Dr Giles Gasper
(email at firstname.lastname@example.org)
Giles Gasper is Reader in High Medieval History at Durham University. He specializes in the intellectual history of the high middle ages (11th-13th centuries), particularly in the development of theology. He also has interests in Patristic and early medieval thought, and in the history of science. He is principal investigator on the inter-disciplinary Ordered Universe project to edit, translate and contextualise the scientific works of Robert Grosseteste (c.1170-1253), working with an international team of scientists, educationalists and medievalists. The Dimensions of Colour: Robert Grosseteste's De colore (2013) emerged from the pilot project for Ordered Universe. Subsequent volumes will be published by Oxford University Press in a seven volume series The Scientific Works of Robert Grosseteste. The Ordered Universe has active collaborations with a variety of creative artists, namely Cate Watkinson, Colin Rennie and other glass artists at the UK National Glass Centre, University of Sunderland, Sculptor Alexandra Carr, Filmmaker Alan Fentiman and Projection Artists Ross Ashton and Karen Monid. Carr and Gasper direct a Leverhulme Trust funded Artist in Residence placement Sculpting with Light, with principal activities in Durham in 2017. Gasper is a regular participant in the UK National Festival of Humanities, represented the Arts and Humanities Research Council at the Cheltenham Science Festival in 2015 (with Hannah Smithson and Tom McLeish), and featured on BBC Radios 4’s In Our Time. Gasper, together with Smithson and McLeish, was awarded a Vice-Chancellor’s Award for Research Engagement at the University of Oxford (2016). A second strand of research focuses on notions of ‘economy’ and order in the High Middle Ages. This has focal points on medieval monastic thought, the theology of Creation and hexaemeronic commentary, Salvation theology and medieval food culture. Recent work in this area includes a study of twelfth century culinary recipes for the English Historical Review co-authored with Faith Wallis (McGill), and forthcoming edited volumes on Biblical Exegesis in the Middle Ages, and Spiritual and Material Economies in Northern Europe. Gasper was an international partner in a major inter-disciplinary research project, funded by the Norwegian Research Council, running from the Cultural Historical Museum, University of Oslo, on 'Economies of Salvation in the Middle Ages', 2013-2016 working particularly with numismatists, liturgists and archaeologists. Money and the Church in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200 (co-ed. with S. Gullbekk, 2015) was produced from this project. Gasper has written extensively on Anselm of Canterbury, including St Anselm of Canterbury and His Legacy (2012) and his earlier Anselm of Canterbury and His Theological Inheritance (2004) and papers on various aspects of Anselm’s thought, career and posthumous reputation.
Giles Gasper welcomes inquiries from postgraduates in any aspect of intellectual or cultural history of the 11th-13th centuries, especially the development of theology, monastic life, spiritual and material culture, and the history of science.
The following PhD and MA by Research students are working under Giles Gasper's supervision:
Cullen McKenney: Piers Plowman and his Theological Inheritance
Stephanie Britton: Anselm, Eadmer and Osbern of Canterbury
Gabriel Fidler: Norman Space, Sacred and Secular
Rosalind Green: The Carthusians in England: a Re-assessment
Kathy Bader: Science, Learning and Community in the Severn and Wye Valleys in the 12th Century
Rick Vert: Identity in Northern Britian in the 12th Century
Abigail Steed: Vengeance in Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman Society
Barbara Hargreaves: Monasteries and Medical Care
Jon Turnock: Romanesque Ecclesiastical Sculpture and Lordship in Northern England
Caroline Yeldham: Medieval Food and the Transmission of Recipes in the 13th Century
Giles is also external supevisor for Kaja Kollandsrud (University of Oslo) and Tim Farrant (University of Oxford)
Giles has sponsored a number of Visiting Fellows to Durham:
2017 Institute of Advanced Study Fellowship: Professor Hannah Smithson, Department of Experimental Psychology and Pembroke College, University of Oxford
2015 Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, Slater Fellowship: Professor Faith Wallis, Departments of History and Social Studies of Medicine, McGill Univesity, Montreal, Canada
2012 Institute of Advanaced Study, Senior Research Fellowship: Professor Greti Dinkova-Bruun, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, Toronto, Canada.
