Dr Matthieu Cartigny
My research focusses on the dynamics of geophysical flows, their associated morphologies and the eventual deposits that are left in the rock record. I use field measurements, experiments, numerical models and the sedimentary record to test morphodynamic hypothesis from different perspectives. I am fascinated by the autonomous behaviour observed in these processes and the broad scope of beautiful patterns that they produce.
Currently, my research is mainly focused on direct observations of turbidity currents in settings varying from large submarine canyons to small delta front channels. These observations include the first deep ocean measurements of unprecedented Mississippi-River-size, week-long flows. These flows show a complete new flow structure, where a dense frontal parts of the flow outruns a dilute quasi-steady trailing body. Other datasets include ~100 individual smaller flows occurring in delta channels, which now allow us to constrain for the first time what it takes for a small flow to ignite into a fully develop turbidity current. More generally, I am trying expand on our observation capabilities by bringing in techniques that are new to this field, such as CHIRP systems to image dense basal layers on turbidity currents, electronic resistivity tomography to measure dense basal layer non-intrusively in the laboratory, acoustic inversion techniques to explore sediment concentration within deep-ocean turbidity currents and fully three-dimensional numerical modelling techniques to study the link between supercritical flows and their related bedforms.
In my future research I want to expand my research scope to other geophysical flows. This is currently being reflected in modelling work on sediment waves on submarine flanks of volcanoes to constrain submarine continuation of pyroclastic flows, and by linking sedimentological signatures to morphological seafloor features in a large glacially formed trough on the Antarctic shelf.
- Mr Jamie Hizzett
- Ms Sophie Hage
- Ms Zoë Roseby
- Mr Florian Pohl
- Ms Daniela Vendettuoli
- Morphodynamics of geophysical flows
- Turbidity currents
- Sediment transport
Indicators of Esteem
- 2018: : Dorothy Hodgkin Fellow by the Royal Society
- 2018: : Early-Career Scientist Award by the International Association of Sedimentologists
- 2018: : Roland Goldring Award by the British Sedimentological Research Group
- 2016: : Harold Reading Award for De Leeuw et al., 2016 by the British Sedimentological Research Group
- 2006: : Hydraulic Engineering MSc award by Duthc Society of Hydraulic Engineers
- Vendettuoli, D., Clare, M.A., Hughes Clarke, J.E., Vellinga, A., Hizzet, J., Hage, S., Cartigny, M.J.B., Talling, P.J., Waltham, D., Hubbard, S.M., Stacey, C. & Lintern, D.G. Daily bathymetric surveys document how stratigraphy is built and its extreme incompleteness in submarine channels. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2019;515:231-247.
- Hage, Sophie, Cartigny, Matthieu J.B., Sumner, Esther J., Clare, Michael A., Hughes Clarke, John E., Talling, Peter J., Lintern, D. Gwyn, Simmons, Stephen M., Silva Jacinto, Ricardo, Vellinga, Age J., Allin, Joshua R., Azpiroz‐Zabala, Maria, Gales, Jenny A., Hizzett, Jamie L., Hunt, James E., Mozzato, Alessandro, Parsons, Daniel R., Pope, Ed L., Stacey, Cooper D., Symons, William O., Vardy, Mark E. & Watts, Camilla Direct monitoring reveals initiation of turbidity currents from extremely dilute river plumes. Geophysical Research Letters. 2019;46:11310-11320.
- Ono, Kenya, Plink‐Björklund, Piret, Eggenhuisen, Joris T. & Cartigny, Matthieu J.B. Froude supercritical flow processes and sedimentary structures:New insights from experiments with a wide range of grain sizes. Sedimentology. 2019.
- Pohl, F., Eggenhuisen, J. T., Tilston, M. & Cartigny, M. J. B. New flow relaxation mechanism explains scour fields at the end of submarine channels. Nature Communications. 2019;10:4425.
- Larter, Robert D., Hogan, Kelly A., Hillenbrand, Claus-Dieter, Smith, James A., Batchelor, Christine L., Cartigny, Matthieu, Tate, Alex J., Kirkham, James D., Roseby, Zoë A., Kuhn, Gerhard, Graham, Alastair G. C. & Dowdeswell, Julian A. Subglacial hydrological control on flow of an Antarctic Peninsula palaeo-ice stream. The Cryosphere. 2019;13:1583.
