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Our People

Professor Bernd Brandl

Professor in Management

Bernd Brandl is dealing with methodological, empirical and theoretical research questions in the fields of employment relations and international HRM. In particular, much of his thematic and theoretical research focused on comparative cross-country analyses of different employment relations and labour market systems, institutions and policies. 

He is disseminating his research in various academic outlets (i.e. academic journals, books) as well as in reports which are relevant for informed policy/decision makers. He has given more than more than200 presentations at seminars and international conferences (including various invited plenary and semi-plenary presentations). His research is also found to be of interest by various international organizations as he worked as an advisor/consultant for various organisations (e.g. International Monetary Fund, International Labour Organization, and European Commission).


Bernd Brandl was educated at the University of Graz and the University of Vienna (both in Austria). He started his academic career as a Lecturer at the Universities of Graz and later at the Vienna University of Economics and Business (Austria). He then took up the post as an Assistant Professor at the University of Vienna (Austria) and later acted at the University of Vienna in various positions (i.e., Associate Professor and Temporary Professor). In course of his positions at the University of Vienna he acted as Head of Department (2010 – 2011) and was a member of the Board of Studies for many years. At the University of Vienna he gained his “Habilitation” in 2009 which is the highest academic qualification a scholar can achieve by his or her own pursuit in Austria (and Germany). In 2012 he moved to the United Kingdom to work as a Senior Lecturer in Human Resource Management at the University of York and later at the University of Newcastle.

In his research he is dealing with methodological, empirical and theoretical research questions in the fields of employment relations and international HRM. He is disseminating his research in various outlets (i.e. academic journals, policy reports, books) as well as on the occasion of research seminars and international conferences. He gave many invited presentations at seminars and conferences (including plenary and semi-plenary presentations). For many years now he is also the main coordinator (i.e. Chair) of Research Network 17 on Work, Employment and Industrial Relations at the European Sociological Association. Among various duties in this position he is organising yearly workshops and panels at conferences.

Bernd Brandl has provided policy analysis and advice for various international institutions including the European Commission (Brussels), the International Monetary Fund (Washington), and the International Labour Organisation (ILO)/United Nations (Geneva).

Since 2013 he is a member of the Advisory Committee to the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (EUROFOUND, Dublin), a specialist agency of the European Commission. In this position he participates actively at high-level European Union policy workshops and meetings in many European countries and provides input for policy reports and policy briefs which are used by European Union policy makers to make informed policy decisions.

I welcome PhD applicants interested in researching (examples):

  • the use of new technologies (such as for example analytical methods, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Data Mining, etc.) in HRM and industrial relations
  • the role of employer and business organizations in different countries and industries (especially in Latin American, African and Asian countries)
  • the role and effects of collective wage bargaining
  • the European and transnational coordination between trade unions and/or companies and/or business and employer organizations
  • the European governance of work and labour

Country comparative research as well as country case studies on Latin American, African and Asian countries on the topics above is very welcome.

Students interested in a PhD in the fields outlined or related areas and fields above should contact Professor Brandl via email.

Research Interests

  • HR Analytics (Big Data, AI, Data Mining)
  • Employment Relations
  • International Human Resource Management
  • Collective Bargaining
  • Business Interest Organizations

Research Groups


    Authored book

  • Bechter, Barbara, Brandl, Bernd & Meardi, Guglielmo (2011). From national to sectoral industrial relations: Developments in sectoral industrial relations in the EU. Dublin: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.
  • Baglioni, Mirella. & Brandl, Bernd. (2011). Perspectives for Industrial Relations in Europe. Peter-Lang.
  • Schweiger, Gottfried. & Brandl, Bernd. (2010). Der Kampf um Arbeit: Dimensionen und Perspektiven. VS-Verlag, Wiesbaden.
  • Chapter in book

