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Durham University

Sea Level Research Unit (SLRU)


Professor Mike Bentley, Geology BSc. (Hons) 1st Class, (Edinburgh); PhD (Edinburgh)

Contact Professor Mike Bentley (email at


My research interests focus on Antarctic environmental history, especially the history of the ice sheet in the Antarctic Peninsula-Weddell Sea region. I have a number of current research themes at the moment:

i) Antarctic Ice Sheet History

This work combines glacial geomorphology and cosmogenic isotope surface exposure dating to try and infer past thickness (and extent) variations of ice sheets. I have also produced the first detailed relative sea level curves for the Antarctic Peninsula, which provide independent constraints on former ice sheet thickness. Areas of ongoing study include the Amundsen Sea area (Pine Island Glacier), southern Antarctic Peninsula and Alexander Island, Ellsworth Mountains, Pensacola Mountains, Coats Land, and South Georgia.

In most of these projects I collaborate closely with modellers, especially Richard Hindmarsh, Anne Le Brocq and Alun Hubbard (ice sheet models) and Pippa Whitehouse and Glenn Milne (Glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) modelling). This is a two-way process that allows the field data to be used as constraints for models and for models to direct site selection in future field campaigns. For example in the Ellsworth Mountains we developed an ice sheet model reconstruction of ice at the Last Glacial Maximum, using geomorphological evidence of former ice heights.

A significant recent output of our work on ice history has been a new model of glacial isostatic adjustment of Antarctica. The GIA modelling has been underpinned by new relative sea level data and geomorphological evidence of ice sheet change which are used to constrain models of ice sheet history. Our new model, W12 (Whitehouse et al., 2012a, 2012b) has been used to correct satellite gravimetry measurements of present-day ice sheet mass balance.

ii) Antarctic Sub Glacial Lake Exploration

I am part of the Lake Ellsworth Consortium. This is a NERC-funded consortium that aimed to drill into subglacial Lake Ellsworth. On Christmas Day 2012 the attempt had to be called off. Drilling was ceased after the main borehole failed to link with a subsurface cavity of water, built up over ~40 hours. Without this link, insufficient water was available to continue drilling downwards to the lake. A full explanation of the Review of this work and how we will take the next steps towards revisiting the lake site can be found at the project website: 

Our aim is still to retrieve water and sediment samples with the intention to study life in extreme environments and decipher long-term climate change and ice sheet behaviour. With Prof Dom Hodgson (BAS) I am working on the components of the the project that will analyse sediment cores from the lake bed.

iii) Antarctic Ice Shelf History

With colleagues from British Antarctic Survey and Edinburgh University I completed a project on Antarctic Peninsula ice shelf history. We worked on a series of epishelf lakes along the margin of the George VI Ice Shelf, where a multi-proxy palaeolimnological approach provided a long-term perspective on ice shelf behaviour. 

iv) Glacial & Climate History of Southernmost South America

I have worked for several years as part of a team which is determining the glacial and environmental history of southernmost South America using a variety of approaches including glacial geomorphology, palaeoecology, and linked ice sheet-climate modelling. Recent work with Masters and PhD students has included detailed geomorphological mapping and cosmogenic surface exposure dating of the Magellan Strait and Tierra del Fuego regions.

