Professor Paul Bailey
Paul J Bailey specialises in the social and cultural history of modern China. He grew up in Malaya (as it then was) and West Germany (as it then was) before taking a BA Honours degree in Chinese Studies at Leeds University. He then obtained an MA in Chinese and Japanese history and politics at the School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London), and did his doctorate at the University of British Columbia, Canada, where he was also a teaching assistant and the recipient of a Killam doctoral fellowship.While doing his doctorate he spent a year (1980-1981) at Beijing University, China, as a British Council postgraduate scholar. During his time in China he was also a part-time 'stringer' for United Press International, reporting on local news and translating items from the Chinese press.He formerly taught at Lingnan College (Hong Kong)(teaching English language and literature, as well as coaching part-time the College football team), Berlitz International Language School in Paris, School of Oriental Studies (University of Durham) (teaching Chinese literary and philosophical texts,Chinese civilisation, modern Chinese history) , Sevenoaks School (teaching European and American history), University of British Columbia, Canada (teaching a summer course on modern Japanese history), and the University of Edinburgh (teaching elementary Chinese and Japanese, Chinese literary and historical texts, Chinese civilisation, modern Chinese history, modern Vietnamese history, modern Japanese history). While at Durham (1983-1984) he co-directed and acted in a Chinese play (performed in Chinese by Durham students), and while at Edinburgh helped promote public interest in the Chinese 'new wave' cinema of the 1980s, giving a public lecture on the subject at the National Museum of Scotland (in 1989) and organising a one-day workshop on contemporary Chinese cinema at the Edinburgh Filmhouse (in 1991). Professor Bailey was a Visiting Research Fellow at National Taiwan University (1997) and at the Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong (2000), and has twice been a British Academy exchange scholar in China (1995, 2000). He has published monographs on Chinese gender and educational history as well as narrative histories of modern and contemporary East Asia. His research has been funded by grants from the Leverhulme Trust, British Academy, AHRB/AHRC, Carnegie Trust, Japan Foundation, and the British Universities China Committee. He has recently started a new research project that explores the ways in which female crime and discourses of female criminality can illuminate social and economic change (as well as processes of nation-building) in twentieth-century China. Future research projects are (1) Creating Difference: Discursive and Visual Representations of Foreign Women in Early Twentieth-Century Chinese Women's Magazines (2) A Genealogy of Chinese Overseas Labour: From "Coolie" to "Transnational Agent" (19th-21st Centuries) (3) Communism and Feminism in Early Twentieth-Century China: The Life and Times of Xiang Jingyu (1895-1928) (4) History, Myth and Identity in Chinese and Japanese Cinema. From academic year 2011-2012 he will be Co- Director of the Chinese Studies degree programme at Durham. Since 2011 Professor Bailey has also been a Faculty member of the International College (Faculty of Arts and Humanities) at Zhejiang University (Hangzhou, China), where he gives lectures for the University's international MA in Chinese Studies.
- Gender in twentieth century China
- Educational thought and practice in twentieth century China
- Sino-French interaction in the 19th and 20th centuries
- Cinema and Chinese modernity
- Bailey, Paul (Forthcoming). A History of Vietnam. Palgrave Macmillan.
- Bailey, Paul (2019). Chinese Overseas Labour in World War One France: Migrant Workers, Globalisation and the Sino-French Connection. Routledge.
- Bailey, Paul (2012). Women and Gender in Twentieth-Century China. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Bailey, Paul. (2007). Gender and Education in China: Gender Discourses and Women’s Schooling in the Early Twentieth Century. London: Routledge.
- (2002). China en el Siglo XX (Spanish translation of China in the Twentieth Century). Ariel.
- Bailey, Paul. (2001). China in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
- (1998). Strengthen the Country and Enrich the People: The Reform Writings of Ma Jianzhong (1845-1900). Curzon Press.
