F), (G) and all of (B) except its supplementary final quire, and the third in that quire and on the supply-leaf in (C)'s first quire (f. 100). For the principal initials, however, that in (A) is identical in style to those in (B) and one of those in (G), whereas those in (E) are different; in (A), (B) and (G) there are also catchwords in drawings of dogs. (E) does have notation in the hand largely responsible for (B), (F) and (G); all the original notation in (C) is in a hand not found elsewhere in the manuscript. The flourishing of the minor initials in the latter part of (C) is by the same hand as in (E); a second hand was responsible in the first five quires of (B), together with (F) and almost all (G), and a third hand in the latter parts of (A) and of (B), in part of (C), in the Kalendar (D), and for short stints in (G). By this stage it seems clear that the seven sections had been brought together.

Supplementation took place in two phases. Items 3 and 4, on a subquire inserted into quire 12, were written in a hand not found elsewhere in the manuscript, and have blank spaces for both cadels and minor initials, but the notation is in the same hand as the short quire (13) completing (B), the supply-leaf (f. 100) at the end of the next quire, parts of the following leaf (f. 101) and the bifolium (ff. 375, 378) added to the second quire of (G). This bifolium, also in a hand not found elsewhere in the manuscript, has a minor initial in a style quite different from any others; it forms part of an irregular quire (43), in which it proved necessary to cancel a leaf, and where the notation of the first five of the older leaves (ff. 373-374, 376-377 and 379) is in a hand not found elsewhere in the manuscript.

The second phase of supplementation is represented by item 10, added on the blank leaves at the end of (E), presumably after the ex libris (see below) was entered at the end of item 9. The spaces for initials and notation were left blank; the same hand is found completing item 7, where there is also a blank space for an initial.

[1] + 462 + [1]; foliated 1-459, with 225, 321 and 323 repeated. Membrane (0.15 mm.; quires of (C) with fleshside outermost, but otherwise not readily distinguishable; some natural flaws (stitching gone, ff. 295, 361), patched f. 428), 373 x 255-260 mm., all edges cropped, but especially outer edges of (A). Holes in f. 67, outer corner and edge of f. 192 and lower edge of f. 193 cut or torn away, with a little loss of text. Tears in ff. 191, 270-271, 440, repaired. Lower outer corners of (E) soiled from use.

Collation:

(A: ff. 1-35) 18 wants 2-4 after f. 1, 2-38, 48 with 1 and 8 (ff. 22 and 29) a replacement bifolium, 54, 62;

(B: ff. 36-89) 78 wants 1 before f. 36, 8-108, 118 wants almost all 7 after f. 72, 128 + 4 (ff. 81-84 inserted between 7 and 8), 134;

(C: ff. 90-295) 1412 wants 1 before f. 90, 15-2712, 2812 wants 1 before f. 256 and 11 after f.264, 2912 wants 2 after f. 266 (stub now apparently before f. 266), 3012, 3112 wants 1 before f. 289 4-5 after f. 290 and 11-12 (blank) after f. 295;

(D: ff. 296-301) 326;

(E: ff. 302-342) 338 wants 1 before f. 302, 348 wants 7 after f. 314, 358 wants 1 before f. 316 and outer half of 8 (f. 321*), 368 wants 7 after f. 326, 378 wants 3 after f. 329, 388;

(F: ff. 343-365) 398 wants 3 after f. 344, 40-418;

(G: ff. 366-459) 428 wants 1 before f. 366, 4310 wants 2 (apparently cancelled) after f. 373 with one bifolium (ff. 375 and 378) added as 3 and 6, 448 wants 6 after f. 386, 458 wants 6 after f. 393, 46-488, 498 wants 7 after f. 425, 504 (2-3 single leaves pasted together), 518 wants 3 after f. 432 and 6 after f. 434, 52-538, 548 wants 2 after f. 453 and 8 after f. 458.

Catchwords on quires 1-5, 7-14, 33-34, 36, 39-40 and 42-53; in cartouches, or, quires 4-5, 12 and 46, enclosed in dog- like drawings, or, quires 13 (to f. 90/9), 14 (added ?) and 48 (added), plain. Leaves in the first half of quire 29 numbered, also signed (q); cf. red 'i', f. 1. Quire 2 signed a, in red; 7-11, a-e; 15-31, b-s; 42, + (f. 368); 43-45, a- c; 47, c; 49, k (f. 422); and 50, s (f. 428: ij).