Selected Publications

Journal Article

  • Small, D., Pittard, M., Whitehouse, P., Jones, R. & Bentley, M. Antarctic ice sheet palaeo-thinning rates from vertical transects of cosmogenic exposure ages. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2019;206:65-80.
  • Cook, A.J. Copland, L. Noel, B.P.Y. Stokes, C.R. Bentley, M.J., Sharp, M.J. Bingham, R.G. & van den Broeke, M.R. Atmospheric forcing of rapid marine-terminating glacier retreat in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Science Advances. 2019;5:eaau8507.
  • Berg, S., Melles, M., Hermichen, W. D., McClymont, E.L., Bentley, M.J., Hodgson, D.A. & Kuhn, G. Evaluation of Mumiyo Deposits from East Antarctica as Archives for the Late Quaternary Environmental and Climatic History. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 2019;20:260-276.
  • Scaife, R.G., Long, A.J., Monteath, A.J., Hughes, P.D.M., Bentley, M.J. & Stone, P. The Falkland Islands palaeoecological response to millennial scale climate perturbations during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition: implications for future vegetation stability in Southern Ocean islands. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2019;34:609-620.
  • Paxman, G. J. G., Jamieson, S. S. R., Ferraccioli, F., Bentley, M. J., Ross, N., Watts, A. B., Leitchenkov, G., Armadillo, E. & Young, D. A. The role of lithospheric flexure in the landscape evolution of the Wilkes Subglacial Basin and Transantarctic Mountains, East Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface. 2019;124:812-829.
  • Paxman, G. J. G., Jamieson, S. S. R., Ferraccioli, F., Bentley, M. J., Ross, N., Armadillo, E., Gasson, E. G. W., Leitchenkov, G. & DeConto, R. M. Bedrock erosion surfaces record former East Antarctic Ice Sheet extent. Geophysical Research Letters. 2018;45:4114-4123.
  • Smith, Andrew M., Woodward, John, Ross, Neil, Bentley, Michael J., Hodgson, Dominic A., Siegert, Martin J. & King, Edward C. Evidence for the long-term sedimentary environment in an Antarctic subglacial lake. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2018;504:139-151.
  • Sejrup, Hans Petter, Bentley, Mike, Hjelstuen, Berit Oline & Ó Cofaigh, Colm Geological evolution and processes of the glaciated North Atlantic margins. Marine Geology. 2018;402:1-4.
  • Román-González, Alejandro, Scourse, James D., Richardson, Christopher A., Peck, Lloyd S., Bentley, Michael J. & Butler, Paul G. A sclerochronological archive for Antarctic coastal waters based on the marine bivalve Yoldia eightsi (Jay, 1839) from the South Orkney Islands. The Holocene. 2017;27:271-281.
  • Bentley, M.J., Hein, A.S., Sugden, D.E., Whitehouse, P.L., Shanks, R., Xu, S. & Freeman, S.P.H.T. Deglacial history of the Pensacola Mountains, Antarctica from glacial geomorphology and cosmogenic nuclide surface exposure dating. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2017;158:58-76.
  • Darvill, C.M., Stokes, C.R., Bentley, M.J., Evans, D.J.A. & Lovell, H. Dynamics of former ice lobes of the southernmost Patagonian Ice Sheet based on a glacial landsystems approach. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2017;32:857-876.
  • Verleyen, Elie, Tavernier, Ines, Hodgson, Dominic A., Whitehouse, Pippa L., Kudoh, Sakae, Imura, Satoshi, Heirman, Katrien, Bentley, Michael J., Roberts, Steve J., De Batist, Marc, Sabbe, Koen & Vyverman, Wim Ice sheet retreat and glacio-isostatic adjustment in Lützow-Holm Bay, East Antarctica. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2017;169:85-98.
