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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.i.13 Bernardus, Rabbi Samuel, Origen, H. Suso, etc. s. xiv/xv

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.

Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.

26/1/90 AJP revision of AJP

An early assemblage of five contemporary separable sections. The first part of (A) is very similar to (D) in lay-out, script and catchwords; the latter part of (A) appears to be the work of the scribe who supplied catchwords in (B). All five sections have initials flourished in the same distinctive style.

[1] + 2 (s. xvii ?) + 243 + [1]; foliated 1-242, repeating 91, 126 and 152. Membrane (0.18 mm., or, (D, E) 0.15 mm.; stiff for latter part of (A) and (C); some natural edges and flaws; quires with fleshside outermost), 266-270 x 200 mm., or, (E) up to 20 x 15 mm. less; outer and lower edges of (B) cropped.

Collation: (A: ff. 3-121) 1-88, 98 with 4 and 5 (ff. 70, 71) transposed, 10-158; (B: ff. 122-155) 16-198, 204; (C: ff. 156-171) 21-228; (D: ff. 172-210) 23-268, 278 wants 7 (blank ?) after f. 209; (E: ff. 211-242) 2814, 298, 3010. Catchwords on quires 1-14, 16-19, 23-26 and 28-30; those on quires 1-6 and 24-25 with a scroll-form frame, with, on quires 3-6 and 24, a hand-pointer to the left. Quire 21 signed in red, a. Leaves in the first half of quire 28 numbered in roman in blue.

(A) to f. 73v/3 (quires 1-97), cf. (D) below:

No evidence of pricking. Written space 198 x 152 mm.; ruled in soft brown. 45 long lines.

Written in anglicana with short r, proficiently, by the same (?) somewhat variable hand as (D).

(A) ff. 73v/4 - 74v:

Written space 220 x 170 mm.; no ruling. 47 long lines.

Written as next portion.

(A) ff. 75-121v (quires 10-15):

No evidence of pricking. Written space c. 230 x 170 mm.; no ruling. Two columns. 52-60 lines.

Written in anglicana, generally with single compartment a, currently, by one hand.

(B):

No evidence of pricking. Written space 205-215 x 157 mm.; ruled in soft brown, often with lines (unused) for writing down to bottom edge. 43-46 long lines.

Written in anglicana formata, proficiently, by one hand.

(C):

No evidence of pricking. Written space 200 x 156 mm.; framed in grey. 32-42 long lines.

Written in an individual mixed script (secretary in general angularity and some forms, but with closed g and often double compartment a), changing gradually almost to textura, (retaining looped ascenders), by one hand, with top-line ascenders and bottom-line descenders elaborated.

(D), cf. start of (A) above:

No evidence of pricking. Written space 204 x 154 mm.; ruled in sharp brown, providing, ff. 199v-201v, 3 unused lines for writing at foot. 45 long lines.

Written as start of (A).

(E):

No evidence of pricking. Written space 186-194, or, from f. 233 onwards, 214-220 x 140-150 mm.; framed in soft brown.

c. 45 or, from f. 233 onwards, c. 52 long lines.

Decoration: a few paraphs in blue, ff. 75, 76, and in (C) and (E). Initials: (i) to sermons (item 1) or chapters, 2- or 3-line or, item 1, also 4- and 5-line, blue, with infilling and flourishing in red in a style distinguished by the use of broad loops enclosing a line of small circles (most often 3); (ii) to item 1, 8-line, as (i).

Running-titles: ff. 75-121v only, in ink, by the scribe.

Contents:

(A)

1. ff. 3-121v Vobis fratres alia quam alijs de seculo aut certe aliter dicenda sunt ... ... ad omnes electos ut filij lucis ambulati. amen.

Bernard, Sermones (86) super Cantica canticorum. Ed. Sancti Bernardi Opera, ed. J. Leclercq, C. H. Talbot, & H. M. Rochais, i-ii, (Rome; 1957-1958). Up to the major change of hand (f. 73v) in Sermon 42 the text is of the C type, the third recension emanating from Clairvaux; from that point it is of the A type, the second recension, which circulated from an early date in England. In Sermon 66 there is a gap, ed. ii,180 line 10 - 187 line 11, (f. 99/a 3 lines up).

