We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

Department of Biosciences


Publication details for Dr Gary Sharples

R.G. Lloyd & G.J. Sharples (1993). Processing of recombination intermediates by the RecG and RuvAB proteins of Escherichia coli. Nucleic Acids Research 21(8): 1719-1725.

Author(s) from Durham


The RuvAB, RuvC and RecG proteins of Escherichia coli process intermediates in recombination and DNA repair into mature products. RuvAB and RecG catalyse branch migration of Holliday junctions, while RuvC resolves these structures by nuclease cleavage around the point of strand exchange. The overlap between RuvAB and RecG was investigated using synthetic X- and Y-junctions. RuvAB is a complex of RuvA and RuvB, with RuvA providing the DNA binding subunit and RuvB the ATPase activity that drives branch migration. Both RuvA and RecG form defined complexes with each of the junctions. The gel mobilities of these complexes suggests that the X-junction attracts two tetramers of RuvA, but mainly monomers of RecG. Dissociation of the junction in the presence of ATP requires high levels of RuvAB. RecG is shown to have a much higher specific activity to the extent that very little of this protein would be required to match RuvAB in vivo. Both proteins also dissociate a Y-junction, which is consistent with helicase activity. However, RecG shows no ability to unwind more conventional substrates and the suggestion is made that its helicase activity is directed towards specific DNA structures such as junctions.