- Britain, Ireland, Scandinavia
- Intellectual and Cultural History
- Science and Medicine
- Theology and Religion
- History of Theology
- Medieval intellectual history
- Monastic Life
- Spiritual and Material Culture of the High Middle Ages
- Medieval Science
Indicators of Esteem
- 2016: Associate Fellow, Pembroke College, University of Oxford (until 2019):
- 2016: University of Oxford Vice-Chancellor's Award for Engagment with Research:
- 2014: Times Higher Education Awards: Research Project of the Year (Shortlisted): The Ordered Universe
- 2013: University Award for Excellence in Doctoral Supervision:
- 2012: University Award for Excellence in Learning and Teaching:
- 2009: University Award for Enhancing the Student Learning Experience:
- Giles Gasper and the Importance of our own Past
- Ordered Universe: Medieval and Modern Science Project Blog
- Religion and Money: the Economy of Salvation in the High Middle Ages Project Blog
- 2013 (co-authored with Dinkova-Bruun, Greti, Huxtable, Michael, McLeish, Tom C.B., Panti, Cecilia & Smithson, Hannah) The Dimensions of Colour: Robert Grosseteste's De colore Edition, Translation and Interdisciplinary analysis, PIMS, 94 pp. + x pp.
- 2004 Anselm of Canterbury and his Theological Inheritance, Ashgate, 228 pp.
Chapter in book
- 2017 'Scripture and the changing culture of theology in the High Middle Ages', in Gasper, Giles E. M., Watson, Francis & Matthew Crawford (eds.), Producing Christian Culture: Medieval Exegesis and Its Interpretative Genres, Routledge, pp. 117-144
- 2017 'Theology at Le Bec', in Pohl, Benjamin & Gathagan, Laura L. (eds.), A Companion to the Abbey of Le Bec in the Central Middle Ages (11th-13th Centuries), Brill, pp. 206-227
- 2016 'Orderic Vitalis, Historical Writing and a Theology of Reckoning', in Rozier, Charles C., Roach, Daniel, Gasper, Giles E. M. & van Houts, Elisabeth (eds.), Orderic Vitalis: Life, Works and Interpretations, Boydell and Brewer, pp. 247-259
- 2016 'The Fulfillment of Science: Nature, Creation and Man in the Hexaemeron of Robert Grosseteste', in Cunningham, Jack P. & Hocknull, M. (eds.), Robert Grosseteste and the pursuit of Religious and Scientific learning in the Middle-Ages, Springer, pp. 221-242
- 2016 (co-authored with Tanner, B. K., Bower, R. G. & McLeish, T. C. B.) 'Unity and Symmetry in the De Luce of Robert Grosseteste', in Cunningham, Jack P. & Hocknull, M. (eds.), Robert Grosseteste and the Pursuit of Religious and Scientific learning in the Middle-Ages, Springer, pp. 3-20
- 2015 'Contemplating Money and Wealth in Monastic Writing c.1060-c.1160', in Gasper, Giles E. M. & Gullbekk, Svein H. (eds.), Money and the Church in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200: Practice, Morality and Thought, Ashgate, pp. 39-76
- 2015 'Money and the Church: Definitions, Disciplines and Directions', in Gasper, Giles E. M. & Gullbekk, Svein H. (eds.), Money and the Church in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200: Practice, Morality and Thought, Ashgate, pp. 3-16
- 2014 'Between Dialectic and the Sacred Scripture: Anselm of Canterbury and the Bible', in Bhattacharji, Santha, Williams, Rowan & Mattos, Dominic (eds.), Prayer and Thought in Monastic Tradition: essays in honour of Benedicta Ward SLG, Bloomsbury T&T Clark, pp. 181-195