- Bailey, Paul (1996). Postwar Japan: 1945 to the Present. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
- Bailey, Paul (1990). Reform the People: Changing Attitudes Towards Popular Education in Early Twentieth Century China. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Chapter in book
- Bailey, Paul (Published). Annual review of books published on China and Japan. In Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature, vols 75-94 (1991-2010). Laybourn, K. Wiley-Blackwell.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2018). “Othering” the Foreign Other in Early-Twentieth-Century Chinese Women's Magazines. In Women and the Periodical Press in China's Long Twentieth Century. Hockx, M., Judge, J. & Mittler, B. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 282-301.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2018). From "Coolie" to Transnational Agent: The Afterlives of World War One Chinese Workers. In Commemorating Race and Empire in the First World War Centenary. Wellings, B. & Sumartjo, S. Liverpool Aix-en-Provence: Liverpool University Press/Provence University Press. 23-38.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2016). ‘Coolies’ or ‘Huagong’? Conflicting British and Chinese attitudes towards Chinese contract workers in World War One France. In Britain and China 1840-1970: Empire, Finance and War. Bickers, R. & Howlett, J. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. 103-129.
- Bailey, Paul (2015). 'Diyici shijie dazhanzhong de huagong: yi duan bei hushe de chaqu, Zhongguo waijiao zhengce yu xiandai laogong shi de yanbian' (Chinese Overseas Workers in World War One: An Overlooked Episode in the Evolution of Chinese Foreign Policy and Modern Chinese Labour History). In Yizhan yu Zhongguo. Weigelin-Schwiedrzik, Susanne & Zhu, Jiaming Beijing Shi: Dongfang chubanshe. 477-493.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2015). 'Zunji shoufa fankang yu "mianzi" wenti'. In Yizhan huagong zai faguo (Les travailleurs chinois en France dans la Première Guerre mondiale). Ma, Li. Changchun: Jilin chuban jituan. 211-226.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2014). Cultural Connections in a New Global Space: Li Shizeng and the Chinese Francophile Project in the Early Twentieth Century. In Print, Profit and Perception: Ideas, Information and Knowledge in Chinese Societies 1895-1949. Lin, Peiyin & Tsai, Weipin Leiden: Brill. 17-39.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2012). Cultural interaction, globalisation and "creative spaces" in the early 20th century: Li Shizeng (1881-1973) and the Chinese Francophile "lobby". In Creative spaces: Seeking the dynamics of change in China. Gimpel, Denise, Nielsen, Bent & Bailey, Paul J. Copenhagen: NIAS Press. 66-91.
- Bailey, Paul (2012). Discipline, resistance et “face” le cas des Huagong (travailleurs chinois d'outre-mer) durant la Premiere Guerre Mondiale en France. In Les travailleurs chinois en France dans la Première Guerre mondiale. Ma, Li Paris: Centre national de la recherche scientifique. 247-264.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2011). "An Army of Workers” Chinese Indentured Labour in First World War France. In Race, Empire and First World War Writing. Das, S. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 35-52.
- Bailey, Paul (2010). ‘Education 1800-1949’; ‘Socialization and Pedagogy’; ‘Filial Piety’. In Encyclopedia of Modern China. Pong, David Farmington Hills, MI: Charles Scribner's Sons/Gale Cengage Learning, vol.1, pp.461-466, vol.2, pp.36-38, vol.2, pp.457-459.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2010). The Sino-French Connection and Chinese Indentured Labour in World War One France. In When China Meets the West. Hong, Shen Hangzhou: Zhejiang University Press. 238-253.
- Bailey, Paul (2009). Chinese Contract Workers in World War One: The Larger Context. In Chinese Labourers and the First World War. Zhang, Jianguo Jinan: Shandong University Press. 3-18.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2009). Semi-Colonialism and Cultural Interaction: Chinese Indentured Labor in World War One France and the Sino-French Connection. In From Early Tang Court Debates to China’s Peaceful Rise. Assandri, F. & Martins, D. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. 7: 111-120.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2003). "Unharnessed Fillies": Discourse on the “Modern” Female Student in Early twentieth Century China. In Women and Culture in Modern China (1600-1950). Lo, Jiu-jung & Lu, Miaw-fen Taibei: Academia Sinica. 327-357.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2001). Active Citizen or Efficient Housewife? The Debate over Women’s Education in Early Twentieth Century China. In Education, Culture and Identity in Twentieth Century China. Peterson, G., Hayhoe, R. & Lu, Yongling Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 318-347.
