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Durham University

Special Collections

DUL MS Cosin V.i.10 J. de Mandeville (in French) s. xv in.

These incomplete draft descriptions of medieval manuscripts in Durham University Library are copyright, and may not be quoted without the permission of the University of Durham Library.


Owing to inconsistencies with the source software, accented characters appear in varying compound forms. This has not yet been rationalized.


31/1/90 AJP revision of AJP

[1] + 2 (medieval membrane flyleaves, the second now detached) + 1 (11 displaced) + 4 (s. ???) with slip stuck to first + 89 + 2 (medieval membrane flyleaves) + [1]; foliated 1-98. Paper (watermark of P with lobed foot surmounted by square-limbed cross, cf. Briquet, nos 8462-87 (c. 1385- 1426), or, 112 (f. 18), a lion (?), cf. idem, nos XXXX; supply-leaf (f. 89) stiffer), 288 x 204 mm. Upper edges cropped, see f. 65.

Collation of ff. 3, 8-96: 112 with 1 now displaced as f. 3, 2-312, 410, 5-78, 810 wants 9-10 (blank ?) and also 1 (replaced by supply-leaf, f. 89). Catchwords on quires 1-3, also traces on 5-7. Quire numbers survive at the top right of the first recto of quires 6 and 7: 6, 7. Quire-centres have traces of marking at the inner foot of the central verso in quires 3, 4 and 6.

No evidence of pricking. Written space 190-193 x 125 mm. (quire 1), or 197-200 x 117-120 (quire 2) or 130 mm.; framed in soft brown (quire 1) or drypoint, or, supply-leaf (f. 89), ruled in ink. 33-38 (quire 1), 30-31 (quire 2), 28-30 (ff. 31-73v), or 25-26 (ff. 75-95) long lines.

Written in secretary of vernacular-text type, with top-line ascenders elaborated, or, for opening four words and first words of headings and of chapters from f. 32 onwards, calligraphic quasi-textura, expertly, by at least five hands, changing at ff. 14/11, 19 (21), 28v, and for supply- leaf (f. 89r-v). Ink darkish brown, or, for parts of quire 1, pale brown.

Decoration not executed. Unfilled spaces for initials: (i) to chapters of item 2, 2-line; (ii) to item 2, 6-line.

No running-titles.

Contents:

1. ff. 1-2 (flyleaves) Ferial (?) hymnal, frag., s. xv.

Parts of an uncompleted bifolium, divided across the middle, each half attached along its upper edge, but the lower half, f. 2, now detached and kept separately.

Written space over 315 x 121 mm. 39 long lines at least. Written in textura, competently. Unfilled spaces for music, and decoration.

The lower part of each leaf, representing the return leaf of the bifolium, is ruled but blank. The upper parts contain:

f. 1 [P]rimo dierum omnium; f. 2 [N]octe surgentes uigilemus omnes, [E]cce iam noctis tenuatur vmbra; f. 1v [E]terne rerum conditor; f. 2v [I]am lucis orto sidere, [N]unc sancte nobis spiritus, [R]ector potens verax deus (cf. Breviarium Sarum, ii, 6, 35, 34, 37, 57, 61: Sunday Matins, Lauds, Prime, Terce and Sext).

ff. 3v-7v blank, apart from 4 deep pink vertical lines per page, for accounts (?); slip stuck to f. 4, see item 4 below.

2. ff. 8-95v [C]ome il soit ainsi que la terre doulter mer Cest assouorz la terre de promission ... (f. 9) ne peult tout comprendre ne Retenir o r et ou nom dieu qui veult alerpar ... ... brodeure dor en fautres en perres precieuses.

Les voyages de Jean de Mandeville, unfinished. One of eight extant copies of the Insular Version made on the Continent after 1402, but not closely related to any of the seven others; some of these were conflated with the Continental Version and some go over to it, beyond the point at which this copy finishes, see pp. 44-47 in M. C. Seymour, "The scribal tradition of Mandeville's Travels: the Insular Version", Scriptorium 18, (1964), 34-48; and pp. 51-54 in L. Schepens, "Quelques observations sur la tradition manuscrite de Voyage de Mandeville", ibid., 49-54. One copy of this version, London B. L. MS Add. 33757 (Grenville xxxix), was collated as G for the French text in G. F. Warner, The Buke of John Maundeuill being the travels of Sir John Mandeville knight, (Roxburghe Club; 1889). Numerous repetitive phrases are omitted in the Cosin copy; there are also many minor verbal changes, and instances where this text is significantly shorter and different.

