Dr Penelope Anthias
My research interrogates the relationship between race, property and resource extraction, combining perspectives from postcolonialism, critical race theory, political ecology and legal geography with long-term ethnographic research in Bolivia's Chaco region. My specific interests include:
- how racialised regimes of ownership and resource distribution are produced and sustained
- the possibilities and limits of a "politics of recognition" for indigenous peoples and other subaltern groups
- indigenous "countermapping" and land titling processes
- how multicultural rights regimes intersect with geographies of resource extraction
- race, property and resource extraction in Latin America's "new left" states
My doctoral research examined the dynamics and legacies of Native Community Lands (TCOs), a form of collective indigenous property created under Bolivia's 1996 INRA Law. This culminated in a book, Limits to Decolonization (2018), which traces how the limits of recognition in TCOs are shaping the emergence of new forms of "hydrocarbon citizenship" under Bolivia's Movement Towards Socialism government. My subsequent research has examined the broader remapping of territory and power in the Bolivia Chaco at the intersection of struggles over gas rents and competing visions of a "plurinational" state.
Alongside my 0.5 position at Durham, I am a member of two collaborative research projects at the University of Copenhagen: Rule and Rupture, and Leaks: Resource Enclaves and Unintended Flows in Latin America. I am a Collaborator in the Canada-based project Territory Making as World Making, which compares indigenous-state conflicts in Bolivia and Paraguay.
Before joining Durham Geography in 2018, I held postdoctoral positions at the University of Copenhagen (2014-16) and the University of California, Berkeley (2014-16). I completed my PhD in Geography at the University of Cambridge in 2014. My previous degrees are in History and English (BA) and International Relations (MA). Before becoming an academic, my previous jobs included managing a website on international development, researching migration in Bangladesh, teaching English in Ecuador and selling bread on East London markets.
- Anthias, P. Ambivalent cartographies: exploring the legacies of indigenous land titling through participatory mapping. Critique of Anthropology. 2019;39:222-242.
- Anthias, Penelope Indigenous Peoples and the New Extraction: From Territorial Rights to Hydrocarbon Citizenship in the Bolivian Chaco. Latin American Perspectives. 2018;45:136.
- Anthias, Penelope Ch’ixi landscapes: Indigeneity and capitalism in the Bolivian Chaco. Geoforum. 2017;82:268.
- Anthias, Penelope & Radcliffe, Sarah A. The ethno-environmental fix and its limits: Indigenous land titling and the production of not-quite-neoliberal natures in Bolivia. Geoforum. 2015;64:257.
- Anthias, P. Limits to Decolonization: Indigeneity, Territory, and Hydrocarbon Politics in the Bolivian Chaco. Cornell University Press; 2018.
Chapter in book
- Anthias, P. Regulación ambiental de los hidrocarburs en el Campo Margarita, Tarija. In: Peralta, P. & Hollenstein, P. Jamás Tan Cerca Arremetió lo Lejos: Inversiones Extraterritoriales, Crisis Ambiental, y Acción Colectiva en América Latina. Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, Rimisp, Ediciones La Tierra; 2012:51-88.
- Anthias, Penelope Territorializing Resource Conflicts in “Post-Neoliberal” Bolivia: Hydrocarbon Development and Indigenous Land Titling in TCO Itika Guasu. In: Haarstad, H. New Political Spaces in Latin American Natural Resource Governance. Palgrave MacMillan; 2012:129-153.