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School of Government & International Affairs

Staff Profile

Publication details for Dr Julia Stapleton

Stapleton, Julia (2005). 'Citizenship versus Patriotism in Twentieth-Century England'. The Historical Journal 48(1): 151-178.

Author(s) from Durham


This article explores some of the tensions and interaction between two rival conceptions of
the relationship between citizenship and patriotism in twentieth-century England. The first was widespread
among the intellectual elite and greatly qualified the role of patriotism in sustaining a higher ideal of
citizenship. The second was generally the preserve of popular writers and activists who conceived citizenship
in terms of patriotic attachment to the English and English-British nation. However, the article maintains
that the Edwardian intellectual elite often assumed an homogeneous national culture as the basis of successful
citizenship, both local and international. In this regard, despite subjection to increasing strain,
continuity as much as change is apparent in conceptions of citizenship up to and including the interventions of
Enoch Powell in the debate over mass immigration. Subsequent attempts to ground citizenship in difference
rather than sameness have greatly intensified the tension with a more persistent culture of patriotism.


® 2005 Cambridge University Press.