(B)

Items 3-5 have no headings, and begin with initials no larger than those of the chapters of item 2.

2. ff. 122-142 Incipit speculum exemplare Prima pars. Ut facilius occurrant que in subsequenti opusculo continenter ... Primo igitur quia iugum prelacionis est grauissimum ... ... Quod factum fuisset ille rursum eidem apparens indicauit se fratrum orationibus liberatum ad laudem et g.s.q.c.p. et s.s.v. et r.d.in s.s. Amen.

Petroboni Bentivegne of Bologna, Speculum exemplare. Glorieux i, 170 (Rambert de Bologne - Dubia). Bloomfield et al. no. 6202, listing seven copies, including this and two others in England: Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS e Mus 244, written near Utrecht in 1487 (????????INFO FROM SUM CAT.?); B.L. MS Add. 28871, belonging to the Lie`ge Carthusians; Florence, Laur. S. Croce Plut. xxxi sin. 8 (imperf.) also contains Peter of Limoges, De oculo morali, as item 5 below.

This copy seems to lack the latter of two passages used to date the work to 1322 +, in J.-Th. Welter, L'exemplum dans la litte'rature religieuse et didactique du moyen a^ge, (Paris & Toulouse, 1927; repr. Geneva, 1973), pp. 272-275, quoted from Paris B.N. MS lat. 6368 ff. 105v and 134v (p. 273 n. 126); the closing words quoted from that copy (ibid. n. 121) are the same as those here and in B.L. MS Add. 28871 f. 97v. IS COSIN AN ABBREV. CHECK ONE OF OTHER UK COPIES PERHAPS???????

3. ff. 142-144 Exstant fabule Esopi famose quas Romulus quidam de greco in latinum transtulit que si aduertantur joca in eis posita risum mouebunt et acuent ingenium verbi gratia Contra calumpniosos fingit quod agnus et lupus ... ... ne dum minus habuerit non accipiat cum pecierit.

Aesop, trans. Romulus Nicantius, Fabule, as found in Vincent of Beauvais, Speculum historiale III,ii-viii. Printed L. Hervieux, Les fabulistes latins, (Paris; 1883), ii,235-246; here the prefatory section is abbreviated and the fifth (lupus et grus), seventeenth (equus et asinus), and twenty- sixth (homines duo, fallax, verax et simii) fables are omitted.

4. (a) ff. 144-146v Si te forma vt siquis tibi palam mortem ... ... hec 4or virtutum species perfectum te facient; (b) ff. 146v-148v Ego vos hortari possum vt amiciciam omnibus rebus humanis anteponatur ... ... vt ea excepta nihil prestabilius amicicia putetis

(a) Six paragraphs, the first, and longest, on death and disasters, e.g. 'Amisi vxorem bonam', f. 145/28, and the rest all rather stoical and Ciceronian (?);

(b) Cicero, Laelius de amicitia, extracts from caps 5 - 27 (ult.), on abstract matters. A slightly different version is found in Cambridge St Johns Coll. MS 120 ff. 174v-176, s. xiii.

5. ff. 148v-155v Si diligenter volumus in lege domini meditari ... Sciendum igitur quod sicut potest elici ex sentencia constantini ... ... Sexto oculus ... oculum videlicet intellectus per cognicionem (ending imperfectly).

Peter of Limoges, De oculo morali, extract (?). Bloomfield et al., no. 5532, not listing this copy. This comprises approximately the first quarter of the text; the main divisions are as in MS Mickleton & Spearman 89 below. No text is missing between one folio and the next in the final short quire (20), ff. 152*-155, and so its shortness may be evidence that the original intention was to make a copy of only the first part of the text.

(C)

6. ff. 156-171 Incipit epistola Rabi samuelis Magistri Hugonis ordinis predicatorum per fratrum alphonsum hispanum destinata ... Reuerendissimo in Cristo patri fratri Hugoni ... (f. 156v) Conseruet te deus o frater et permanere te faciat ... in dubiis declarari. Desidero domine mi per te certificari ex tesimoniis ... ... contra deum et eius scripturam docuit vt corruptus homo penitus ignorans. ... Explicit ... translata de arabico in latinam per fratrem alphonsum boni hominis hispanum (f. 171) ordinis predicatorum sub anno domini Mo CCCo xxixo domini benedicti pape xij Anno quinto.

