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Durham University

Department of Mathematical Sciences

Academic Staff

Publication details for Professor Emeritus Paul Mansfield

Mansfield, P. (1995). The vacuum functional at large distances. Physics Letters B 358(3-4): 287-296.

Author(s) from Durham


For fields that vary slowly on the scale of the lightest mass the logarithm of the vacuum functional can be expanded as a sum of local functionals, however, this does not satisfy the obvious form of the Schrödinger equation. For ϕ4 theory we construct the appropriate equation that this expansion does satisfy. This reduces the eigenvalue problem for the Hamiltonian to a set of algebraic equations. We suggest two approaches to their solution. The first is equivalent to the usual semi-classical expansion whilst the other is a new scheme that may also be applied to theories that are classically massless but in which mass is generated quantum mechanically.