- . (2000). From Shandong to the Somme: Chinese Indentured Labour in France during World War One. In Language, Labour and Migration. A. Kershen Aldershot: Ashgate Press. 179-196.
- Bailey, P (1998). Recruitment of Chinese Workers by Britain and France’; ‘Chinese Students in America in the late 19th and Early 20th Centuries’; ‘The Chinese Work-Study Movement in France’; ‘Chinese Workers in Russia 1860s-1917’; ‘Chinese Students in Japan in the Early 20th Century’. In Encyclopedia of Chinese Overseas. Pan, L Harvard University Press. 64-65, 263, 318, 330, 335.
- Bailey, P. (1993). Maoism. In Blackwell Dictionary of Twentieth Century Social Thought. W.Outhwaite & T.Bottomore Oxford: Blackwell. 355-358.
- Bailey, Paul (1990). 'The Sino-French Connection 1902-1928'. In China and the West: Ideas and Activists. D. Goodman Manchester University Press. 75-102.
- Gimpel, D., Nielsen, B. & Bailey, P. J. (2012). Creative Spaces: Seeking the Dynamics of Change in China. NIAS studies in Asian topics, 51. Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Press.
- Bailey, Paul J (2019). "Transnational Educational and Cultural Interaction Before and During the May Fourth Era: The Chinese Francophile Lobby and the Sino-French Connection". Twentieth-Century China 44(2): 161-173.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2017). Chinese Women Go Global: Discursive and Visual Representations of the Foreign ‘Other’ in the Early Chinese Women’s Press and Media. Nan Nu: Men, Women and Gender in China 19.2: 213-262.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2014). Chinese Labour in World War I France and the Fluctuations of Historical Memory. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 14(2): 362-382.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2013). Globalization and Chinese Education in the Early 20th Century. Frontiers of Education in China 8(3): 398-419.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2011). The Sino-French Connection and World War One. Journal of the British Association of Chinese Studies 1(1): 1-19.
- Bailey, Paul J. (2006). ”Women Behaving Badly” Crime, Gender and Transgressive Behaviour in Early Twentieth Century China. Nan Nu: Men, Women and Gender in Early and Imperial China 8(1): 156-197 (translated into Chinese in Nuxue xuezhi, no.25, June 2008, pp.165-212).
- Bailey, Paul (2004). Modernising Conservatism in Early Twentieth Century China: The Discourse and Practice of Women’s Education. European Journal of East Asian Studies 3.2: 1-25 (translated into Chinese, in Zhongguo jiaoyu:yanjiu yu pinglun, no.4, 2003, pp.1-25).
- Bailey, Paul (1992). Voltaire and Confucius: French Attitudes towards China in the Early Twentieth Century. History of European Ideas 14.6: 817-837.
- Bailey, Paul (1988). The Chinese Work-Study Movement in France. China Quarterly 115: 441-461.
- Bailey, Paul (1994). Chinese Cinema Yesterday and Today’. China Now no.151: 8-11.
- . (1993). 300 entries on Chinese and Japanese historical figures and events. Chambers Dictionary of World History
- Bailey, Paul (1988). The Life and Times of Puyi, China’s Last Emperor. Britain-China Newsletter no.37: 10-15.
- Bailey, Paul (1987). China and the French Revolution. Bulletin of the British Association of Chinese Studies 17-26.
- Bailey, Paul (trans.) (1993). Hoizey, Dominique, Hoizey, Marie-Joseph, A History of Chinese Medicine (Histoire de la médecine chinoise.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 224 pp
- Bailey, Paul. (trans.) (1988). Bastid, Marianne, Educational Reform in Early Twentieth Century China (Aspects de la réforme de l'enseignement en Chine au début du 20e siècle). Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan xx+331 pp