Publication details for Professor Martin CannCann, M.J. (2004). Bicarbonate stimulated adenylyl cyclases. IUBMB Life 56(9): 529-534.
- Publication type: Journal Article
- ISSN/ISBN: 1521-6543, 1521-6551
- DOI: 10.1080/15216540400013861
- Further publication details on publisher web site
Author(s) from Durham
Bicarbonate ion is fundamental to the biology of all living organisms. HCO(3)(-) is vital to such diverse physiological processes as carbon fixation, cellular homeostasis, sperm maturation, and nucleotide synthesis. A defined subset of adenylyl cyclases identified in eukaryotes and prokaryotes are directly activated by HCO(3)(-). As such, cAMP represents the first identified biological effector for fluctuations in intracellular inorganic carbon levels. The identification of a signal transduction pathway activated by HCO(3)(-) has far reaching implications for understanding how the cell responds to fluctuations in this essential anion.