- Gales, J., Talling, P.J., Cartigny, M.J.B., Hughes Clarke, J., Lintern, G., Stacey, C. & Clare, M.A. What controls submarine channel development and the morphology of deltas entering deep-water fjords?. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 2019;44:535-551.
- Clare, Michael A., Le Bas, Tim, Price, David M., Hunt, James E., Sear, David, Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Vellinga, Age, Symons, William, Firth, Christopher & Cronin, Shane Complex and Cascading Triggering of Submarine Landslides and Turbidity Currents at Volcanic Islands Revealed From Integration of High-Resolution Onshore and Offshore Surveys. Frontiers in Earth Science. 2018;6:223.
- Hage, S., Cartigny, M.J.B., Clare, M.A., Sumner, E.J., Vendettuoli, D., Hughes Clarke, J.E., Hubbard, S.M., Talling, P.J., Lintern, D.G., Stacey, C.D., Englert, R.G., Vardy, M.E., Hunt, J.E., Yokokawa, M., Parsons, D.R., Hizzett, J.L., Azpiroz-Zabala, M. & Vellinga, A.J. How to recognize crescentic bedforms formed by supercritical turbidity currents in the geologic record: insights from active submarine channels. Geology. 2018;46:563-566.
- de Leeuw, Jan, Eggenhuisen, Joris T. & Cartigny, Matthieu J. B. Linking submarine channel-levee facies and architecture to flow structure of turbidity currents: insights from flume tank experiments. Sedimentology. 2018;65:931-951.
- Vellinga, Age J., Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Eggenhuisen, Joris T. & Hansen, Ernst W. M. Morphodynamics and depositional signature of low-aggradation cyclic steps: New insights from a depth-resolved numerical model. Sedimentology. 2018;65:540-560.
- Pope, Ed L., Jutzeler, Martin, Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Shreeve, James, Talling, Peter J., Wright, Ian C. & Wysoczanski, Richard J. Origin of spectacular fields of submarine sediment waves around volcanic islands: distinguishing eruption-fed supercritical flow bedforms from slope failures. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2018;493:12-24.
- Paull, Charles K., Talling, Peter J., Maier, Katherine L., Parsons, Daniel, Xu, Jingping, Caress, David W., Gwiazda, Roberto, Lundsten, Eve M., Anderson, Krystle, Barry, James P., Chaffey, Mark, O’Reilly, Tom, Rosenberger, Kurt J., Gales, Jenny A., Kieft, Brian, McGann, Mary, Simmons, Steve M., McCann, Mike, Sumner, Esther J., Clare, Michael A. & Cartigny, Matthieu J. Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers. Nature Communications. 2018;9:4114.
- Wu, Xuxu, Baas, Jaco H., Parsons, Daniel R., Eggenhuisen, Joris, Amoudry, Laurent, Cartigny, Matthieu, McLelland, Stuart, Mouazé, Dominique & Ruessink, Gerben Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface. 2018;123:2784-2801.
- Hizzett, J. L., Hughes Clarke, J. E., Sumner, E. J., Cartigny, M. J. B., Talling, P. J. & Clare, M. A. Which triggers produce the most erosive, frequent and longest runout turbidity currents on deltas?. Geophysical Research Letters. 2018;45:855-863.
- Azpiroz-Zabala, M., Cartigny, M.J.B., Sumner, E.J., Clare, M.A., Talling, P.J., Parsons, D.R. & Cooper, C. A general model for the helical structure of geophysical flows in channel bends. Geophysical Research Letters. 2017;44:11,932-11,941.
- Symons, W.O., Sumner, E.J., Paull, C.K., Cartigny, M.J.B., Xu, J.P., Maier, K.L., Lorenson, T.D. & Talling, P.J. A new model for turbidity current behavior based on integration of flow monitoring and precision coring in a submarine canyon. Geology. 2017;45:367-370.
- Clare, M.A., Vardy, M.E., Cartigny, M.J.B., Talling, P.J., Himsworth, M.D., Dix, J.K., Harris, J.M., Whitehouse, R.J.S. & Belal, M. Direct monitoring of active geohazards: emerging geophysical tools for deep-water assessments. Near surface geophysics. 2017;15:427-444.
