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Durham University

Department of Biosciences

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Publication details for Dr Adam Benham

Dixon, DP., van Lith, M., Edwards, R. & Benham, A.M. (2003). Cloning and initial characterization of the Arabidopsis thaliana Endoplasmic Reticulum Oxidoreductins. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling 5(4): 389-396.

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

The oxidation and isomerization of disulfide bonds is necessary for the growth of all organisms. In yeast, the oxidative folding of secretory pathway proteins is catalyzed by protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), which requires Ero1p (endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductin) for its own oxidation. In Homo sapiens, two homologues of Ero1p, Ero1-Lα and Ero1-Lβ, have been cloned. Both Ero1-Lα and Ero1-Lβ interact via disulfide bonds with PDI and support the oxidation of immunoglobulin light chains. However, the function of Ero proteins in plants has not yet been analyzed. In this article, we report the cloning of the two Ero1p homologues present in Arabidopsis thaliana, demonstrating that one of the cDNAs has a shorter terminal exon than predicted and differs from the annotated sequence found in the genome database. Sequence analysis of the Arabidopsis endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductins (AEROs) reveals that both AERO1 and AERO2 are more closely related to each other than to either of the human Eros. Both in vitro translated AERO proteins are targeted to the endoplasmic reticulum and glycosylated. The ability to use a genetically tractable multicellular organism in combination with biochemical approaches should further our understanding of redox networks and Ero function in both plants and animals.