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Durham University

Department of Biosciences

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Publication details for Prof Keith Lindsey

Hu, L., Xu, Z., Wang, M., Fan, R., Yuan, D., Wu, B., Wu, H., Qin, X., Yan, L., Tan, L., Sim, S., Li, W., Saski, C.S., Daniell, H., Wendel, J.F., Lindsey, K., Zhang, X., Hao, C. & Jin, S. (2019). The chromosome-scale reference genome of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) provides further insight into piperine biosynthesis. Nature Communications 10: 4702.

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

Black pepper (Piper nigrum), dubbed the ‘King of Spices’ and ‘Black Gold’, is one of the most widely used spices. Here, we present its reference genome assembly by integrating PacBio, 10x Chromium, BioNano DLS optical mapping, and Hi-C mapping technologies. The 761.2 Mb sequences (45 scaffolds with an N50 of 29.8 Mb) are assembled into 26 pseudochromosomes. A phylogenomic analysis of representative plant genomes places magnoliids as sister to the monocots-eudicots clade and indicates that black pepper has diverged from the shared Laurales-Magnoliales lineage approximately 180 million years ago. Comparative genomic analyses reveal specific gene expansions in the glycosyltransferase, cytochrome P450, shikimate hydroxycinnamoyl transferase, lysine decarboxylase, and acyltransferase gene families. Comparative transcriptomic analyses disclose berry-specific upregulated expression in representative genes in each of these gene families. These data provide an evolutionary perspective and shed light on the metabolic processes relevant to the molecular basis of species-specific piperine biosynthesis.