Dr Anca Chirita, LLB, LLM, Dr. iur. (PhD), FHEA
(email at email@example.com)
Dr Anca Chirita is an Assistant Professor of Competition Law and convenes competition law at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. She is a member of the Senior Common Room at Grey and St John’s Colleges and an associate academic of the Institute for Data Science. Since 2017, she has been Director of Ethics and since 2016, a member of the Durham Law School’s Research Committee and of the Faculty of Social Sciences’ Ethics Committee. She has been a Non-Governmental Advisor to the International Competition Network for the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Competition: 2017-2018 for the Cartel and 2018-2020 for the Unilateral Conduct Working Group.
Dr Chirita’s research and teaching interests lie in competition law, with a particular focus on the following areas:
- Goals of competition law: competition policy’s social paradox of economic efficiency (ECJ), the historical interpretation of competition law (ICLQ);
- Restraints of trade: horizontal restraints in industrial cartels (JELS also in Comparative Competition Policy, ECLR, OCL);
- Abuse of a dominant position: global platform dominance, the rise of big data (Springer Nature), digital markets – oral / written evidence published by HM Treasury’s Digital Competition Expert Panel, editorial (CLR), anti-competitive practices (CLR, CPI), cross-border services (ECJ), undistorted competition (World Competition, shortlisted for junior award), comparative abuse of dominance book (Nomos, Dr. Friedrich-Feldbausch-Stiftung Prize), the Guidance Paper (ECJ), comparative law (ECJ, ECLR);
- Mergers: data-driven mergers (Hart), procedural rights (Springer), theories of harm (EC);
- State aid: for ‘Too-Big-to Fail’ banks (CYELS);
- Antitrust damages: disclosure of evidence under Directive 2014/104 (Springer);
- International trade: the implications of the UK’s exit for competition and trade, interviewed by BBC Radio 4, written evidence published by the House of Lords’ EU Internal Market Sub-Committee.
Her research has been published in both generalist (CUP’s International & Comparative Law Quarterly and Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies, German Journal of European Legal Studies, European Law Review, Irish Journal of European Law) and specialist journals (World Competition Law and Economics Review (Kluwer), European Competition Journal (Francis & Taylor), European Competition Law Review (Sweet & Maxwell), Competition Law Review, Oxford Competition Law, Competition Policy International) and with prestigious presses (CUP, Springer, Hart, Elgar, Nomos etc).
Anca’s research has been quoted, inter alia, by the European Commission, Director-General for Competition’s Speech on the Object of Effects, 2014; in the Directorate-General for Competition’s Report on judges’ training needs in the field of European competition law, 2016; in an official report on the digital economy commissioned for the German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs, 2016; and in the 12th report of the House of Lords on ‘Competition and State aid’ (paras 54, 147, 186 & 198), 2018 etc.
She has delivered over 50 presentations, lectures, or seminars oversees (Amsterdam, Utrecht, Saarbrücken, Bonn, Hamburg, Munich’s Max Planck for Innovation and Competition; Bucharest’s Romanian Academy, Craiova, UCC, UCD, Madrid IE, Valencia, Rome La Sapienza, Sciences Po Paris, Oslo, Rovinj, Beijing, Philadelphia, Berkeley, Washington D.C., New York University School of Law, Cambridge, UCL, Queen Mary at the Competition Appeal Tribunal, KCL, Chatham House The Royal Institute of International Affairs, HM Treasury, Nottingham, Warwick, Liverpool, 53rd Congress of the International Association of Young Lawyers, the Law Society in London etc.).
Anca has been invited to act as a peer reviewer for the Council for European Studies conferences held in Philadelphia, Glasgow, Chicago and Madrid; for various journals (Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal, Journal of Antitrust Enforcement, Competition Law Review, Yearbook of Antitrust and Regulatory Studies, Journal of European Consumer and Market Law); book proposals (OUP, CUP, Macmillan, Elgar, Hart, Taylor & Francis); and for funding including the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Since 2011, she has been a member of the Editorial Review Board of Oxford Competition Law.
