Professor Paul Langley
Paul Langley is Professor of Economic Geography. He joined the Department in 2011, and was previously Professor of International Relations at University of York and Senior Lecturer in Politics at Northumbria University. Paul's Departmental roles have included Programme Director for BA(Hons) and MArts Geography, and Convenor of the Economy & Culture research cluster.
Paul's research interests centre on money, financial markets, and processes of financialization. He is the author of three monographs - World Financial Orders (Routledge, 2002/2013), The Everyday Life of Global Finance (Oxford University Press, 2008), and Liquidity Lost (Oxford University Press, 2015). His research has received support from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), British Academy, and European Commission.
Paul is presently researching three spaces of finance:
(1) Digital finance
Focusing on the payday loan market in the UK, Paul was Co-Investogator on a recently completed ESRC project (led by James Ash, Newcastle, with Ben Anderson, Durham Geography, see http://www.debtinterfaces.org.uk/) that explored how credit-debt relations are mediated through digital platforms and apps. Publicatons to date include a methodological piece on researching digital interfaces (‘Unit, Vibration, Tone’, Cultural Geographies, 2017), an account of the experimental work of interface designers ('Digital interface design and power', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 2018), and a paper interrogating how borrowers relate to payday loans as money, not as credit, debt and finance ('Indebted life and money culture', Economy and Society, forthcoming).
Paul’s work on digital finance relates to his wider interests in the marketing and consumption of retail financial products and services (e.g. edited special issue, 'Consuming Credit', Consumption, Markets and Culture, 2014). It is also being pursued through on-going research with Andrew Leyshon (Nottingham University) into crowdfunding (Economic Geography, 2016, and Environment & Planning A, 2017), the FinTech sector, and the intermediary infrastructures of digital economic circulation ('Platform Capitalism', Finance and Society, 2017).
(2) Social finance
In collaboration with colleagues from Durham Geography, Paul is Co-Investigator on an ESRC Urban Transformations Programme project (see http://community.dur.ac.uk/pursi/). His contribution to the project centres on researching novel forms of contemporary finance that are demarcated according to their social purpose and content (e.g. social impact investment, social lending, community shares, civic crowdfunding) and which variously enable processes of urban social innovation. See, for example, Paul's article on ‘The Folds of Social Finance’ (Environment & Planning A: Economy and Space), his blog post on 'Crowdfunding Cities' (http://community.dur.ac.uk/pursi/blog/), and his lecture in the 'Frontier Regions in Global Finance' series at the Goethe Universitat in Frankfurt (https://www.uni-frankfurt.de/47235672/11_lectures).
This research develops from Paul’s previous work on marginal and alternative spaces of finance, including subprime mortgages (Economy and Society, 2008) and, especially, ethical investment (in Abdelal, Blyth & Parson, 2010).
(3) Green finance
As part of REINVENT - a Horizon 2020 project with European partners and Harriet Bulkeley and Gavin Bridge from Durham Geography - Paul is investigating how new forms of finance are contributing towards the decarbonization of European industrial sectors including plastics, steel, and paper.
Research into green finance broadens Paul's long standing research interest in financialization processes that variously promise to secure life via the markets. See, for example: book-length treatments of these issues in The Everyday Life of Global Finance (OUP, 2008) and Liquidity Lost (OUP, 2015); an article on the financialization of the urban infrastructures of life (‘Frontier Financialization', Economic Anthropology, 2018); and, a forthcoming conceptual essay arguing for wide-ranging research into 'The financialization of life' (in International Handbook of Financialization, edited by Mader, Mertens & van der Zwan).
Cutting across his research, Paul also seeks to contribute to debates underway in economic geography and beyond by developing a broad-based cultural economy approach. This includes interests in the strengths and limitations of processual concepts common to cultural economy (e.g. marketization, valuation, capitalization, assetization), the ways in which economics can be understood to have performative and governmental power, how affective energies and sovereign techniques are mobilized in economic practices, and how the making of entrepreneurial subjectivities features in contemporary neo-liberal government.
Paul welcomes doctoral research students interested in working on topics that fall broadly within the remit of his research interests. He has previously supervised students who have written theses on a wide range of topics, including occupational pensions in the UK, sub-prime mortgage markets in the US and UK, ‘small states’ and ‘hot money’ in the global economy, financial stability and central banking, and the rise of the US dollar as 'world money'. He is presently supervising students researching topics that include fiscal austerity, private wealth management, urban air rights markets, and distributed ledger technology and cross-border payments.
