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Durham University

School of Education

Staff Profile

Publication details for Dr David Bolden

Tan, M., Mourgues, C., Bolden, D.S. & Grigorenko, E.L. (2014). Making numbers come to life: Two scoring methods for creativity in Aurora's Cartoon Numbers. Journal of Creative Behavior 48(1): 25-43.

Author(s) from Durham


Although creativity has long been recognized as an important aspect of mathematical thinking, both for the advancement of the field and in students' developing expertise in mathematics, assessments of student creativity in that domain have been limited in number and focus. This article presents an assessment developed for creativity that provides a score for mathematical creativity (MaC) in addition to a score for general creativity in the numeric domain, or what we might call numerical creativity (NuC). We developed different rating scales for each and then explored how each scoring method accounts for the students' mathematical/numerical and creative skills. The psychometric properties for both scoring approaches were examined. Each method was shown to reflect different relationships with other performance tests. In addition, it is proposed that MaC may provide useful insight into students' levels of adaptive expertise in mathematics, as reflected by their ability to apply mathematical knowledge (i.e., language, operations, concepts) to novel situations, representing an informative supplement to performance indicators of math achievement.