Pricking in outer margins of (B) and parts of (F) and (G), twice on ff. 41-42 and 430, spaced 12, 6, 12, 6 mm., to provide pairs of lines for text between staves, see the unused ruling on this basis on ff. 84r-v and 365r-v.

Written space 267-292 or, (A), 293-297 x 173-192, or, ff. 59-73v (quires 10-11), 170, or, ff. 10v-35v, 194-198, or ff. 1-10, 206 mm.; ruled in sharp grey, not always making the third line omitted by pricking in (B), (F) and (G). Two columns; 10-15, or, (A), 18-21 mm. apart. 48, or, ff. 118- 119, 47, or, (D) Kalendar, 33, or, (A) 38 lines; pages with staves have 16 written lines, with staves occupying 2 writing lines, cf. pricking system above.

Written in textura, with varying proficiency, by at least eighteen hands: I, ff. 1-10/a; II, ff. 10/b-21v/b35 and 23- 25; III, ff. 21v/b35-22v and 34-35v; IV, ff. 25v-28v; V, ff. 29-33v; VI, ff. 36-80v, 85r-v, 343-359v, 366-374v, 376-377v and 379-458v; VII, ff. 81-84; VIII, ff. 86-89v; IX, ff. 90- 99v and 101-c.137; X, ff. c.137-220v; XI, f. 100r-v; XII, ff. 221-295/a44; XIII, ff. 295/a44-v and 339/a23-342v; XIV, ff. 296-301v (quire 32); XV, ff. 302-328v; XVI, ff. 329- 339/a22; XVII, ff. 360-365; XVIII, ff. 375r-v and 378r-v.

Cadels, by at least three hands, I and III with many human profiles: I, ff. 36-80v, 85r-v, 343-374v, 376-377v and 379- 458v; II, ff. 86-89v and 100r-v; III, ff. 302v-336v. Unfilled spaces for cadels, ff. 81-83v; none, ff. 375r-v or 378r-v.

Notation square, by at least five original hands, I-III always using letter-form clefs, and, using H-form notation, one later: I, ff. 1; II, ff. 36-80v, 85r-v, 302v-336v, 343- 372v and 380-458v; III, ff. 81-83v, 86-89v, 100r-v, 101r/a3- v/a14, 375r-v and 378r-v; IV, ff. 90-99v, 101r/a1-2 and 101v/a15-290v; V, ff. 373-374v, 376-377v and 379r-v; VI (later), f. 186.

Decoration: not executed in added items, 3-4 and 10. Paraphs, in (A), (B), (E), (F) and (G), in red or blue. Initials: (i) to gospel cues and some rubrics to days in (A), (C), to verses, etc. in (B), (C), (E), (F) and (G), to each day in (D), 1-line, blue or red;

(ii) to lections in (A), (C), to collects and chapters in (B) (C) (F) and (G), for 'KL' starting each month of (D), to psalms except as (viii) below in (E), 2-line, blue, with infilling and flourishing in red;

(iii) to hymns and principal antiphons and responsories in (B), (C), (E), (F) and (G), 3-line (i.e. 1 text-line + stave), as (ii);

(iv) to principal responsory of item 6, I, in red and blue, with flourishing in red;

(v) in item 1 (see below), 4-line, red and blue, with infilling in red and flourishing in red with a little ink;

(vi) in item 1 (see below), 5-line, as (v);

(vii) in item 1 (see below), 6-line, as (v);

(viii) in two styles, (I) to items 1 and 11, and in items 2 and 12 (see below), 5- or 6-line, in gold, on a square ground, either (ff. 343, 402v, 454) divided into quadrants of alternately blue and deep pink patterned with white and filled in the same way, or (ff. 1, 59, 60v, 439) a blue ground with white-shaded forms and filled with deep pink with white shaded flower- or foliage-forms, in all cases except f. 402v with marginal pen-drawn sprays decorated with green leaves, gold blobs and flowers in blue and deep pink; (II), better executed than (I), in item 9 (see below), 4- line, in gold, on a ground of blue with white shaded frame (f. 317) or of maroon patterned with white (f. 319v), both filled with the other colour decorated with a white-shaded vertical flower-form on a green stem with orange pistil, or a ground of blue and orange patterned with white and similarly filled (f. 324), all with marginal sprays in ink decorated with green leaves, gold blobs and flowers in maroon, orange and blue, and terminating in reflexed foliage-forms.