- Azpiroz-Zabala, Maria, Cartigny, Matthieu, Talling, Peter, Parsons, Daniel, Sumner, Esther, Clare, Michael, Simmons, Stephen, Cooper, Cortis & Pope, Ed Newly recognized turbidity current structure can explain prolonged flushing of submarine canyons. Science Advances. 2017;3:e1700200.
- Eggenhuisen, Joris T., Cartigny, Matthieu J. B. & de Leeuw, Jan Physical theory for near-bed turbulent particle suspension capacity. Earth Surface Dynamics. 2017;5:269-281.
- Symons, William O., Sumner, Esther J., Tailing, Peter J., Cartigny, Matthieu J. B. & Clare, Michael A. Large-scale sediment waves and scours on the modern seafloor and their implications for the prevalence of supercritical flows. Marine Geology. 2016;371:130-148.
- Pope, E.L., Talling, P.J., Hunt, J.E., Dowdeswell, J.A., Allin, J.R., Cartigny, M.J.B., Long, D., Mozzato, A., Stanford, J.D., Tappin, D.R. & Watts, M. Long-term record of Barents Sea Ice Sheet advance to the shelf edge from a 140,000 year record. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2016;150:55-66.
- de Leeuw, Jan, Eggenhuisen, Joris T. & Cartigny, Matthieu J. B. Morphodynamics of submarine channel inception revealed by new experimental approach. Nature Communications. 2016;7:10886.
- Clare, M.A., Hughes Clarke, J.E., Talling, P.T., Cartigny, M.J.B. & Pratomo, D.G. Preconditioning and triggering of offshore slope failures and turbidity currents revealed by most detailed monitoring yet at a fjord-head. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2016;450:208-220.
- Arnoud Slootman, Matthieu J.B. Cartigny, Andrea Moscariello, Massimo Chiaradia & Poppe L. de Boer Quantification of tsunami-induced flows on a Mediterranean carbonate ramp reveals catastrophic evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2016;444:192.
- Zhong, Guangfa, Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Kuang, Zenggui & Wang, Liaoliang Cyclic steps along the South Taiwan Shoal and West Penghu submarine canyons on the northeastern continental slope of the South China Sea. Geological Society Of America Bulletin. 2015;127:804-824.
- Talling, Peter J., Allin, Joshua, Armitage, Dominic A., Arnott, Robert W. C., Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Clare, Michael A., Felletti, Fabrizio, Covault, Jacob A., Girardclos, Stephanie, Hansen, Ernst, Hill, Philip R., Hiscott, Richard N., Hogg, Andrew J., Clarke, John Hughes, Jobe, Zane R., Malgesini, Giuseppe, Mozzato, Alessandro, Naruse, Hajime, Parkinson, Sam, Peel, Frank J., Piper, David J. W., Pope, Ed, Postma, George, Rowley, Pete, Sguazzini, Andrea, Stevenson, Christopher J., Sumner, Esther J., Sylvester, Zoltan, Watts, Camilla & Xu, Jingping Key future directions for research on turbidity currents and their deposits. Journal Of Sedimentary Research. 2015;85:153-169.
- Ventra, Dario, Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Bijkerk, Jochem F. & Acikalin, Sanem Supercritical-flow structures on a Late Carboniferous delta front: Sedimentologic and paleoclimatic significance. Geology. 2015;43:731-734.
- Ventra, Dario, Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Bijkerk, Jochem F. & Acikalin, Sanem Supercritical-flow structures on a Late Carboniferous delta front: sedimentologic and paleoclimatic significance Reply. Geology. 2015;43:E375.
- Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Ventra, Dario, Postma, George & van den Berg, Jan H. Morphodynamics and sedimentary structures of bedforms under supercritical-flow conditions: New insights from flume experiments. Sedimentology. 2014;61:712-748.
- Postma, George, Kleverlaan, Kick & Cartigny, Matthieu J. B. Recognition of cyclic steps in sandy and gravelly turbidite sequences, and consequences for the Bouma facies model. Sedimentology. 2014;61:2268-2290.
- Postma, George & Cartigny, Matthieu J. B. Supercritical and subcritical turbidity currents and their deposits-A synthesis. Geology. 2014;42:987-990.
- Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Eggenhuisen, Joris T., Hansen, Ernst W. M. & Postma, George Concentration-dependent flow stratification in experimental high-density turbdiity currents and their relevance to turbidite faceis models. Journal Of Sedimentary Research. 2013;83:1047-1065.
- Janocko, M., Cartigny, M. B. J., Nemec, W. & Hansen, E. W. M. Turbidity current hydraulics and sediment deposition in erodible sinuous channels: Laboratory experiments and numerical simulations. Marine And Petroleum Geology. 2013;41:222-249.
- Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Postma, George, van den Berg, Jan H. & Mastbergen, Dick R. A comparative study of sediment waves and cyclic steps based on geometries, internal structures and numerical modeling. Marine Geology. 2011;280:40-56.
- Postma, George, Cartigny, Matthieu & Kleverlaan, Kick Structureless, coarse-tail graded Bouma Ta formed by internal hydraulic jump of the turbidity current?. Sedimentary Geology. 2009;219:1-6.
- Krastel, Sebastian, Wynn, Russell B., Feldens, Peter, Schuerer, Anke, Boettner, Christoph, Stevenson, C., Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Huehnerbach, Veit & Unverricht, Daniel Flow Behaviour of a Giant Landslide and Debris Flow Entering Agadir Canyon, NW Africa. Wellington: Submarine Mass Movements And Their Consequences; 2016.
- Postma, George, Hoyal, David C., Abreu, Vitor, Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Demko, Timothy, Fedele, Juan J., Kleverlaan, Kick & Pederson, Keriann H. Morphodynamics of Supercritical Turbidity Currents in the Channel-Lobe Transition Zone. Submarine Mass Movements And Their Consequences; 2016.
- Mastbergen, Dick, van den Ham, Geeralt, Cartigny, Matthieu, Koelewijn, Andre, de Kleine, Marco, Clare, Mike, Hizzett, Jamie, Azpiroz, Maria & Vellinga, Age Multiple Flow Slide Experiment in the Westerschelde Estuary, The Netherlands. Submarine Mass Movements And Their Consequences; 2016.
- Basani, Riccardo, Janocko, Michal, Cartigny, Matthieu J. B., Hansen, Ernst W. M. & Eggenhuisen, Joris T. MassFLOW-3D (TM) as a simulation tool for turbidity currents: some preliminary results. 2014.
- 2018: Developing a new sensor network to monitor the most destructive part of a turbdiity current (Royal Society)
- 2018: Turbidity Currents: Flow Initation, Evolution and Ocean floor interaction (Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowship)
- 2017: Direct Monitoring of Field Scale Turbidity Currents (Joint Industry Project))
- 2017: How do deep-ocean turbidity currents behave that form the largest sediment accumulations on Earth? (NERC-NE/R001952/1)
- 2016: Experiments on cyclic steps in mixed sediments (Joint Industry Project)
- 2016: First high resolution direct measurements for powerful turbidity currents that reach the deep ocean (NERC-NE/L009358/1)
- 2016: International efforts for direct monitoring of active turbidity currents at global 'test sites' (NERC-NE/M017540/1)
- 2016: New field-scale calibration for turbidity current impact modelling (NERC-NE/P009190/1)
- 2015: Studying geohazards through quantification of field-scale turbidity current (NERC-NE/M007138/1)
- 2014: Spatial variations in grounding-line proximal facies Anvers Trough, Antarctica (CGS-BAS)
- 2014: Bedform dynamics in submarine channels (Joint Industry Project)
- 2014: Deposits of high-density flows in reworked carbonate sediment (IAS)
- 2014: First detailed synchronous sediment-concentration and velocity data for submarine turbidity currents (NERC-NE/K011480/1)
- 2014: Novel laboratory facilities to study submarine geohazards (NERC-NE/L008130/1)
- 2014: Wave ripple in mixtures of cohesive clay and cohesionless sand (EU-HYDRALAB)
- 2013: From turbidity current process to lithofacies and system architecture (Joint Industry Project)
- 2013: Linking 3D bedforms in outcrop and numerical modelling (IAS)
- 2011: Sedimentary architecture of channel-lobe transitions (Joint industry Project)