- 2014 (co-authored with McKinnell, John S.) 'Introduction', in Gasper, Giles E. M. & McKinnell, John S. (eds.), Ambition and Anxiety: Courts and Courtly Discourse, c.700-1600, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies & Institute of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Durham University, pp. 1-16
- 2014 'The Beauty of Creation', in Cipollone, G. & Boari, M.S. (eds.), Anselmo e la ‘nuova’ Europa, Gregorian and Biblical Press, pp. 41-56
- 2012 (co-authored with Logan, Ian) 'Anselm: A Portrait in Refraction', in (ed.), Saint Anselm of Canterbury and His Legacy, pp. 1-25
- 2012 'Tractarian Echoes: Michael Ramsey and the Anglican Responses to Anselm of Canterbury', in Gasper, Giles & Logan, Ian (eds.), Saint Anselm of Canterbury and His Legacy, Pontifical Institute for Medieval Studies, Toronto Institute of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Durham University, pp. 341-359
- 2007 'A northern monastic sermon collection', in Gameson, R. (ed.), Treasures of Durham University Library, Third Millenium, pp. 42-43
- 2006 'An Anglican Anselm', in Gasper, Giles E.M. & Kohlenberger, H. (eds.), Anselm and Abelard: Investigations and Juxtapositions, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, pp. 103-117
- 2001 'Towards a theology of light in the twelfth-century renaissance', in M. Henig and C. Finn (ed.), Outside Archaeology: Material Culture and Poetic Imagination, Oxford, pp. 21-27
- 2000 'The Norman arrow finds a ready target', in H. Chadwick (ed.), Not Angels But Anglicans: The Story of Christianity in the British Isles, Canterbury Press.
- 2017 (co-edited with Watson, Francis & Matthew Crawford) Producing Christian Culture: Medieval Exegesis and Its Interpretative Genres, Routledge, 248 pp.
- 2016 (co-edited with Rozier, Charles. C, Roach, Daniel & van Houts, Elisabeth) Orderic Vitalis: Life, Works and Interpretations, Boydell and Brewer.
- 2015 (co-edited with Gullbekk, Svein H.) Money and the Church in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200, Ashgate, 320 pp.
- 2014 (co-edited with McKinnell, John S.) Ambition and Anxiety, Courts and Courtly Discourse, c.700-1600, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 270 pp. + vi pp.
- 2012 (co-edited with Logan, Ian) Saint Anselm of Canterbury and His Legacy, Pontifical Institue of Mediaeval Studies, Toronto, 462 pp. + xii pp.
- 2006 (co-edited with Kohlenberger, H.) Anselm and Abelard: Investigations and Juxtapositions, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 256 pp. + ix pp.
- 2017 (co-authored with Harvey, Joshua, Smithson, Hannah, Siviour, Clive, Sonnesyn, Sigbjorn O., Tanner, Brian K. & McLeish, Tom) 'Bow-shaped Caustics from Conical Prisms: a 13th Century Account of Rainbow Formation from Robert Grosseteste’s De iride', Applied Optics
- 2016 (co-authored with McLeish, Tom C. B. & Smithson, Hannah E.) 'Listening Between the Lines: Medieval and Modern Science', Palgrave Communications 2, 16062.
- 2016 (co-authored with Wallis, Faith) 'Salsamentium pictavensia: Gastronomy and Medicine in Twelfth-Century England', The English Historical Review 131, pp. 1353-1385
- 2015 'Economy Distorted, Economy Restored: Order, Economy and Salvation in Anglo-Norman Monastic Writing', Anglo-Norman Studies 38, pp. 51-65
- 2014 (co-authored with Bower, R.G., McLeish, T.C.B., Tanner, B.K., Smithson, H.E., Panti, C. & Lewis, N.) 'A medieval multiverse?: Mathematical modelling of the thirteenth century universe of Robert Grosseteste', Proceedings of the Royal Society A 470, 40025.