Flourishing by at least five hands: I, ff. 1-13v; II, ff. 14-35v, 74-80v, 85-89, 100-112v, 296-301v, 396-400v, 404r-v and 411v-419; III, ff. 36-72v, 343-374v, 376-377v, 379-395v, 401-403v, 405-409v and 420-458v; IV, ff. 90-99v, 277-288v; V, ff. 113-276v, 289-295 and 302-337v. No flourishing on ff. 81-84, 375r-v or 378r-v.

No running titles.

Contents:

(A)

1. (quires 1-6) ff. 1-35v Dominica prima aduentus domini post inchoacionem tercie antiphone quidam puer librum cum lumine ad pulpitum ... ... gentiles munera: glorie quod adorant. Tu autem.

Lectiones de temporale, Adventus - dies iii infra octavis Epiphanie, defect. BUIES I,xx-cccxxxviii, with a gap between ff. 1 and 2 (xxv/16-lxxv/8). This complements item 2, and also item 4, below; the text of the last 9 lines is also found at the start of item 5 below.

The lections for Advent IV feria vi (BUIES I,cliii-cliv) are omitted (f. 13v); the ferial lections for the Vigil of Epiphany (BUIES I,cccx-cccxi) follow the Sunday lections (ff. 32v-33). Type (v) initial to Circumcision; type (vi) to Epiphany; type (vii) to Christmas day.

f. 35v largely blank, also lower half of f. 22v col. b.

(B)

2. ff. 36-80v and 85-89v (starting imperfectly). et ueni ut ab iminentibus peccatorum nostrorum periculis te mereamur ... ... Sermo beati maximi episcopi leccio prima Audistis fratres karissimi. R Magi uenerunt. R Interrogabat. R. (catchwords:) Stella quam viderant (ending imperfectly).

Temporale sine lect., ... Adventus - dies iii infra octavis Epiphanie ..., defect. BUIES I,vii-ccxcix/32, cccix- cccxxxviii, without picas; most of the leaf between ff. 72 and 73 is cut away, leaving only fragments of BUIES I,ccxxx/39-ccxxxv/27. The lections are item 1 above; other material for the octaves of SS Stephen, John ev. and Innocents is item 4 below.

Texts of some responsories and verses at Terce, Sext and Nones are given in full, e.g. St John ap. (f. 72r-v). The rubric 'de conclusionibus' is much expanded (f. 36r-v, cf. BUIES I,vii). The Innocents procession 'ad altare sancte trinitatis et omnium sanctorum' has only cues for the texts (f. 72v); these are given in full at nocturn iii (ff. 73v- 74).

Type (viii) initials to Christmas vigil vespers Rex and Christmas matins Hodie, ff. 59, 60v.

3. (added) ff. 81-83 Hic primo fiant matutine de sancta maria in conuentu Invitatorium Aue maria ... ... dicatur ad iija capitulum Ab initio Ad vja capitulum Et sic in syon Ad ixa capitulum Et radicaui.

Servitia BMV sine lect., post Nat. Dom., Epiph., Purif., Pasch. BUIES II,292-297; I,lxxii-lxxiii; II,298-311; III,dccclxxx-dccclxxxiv. The lections are item 7 below.

4. (added) ff. 83-84 Ad ja de sancto stephano siue dominica fuerit siue non. antiphona lapidauerunt ... ... visionem pertingere mereamur Qui tecum Sequatur memoria de sancta maria cum antiphona Quando natus Vl 7 oratio ut supra.

Temporale sine lect., prima in octavis S. Stephani - octava SS. Innocentium. BUIES I,ccxcix-cccx. This supplies material omitted in item 2, f. 80v, above. The lections are on ff. 30-31v in item 1 above.

f. 84v blank.

(C)

5. ff. 90-287v (starting imperfectly). redemptor est mundi. Quomodo ergo non priuilegio ... ... sed quod adiecerat qui creauerat quod auctum erat. Tu autem domine miserere nostri.

Temporale, ... dies iii infra octavis Epiphanie - dominica xxv post festum Trinitatis, defect. BUIES I,cccxxxviii- mccccxlviii, with gaps between ff. 255 and 256 (mcclxvii/21- mcclxxxi/24), 264 and 265 (mcccxvii/22-mcccxxxvi/25), 266 and 267 (mcccxliv/2-mcccxlix/29). The lections for Epiphany Octave V are from Ephesians, as in the Hereford and York uses, rather than Philippians (ff. 116-118). The first 6 lines of the text are crossed through; they repeat the text at the end of item 1 above.