  • Bechter, Barbara. & Brandl, Bernd. (2015). Recent Developments in European Industrial Relations. In Industrial Relations in Europe 2014. European Union. European Commission: Brussels.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2015). Much Ado About Nothing? A Comparative Analysis of the Political Effects of Social Pacts. In Økonomi og Arbejdei det 21. Århundrede: et festskrift til Flemming Ibsen. Ibsen, Christian Lyhne & Høgedal, Laust Kristian København: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag.
  • Brandl, Bernd. (2014). Eine Untersuchung von Untersuchungen zur wahren und wahrscheinlichen Rolle der Religion in der Erklärung wirtschaftlichen Wachstums (An Investigation of analyses on the true and probable role of religion in explaining economic growth). In Religion und Kapitalismus (Religion and Capitalism). König, Robert. Ferstl & Perz, Vienna. 240-271.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2013). Benefits of Union Membership. In SAGE Sociology of Work Encyclopedia. Smith, Vicky Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE. 914-917.
  • Brandl, Bernd. (2013). Collective Bargaining. In SAGE Sociology of Work Encyclopedia. Smith, Vicky. SAGE, Los Angeles et al. 98-103.
  • Bechter, Barbara. & Brandl, Bernd. (2013). Overview of European, national and public sector industrial relations. In Industrial Relations in Europe 2012. European Union. European Commission: Brussels. 21-52.
  • Brandl, Bernd. & Leoni, Thomas. (2013). Gewerkschaft, Lohnfindung und Wirtschaftspolitik: Der österreichische Weg im Wandel der Zeit (Trade Unions, Wage Determination, and Economic Policy: The Austrian Way in the Course of Time). In Wissenschaft über Gewerkschaft. Brigitte, Pellar. Analysen und Perspektiven. ÖGB-Verlag, Vienna. 15-37.
  • Traxler, Franz. & Brandl, Bernd. (2011). The economic impact of collective bargaining. In The Role of Collective Bargaining in the Global Economy: Negotiating for Social Justice. Hayter, Susan. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, Northampton. 227-253.
  • Brandl, Bernd., Glassner, Vera. & Traxler, Franz. (2011). Cross-border bargaining coordination as a means of defending national labour standards. In Industrial Relations and Social Standards in an Internationalized Economy. Struck, Olaf. Rainer Hampp Verlag, München. 89-102.
  • Baglioni, Mirella. & Brandl, Bernd. (2011). Changing labour relations between path dependency and global trends – An introduction. In Changing Labour Relations between Path Dependency and Global Trends. Baglioni, Mirella. & Brandl, Bernd. Peter-Lang, Frankfurt am Main. 9-17.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2010). Dimensionen der Arbeitsbeziehungen und Streikaktivität im Ländervergleich: Eine theoretische und empirische Analyse. In Arbeitskampf und Kampf um Arbeit. Schweiger, Gottfried & Brandl, Bernd Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag. 73-100.
  • Brandl, Bernd. & Traxler, Franz. (2010). Differenze e analogie nelle cause dei conflitti di lavoro. In Quaderni Rassegna Sindacale. Lavoro. 11: 15-40.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2010). Die positiven Auswirkungen der Tarifbindung. In WISO Wirtschafts- und sozialpolitische Zeitschrift. 4: 79-94.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2010). Perceptions about decent work: The role of self interest, ideology and moral sentiments. In Decent Work and Unemployment. Bagusat, Christiana, Keenan, William J.F. & Sedmak, Clemens Wien-Berlin-Münster: LIT-Verlag. 27-39.
  • Brandl, Bernd. & Gottfried Schweiger. (2010). Perspektiven des Kampfes um und für Arbeit. In Arbeitskampf und Kampf um Arbeit. Schweiger, Gottfried. & Brandl, Bernd. VS-Verlag, Wiesbaden. 9-15.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2008). The trade-off between productivity and job growth in Europe and the role of social partners in socioeconomic policy-making. In Perspectives on Work: Problems, Insights, Challenges. Neumaier, Otto, Schweiger, Gottfried. & Sedmak, Clemens. Wien-Münster: LIT-Verlag. 127-136.
  • Brandl, Bernd. & Christian Fölzer. (2008). Regional structural change at the interface between old and new member states: The case of Austrian regions. In The Impact of European Integration on Regional Structural Change and Cohesion. Krieger-Boden, Christiane., Morgenroth, Edgar. & Petrakos, George. Routledge, London. 119-132.
  • Brandl, Bernd. & Traxler, Franz. (2008). Das System der Lohnführerschaft in Österreich: Eine Analyse der empirischen Relevanz. In Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. 34: 9-31.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2007). Automated modelling in empirical social sciences using a Genetic Algorithm. In Computer Aided System Theory. Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis, Rodriguez, José Carlos, Moreno-Diaz Jr., Roberto & Moreno-Diaz, Roberto Berlin: Springer. 912-919.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2007). Robustness of econometric variable selection methods. In Operations Research Proceedings 2006. Waldmann, K.-H. & Stocker, U.M. Berlin: Springer. 239-244.
  • Traxler, Franz., Brandl, Bernd. & Pernicka, Susanne. (2007). Business associability, activities and governance: Crossnational findings. In The Handbook of Business Interest Associations, Firm Size and Governance: A Comparative Analytical Approach. Huemer, Gerhard. & Traxler, Franz. Routledge, London. 351-403.
  • Brandl, Bernd., Keber, Christian. & Schuster, Matthias G. (2006). Data Mining for ‘big data’ macroeconomic forecasting: A complementary approach to factor models. In Operations Research Proceedings 2005. Haasis, Hans-Dietrich. Kopfer, Herbert. & Schönberger, Jörn. Springer-Verlag, Berlin et al. 483-488.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2006). Herausforderungen und "State of the Art“. In Ansätze bei der ökonometrischen Variablenselektion. WiSt. 35: 234-237.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2005). Exchange rates: Predictable but not explainable? In Data Mining with leading indicators and technical trading rules. Folia Oeconomica. 192: 195-209.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2004). Machine learning in economic forecasting and the usefulness of economic theory: The case of exchange rate forecasts. In Lecture Series on Computer and Computational Sciences. Simons, Theodore & Maroulis George 1: 964-966.
  • Beinsen, Lutz. & Brandl, Bernd. (2003). The ability of Artificial Neural Networks to exploit non-linearity by data mining models compared to statistical methods. In Operations Research Proceedings 2002. Leopold-Wildburger, Ulrike., Rendl, Franz. & Wäscher, Gerhard. Springer, Berlin et al. 510-515.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2003). Integrating exchange rate theory in data mining. In Operations Research Proceedings 2002. Leopold-Wildburger, Ulrike, Rendl, Franz & Wäscher, Gerhard Berlin: Springer. 504-509.
  • Journal Article