  • Roberts, S., Monien, P., Foster, L., Loftfield, J., Hocking, E., Schnetger, B., Pearson, E., Juggins, S., Fretwell, P., Ireland, L., Ochyra, R., Howarth, A., Allen, C., Moreton, S., Davies, S., Brumsack, H., Bentley, M.J. & Hodgson, D. Past penguin colony responses to explosive volcanism on the Antarctic Peninsula. Nature Communications. 2017;8:14914.
  • Paxman, G. J. G., Jamieson, S. S. R., Ferraccioli, F., Bentley, M. J., Forsberg, R., Ross, N., Watts, A. B., Corr, H. F. J. & Jordan, T. A. Uplift and tilting of the Shackleton Range in East Antarctica driven by glacial erosion and normal faulting. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 2017;122:2390-2408.
  • Makinson, K., Pearce, D., Hodgson, D.A., Bentley, M.J., Smith, A.M., Tranter, M., Rose, M., Ross, N., Mowlem, M., Parnell, J. & Siegert, M.J. Clean subglacial access: prospects for future deep hot-water drilling. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 2016;374:20140304.
  • Ely, J.C., Clark, C.D., Spagnolo, M., Stokes, C.R., Greenwood, S.L., Hughese, A.L.C., Dunlopf, P. & Hessg, D. Do subglacial bedforms comprise a size and shape continuum? Geomorphology. 2016;257:108-119.
  • Auriac, A., Whitehouse, P.L., Bentley, M.J., Patton, H., Lloyd, J.M. & Hubbard, A. Glacial isostatic adjustment associated with the Barents Sea ice sheet: a modelling inter-comparison. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2016;147:122-135.
  • Hodgson, D.A., Bentley, M.J., Smith, J.A., Klepacki, J., Makinson, K., Smith, A.M., Saw, K., Scherer, R., Powell, R., Tulaczyk, S., Rose, M., Pearce, D., Mowlem, M., Keen, P. & Siegert, M.J. Technologies for retrieving sediment cores in Antarctic subglacial settings. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 2016;374:20150056.
  • Barlow, N.L.M., Bentley, M.J., Spada, G., Evans, D.J.A., Hansom, J.D., Brader, M.D., White, D.A., Zander, A. & Berg, S. Testing models of ice cap extent, South Georgia, sub-Antarctic. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2016;154:157-168.
  • Chang, M., Jamieson, S.S.R., Bentley, M.J. & Stokes, C.R. The surficial and subglacial geomorphology of western Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Journal of Maps. 2016;12:892-903.
  • Darvill, C.M., Bentley, M.J., Stokes, C.R. & Shulmeister, J. The timing and cause of glacial advances in the southern mid-latitudes during the last glacial cycle based on a synthesis of exposure ages from Patagonia and New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2016;149:200-214.
  • Matsuoka, K., Hindmarsh, R.C.A., Moholdt, G., Bentley, M.J., Pritchard, H.D., Brown, J., Conway, H., Drews, R., Durand, G., Goldberg, D., Hattermann, T., Kingslake, J., Lenaerts, J.T.M., Martin, C., Mulvaney, R., Nicholls, K., Pattyn, F., Ross, N., Scambos, T. & Whitehouse, P.L. Antarctic ice rises and rumples: Their properties and significance for ice-sheet dynamics and evolution. Earth-Science Reviews. 2015;150:724-745.
  • Darvill, C.M., Bentley, M.J., Stokes, C.R., Hein, A.S. & Rodés, A. Extensive MIS 3 glaciation in southernmost Patagonia revealed by cosmogenic nuclide dating of outwash sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2015;429:157-169.
  • Darvill, Christopher M., Bentley, Michael J. & Stokes, Chris R. Geomorphology and weathering characteristics of erratic boulder trains on Tierra del Fuego, southernmost South America: implications for dating of glacial deposits. Geomorphology. 2015;228:382-397.
  • Brader, M., Lloyd, J.M., Bentley, M. & Newton, A. Lateglacial to Holocene relative sea-level changes in the Stykkishólmur area, northern Snæfellsnes, Iceland. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2015;30:497-507.
