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Durham University

Department of Geography

Staff Profile

Publication details for Professor Ray Hudson

Hudson, R. Rethinking change in old industrial regions: reflecting on the experiences of North East England. Environment and Planning A. 2005;37:581-596.

Author(s) from Durham


The author reflects upon regional economic change and the ways in which this is conceptualised and understood, drawing heavily but not exclusively on some thirty years of research on economy, politics and society in the North East of England. The principal question that this paper addresses is: how are the long periods of continuity, punctuated by occasional major shifts in developmental trajectory and the region's place in the global economy, to be understood? The author seeks to answer this question by exploring the extent to which continuity and change in the region's developmental trajectory can be understood in terms of evolutionary and institutional concepts and the varying engagement of the state with issues of socioeconomic development and change. The value of theoretical plurality in seeking to understand uneven development in capitalism is demonstrated and the limits to public policies that seek to address regional problems indicated.


Amin A, 1998, ‘An institutionalist perspective on regional economic development’, Paper presented to the Royal Geographical Society Economic Geography Research Group Seminar, Institutions and Governance, 3 July, UCL, London.

Amin A, Cameron A and Hudson R, 2002, Placing the Social Economy, Routledge, London.

Amin A and Thrift N, 1994, ‘Living in the global’, in Amin A and Thrift N (Eds.), Globalization, Institutions and Regional Development in Europe, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1-22.

Austrin T and Beynon H, 1979, Global Outpost; The working Class Experience of Big business in the North East of England, 1964-79, Department of Sociology, University of Durham, Durham. England.

Beynon H, Cox A and Hudson R, 2000, Digging Up Trouble: The Environment, Protest and Opencast Coal Mining, Rivers Oram, London.

Beynon H, Hudson R and Sadler D, 1991, A Tale of Two Industries: The Decline of Coal and Steel in North East England, Open University Press, Milton Keynes.

Beynon H, Hudson R and Sadler D, 1994, A Place Called Teesside: A Locality in a Global Economy, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

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Grabher G, 1993, ‘The weakness of strong ties: the lock-in of regional development in the Ruhr area’ in Grabher G (Ed.). The embedded firm: on the socio-economics of industrial networks, Routledge, London, 255-277

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Grundy Warr C, 1989, Engineering linkages within the coal chain, Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham

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Hardy J, 2002, An institutional analysis of foreign investment in Poland: Wroclaw’s second transformation, Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham

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Hudson R, 1982, “Accumulation, spatial policies and the production of regional labour reserves: a study of Washington New Town”, Environment and Planning A, 14, 665-80.

Hudson R, 1986, ‘Nationalised industry policies and regional policies: the role of the state in the deindustrialisation and reindustrialisation of regions’, Society and Space, 4, 7-28.

Hudson R, 1989, Wrecking a Region: State Policies, Party Politics and Regional Change in North East England, Pion, London

Hudson R, 1994, ‘ Institutional change, cultural transformation and economic regeneration: myths and realities from Europe's old industrial regions’ in Amin A and Thrift N (Eds.), Globalization, Institutions and Regional Development in Europe, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 331-45.

Hudson R, 1998, “Restructuring region and state: the case of north east England”, Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 89, 15-30.

Hudson R, 2000, Production, Places and Environment, Prentice Hall, London.

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Hudson R, 2003a, “Geographers and the Regional Problem” in Johnston R and Williams M (Eds.), A Century of British Geography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 583-602.

Hudson R, 2003b, ‘Global production systems and European integration: de-regionalising, re-regionalising and re-scaling production systems in Europe’ in Peck J and Yeung H (Eds.) Remaking the Global Economy, Sage, London, 216-30.

Hudson R, 2004, ‘Firms as political actors in processes of capital accumulation and regional development’ in Taylor M J and Oinas P (Eds.) Conceptualising the Firm: Capabilities, Cultures and Coalitions, Elgar, Cheltenham (forthcoming).

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Northern Regional Strategy Team, 1997, Strategic Plan for the Northern Region, Volumes 1-5, HMSO, London.

ONE North East, 2000, Regional Economic Strategy: Fulfilling Our Potential, ONE North East, Newcastle on Tyne.

Pike A, 2002, ‘Task Forces and the organisation of economic development: the case of the North East region of England’, Environment and Planning C, 20, 717-39.

Robinson F and Shaw K, 2000, Who runs the north …now? A review and assessment of governance in North East England, Department of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Durham, 160.

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