There are no tables, no lections for Epiphany Octave I feria vi (f. 109), no texts after the Pater Noster at Lent I feria ii terce (f. 139), no texts except lections for morrow of Corpus Christi (f. 227), no list of Marian antiphons Easter - Ascension (BUIES I,dcccxci-dcccxcii), no Trinity XXV antiphons (f. 287v), no rubrics on memorials, collations, paschal candle, feasts in Easter week, feasts on Trinity (BUIES I,ccccxcv, dxciii-dxciv, dccciv, dcccxxviii, mlvii).

Antiphons are provided for Quinquagesima feria ii vespers and feria iii (ff. 131v-132); Easter week compline ends with the antiphon 'Regina celi' and three verses (f. 186). Easter feria iv Lauds final antiphon is cued as 'Descendi.' (f. 189v). Cues for antiphons and psalms of nocturns in Trinity season are given (f. 233v). Psalm-cues are given for Easter II - IV and Rogation feria ii, Easter II - IV ferias iii - vi (ff. 199-200). Some texts are given in full, e.g. Epiphany Octave I Sunday second vespers, feria ii nocturn and lauds hymn (ff. 100-102v), compline of Easter Octave, Vigil of Ascension, Pentecost (ff. 192v, 206v-207, 215) as BUIES II,234-237. The texts for memorials of the Cross, BVM, and All Saints at matins and vespers (BUIES II,92-95) are given before the Great Rubric (ff. 236-237). Lections are provided for Epiphany Octave IV and V feria vi (ff. 115v- 116, 118), Sexagesima Saturday (f. 127v), Quinquagesima feria iii (ff. 131v-132), Easter I, II, IV ferias v and vi (ff. 197r-v, 199v-200, 204), Easter III ferias iv and v (f. 201), Ascension Octave (f. 211v), Trinity ferias iii and iv (ff. 222v-223). Some lections are longer, e.g. Epiphany Octave I feria v lection iii ends at Romans 10:31, rather than Romans 4:17 (f. 108v); some shorter, e.g. Lent II first nocturn (f. 144r-v). Trinity I lections vi - ix are given both under the day (f. 235r-v) and under Gospel expositions (f. 277). In the blocks of Trinity season lections Sundays are distinguished from ferias, are numbered and have six rather than three lections (ff. 238v-277); the Gospel expositions are placed after the collect (ff. 277-287).

There are marginal additions to the lections Easter feria v - Trinity (ff. 190-221).

6. ff. 287v-291v In dedicacione ecclesie ad primas vesperas super psalmos hec sola antiphona. O quam metuendus ... ... oratione. Deus qui ecclesiam tuam. Si hoc festum a festo sancte trinitatis ... similiter fiat de festo loci ubi octaue habentur.

Festum dedicationis ecclesie, defect. BUIES I,mccccxlix- mccccxcii, with gaps between ff. 288 and 289 (mcccclvi/10- mcccclx/37), and 290 and 291 (mcccclxxxiii/28- mcccclxxxvi/21). No lections within the octave (BUIES I,mcccclxvii-mcccclxxix). The rubric concerning the Trinity season (BUIES I,mcccclxxx-mcccclxxxi) is placed at the end.

7. ff. 291v-295v Quando fit plenum seruicium de sancta maria per aduentum. leccio prima. Missus est angelus ... ...

Lectiones servitiorum B.V.M. BUIES I,lxxiii-lxxvii; II,298- 300; I,dccclxxix-dccclxxxi; II,305-314. Complements item 3 above.

f. 295v largely blank.

(D)

8. (quire 32) ff. 296-301v KL Prima dies mensis; et semptima trunca in ensis iij A Circumcisio domini Januarius ix lecciones ... ... xiij A ij kl Sancti Siluestri episcopi et confessoris ix lecciones.

Kalendarium, graded up to 9 lections, with principal feasts in red. BUIES I,pref:iii-xiv. Lucian on 9 not 8 January. Omitting Erkenwald (30 April), Ordination of Gregory (3 Sept.), Trans. Erkenwald (14 Nov.), and memorials of Hermes (28), Sabina (29 Aug.), Nichomedes (15 Sept.), and Menna (10 Nov.). Including Felix bp & conf. (8 March), Trans. Edmund kg (29 April), Processus & Martinian (2 July), Sixtus, Felicissimus & Agapitus (6), Donatus (7 Aug.), Francis (4 Oct.), memorials of Alexander, Eventius & Theodulus mart. (3 May), and Primus & Felician (9 June).