  • Bradley, S.L., Hindmarsh, R.C.A., Whitehouse, P.L., Bentley, M.J. & King, M.A. Low post-glacial rebound rates in the Weddell Sea due to Late Holocene ice- sheet readvance. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2015;413:79-89.
  • Wolstencroft, M., King, M. A., Whitehouse, P. L., Bentley, M. J., Nield, G. A., King, E. C., McMillan, M., Shepherd, A., Barletta, V., Bordoni, A., Riva, R. E. M., Didova, O. & Gunter, B. C. Uplift rates from a new high-density GPS network in Palmer Land indicate significant late Holocene ice loss in the southwestern Weddell Sea. Geophysical Journal International. 2015;203:737-754.
  • Bentley, M.J., Ó Cofaigh, C., Anderson, J.B., Conway, H., Davies, B., Graham, A.G.C., Hillenbrand, C.-D., Hodgson, D.A., Jamieson, S.S.R., Larter, R.D., Mackintosh, A., Smith, J.A., Verleyen, E., Ackert, R.P., Bart, P.J., Berg, S., Brunstein, D., Canals, M., Colhoun, E.A., Crosta, X., Dickens, W.A., Domack, E., Dowdeswell, J.A., Dunbar, R., Ehrmann, W., Evans, J., Favier, V., Fink, D., Fogwill, C.J., Glasser, N.F., Gohl, K., Golledge, N.R., Goodwin, I., Gore, D.B., Greenwood, S.L., Hall, B.L., Hall, K., Hedding, D.W., Hein, A.S., Hocking, E.P., Jakobsson, M., Johnson, J.S., Jomelli, V., Jones, R.S., Klages, J.P., Kristoffersen, Y., Kuhn, G., Leventer, A., Licht, K., Lilly, K., Lindow, J., Livingstone, S.J., Massé, G., McGlone, M.S., McKay, R.M., Melles, M., Miura, H., Mulvaney, R., Nel, W., Nitsche, F.O., O’Brien, P.E., Post, A.L., Roberts, S.J., Saunders, K.M., Selkirk, P.M., Simms, A.R., Spiegel, C., Stolldorf, T.D., Sugden, D.E., van der Putten, N., van Ommen, T., Verfaillie, D., Vyverman, W., Wagner, B., White, D.A., Witus, A.E. & Zwartz, D. A community-based geological reconstruction of Antarctic Ice Sheet deglaciation since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2014;100:1-9.
  • Darvill, C.M., Stokes, C.R., Bentley, M.J. & Lovell, H. A glacial geomorphological map of the southernmost ice lobes of Patagonia: the Bahía Inútil - San Sebastián, Magellan, Otway, Skyring and Bella Vista lobes. Journal of Maps. 2014;10:500-520.
  • Hodgson, D.A., Graham, A.G.C., Griffiths, H.J., Roberts, S.J., Ó Cofaigh, C., Bentley, M.J. & Evans, D.J.A. Glacial history of sub-Antarctic South Georgia based on the submarine geomorphology of its fjords. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2014;89:129-147.
  • Johnson, J.S., Bentley, M.J., Smith, J.A., Finkel, R.C., Rood, D.H., Gohl, K., Balco, G., Larter, R.D. & Schaefer, J.M. Rapid Thinning of Pine Island Glacier in the Early Holocene. Science. 2014;343:999-1001.
  • Larter, R.D., Anderson, J.B., Graham, A.G.C., Gohl, K., Hillenbrand, C.-D., Jakobsson, M., Johnson, J.S., Kuhn, G., Nitsche, F.O., Smith, J.A., Witus, A.E., Bentley, M.J., Dowdeswell, J.A., Ehrmann, W., Klages, J.P., Lindow, J., Ó Cofaigh, C. & Spiegel, C. Reconstruction of changes in the Amundsen Sea and Bellingshausen Sea sector of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2014;100:55-86.
  • Hillenbrand, C.-D., Bentley, M.J., Stolldorf, T.D., Hein, A.S., Kuhn, G., Graham, A.G.C., Fogwill, C.J., Kristofferson, Y., Smith, J.A., Anderson, J.B., Larter, R.D., Melles, M., Hodgson, D.A., Mulvaney, R. & Sugden, D.E. Reconstruction of changes in the Weddell Sea sector of the Antarctic Ice Sheet since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2014;100:111-136.
  • Hodgson, D.A., Graham, A.G.C., Roberts, S.J., Bentley, M.J., Ó Cofaigh, C., Verleyen, E., Vyverman, W., Jomelli, V., Favier, V., Brunstein, D., Verfaillie, D., Colhoun, E.A., Saunders, K.M., Selkirk, P.M., Mackintosh, A., Hedding, D.W., Nel, W., Hall, K., McGlone, M.S., Van der Putten, N., Dickens, W.A. & Smith, J.A. Terrestrial and submarine evidence for the extent and timing of the Last Glacial Maximum and the onset of deglaciation on the maritime-Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2014;100:137-158.
