Cookies

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

Department of Biosciences

Profile

Publication details for Dr Gary Sharples

G.J. Sharples, S.N. Chan, A.A. Mahdi, M.C. Whitby & R.G. Lloyd (1994). Processing of intermediates in recombination and DNA repair: identification of a new endonuclease that specifically cleaves Holliday junctions. EMBO Journal 13(24): 6133-6142.

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

The formation and subsequent resolution of Holliday junctions are critical stages in recombination. We describe a new Escherichia coli endonuclease that resolves Holliday intermediates by junction cleavage. The 14 kDa Rus protein binds DNA containing a synthetic four-way junction (X-DNA) and introduces symmetrical cuts in two strands to give nicked duplex products. Rus also processes Holliday intermediates made by RecA into products that are characteristic of junction resolution. The cleavage activity on X-DNA is remarkably similar to that of RuvC. Both proteins preferentially cut the same two strands at the same location. Increased expression of Rus suppresses the DNA repair and recombination defects of ruvA, ruvB and ruvC mutants. We conclude that all ruv strains are defective in junction cleavage, and discuss pathways for Holliday junction resolution by RuvAB, RuvC, RecG and Rus.