- Geographies of money and finance
- Cultural economy
- Langley, P., Anderson, B., Ash, J. & Gordon, R. Indebted life and money culture: Payday lending in the United Kingdom. Economy and Society. 2019;48:30-51.
- Ash, J., Anderson, B., Gordon, R. & Langley, P. Digital Interface Design and Power: Friction, Threshold, Transition. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. 2018;36:1136-1153.
- Langley, P. Frontier financialization: Urban infrastructure in the United Kingdom. Economic Anthropology. 2018;5:172-184.
- Langley, P. The folds of social finance: Making markets, remaking the social. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space. 2018.
- Langley, P. & Leyshon, A. Capitalising on the crowd: The monetary and financial ecologies of crowdfunding. Environment and Planning A. 2017;49:1019-1039.
- Langley, P. Finance/Security/Life. Finance and Society. 2017;3:173-179.
- Langley, P. & Leyshon, A. Platform Capitalism: The Intermediation and Capitalisation of Digital Economic Circulation. Finance and Society. 2017;3:11-31.
- Langley, P. Crowdfunding in the United Kingdom: A cultural economy. Economic Geography. 2016;92:301-321.
- Langley, P. Consuming Credit. Consumption Markets & Culture. 2014;17:417-428.
- Langley, P. Equipping entrepreneurs: consuming credit and credit scores. Consumption Markets & Culture. 2014;17:448-467.
- Langley, P. Anticipating uncertainty, reviving risk? On the stress testing of finance in crisis. Economy and Society. 2013;42:51-73.
- Langley, P. Toxic assets, turbulence and biopolitical security: Governing the crisis of global financial circulation. Security Dialogue. 2013;44:111-126.
- Langley, P. & Leyshon, A. Guest editors' introduction - Financial subjects: culture and materiality. Journal of Cultural Economy. 2012;5:369-373.
- Chima, O.R & Langley, P. Putting Humpty Dumpty Back Together Again: Financialisation and the Management of the Subprime Mortgage Crisis. Global Society. 2012;26:409-427.
- Langley, P. & Leaver, A. Remaking retirement investors: behavioural economics and occupational pension funds in the UK and USA. Journal of Cultural Economy. 2012;5:473-488.
- Langley, P. On the materiality of markets. Journal of Cultural Economy. 2010;3:395-402.
- Langley, P. The performance of liquidity in the subprime mortgage crisis. New Political Economy. 2010;15:71-89.
- Langley, P. Debt, discipline and government: Foreclosure and forbearance in the subprime mortgage crisis. Environment and Planning A. 2009;41:1404-1419.
- Langley, P. Financialization and the consumer credit boom. Competition & Change. 2008;12:133-147.
- Langley, P. Sub-prime mortgage lending: A cultural economy. Economy and Society. 2008;37:469-494.
- Langley, P. The uncertain subjects of Anglo-American financialization. Cultural Critique. 2007;6566-91.
- Langley, P. Securitising suburbia: The transformation of Anglo-American mortgage finance. Competition & Change. 2006;10:283-299.
- Langley, P. The making of investor subjects in Anglo-American pensions. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. 2006;24:919-934.
- Langley, P. In the eye of the ‘perfect storm’ the final salary pensions crisis and financialisation of Anglo‐American capitalism. New Political Economy. 2004;9:539-558.
- Langley, P. Liquidity Lost: The Governance of the Global Financial Crisis. Oxford University Press; 2014.
- Langley, P. The Everyday Life of Global Finance: Saving and Borrowing in Anglo-America. Oxford Oxford University Press; 2008.
- Langley, P. World Financial Orders: An Historical International Political Economy. Routledge; 2002.
Chapter in book
- Langley, P. The financialization of life. In: Mader, P., Mertens, D. & van der Zwan, N. International Handbook of Financialization. Routledge; 2019.
- Langley, P. Financial flows: Spatial imaginaries of speculative circulations. In: Christophers, B., Leyshon, A. & Mann, G. Money and Finance after the Crisis: Critical Thinking for Uncertain Times. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons; 2017:69-90.
- Langley, P. The ethical investor and embodied economies. In: Abdelal, R., Blyth, M. & Parson, C. Constructing the International Economy. Cornell University Press; 2010.
- Langley, P. Consumer credit, self-discipline, and risk management. In: Clark, G., Dixon, A.D. & Monk, A.H.B. Managing Financial Risks: From Global to Local. Oxford University Press; 2009:280-300.