  • Jamieson, S.S.R., Stokes, C.R., Ross, N., Rippin, D.M., Bingham, R.G., Wilson, D.S., Margold, M. & Bentley, M.J. The Glacial Geomorphology of the Antarctic Ice Sheet Bed. Antarctic Science. 2014;26:724-741.
  • Hodgson, D.A. & Bentley, M.J. Lake highstands in the Pensacola Mountains and Shackleton Range 4300–2250 cal. yr BP: Evidence of a warm climate anomaly in the interior of Antarctica. The Holocene. 2013;23:388-397.
  • Whitehouse, P.L., Bentley, M.J. & Le Brocq, A.M. A deglacial model for Antarctica: geological constraints and glaciological modelling as a basis for a new model of Antarctic glacial isostatic adjustment. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2012;32:1-24.
  • Lovell, H., Stokes, C.R. & Bentley, M.J. A glacial geomorphological map of the Seno Skyring-Seno Otway-Strait of Magellan region, southernmost Patagonia. Journal of Maps. 2012;7:318-339.
  • Whitehouse, P.L., Bentley, M.J., Milne, G.A., King, M.A. & Thomas, I.D. A new glacial isostatic adjustment model for Antarctica: calibrated and tested using observations of relative sea-level change and present-day uplift rates. Geophysical Journal International. 2012;190:1464-1482.
  • Shepherd, A., Ivins, E. R., Geruo, A., Barletta, V.B., Bentley, M.J., Bettadpur, S., Briggs, K.H., Bromwich, D.H., Forsberg, R., Galin, N., Horwath, M., Jacobs, S., Joughin, I., King, M.A., Lenaerts, J.T.M., Li, J., Ligtenberg, S.R.M., Luckman, A., Luthcke, S.B., McMillan, M., Meister, R., Milne, G., Mouginot, J., Muir, A., Nicolas, J.P., Paden, J., Payne, A.J., Pritchard, H., Rignot, E., Rott, H., Sørensen, L.S., Scambos, T.A., Scheuchl, B., Schrama, E.J.O., Smith, B., Sundal, A.V., van Angelen, J.H., van de Berg, W.J., van den Broeke, M.R., Vaughan, D.G., Velicogna, I., Wahr, J., Whitehouse, P.L., Wingham, D.J., Yi, D., Young, D. & Zwally, H.J. A Reconciled Estimate of Ice-Sheet Mass Balance. Science. 2012;338:1183-1189.
  • Siegert and the Ellsworth Consortium including & Bentley, M.J. Clean access, measurement and sampling of Antarctic subglacial lake environments. Reviews of Geophysics. 2012;50.
  • Lovell, H., Stokes, C.R., Bentley, M.J. & Benn, D.I. Evidence for rapid ice flow and proglacial lake evolution around the central Strait of Magellan region, southernmost Patagonia. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2012;27:625-638.
  • Hodgson, D.A., Bentley, M.J., Schnabel, C. & Cziferszky, A. Glacial geomorphology and cosmogenic 10Be and 26Al exposure ages in the northern Dufek Massif, Weddell Sea embayment, Antarctica. Antarctic Science. 2012;24:377-394.
  • Nield, G.A., Whitehouse, P.L., King, M.A., Clarke, P.J. & Bentley, M.J. Increased ice loading in the Antarctic Peninsula since the 1850s and its effect on glacial isostatic adjustment. Geophysical Research Letters. 2012.
  • King, M.A., Bingham, R.J., Moore, P., Whitehouse, P.L., Bentley, M.J. & Milne, G.A. Lower satellite-gravimetry estimates of Antarctic sea-level contribution. Nature. 2012;491:586–589.
  • Livingstone, S.J., Clark, C.D., Piotrowski, J.A., Tranter, M., Bentley, M.J., Hodson, A., Swift, D.A. & Woodward, J. Theoretical framework and diagnostic criteria for the identification of palaeo-subglacial lakes. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2012;53:88-110.
  • Watcham, E.P., Bentley, M.J., Hodgson, D.A., Roberts, S.J., Fretwell, P.T., Lloyd, J.M., Larter, R.D., Whitehouse, P.L., Leng, M.J., Monien, P. & Moreton, S.G. A new relative sea level curve for the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2011;30:3152-3170.