She was a Deputy Director of Research Impact and Deputy Chair of Ethics (2016/17), co-chair of the Law School-Business School’s Ethics Committee (2017-2019), a Co-Director of the Durham Institute of Commercial and Corporate Law (2018/19) and of the European Law Institute (2013/14), and a DAAD visiting fellow at the Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (2012/14). Prior to joining the Law School in 2011, she was a PhD fellow of the German Chancellor Adenauer Foundation at the Europa-Institute, Saarland University, Faculty of Law and Economics. Her PhD in competition law was supervised by Professors Helmuth Schröter and Torsten Stein and awarded ‘summa cum laude’. During her PhD, she worked as a national expert with the College of Europe, Bruges (DG COMP project 2010/11), as a trainee with the Monopolies Commission in Bonn (2009), and as a Blue Book trainee with the European Commission in Brussels (2007/08). Previously, she completed the LL.M diploma in Saarbrücken with a triple specialism in European economic law, World Trade law and European human rights (examinations in German, English and French).
Dr Chirita has been teaching competition law since 2011 as a postgraduate (40230) convener and since 2012 as an undergraduate (3011) convener, including supervision of LLB, LLM, MJur, and PhD dissertations. The Monckton Prize rewards the Best Undergraduate Student in Competition Law with a £500 cash prize and a Mini Pupillage at Monckton Chambers.
Module handbooks and handouts are available on DUO. Recommended journals are available here. Students can consult undergraduate essays or dissertations in the ECLR (2018) 39 (2) 49, (2016) 37 (10) 406, 37 (5) 179, (2019) 40 (3) 107 and (2) 83, and in World Competition (2018) 41 (3), 419.
In 2015-16, I was invited to act as a panel judge for The Undergraduate Awards; in 2016 for the Best Undergraduate Paper Competition at the 82nd IAES conference in Washington D.C. I also chaired the competition law session of postgraduate conferences organised by the ICCL (2019,’18,’17), DELI (’14) and provided competition law training to a delegation of judges, prosecutors and barristers from Thailand (2018).
Former students: R Wieser (MJur), G Bandi (PhD secondary).
Recent external examinations: MPhil/PhD at University of Oxford with Professor Weatherill (2015, ’18) and A Robertson QC (’19), PhD at KCL with Professor Ezrachi (2017).
A selection of photos taken at various events organised in Durham or oversees is available here. Past invited speakers came from academia (KCL, UCD, Cambridge) or legal practice: European courts (General Court, Court of Justice), competition authorities (DG COMP, CMA) and law firms (Linklaters, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, Clifford Chance).
Recent media inquiries came from Channel 4, Associated Press News, Gardian Labs, Sky News, Bloomberg Newsroom, Heise online, panel interview by BBC Radio 4.
Anca is a recipient of prestigious academic scholarships, inter alia, German Academic Exchange Service, Konrad-Adenauer Foundation, Federal Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt), LLB (four-year) scholarship for exceptional merit.
- 2014: China-EU School of Law, China University of Political Science and Law;
- 2012/14: DAAD visiting fellowship;
- 2011: Dr. Friedrich-Feldbausch-Stiftung Prize; Vereinigung der Freunde der Universität des Saarlandes; Konrad Adenauer Stiftung e.V.;
- 2006/10: Konrad-Adenauer doctoral fellowship;
- 2007/08 European Commission Blue Book traineeship;
- 2004/05: Federal Foreign Office Scholarship (Auswärtiges Amt).
- Competition law (UK/EU) and comparative law (US antitrust law), policy and economics
- Restraint of trade, abuse of a dominant position, mergers, and state aid
- Public policy and the intersection of competition law with industrial property, big data, consumer law and environmental regulation
- Chirita, Anca D. (2011). The German and Romanian Abuse of Market Dominance in the Light of Article 102 TFEU. Baden-Baden, Germany: Nomos Verlag.