- 2014 (co-authored with Smithson, Hannah E. & McLeish, Tom C. B.) 'All the colours of the rainbow', Nature Physics 10, pp. 540-542
- 2014 (co-authored with Smithson, Hannah, Anderson, Philip, Dinkova-Bruun, Greti, Laven, Philip, McLeish, Tom, Panti, Cecilia & Tanner, Brian) 'Color-coordinate system from a 13th-century account of rainbows', Journal of the Optical Society of America A 31, pp. A341-A349
- 2014 (co-authored with McLeish, Tom C.B., Bower, Richard G., Tanner, Brian K., Smithson, Hannah E., Panti, Cecilia & Lewis, Neil) 'History: A medieval multiverse', Nature 507, pp. 161-163
- 2014 'Robert Grosseteste at Durham', Mediaeval Studies 76, pp. 297-303
- 2013 (co-authored with Gullbekk, Svein H.) 'An intimate encounter with English coinage in the High Middle Ages: the case of Wulfric of Haselbury', British Numismatic Journal 83, pp. 112-119
- 2012 (co-authored with Smithson, Hannah E., Dinkova-Bruun, Greti, Huxtable, Mike, McLeish, Tom C. B. & Panti, Cecilia) 'A three-dimensional color space from the 13th century', Journal of the Optical Society of America A 29, pp. A346-A352
- 2012 (co-authored with Gullbekk, Svein) 'Money and its use in the thought and experience of Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury (1093–1109)', Journal of Medieval History 38, pp. 155-182
- 2012 'Oil upon the waters: On the Creation of Light from Basil to Peter Lombard', Archa Verbi 8, pp. 9-31
- 2011 'Anselm of Canterbury and His Legacy', Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale 53, pp. 274-281
- 2010 'Envy, Jealousy and the Boundaries of Orthodoxy: Anselm, Eadmer and the Genesis of the Proslogion', Viator 41, pp. 45-68
- 2009 'Thinking Afresh about Saint Anselm of Canterbury', Archa Verbi 6, pp. 174-180
- 2004 '‘A doctor in the house’? The context for Anselm of Canterbury’s interest in medicine with reference to a probable case of malaria', Journal of Medieval History 30, pp. 245-261
- 2004 (co-authored with Wallis, F.) 'Anselm and the Articella', Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion 59, pp. 129-174
- 1999 'Anselm of Canterbury's Cur deus homo and Athanasius of Alexandria's De incarnatione verbi dei: some questions of comparison', Studia Anselmiana 128, pp. 147-164
Translated Chapter in Book
- 2016 (co-authored with Charles C. Rozier) (trans.). 'Archaeological Investigations at the Abbey of Saint-Evroult-Notre-Dame-des-Bois by Anne-Sophie Vigot '. In Orderic Vitalis: Life, Works and Interpretations. Roach, Daniel, Rozier, Charles C., Gasper, Giles E. M. & van Houts, Elisabeth (ed.). Boydell and Brewer. pp. 375-384
- Medieval Britain c.1000-c.1300
- Medieval Europe c.1000-c.1300
- 2017: Being Human National Festival of Humanities, £750
- 2016: Being Human, National Festival of Humanities, £2000
- 2016: Sculpting with Light - Medieval and Modern Cosmology, Leverhulme Trust Artist in Residence £15,000
- 2015: Being Human National Festival of Humanities, £2000
- 2015: The Ordered Universe: Interdisciplinary Readings of Medieval Science, AHRC Major Grant, £980,326
- 2014: Religion and Money: Economies of Salvation in the Middle Ages, Norwegian Research Council, £116,000
- 2013: Lost Legacies and a Living Past, ARHC Network Grant, £45,000
- 2011: 46th International Congress on Medieval Studies (£400.00 from The British Academy)
- 2007: 42nd International Congress on Medieval Studies, British Academy Travel Grant, £500.00
- 2006: Fiat Lux: Hexaemeronic Commentary in the High Middle Ages, British Academy Small Grant, £1860.00