  • Fogwill, C.J., Hein, A., Bentley, M.J. & Sugden, D.E. Do blue-ice moraines in the Heritage Range show the West Antarctic Ice-sheet survived the last interglacial? Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 2011.
  • Roberts, S.J., Hodgson, D.A., Sterken, M., Verleyen, E., Vyverman, W., Sabbe, K., Balbo, A., Bentley, M.J. & Whitehouse, P.L. Geological constraints on glacio-isostatic adjustment models of relative sea-level change during deglaciation of Prince Gustav Channel, Antarctic Peninsula. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2011;30:3603-3617.
  • Johnson, J.S., Bentley, M.J., Roberts, S.J., Binnie, S. & Freeman, SP.H.T. Holocene deglacial history of the northeast Antarctic Peninsula - a review and new chronological constraints. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2011;30:3791-3802.
  • Ross, N., Siegert, M.J., Woodward, J., Smith, A.M., Corr, H., Bentley, M.J., Hindmarsh, R.C., King, E. & Rivera, A. Holocene stability of the Amundsen-Weddell ice divide, West Antarctica. Geology. 2011;39:935-938.
  • Bentley, M.J., Johnson, J.S., Hodgson, D.A., Dunai, T., Freeman, S.P.H.T. & O'Cofaigh, C. Rapid deglaciation of Marguerite Bay, western Antarctic Peninsula in the Early Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2011;30:3338-3349.
  • Le Brocq, A.M., Bentley, M.J., Fogwill, C.J., Hubbard, A.L., Sugden, D.E. & Whitehouse, P.L. Reconstructing the contribution of the Weddell Sea sector, Antarctica, to sea level rise since the last glacial maximum, using numerical modelling constrained by field evidence. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2011;30:2422-2432.
  • Thomas, I., King, M.A., Bentley, M.J., Whitehouse, P.L., Penna, N.T., Williams, S.D.P., Riva, R.E.M., Lavallee, D.A., Clarke P.J., King, E.C., Hindmarsh, R.C.A. & Koivula, H Widespread low rates of Antarctic glacial isostatic adjustment revealed by GPS observations. Geophysical Research Letters. 2011;38.
  • Bentley, M.J., Fogwill, C.J., Le Brocq, A.M., Hubbard, A.L., Sugden, D.E., Dunai, T. & Freeman, S.P.H.T. Deglacial history of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet in the Weddell Sea embayment: Constraints on past ice volume change. Geology. 2010;38:411-414.
  • Fretwell, P.T., Hodgson, D.A., Watcham, E.P., Bentley, M.J. & Roberts, S.J. Holocene isostatic uplift of the South Shetland Islands, Antarctic Peninsula, modelled from raised beaches. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2010;29:1880-1893.
  • Bentley, M.J. The Antarctic palaeo record and its role in improving predictions of future Antarctic Ice Sheet change. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2010;25:5-18.
  • Convey, P., Bindschadler, R., di Prisco, G., Fahrbach, E., Gutt, J., Hodgson, D.A., Mayewski, P.A., Summerhayes, C.P., Turner, J. & The ACCE Consortium (incl Bentley M.J.) Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment. Antarctic Science. 2009;21541–563.
  • Hodgson, D.A., Roberts, S.J., Bentley, M.J., Smith, J.A., Johnson, J.S., Verleyen, E., Vyverman, W., Hodson, A.J., Leng, M.J., Cziferszky, A., Fox, A.J. & Sanderson, D.C.W. Exploring former subglacial Hodgson Lake, Antarctica Paper I: site description, geomorphology and limnology. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2009;28:2295–2309.
  • Hodgson, D.A., Roberts, S.J., Bentley, M.J., Carmichael, E.L., Smith, J.A., Verleyen, E., Vyverman, W., Geissler, P., Leng, M.J. & Sanderson, D.C.W. Exploring former subglacial Hodgson Lake, Antarctica. Paper II: palaeolimnology. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2009;28:2310-2325.
