Dr Lisa Baldini, MSc, PhD
Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography
Telephone: +44 (0) 191 33 41943
Fax: +44 (0) 191 33 41801
Room number: S110
I am a palaeoclimatologist, specialising in the use of stable isotopes and trace elements in stalagmite carbonate to reconstruct past climate. To strengthen palaeoclimate proxy interpretations, my research includes investigation of modern climate-isotope systematics including the influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation, hurricanes, and ITCZ migration on circum-North Atlantic precipitation isotopes. To quantify how the climate signal is emplaced in speleothem carbonate geochemistry, I also study the hydrology and geochemistry of cave drip water. Through long-term reconstructions of past climate, I hope to contribute to our understanding of the relative influence of natural (atmosphere/ocean/volcanic/solar) versus anthropogenic (greenhouse gas and aerosol emissions) forcings on Earth's climate on timescales ranging from annual to millennial. I am also keen to apply insights gleaned from my palaeoclimate research to enhance prediction of and increase resilience to future climate change.
- 2016 - Present: Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Durham University
- 2010 - 2016: Postdoctoral Research Associate, ERC HURRICANE Project, Department of Earth Sciences, Durham University
- 2008 - 2010: Marie Curie Research Fellow, Department of Earth Sciences, Durham University
- 2008: PhD, Palaeoclimatology and Low-Temperature Geochemistry, University College Dublin, Ireland
- 2006 - 2008: Re-Os Isotope Technician, Durham University
- 2001: MSc, Stable Isotope Geochemistry and Palaeoecology, Department of Geology, University of Georgia, USA
- 1995 - 1998: Research Fellow, Oakridge Research Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), US Army Environmental Center, Maryland, USA
- 1995: BSc, Geology, James Madison University, Virginia, USA
- Quantifying the impacts of climate change on modern Maya subsistence farming communities in Belize
- Unravelling the nature of, and the human response to, the extreme climate events that led to the 11th C Classic Maya civilisation collapse
- Palaeoclimate reconstruction using geochemical proxies in stalagmites
- North Atlantic Oscillation and European climate
- Precipitation stable isotope and back trajectory analysis
- Cave environment and hydrochemistry
- Isotope ecology of land snails for palaeoenvironmental reconstruction
- ENSO variability and ITCZ migration
- Long-term reconstruction of Atlantic tropical cyclone activity
- Natural and anthropogenic forcing of climate and the environment
Indicators of Esteem
- 2008 - 2010: Marie Curie Intra-European Research Fellowship
- 1996 - 1998: Oakridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) Fellowship
- Invited Presentations:
- 2019: Speleothem Summer School, Cluj, Romania
- 2017: AGU Fall Meeting, New Orleans, USA
- 2017: Reece Summer School Climate Workshop, Northumbria University, UK
- 2017: Widening Participation Teacher's Conference, Durham University, UK
- 2017: Physical Geography Research Group Internal Seminar, Durham University, UK
- 2015: Great North Museum Natural Catastrophes Event, Newcastle, UK
- 2012: North Eastern Geological Society meeting, Durham, UK
- 2009: DAPHNE Project Workshop, Heidelberg, Germany
- 2009: Annual NERC Rapid Climate Change meeting, Edinburgh, UK
- 2009: 1st Cave Monitoring Workshop, Gibraltar, UK
- 2008: Goldschmidt 2008, Vancouver, British Columbia
- 2005: UCD Sesquicentennial Celebration Seminar, UCD, Ireland
- Membership of Professional Bodies:
- 2017 - Present: International Journal of Speleology Editorial Board
- 2017 - Present: American Geophysical Union
- 2017 - Present: Yorkshire Palaeo Group
- 2017 - Present: The UK Palaeoclimate Society
- 2008 - Present: European Geosciences Union
- 2008 - Present: Geochemical Society
- Byrd, R., Baldini, L.M. & Cox, N. Assessing the impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on wind power generation in the UK. Applied Energy. Submitted.
- Baker, A., Hartmann, A., Duan, W., Hankin, S., Comas-Bru, L., Cuthbert, M.O., Treble, P.C., Banner, J., Genty, D., Baldini, L.M., Bartolome, M., Moreno, A. & Perz-Mejias, C. Global distribution and controls on cave drip water oxygen isotope composition. Nature Communications. Submitted.
- Baldini, L.M., Baldini, J.U.L., McDermott, F., Arias, P., Cueto, M., Fairchild, I.J., Hoffmann, D.L., Mattey, D.P., Muller, W., Nita, D.C., Ontanon, R., Garcia-Monco, C. & Richards, D.A. North Iberian temperature and rainfall seasonality over the Younger Dryas and Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews. Forthcoming.
