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Durham University

Durham Law School

Staff profile

Publication details for Dr Annika Jones

Jones, Annika (2019). A Quiet Transformation? Efficiency Building in the “Fall” of International Criminal Justice. International Criminal Law Review 19(3): 445-474.

Author(s) from Durham


In recent years, international criminal justice mechanisms have come under increasing pressure to improve their efficiency, i.e. to reduce costs and increase their speed of operation. Drawing from semi-structured interviews with staff and stakeholders in proceedings at the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, this article argues that pressure for efficiency and related reform is supporting ‘quiet transformation’ in the balance between conflicting goals that underpin the international criminal justice process; in particular, between the pursuit of accountability, on the one hand, and demand for fairness and victim satisfaction, on the other. It highlights the need for greater engagement with the underlying policy issues that efficiency building raises and for ongoing, sustained empirical research into the impact of efficiency building on the ability of international criminal courts and tribunals to realise their goals.