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Durham University

School of Education

Staff Profile

Publication details for Prof Catherine Montgomery

Hope, M. & Montgomery, C. (2016). Creating Spaces for Autonomy: The Architecture of Learning and Thinking in Danish Schools and Universities. In The Palgrave International Handbook of Alternative Education. Lees, H.E. & Noddings, N Palgrave Macmillan. 305-319.

Author(s) from Durham


This chapter focuses on the concept of space and its relationship to autonomy and perceptions of freedom in education. It includes a review of the literature that indicates the links between physical and metaphorical spaces and learning are still largely unexplored. Eriksen noted in 1973 that our understanding of educational space had not developed in tandem with new concepts of the learning process (Eriksen, 1973). Nonetheless, current research suggests that the environment in which learning takes place can have a significant impact on both the construction of meaning in education and the dynamic of learning (Montgomery, 2008).