- Lechleitner, F.A., Fohlmeister, J., McIntyre, C., Baldini, L.M., Jamieson, R.A., Hercman, H., Gąsiorowski, M., Pawlak, J., Stefaniak, K., Socha, P., Eglinton, T.I. & Baldini, J.U.L. A novel approach for construction of radiocarbon-based chronologies for speleothems. Quaternary Geochronology. 2016;35:54-66.
- Baldini L.M., Baldini J.U.L., McElwaine J., Frappier A.B., Asmerom Y., Liu K.B., Prufer K., Ridley H.E., Polyak V., Kennett D.J., Macpherson C.G., Aquino V.V., Awe J. & Breitenbach, S.F.M. Persistent northward North Atlantic tropical cyclone track migration over the past five centuries. Scientific Reports. 2016;6:37522.
- Walczak, I.W., Baldini, J.U.L., Baldini, L.M., McDermott, F., Marsden, S., Standish, C.D., Richards, D.A., Andreo, B. & Slater, J. Reconstructing high-resolution climate using CT scanning of unsectioned stalagmites: A case study identifying the mid-Holocene onset of the Mediterranean climate in southern Iberia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2015;127:117-128.
- Baldini, L. M., McDermott, Frank, Baldini, J. U. L., Arias, P., Cueto, M., Fairchild, I. J., Hoffmann, D. L., Mattey, D. P., Müller, W., Nita, D. C., Ontañón, R., Garciá-Moncó, C. & Richards, D. A. Regional temperature, atmospheric circulation, and sea-ice variability within the Younger Dryas Event constrained using a speleothem from northern Iberia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2015;419:101-110.
- Baldini, J.U.L., McDermott, F., Baldini, L.M., Ottley, C.J., Linge, K.L., Clipson, N. & Jarvis, K.E. Identifying short-term and seasonal trends in cave drip water trace element concentrations based on a daily-scale automatically collected drip water dataset. Chemical Geology. 2012;330-331:1-16.
- Fischer, M. & Baldini, L. M. A Climate-isotope regression model with seasonally-varying and time-integrated relationships. Climate Dynamics. 2011;doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1009-1.
- McDermott, F., Atkinson, T. C., Fairchild, I. J. Mattey, D. P. & Baldini, L. M. A first evaluation of the spatial gradients in d18O recorded by European Holocene speleothems. Global and Planetary Change. 2011;79:275-287.
- Rudzka, D., McDermott, F., Baldini, L. M., Fleitmann, D., Moreno, A. & Stoll, H. The coupled d13C-radiocarbon systematics of three Late Glacial/early Holocene speleothems; insights into soil and cave processes at climatic transitions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2011;75:4321-4339.
- Baldini, L., McDermott, F., Baldini, J.U.L., Fischer, M.J. & Möllhoff, M. An investigation of the controls on Irish precipitation δ18O values on monthly and event timescales. Climate Dynamics. 2010;35:977-993.
- Baldini, L.M., McDermott, F. & Foley, A. Spatial variability in the European winter precipitation d18O-NAO relationship: Implications for reconstructing NAO-mode climate variability in the Holocene. Geophysical Research Letters. 2008;35:L04709.
- Baldini, L. M., Walker, S.E., Railsback, L. B., Baldini, J.U.L. & Crowe, D.E. Isotopic ecology of the modern land snail Cerion, San Salvador, Bahamas: Preliminary advances toward establishing a low-latitude island paleoenvironmental proxy. Palaios. 2007;22:174-187.
- Baldini, J.U.L., Baldini, L.M., McDermott, F. & Clipson, N. Carbon dioxide sources, sinks, and spatial variability in shallow temperature zone caves: evidence from Ballynamintra Cave, Ireland. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies. 2006;68:4-11.
- Baldini, J.U.L., McDermott, F, Baker, A., Baldini, L.M., Mattey, D.P. & Railsback, L.B. Biomass effects on stalagmite growth and isotope ratios: A 20th century analogue from Wiltshire, England. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2005;240:486-494.
Available for media contact about:
- Weather & climate:
- 2019: GCRF Centre for Doctoral Training Grant (PI) (£146,487)
- 2018: PalaeoSub Research Project Grant (Co-I) (€60,000)
- 2018: SimTIC Research Project Grant (Co-I) (€220,220)
- 2016: Durham University Grant Seedcorn Fund Award (PI) (£1,651)
- 2015: CoChange Research Project Grant (Co-I) (€220,000)
- 2009: NERC Isotope Geosciences Facilities (NIGFSC) Grant (PI) ($13,100)
- 2008: Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship (PI) (£119,382)
- 2006: Goldschmidt 2006 (Geochemical Society) Travel Grant
- 2005: UCD Research Seed Funding (PI) (£9,624)
- 2000: The Paleontological Society Research Grant
- 2000: UGA John Sanford Levy Memorial Fund Grant
- 1999: Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies Research Grant
- 1999: UGA Wheeler-Watts Fund Grant
- 1996: Oakridge Institute for Science and Education Fellowship (PI) (£38,927)