Rabbi Samuel, trans. Alphonsus Buenhombre cum ep. pref., De adventu Messiae. Ed. M. de la Bigne, Bibliothecae patrvm et vetervm avctorvm ecclesiasticorvm, iv, (4th ed: Paris, 1624), 145-168. The chapter divisions in this copy differ: 22 = ed. 22 + 23; 23 = ed. 24 + 25; 25 + 26 + 27 = ed. 27. M. C. Diaz y Diaz, Index scriptorum latinorum medii aevi hispanorum, (Salamanca; 1958), nos 2097-2098, listing 70 copies, but only one in Britain, Oxford Bodleian Library MS Douce 247; REPORTS PARTIAL EDITION - I.L.L.

f. 171v blank.

(D)

7. ff. 172-208v (Origenes super Iosue) In vivirijs [recte diuinis] voluminibus refertur quid ad construccionem ... expetis ab indoctis A[recte D]onauit deus nomen quod est super omne nomen. domino et consaluatori nostro ... ... edita dei in uentis [recte ecclesia dei uiuentis] et ubi est verus israel in Christo I.d.n.p.q.e.d.p.h. et g.in s.s.Amen

Origen, trans. Rufinus cum prol., Homeliae in Jesu Nave, i- xxvi. PG 12,823-948; ed. W. A. Baehrens, Origenes Werke vii - Homilien zum Hexateuch in Rufins U"bersetzung, ii, (Die Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller der Ersten Drei Jahrhunerte 30; 1921), 286-463. Prologue ed. M. Simonetti, Tyranii Rvfini opera, (CC ser lat 20; 1961), 285, from GCS 30. THERE ARE NOTICEABLE VARIANTS IN THE OPENING WORDS OF SOME HOMS, SEE SHEET IN FILE.

ff. 209-210 blank.

(E)

8. ff. 211-242v Assit principio Sancta maria meo Assit et spiritus sancti gratia in quo regnat omnis sapientia.

(Horologium Sapientie) Sentite de domino in bonitate et in siplicitate cordis querite illum ... ... quam inhabitabat solitarius quidam anachoriticam ducens vitam et hic erat grandeuus et canus (catchword:) prolixam (ending imperfectly).

Henry Suso, Horologium sapientiae, breaking off at ii,3. Ed. P. Ku"nzle, Heinrich Seuses Horologium sapientiae, (Spicilegium Friburgense 23; 1977), 363-545 line 26. This copy is not mentioned; up to the point where it breaks off it has the arrangement peculiar to O4 (Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Rawlinson A.372), which is akin to two other English copies (Cambridge, St John's Coll. MS 84; Vatican, MS Ottob.lat. 73), see ibid. pp. 167, 323-325.

Written in England.

The gap in item 1 presumably arose from the loss of a leaf or leaves in an exemplar at some point in the transmission; there is no such gap in either of the copies that belonged to Durham Cathedral Priory, Durham Cathedral Library MSS B.IV.22 f. 164v, B.IV.23 f. 105.

Secundo folio: tate uite (f. 2), porrexit (f. 123), misertus (f. 157), ceruicibus (f. 173), oculis (f. 212).

Headings added to items 7 and 8 in the same hand, s. xv2.

'Donu[m] Rici Winwood ar 5 Junij 1655 B. Whitelocke', f. 3, probably in the hand of Bulstrode Whitelocke (1605-75), who recorded in his diary, 18 Feb. 1654/5, that Wynwood had offered him the use of his father's books (ex inform. Miss Ruth Spalding).

'Geo. Davenport. | 1664.', on slip stuck to front pastedown; his list of contents, attributing item 8 to John Wilton, f. 2, heading to item 7, and note from Pits on Wilton, f. 210v.



Binding:
standard, s. xix med.; 2 clasps.