Dr Lauren Martin, MA, PhD
Reviews & Website Editor, Environment & Planning D: Society and Space.
2013-2015 Academy of Finland Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland.
2011-2013 Postdoctoral Researcher, Mobilities, Borders & Identities Research Group, Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland.
- BA, Philosophy, Grinnell College, USA
- MA, Geography, University of Kentucky, USA
- Certificate in Gender and Women's Studies, University of Kentucky, USA
- PhD, Geography, University of Kentucky, USA
- Docent, Political Geography, University of Oulu, Finland
Commercialising Border Enforcement: This project examines the role of private and non-state actors in immigration and border enforcement in the US and EU. Outsourcing and subcontracting detention operations, data analysis, technology development and implementation, trainings, and oversight are commonplace in the US, and the EU’s FRONTEX actively facilitates meetings between the private sector and member state border agencies. This project analyzes the legal frameworks through which non-state actors are authorized to perform particular border and immigration enforcement practices in order to rethink how and the what extent borders can be said “belong” to the state.
Familial Intimacies: My research on US noncitizen family detention policy and practice raised important questions about how geographers conceptualize familial relationships. While feminist geographers, in particular, have well-developed conceptual tools for thinking through gender, home, social reproduction, domesticity, and care, “the family” is a powerful discursive entity in immigration politics and beyond. With Chris Harker at Durham University (UK), I organized a special issue on family for Environment and Planning A that brought together research family separation, labor migration and citizenship, the geopolitics of intimacy, and the politics of precarity. Alongside “Privatizing Border Enforcement,” this research project examines the ways in which immigration policies and procedures individualize, isolate, and depoliticize cross-border mobility. Together, these two projects investigate “privatization” from two different political-economic angles: the security company and the migrant.
Topological Spaces: (with Prof. Anna Secor, University of Kentucky) This project traces the recent uptick in geographers’ and social theorists’ use of topology and topological metaphors. Space, borders, power, and social relations have been argued to be topological, or becoming topological. Theoretical inspiration for this attraction to topology come from both structural (e.g. Lacan) and poststructural (e.g. Deleuze and Guattari) thinkers, and thus the concept has been used to understand the structuring of space and networks, flows, and leakages. The article provides a critical overview of this emerging body of literature and an original reading of how we might think with and through topological space. It is part of my long-standing interest in theories of space, materiality, and power.
Challenging Immigration Detention: I continue to follow immigration detention politics in the US and have been particularly interested in how detention visitation programs negotiate relationships with immigration and detention center officials. While visitors seek to provide companionship to detainees and to undermine the geographies of isolation imposed by detention, access requires relationship-building and communication between groups that are usually antagonistic. This research has been carried out in collaboration with migrant advocates and activists in the United States, and I hope to extend these relationship to European visitation programs, as well.
- Border and Migration Policing
- Feminist Geography
- Political Geography
- 1: Martin, Lauren & Prokkola, Eeva-Kaisa Making labour mobile: Borders, precarity, and the competitive state in Finnish migration politics. Political Geography. 2017;60:143-153.
- 2: Burridge, Andrew, Gill, Nick, Kocher, Austin & Martin, Lauren Polymorphic Borders. Territory, Politics, Governance. 2017;5:239-251.
- 3: Martin, Lauren Discretion, contracting, and commodification: privatisation of US immigration detention as a technology of government. In: Conlon, Deirdre & Hiemstra, Nancy Intimate Economies of Immigration Detention: Critical Perspectives. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge; 2017:32-50.
- Martin, Lauren & Paasi, Anssi Afterword: spatialities of transnational lived citizenship. Global Networks. 2016;16:344.
- Martin, Lauren & with Evelin Kask Deportation and the Dispossession of Time. darkmatter: in the ruins of imperial culture. 2015;12:3.
- Martin, Lauren Noncitizen Detention Spatial Strategies of Migrant Precarity in US Immigration and Border Control. Annales de Geographie. 2015;702-703:231-247.
- Martin, Lauren & Secor, Anna J. Towards a post-mathematical topology. Progress in Human Geography. 2014;38:420-438.
- Belcher, O & Martin, L "Ethnographies of Closed Doors: Conceptualizing Openness and Closure in US Immigration and Military Institutions". Area. 2013;45:403-410.
- Martin, Lauren L. ‘Catch and Remove’ Detention, Deterrence, and Discipline in US Noncitizen Family Detention Practice. Geopolitics. 2012;17:312.
- Mutersbaugh, Tad & Martin, Lauren Dialectics of Disassembly: Heifer-Care Protocols and the Alienation of Value in a Village Dairy Cooperative. Environment and Planning A. 2012;44:723.
- Martin, Lauren L Governing through the Family: Struggles over US Noncitizen Family Detention Policy. Environment and Planning A. 2012;44:866.
- Harker, C. & Martin, L. Guest Editorial. Familial relations: spaces, subjects, and politics. Environment and Planning A. 2012;44:768 – 775.
- Martin, Lauren The geopolitics of vulnerability: children's legal subjectivity, immigrant family detention and US immigration law and enforcement policy. Gender, Place & Culture. 2011;18:477.
- Martin, Lauren L. Bombs, bodies, and biopolitics: securitizing the subject at the airport security checkpoint. Social & Cultural Geography. 2010;11:17.
- Martin, Lauren L. & Mitchelson, Matthew L. Geographies of Detention and Imprisonment: Interrogating Spatial Practices of Confinement, Discipline, Law, and State Power. Geography Compass. 2009;3:459.
- Belcher, O, Martin, L, Secor, A, Simon, S & Wilson, T "Everywhere and Nowhere: The Exception and the Topological Challenge to Geography". Antipode. 2008;40:499-503.
- Martin, Lauren & Simon, Stephanie A Formula for Disaster: The Department of Homeland Security's Virtual Ontology. Space and Polity. 2008;12:281.
- Gómez Tovar, Laura, Martin, Lauren, Gómez Cruz, Manuel Angel & Mutersbaugh, Tad Certified organic agriculture in Mexico: Market connections and certification practices in large and small producers. Journal of Rural Studies. 2005;21:461.
- Martin, Lauren Security. In: Agnew, John, Mamadouh, Virginie Secor, Anna & Sharp, Joanne The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Political Geography. Wiley-Blackwell; 2015:100-113.
- Martin, Lauren Getting out and getting in: Legal geographies of US immigration detention. In: Moran, Dominique, Gill, Nick & Conlon, Deirdre Carceral Spaces: Mobility and Agency in Imprisonment and Migrant Detention. Farnham: Ashgate; 2013:149-166.
- Martin, Lauren Review Essay Detaining Noncitizens: Law, Security, Crime, and Politics. Environment and Planning D: Society & Space. 2012;30:748-755.
- Burridge, Andrew, Kocher, Austin, Gill, Nick & Martin, Lauren Special Issue: Polymorphic Borders. Territory, Politics, Governance, 5 (3): 2017.
- Belcher, Oliver, Martin, Lauren & Tazzioli, Martina Special Issue: Border Struggles: Ontologies, Epistemologies, Politics. darkmatter: in the ruins of imperial culture, 12 2015.