Among feasts of ix lections are Dunstan (19 May), Trans. Edmund 'bp' (9 June), Octave of Nativity BVM (15 Sept.), and Nicholas (6 Dec.), but not Vedast & Amand (6 Feb.), Crispin & Crispinian (25 Oct.), or Machutus (15 Nov.).

Added later: 'dedicacio ecclesie' (25 Jan.), Botulf (17 June), Visitation (2), Trans. Osmund (16 July), Dominic - ix lections (5), Transfiguration - ix lections (6), Name of Jesus (7 Aug.), Euphemia, Lucian & Geminian (16 Sept.), Thomas of Hereford - ix lections (2 Oct.), Edmund kg 'festum duplex secundum sarum' (20 Nov.), [Os]mund (4 Dec.). Erased: entries on 16-19 October, red on 17 and 19, replaced by standard entries, Thomas mart (7 July and 29 Dec.) then rewritten.

Some of these differences are reflected in the Sanctorale itself, item 12 below, q.v.

There are a few obits added in various hands, see below.

(E)

9. ff. 302-339 (starting imperfectly) secundum iusticiam eius: et psallam nomini domini altissimi. Domine dominus noster: ... ... Omnes sancti orate pro nobis. Propicius esto et cetera. ut supra. Amen.

Commune de tempore, defect. BUIES II,11-88, 95-196, 221-228; I,xii-xv; II,196-221, 250-260, with gaps between ff. 314 and 315 (66/29-72/37), 315 and 316 (78/32-84/31), 326 and 327 (168/22-174/24), and 329 and 330 (191/24-194/44), with half of 321* cut away (127/23-130/9). Except Ps xciv (f. 326r), the psalms not used at ferial nocturns and vespers (BUIES II,99-163, 206, 214) are omitted (ff. 317v-325v, 334, 336); Ps lxiv is given in feria iv lauds (ff. 321v-321*). Hymns 'Eterne rerum' and 'Deus creator' omitted (ff. 307, 336v). Additional rubrics on psalms and antiphons (ff. 302v-329), on Te Deum (f. 305v), and for martyrology and obits at Prime (f. 312v). Sunday lauds rubric and antiphons arranged differently (ff. 305v-307). Second and third chapters for Terce, Sext and Nones placed after feria ii lauds (ff. 316v- 317). The memorials of the Cross, BVM, and All Saints at matins and vespers (BUIES II,92-95) are given before the Great Rubric in item 5 (ff. 236-237) above. Sunday vespers ends with a noted Magnificat, immediately followed by compline, in which common and proper are consolidated (ff. 330v-332v), and then ferial vespers (ff. 332v-336v). The lenten litanies omit Ethelwold on feria v and include Gorgonius and Alban on Saturday (f. 338v). Two texts, the second noted, of Benedicite, (ff. 306-307), and Benedictus (ff. 307v-308). Sunday and ferial chants for 'Ecce iam noctis' (f. 307), festal and ferial chants for 'Te lucis' (f. 331); seasonal chants for hymns: Prime, 24 (ff. 308- 309); Terce, 4 (f. 313); Sext, 3 (ff. 313v-314); Nones, 4 (f. 314v).

Type (viii) initials to Pss. xxxviii, lii and lxxx, ff. 317, 319v, 324.

10. (added, s. xv) ff. 339-342v In obsequijs mortuorum ad vesperas antiphona [P]lacebo domino ... ... dominum nostrum. Amen. [R]equiescant in pace. Amen.

Officium mortuorum. BUIES II,271-283.

f. 342v partly blank.

(F)

11. (quires 39-41) ff. 343-365 In natali unius apostoli siue euangeliste uel plurimorum apostolrum paschali temporis ... ... Ro Prudenter vl Adducentur regi uirgi uirgines In uigilia sancti andree appostoli. Ad vesperas super |

Commune sanctorum sine lect. BUIES II,355-459; III,1, with a gap between ff. 344 and 345 (363/17-366/4). Between a confessor & bishop and a confessor & abbot provision is made for a confessor & doctor, consisting of three chapters, as for Augustine (BUIES III,737, 745), and a collect (f. 358). The hymns are provided with between two and five chants each.

f. 365r largely blank; f. 365v blank.