  • Lloyd, J.M., Bentley, M.J., Newton, A.J. & Norðdahl, H. Lateglacial to Holocene Relative Sea-Level Changes in the Reykjanesfjall Area, Northwest Iceland. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2009;24:816-831.
  • Bentley, M.J., Hodgson, D.A., Smith, J.A., O Cofaigh, C., Domack, E.W., Larter, R.D., Roberts, S.J., Brachfeld, S., Leventer, A., Hjort, C., Hillenbrand, C-D. & Evans, J. Mechanisms of Holocene palaeoenvironmental change in the Antarctic Peninsula region. The Holocene. 2009;19:51-69.
  • Roberts, S.J., Hodgson, D.A., Bentley, M.J., Sanderson, D.C.W., Milne, G., Smith, J.A., Verleyen E., Balbo, A. & Sugden, D.E New constraints on deglaciation and relative sea-level change on Alexander Island, Antarctic Peninsula from elevated lake deltas. Geomorphology. 2009;112:122-134.
  • Hansom, J.D., Evans, D.J.A., Sanderson, D.C.W., Bingham, R.G. & Bentley, M.J. Constraining the age and formation of stone runs in the Falkland Islands using Optically Stimulated Luminescene. Geomorphology. 2008;94:117-130.
  • Johnson, J.S., Bentley, M.J. & Gohl, K. First exposure ages from the Amundsen Sea Embayment, West Antarctica: The Late Quaternary context for recent thinning of Pine Island, Smith and Pope Glaciers. Geology. 2008;36:223-226.
  • Wilson, P., Bentley, M.J., Schnabel, C., Clark, R. & Xu, S. Stone run (block stream) formation in the Falkland Islands over several cold stages, deduced from cosmogenic isotope (10Be and 26Al) surface exposure dating. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2008;23:461-473.
  • Le Brocq, A.M., Hubbard, A., Bentley, M.J. & Bamer, J.L. Subglacial topography inferred from ice surface terrain analysis reveals a large un-surveyed basin below sea level in East Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters. 2008;35:L16503.
  • Roberts, S.J., Hodgson, D.A., Bentley, M.J., Smith, J.A., Millar, I.L., Olive, V. & Sugden, D.E. The Holocene history of George VI Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula from clast-provenance analysis of epishelf lake sediments. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 2008;259:258-283.
  • Mackie, E.A.V., Lloyd, J.M., Leng, M.J., Bentley, M.J. & Arrowsmith, C. Assessment of δ13C and C/N ratios in bulk organic matter as palaeosalinity indicators in Holocene and Lateglacial isolation basin sediments, northwest Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2007;22:579-591.
  • Siegert, M.J., Behar, A., Bentley, M.J., Blake, D., Bowden, S., Christoffersen, P., Cockell, C., Corr, H., Cullen, D.C., Edwards, H., Ellery, A., Ellis-Evans, C., Griffiths, G., Hindmarsh, R., Hodgson, D.A., King, E., Lamb, H., Lane, L., Makinson, K., Mowlem, M. Parnell, J., Pearce, D. A., Priscu, J. Rivera, A. Sephton, M.A., Sims, M.R., Smith, A.M., Tranter, M., Wadham, J.L., Wilson, G. & Woodward, J. Exploration of Ellsworth Subglacial Lake: a concept paper on the development, organisation and execution of an experiment to explore, measure and sample the environment of a West Antarctic subglacial lake. Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology. 2007;6:161-179.
  • Smith, J.A., Bentley, M.J., Hodgson, D.A. & Cook, A.J. George VI Ice Shelf: past history, present behaviour and potential mechanisms for future collapse. Antarctic Science. 2007;19:131-142.
  • Bentley, M.J., Evans, D.J.A., Fogwill, C.J., Hansom, J.D., Sugden, D.E. & Kubik, P.W. Glacial geomorphology and chronology of deglaciation, South Georgia, sub-Antarctic: Reply to Comment by Van der Putten and Verbruggen. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2007;26:2690-2691.
  • Bentley, M.J., Evans, D.J.A., Fogwill, C.J., Hansom, J.D., Sugden, D.E. & Kubik, P.W. Glacial geomorphology and chronology of deglaciation, South Georgia, sub-Antarctic. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2007;26:644-677.