Chapter in book
- Chirita, Anca D. (2019). Data-Driven Mergers under EU Competition Law. In The Future of Commercial Law: Ways Forward for Change and Reform,. Akseli, O. & Linarelli, J. Oxford: Hart Publishing. 147-183.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2018). The Rise of Big Data and the Loss of Privacy. In Personal Data in Competition, Consumer Protection and IP Law - Towards a Holistic Approach?. Bakhoum, M., Gallego Conde, B., Mackenordt, M.-O. & Surblyte, G. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Nature 37 p. 28: 153-189.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2017). The Disclosure of Evidence under the ‘Antitrust Damages’ Directive 2014/104/EU. In EU Competition and State Aid Rules: Public and Private Enforcement. Tomljenović, V., Bodiroga-Vukobrat, N., Butorac Malnar, V. & Kunda, I. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer. 3: 147-173.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2016). Procedural Rights in EU Administrative Competition Proceedings: Ex Ante Mergers. In Procedural Rights in Competition Law in the EU and China. Cauffman, C. & Hao, Q. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. 3: 59-99.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2018), The Rise of Big Data and the Loss of Privacy, in Bakhoum, M., Conde Gallego, B., Mackenordt, M.-O. & Surblytė-Namavičienė, G. eds, MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 28 Personal Data in Competition, Consumer Protection and IP Law: Towards a Holistic Approach?. Munich, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 153-189.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2017). Editorial: Competition and Regulatory Trends in Digital Markets. The Competition Law Review, 12 (2): The Competition Law Scholars Forum, 119-130.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2018). Competition Policy's Social Paradox: Are We Losing Sight of the Wood for the Trees?. European Competition Journal 14(2-3): 367-416.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2015). Google's Anti-competitive and Unfair Practices in Digital Leisure Markets. Competition Law Review 11(1): 109-131.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2015). The Judicial Review of the European Union Industrial Cartels. Zeitschrift für europarechtliche Studien (German Journal of European Legal Studies) 18(4): 407-441.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2014). A Legal-Historical Review of the EU Competition Rules. International & Comparative Law Quarterly 63(2): 281-316.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2014). Recent Developments in EU Cartels. Oxford Competition Law
- Chirita, Anca D. (2012). Cross-Border Service Payments under EU Fair Competition and SEPA Rules. European Competition Journal 8(2): 403-428.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2012). Recent Abuse of Dominance and Cartel Cases. European Competition Law Review 33(5): 227-236
- Chirita, Anca D. (2010). Undistorted, Un(fair) Competition, Consumer Welfare and the Interpretation of Article 102 TFEU. World Competition Law and Economics Review 33(3): 417-436.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2009). The EC Commission’s Guidance Paper on the Application of Article 82 EC: An Efficient Means of Compliance for Germany?. European Competition Journal 5(3): 677-700.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2008). The Analysis of Market Dominance and Restrictive Practices under German Antitrust Law in Light of EC Antitrust Law. European Competition Journal 4(2): 415-441.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2018), Data-Driven Mergers under EU Competition Law, 13th edition of the Academic Society of Competition Law Conference on the 'Effects of Digitalization, Globalization, and Nationalism on Competition Law. New York University School of Law, USA.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2018), HM Treasury's Digital Competition Expert Panel, HM Treasury's Oral Evidence Round Table. The Law Society, London.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2018), The Crossroads of Competition, Technology and Big Data, Competition Policy 2018: The relationship between antitrust, innovation and investment. Chatham House, The Royal Institute of International Affairs, London.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2017), Data-Driven Mergers under US Anti-Trust and EU Competition Law, Society of Legal Scholars Annual Seminar 2017 The Future of Commercial Law: Ways Forward for Harmonisation. Durham, England.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2018). Written Evidence to HM Treasury's Digital Competition Expert Panel. HM Treasury.
- Chirita, Anca D. (2017). Written Evidence to the House of Lords' EU Internal Market Sub-Committee on Brexit: competition inquiry. London, Lords Select Committee.