This copy was left unfinished at ibid. p. 136 line 35, approximately an eighth from the end, and so lacks caps ...xxx - xxxiv. It has 86 divisions, as against 30 in the more normal arrangement; if they were numbered, they would only co-incide at the points shewn in roman: I, 2-3, IV, 5, VIII, IX, 8-13, XIII, 15-29, XV, 31-39, XVII, 41-58, XXI, 60-79, XXIV, 81-87.

f. 96r-v blank.

3. ff. 97-98v que clamor sed nec ullus dolor ... ... merces eorumorum et cogitatio

Antiphonale, De commune sanctorum, frag., s. xiv med.

Two leaves. Written space 215 x c. 140 mm. 10 long lines + 4-line red staves. Written in textura; notation square.

R.-J. Hesbert, Corpus Antiphonalium Officii, i-vi, (Rerum ecclesiasticarum documenta, series maior Fontes 7-12; Rome, 1963-1979), iii-iv nos ...6013 [Absterget deus], v:B (FSL); 7906 Viri sancti; 7772 Tradiderunt corpora, v:'In mania enim pro christo ... (f. 97v) ... tormenta. Et mer[uerunt]' cf. 6274 v:B (F) / 7836 v:C; 7592 Sancti tui, v:B (DL). In ii Noct: 5374 Via iustorum; 3534 Iusti autem; 3539 Iustorum autem (f. 98); 2908 Fulgebunt iusti (F); 2095 Dabo sanctis; 4733 Sancti per fidem; 8114 Iustorum anime; 7836 Verbera carnificum, v:B (HRL); 6804 Hec uera fraternitas, v:A (f. 98v); 7440 Propter testamentum, v: 'Memoria eorum non derelinquetur et ...a eorum in eternum manet. Quia' [i.e. as neither A nor B]; 7054 (F) ... In almost all cases this material was used In natale plurimorum martyrum, see Hesbert ii,670-671; 5374 and 7054 are the exceptions and both have minor variants, 5375 and 7053, that were used then.

4. A slip pasted to f. 4 contains a bill 'To The Lord Bishop of Coventry & Lichfield', for 16 books, with authors, titles and prices specified.

Among the books listed the most modern to be first published appear to be Thomas Hyde, De historia Shahiludii, (1689), 6d; J. la Placette, Observationes historico-ecclesiasticae, (1695), 1s. 6d; J. le Clerc, A supplement to Dr Hammond's paraphrase and annotations on the New Testament, (1699), 4s.

John Hough was bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, 1699-1717, but he was succeeded by Edward Chandler, who was translated to Durham in 1730. In Chandler's leather-bound catalogue (II), which has books as late as 1716 in the main hand (p. 103), the three works above are all added (pp. 103, 169, 47), la Placette's being the 1718 ed., but Jo Masson, Vita Plinij Jun., (1709), is in the main hand (pp. 133, 170) in (II), and is also listed in Chandler's earlier, paper-bound, catalogue (I).



Correction and Annotation:

Correction, early, f. 95. CHECK NATURE OF CHANGE AGAINST Warner (1889).

Written in France, including supply-leaf (f. 89), s. xv2.

Item 1 also in France (?).

Likewise item 3; its provision of four responsories for Nocturns I-II indicates a monastic use, and in the four instances indicated above the fragment follows F, an antiphonal closely akin to a group of Cluniac books, see Hesbert v,424-425, while in five instances indicated above this text is akin to L, an antiphonal from Benevento that belongs to a group disseminated through the Celestine Order, see idem v,106, 130, 433.

THERE ARE FOUR OF THESE CLUNIAC MSS IN ENGLAND: Cambridge, Fitzwilliam 369 (Lewes); BL, MSS Add. 29253 (Belgium), and Add. 49363 (Pontefract); Oxford, University Coll. 101 (Pontefract). CHECK THESE.

Secundo folio: communes (f. 9).

'ludlow R', f. 3, a pen-trial (?), s. xv.

'Geo. Davenport. | 1664.', on slip stuck to front pastedown; his note of content, f. 8.



Binding:
marks of 4 (?) bands (IIII) on former pastedown, f. 98v. Now standard, s. xix med.; 2 clasps.