  • Brandl, Bernd (2021). Trust Relationships in Employment Relationships: the Role of Trust for Firm Profitability. International Journal of the Economics of Business 28(1): 139-161.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2021). Trust as the cement in the employment relationship? The role of trust in different workplace employment relations regimes. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance 8(1): 80-96.
  • Bechter, B,, Braakmann, N, & Brandl, B (2021). Variable Pay and/or Collective Wage Bargaining? Complements or Substitutes?. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 74(2): 443-469.
  • Braakmann, Nils & Brandl, Bernd (2021). The Performance Effects of Collective and Individual Bargaining: A Comprehensive and Granular Analysis of Different Bargaining Systems on Company Productivity.. International Labour Review 160(1): 43-64.
  • Brandl, B & Braakmann, N. (2021). The Effects of Collective Bargaining Systems on the Productivity Function of Firms: An Analysis of Bargaining Structures and Processes and the Implications for Policy Making. Industrial Relations Journal 52(3): 218-236.
  • Brandl, B. (2020). Variations and (a)symmetries in trust between employees and employers in Europe: Some (not so) well-known stylized facts. . The European Journal of Industrial Relations 26(3): 313-329.
  • Brandl, B. & Ibsen, C. L. (2019). Collective Wage Bargaining and the Role of Institutional Stability: A Cross-National Comparison of Macroeconomic Performance.. Cambridge Journal of Economics 43(3): 677-694.
  • Brandl, B. & Lehr, A. (2019). The Strange Non-Death of Employer and Business Associations: An Analysis of their Representativeness and Activities in Western European Countries.. Economic and Industrial Democracy 40(4): 932-953.
  • Bechter, B. & Brandl, B. (2019). The Hybridization of National Collective Bargaining Systems: The Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Transformation of Collective Bargaining in the European Union.. Economic and Industrial Democracy 40(3): 469-489.
  • Brandl, B. & Lehr, A. (2018). A problem of embeddedness? A micro-theoretical model of trade union action and interaction in Europe.. Employee Relations 40(3): 500-514.
  • Bechter, B., Brandl, B. & Prosser, P. (2017). Engagement in European Social Dialogue: an investigation into the role of social partner structural capacity.. Industrial Relations Journal 48(4): 365-382.
  • Brandl, B. & Ibsen, C.L. (2017). Instability and Change in Collective Bargaining: An Analysis of the Effects of Changing Institutional Structures.. British Journal of Industrial Relations 55(3): 527-550.
  • Bechter, B. & Brandl, B. (2015). Measurement and Analysis of Industrial Relations Aggregates: What is the Relevant Unit of Analysis in Comparative Research? . European Political Science 14(4): 422-438.
  • Brandl, Bernd. (2013). Die Repräsentativität von Arbeitgeberverbänden in Europa: Eine Standortbestimmung des “deutschen Modells”. WSI-Mitteilungen 2013(7): 510-518.
  • Brandl, Bernd, Strohmer, Sonja & Traxler, Franz (2013). Foreign direct investment, labour relations and sector effects: US investment outflows to Europe. International Journal of Human Resource Management 24(17): 2381-3304.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2012). Successful Wage Concertation: The Economic Effects of Wage Pacts and their Alternatives. British Journal of Industrial Relations 50(3): 482-501.
  • Traxler, Franz. & Brandl, Bernd. (2012). Collective Bargaining, Inter-Sectoral Heterogeneity and Competitiveness: A Cross-National Comparison of Macroeconomic Performance. British Journal of Industrial Relations 50(1): 73-98.
  • Bechter, Barbara., Bernd, Brandl. & Meardi, Guglielmo. (2012). Sectors or Countries? Typologies and Levels of Analysis in Comparative Industrial Relations. European Journal of Industrial Relations 18(3): 185-202.
