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Durham University

School of Education

Staff Profile

Publication details for Dr Nadia Siddiqui

Gorard, S. & Siddiqui, N. (2018). There is only research: the liberating impact of just doing research. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches 10(1): 328-333.

Author(s) from Durham


Based on reading a very large number of research
reports, and conducting a wide range of different
projects, this article illustrates a simple yet inclusive
model of research. Research is considered as a cyclical
activity with various designs and methods more or less
appropriate at each phase but in the same field of
investigation. This leads to the realisation that designs
and methods are to a very great extent entailed in the
research question(s) being addressed. This approach is
illustrated through a range of our own studies, including
aggregated trials of literacy improvement, school choice,
and adult learning. It is clear that they are just research—
and that schisms/paradigms, or even attempting to
resolve such schisms via ‘multiple methods’ and the like,
are irrelevant in real-life research.