(G)

12. (quires 42-54) ff. 366-458v (starting imperfectly) eius. Ps Eructauit cor. vl In omnem terram exuit leccio ja Proconsul ege. R DUm per ambularet ... ... Dissolucionem sui corporis imminere Quia iudicauit se (ending imperfectly).

Sanctorale sine lect., ... Andreas - Martinus ..., defect. BUIES III,5-1013, with gaps between ff. 386 and 387 (133/25- 138/35), 393 and 394 (213/37-237/2), 425 and 426 (580/39- 584/36), 432 and 433 (687/23-693/12), CHECK: 434 and 435 FOR LOSS, 453 and 454 (949/19-962/20). Winifred collect is not as BUIES III,989, and has the rubric 'non sarum sed prouinciale cantuarie' (f. 457v).

A collect and lection i cue is provided for Felix bp & conf. after Perpetua & Felicity (f. 393), and for Edmund k. & m. after Vitalis (f. 396r-v). There are additional rubrics: listing feasts on which Gospel exposition not read at matins, after Nicholas nocturn iii psalm-verse, and again in Lucy matins (ff. 371, 373); listing feasts of three lections 'sine regimine chori' with double invitatory, under Octave of Andrew (f. 372v); extending Mathias final rubric (f. 393v). Festal and ferial chants are provided for the hymns for Nativity John Baptist (ff. 401v, 402), and Peter & Paul (f. 406v).

There is no provision for the deposition of Osmund (f. 369), deposition of Erkenwald (f. 396), Visitation of BVM (f. 412v), Osmund (f. 416v), Mary ad nives, Transfiguration, Name of Jesus (f. 427r-v), Frideswide (f. 453v), or John of Beverley memorial on 25 October (f. 453v). Conception of BVM is covered in summary form with cross-reference to Nativity, ending 'secundum usum modernum sarum' (f. 373). There is only the collect and lection i cue for David, and Chad (f. 393v). There is no provision for John ante Portam Latinam little hours, and the rubric (III,288) precedes the collect for John of Beverley (f. 400). Sabina memorial is only a collect, given after John Baptist collect in Augustine vespers ii (f. 435v).

After Oswald k. & m. the arrangement is: Dominic collect; Sixtus & co. collect and lection i cue; Donatus collect and lection i cue; Cyriacus & al.; Romanus; Lawrence, with Tiburtius memorial; Hippolytus & al., with Eusebius memorial; Eusebius; Vigil of Assumption (ff. 427-431v). The texts are given for Assumption compline i (f. 432v). Remigius & al. rubric on vespers refers to only Leger memorial, followed by Leger collect and lection i cue, Thomas of Hereford collect, Francis collect, Faith collect (f. 450).

Type (viii) initials to John Baptist nativity Fuit, B.V.M. nativity Hodie, and All Saints Summe, ff.402v, 439 and 454, also, leaving a trace on stub between ff. 432 and 433, to B.V.M. assumption.

The omission of the latter part of In cathedra Petri vespers i is supplied in the margin (f. 392v).

Correction & Annotation:

Texts supplied in textura in margins, ff. 190, 192, 312, one, f. 51 (with music) following a cursive marginal note.

Early corrections, over erasure, e.g. ff. 137/a, 315/b, 417/a, some following cursive marginal notes, e.g. ff. 43, 350v, 446 and, with erasure left blank, 435.

Early cursive marginal corrections, e.g. ff. 5v, 30v, 42, 93 (supplying blank rubrics), 283, 327-328, 356, 386, 396, 399, 420r-v, 442r-v, 454, but overlooking 'nessitatibus', f. 328/b26; also 'caret', f. 374v, refering to matter supplied later on f. 375r-v.

Supplementation, mostly to extend lections, in two hands, one an early corrector, e.g. ff. 124v, 201v, 202, 210r-v, 211v, 212, 215v, 221, 234v, 288, the other s. xv med., in yellowish ink, e.g. ff. 198v, 200v, 204, 205, 211, 217v, 224, 234v, 288v, 392v, 404v. Texts, mostly lections, marked for omission, 'va' - 'cat', by an early corrector, e.g. ff. 117v, 118, 134, 242v-250, 254, 258, 262-263, 268v-270, 273v, 276, 287v.

Notation added, f. 186.