  • Bechter, Barbara., Brandl, Bernd. & Meardi, Guglielmo. (2011). Die Bestimmungsgründe der (Re-)Sektoralisierung der industriellen Beziehungen in der Europäischen Union (The Determinants of (Re-)Sectoralization of Industrial Relations in the European Union). Industrielle Beziehungen (The German Journal of Industrial Relations) 18(3): 143-166.
  • Brandl, Bernd. & Traxler, Franz. (2011). Labour Relations, the Economic Governance and the Crisis: Turning the Tide again? Labor History 52(1): 1-22.
  • Pitlik, Hans., Schwarz, Gerhard., Bechter, Barbara. & Brandl, Bernd. (2011). Near Is my Shirt, But Nearer Is My Skin: Ideology or Self-Interest as Determinants of Public Opinion on Fiscal Policy Issues. Kyklos 64(2): 271-290.
  • Bechter, Barbara., Brandl, Bernd., Pitlik, Hans. & Schwarz, Gerhard. (2011). Die Akzeptanz von sozial- und wirtschaftspolitischen Maßnahmen. Mehr Politik als Sozial- und Wirtschaftspolitik? (Support for Economic and Social Policy: More Politics than Economic Policy?). Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft (Austrian Journal of Political Science) 40(3): 217-235.
  • Traxler, Franz. & Brandl, Bernd. (2010). Collective Bargaining, Macroeconomic Performance, and the Sectoral Composition of Trade Unions. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society 49(1): 91-115.
  • Brandl, Bernd., Strohmer, Sonja. & Traxler, Franz. (2010). US Foreign Direct Investment, Macro Markets and Labour Relations: The Case of Enlarged Europe. Industrial Relations Journal 41(6): 622-638.
  • Brandl, Bernd., Leopold-Wildburger, Ulrike., Mietek, Arleta. & Pickl, Stefan. (2010). How do Commission Rates Influence a Firm’s Success? Statistical Analysis of a Corporate Strategy Simulation Experiment. Central European Journal of Operations Research 18(4): 553-566.
  • Traxler, Franz. & Brandl, Bernd. (2010). Preconditions for Pacts on Income Policy: Bringing Structures back in; A Comparison of Western Europe, 1980-2003. European Journal of Industrial Relations 16(1): 73-90.
  • Brandl, Bernd. & Traxler, Franz. (2010). Labour Conflicts: A Cross-national Analysis of Economic and Institutional Determinants, 1971-2002. European Sociological Review 26(5): 519-540.
  • Traxler, Franz. & Brandl, Bernd. (2009). Towards Europeanization of Wage Policy: Germany and the Nordic Countries. European Union Politics 10(2): 177-201.
  • Brandl, Bernd., Leopold-Wildburger, Ulrike. & Pickl, Stefan. (2009). Increasing of the fitness of fundamental exchange rate forecast models. International Journal of Contemporary Mathematical Sciences 4(16): 779-798.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2009). Bayesian Model Averaging and Model Selection: Two Sides of the Same Coin in the Identification of Determinants of Trade Union Density? Central European Journal of Operations Research 17(1): 13-29.
  • Traxler, Franz., Brandl, Bernd., Glassner, Vera. & Ludvig, Alice. (2008). Can Cross-Border Bargaining Coordination work? Analytical Reflections and Evidence from the Metal Industry in Germany and Austria. European Journal of Industrial Relations 14(2): 217-237.
  • Traxler, Franz., Brandl, Bernd. & Glassner, Vera. (2008). Pattern Bargaining: An Investigation into its Agency, Context and Evidence. British Journal of Industrial Relations 46(1): 33-58.
  • Brandl, Bernd (2008). Die Heterogenität von Akteuren am Devisenmarkt: Ergebnisse einer Umfrage im monetären und realwirtschaftlichen Sektor. BankArchiv: Zeitschrift für das gesamte Bank- und Börsenwesen 56(5): 321-328.
  • Brandl, Bernd. (2008). An Optimized Forecast Specification for Economic Activity: An Automated Discovery Approach Using a Genetic Algorithm. Journal of Business Cycle Measurement and Analysis 4(1): 9-26.
  • Brandl, Bernd., Keber, Christian. & Schuster, Matthias G. (2006). An Automated Econometric Decisions Support System: Forecasts for Foreign Exchange Trades. Central European Journal of Operations Research 14(4): 401-415.
  • Brandl, Bernd. & Traxler, Franz. (2005). Industrial Relations, Social Pacts and Welfare Expenditures: A Cross-national Comparison. British Journal of Industrial Relations 43(4): 635-658.

Contact Details

Professor in Management
+44 191 3345756