Annotation extending ritual directions, in two hands, one an early corrector, e.g. ff. 43v, 52v, 58v, 135, 160r-v, 397, and the other the later supplementing hand, e.g. ff. 185r-v, 194v, 195, 214.

Written in England.

Secundo folio missing.

'<Iste liber constat Ecclesie sancti iohannis baptiste de cowtyssale iuxta Norwicum in Comitate norff>', s. xv, lightly erased, f. 339, preceding item 10 (added). Some annotation, e.g. f. 185r-v, implies the presence of a clerical 'staff'.

Obits in Kalendar (item 8): Robert Postille, 1504 (29 Aug.), Water At Odd, Tecela Hert, both 1506 (28 Feb., 10 Mar.), Raphael Baspole, 1536 (24 Feb.), Walter Baspole, 1558 (30 May),

'compitus inter dominum Rob' reg' Rob <...> dm', f. 297, against 11 March.

'thomas', i.e. of Canterbury, consistently erased, ff. 75- 77v, with office crossed through; erased in Kalendar, ff. 299 and 301v, f. 413, but rewritten in ink, s. xvi (?); untouched, f. 24. 'pape' erased and neatly replaced by 'epi' in Kalendar; elsewhere occasionally crossed out, e.g. f. 33v

Cosin's Library inscription, by Thomas Rud, s. xviii in., f. 1.

Binding: standard, s. xix med.; 2 clasps.

BUIES: Breviarium ad usum insignis ecclesiae Sarum i-iii, ed. F. Proctor & C. Wordsworth, (Cambridge; 1879-1886).



quiresff. eighteen scribes 5 noters 3 cads 5 flor item

1-1-10/a: I I I 1

-210/b-13v $II $II

3-14-21v/b35: $II $II

21v/b35-22v: $III $II

23-25: $II $II

25v-28v: IV $II

29-33v: V $II

-634-35v: $III $II

7-1136-73v $VI $II $I $III 2

>12-74-80v: $VI $II $I $II

81-84: VII $III - 3-4

-12<85r-v: $VI $II $I $II 2

>13<86-89v: VIII $III $II $II

>14-90-99v: $IX $IV IV 5

-14<100r-v: XI $III $II $II

>15-101/a1-2 $IX $IV $II

101/a3-v/a14 $IX $III $II

-15<101va15-112v $IX $IV $II

16-113-c.137: $IX $IV $V

-24c.137-220v: X $IV $V

25-29221-276v XII $IV $V

>30<277-288v XII $IV $IV 5/6

>31-289-295/a44: XII $IV $V 6/7

-31<295/a44-v: $XIII

>32<296-301v (q. 32): XIV $II 8

36-302-328v: XV $II $III $V 9

329-339/a22: XVI $II $III $V

-38339/a23-342v: $XIII - 10

39-343-359v: $VI $II $I $III 11

-41360-365: XVII $II $I $III

>42<366-372v $VI $II $I $III 12

43-373-374v: $VI $V $I $III

375r-v: $XVIII $III -

376-377v: $VI $V $I $III

378r-v: $XVIII $III -

379r-v $VI $V $I $III

-45380-395v $VI $II $I $III

>46-396-400v $VI $II $I $II

-46<401-403v $VI $II $I $III

47-404r-v $VI $II $I $II

405-410v $VI $II $I $III

-48411-419v $VI $II $I $II

49-54420-458v: $VI $II $I $III

eighteen hands:

I, ff. 1-10/a;

II, ff. 10/b-21v/b35 and 23-25;

III, ff. 21v/b35-22v and 34-35v;

IV, ff. 25v-28v;

V, ff. 29-33v;

VI, ff. 36-80v, 85r-v, 343-359v, 366-374v, 376-377v and 379- 458v;

VII, ff. 81-84;

VIII, ff. 86-89v;

IX, ff. 90-99v and 101-c.137;

X, ff. c.137-220v;

XI, f. 100r-v;

XII, ff. 221-295/a44;

XIII, ff. 295/a44-v and 339/a23-342v;

XIV, ff. 296-301v (quire 32);

XV, ff. 302-328v;

XVI, ff. 329-339/a22;

XVII, ff. 360-365;

XVIII, ff. 375r-v and 378r-v.

Notation square, by at least five original hands, I-III using letter-form clefs, and, using H-form notation, one later:

I, ff. 1;

II, ff. 36-80v, 85r-v, 302v-336v, 343-372v and 380-458v;

III, ff. 81-83v, 86-89v, 100r-v, 101r/a3-v/a14, 375r-v and 378r-v;

IV, ff. 90-99v, 101r/a1-2 and 101v/a15-290v;

V, ff. 373-374v, 376-377v and 379r-v;

VI (later), f. 186.

Cadels, by at least three hands, I and III with many human profiles:

I, ff. 36-80v, 85r-v, 343-374v, 376-377v and 379-458v;

II, ff. 86-89v and 100r-v

III, ff. 302v-336v.

Unfilled spaces for cadels, ff. 81-83v; none, ff. 375r-v or 378r-v.

Flourishing by at least five hands:

I, ff. 1-13v;

II, ff. 14-35v, 74-80v, 85-89, 100-112v, 296-301v, 396-400v, 404r-v and 411v-419;

III, ff. 36-72v, 343-374v, 376-377v, 379-395v, 401-403v, 405-409v and 420-458v;

IV, ff. 90-99v, 277-288v;

V, ff. 113-276v, 289-295 and 302-337v.

No flourishing on ff. 81-84, 375r-v or 378r-v.

(A) DOWN ACROSS LINES

I 1-1-10/a: 293 90.20.96: 206 38

$II -210/b-13v 296 89.19.88: 196 38

$II 3-14-21v/b35: 293 87.21.89: 197 38

$III 21v/b35-22v: 295 89.18.89: 196 38

$II 23-25: 296 90.19.89: 198 38

IV 25v-28v: 297 90.18.90: 198 38

V 29-33v: 293 90.18.88: 196 38

$III -634-35v: 295 89.20.85: 194 38

(B)

$VI 7-9 36-58v 281 84.13.82: 179 48/16+s

82.12.80: 174 48/16+s

10-11 59-73v 283-286 79.14.77: 170 16+s

$VI >12- 74-80v: 283 81.12.80: 173 48/16+s

VII 81-84: 283 83.12.82: 177 48/16+s

$VI -12< 85r-v: 280 83.15.78: 176 48

VIII >13< 86-88v: 280 84.13.82: 179 16+s

89r-v: 34/16+s

(C)

$IX >14- 90-99v: 286-288 89.12.90: 191 48/16+s

XI -14< 100r-v: 288 91.13.88: 192 48/16+s

$IX >15< 101-112v 286-288 90.12.88: 190 48/16+s

$IX 16- 113-114 284 88.12.87: 187 48

$IX 115 278/283 86.12.86: 184 48

$IX 116-117 289 89.11.87: 187 48

$IX 118 270/275 85.12.86: 183 47

$IX 119 267 87.11.84: 182 47

$IX 120 292 90.12.89: 191 [48]

$IX 125-c.137 284-291 89.12.88: 189 48/16+s

$X -24 c/137-220 284-291 88.14.86: 188 48/16+s

XII 25- 221-265 284-291 86.11.85: 182 48/16+s

XII -29 266-276v 275-282 86.12.88: 186 48/16+s

XII 30-31 277-295 280-290 86.13.87: 186 48/16+s

(D)

XIV >32< 296-301v (q. 32) 180 33

(E)

XV 36- 302-328v: 283-284 85.13.86: 184 48/16+s

XVI 329-339/a22: 281-284 85.13.85: 183 48/16+s

$XIII -38 339/a23-342v: 283 83.14.85: 182 48/16+s

(F)

$VI 39- 343-359v: 283-286 85.12.83: 180 48/16+s

XVII -41 360-365: 285 85.12.80: 177 16+s

(G)

$VI >42< 366-372v 288-290 82.13.88: 183 48/16+s

$VI 43- 373-374v: 288-291 85.12.83: 180 48/16+s

$XVIII 375r-v: 85.10.81: 176 16+s

$VI 376-377v: 85.12.83: 180 16+s

$XVIII 378r-v: 90.12.84: 186 16+s

$VI 379r-v 286 85.12.81: 188 16+s

$VI -45 380-395v 285-290 83.13.83: 189 48/16+s

$VI >46- 396-400v 286 83.13.79: 185 48/16+s

$VI -46< 401-403v 287 85.13.80: 178 48/16+s

$VI 47- 404r-v 287 83.12.80: 175 16+s

$VI 405-410v 285-287 82.14.79: 175 48/16+s

$VI -48 411-419v 285 84.12.78: 174 48/16+s

$VI 49-54 420-458v: 286-292 82.14.77: 173 48/16+s