  • Bassett, S.A., Milne, G.A., Bentley, M.J. & Huybrechts, P. Modelling Antarctic sea-level data to explore the possiblity of a dominant Antarctic contribution to meltwater pulse IA. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2007;26:2113-2127.
  • Smith, J. A., Bentley, M. J., Hodgson, D. A., Roberts, S. J., Leng, M. J., Lloyd, J. M., Barrett, M. J., Bryant, C. & Sugden, D. E. Oceanic and atmospheric forcing of early Holocene ice shelf retreat, George VI Ice Shelf, Antarctica Peninsula. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2007;26:500-516.
  • Hodgson, D.A., Bentley, M.J., Roberts, S.J., Smith, J.A., Sugden, D.E. & Domack, E.W. Examining Holocene stability of Antarctic Peninsula ice shelves. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union. 2006;87:305-312.
  • Sugden, D.E., Bentley, M.J. & Ó Cofaigh, C. Geological and geomorphological insights into Antarctic ice sheet evolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 2006;364:1607-1625.
  • Bentley, M.J., Fogwill, C.J., Kubik, P.W. & Sugden, D.E. Geomorphological evidence and cosmogenic 10Be/26A1 exposure ages for the Last Glacial Maximum and deglaciation of the Antarctic Peninsula Ice Sheet. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 2006;118:1149-1159.
  • Smith, J.A., Hodgson, D.A., Bentley, M.J., Verleyen, E., Leng, M.J. & Roberts, S.J. Limnology of two Antarctic epishelf lakes and their potential to record periods of ice shelf loss. Journal of Paleolimnology. 2006;35:373-394.
  • Bentley, M.J. Aerial Predation by a South Polar Skua Catharacta Maccormicki on a Snow Petrel Pagodroma nivea in Antarctica. Marine Ornithology. 2005;32:115-116.
  • McCulloch, R.D., Fogwill, C.J., Sugden, D.E., Bentley, M.J. & Kubik, P.W. Chronology of the Last Glaciation in Central Strait of Magellan and Bahía Inútil, Southernmost South America. 'Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography'. 2005;87 A:289-312.
  • Bentley, M.J., Hodgson, D.A., Sugden, D.E., Roberts, S.J., Smith, J.A., Leng, M.J. & Bryant, C. Early Holocene retreat of the George VI Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula. Geology. 2005;33:173-176.
  • McCulloch, R.D., Bentley, M.J., Tipping, R.M. & Clapperton, C.M. Evidence for Late-Glacial Ice Dammed Lakes in the Central Strait of Magellan and Bahía Inútil, Southernmost South America. 'Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography'. 2005;87 A:335-362.
  • Bentley, M.J. & McCulloch, R.D. Impact of Neotectonics on the Record of Glacier and Sea Level Fluctuations, Strait of Magellan, Southern Chile. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography. 2005;87:393-402.
  • Sugden, D.E., Bentley, M.J., Fogwill, C.J., Hulton, N.R.J., McCulloch, R.D. & Purves, R.S. Late-Glacial Glacier Events in Southernmost South America: A Blend of 'Northern' and 'Southern' Hemispheric Climatic Signals? Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography. 2005;87:273-288.
  • Bentley, M.J., Hodgson, D.A., Smith, J.A. & Cox, N.J. Relative sea level curves for the South Shetland Islands and Marguerite Bay, Antarctic Peninsula. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2005;24:1203-1216.
  • Bentley, M.J., Sugden, D.E., Hulton, N.R.J. & McCulloch, R.D. The Landforms and Pattern of Deglaciation in the Strait of Magellan and Bahía Inútil, Southernmost South America. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography. 2005;87:313-333.
  • Fogwill, C.J., Bentley, M.J., Sugden, D.E., Kerr, A.R. & Kubik, P.W. Cosmogenic nuclides Be and Al imply limited Antarctic Ice Sheet thickening and low erosion in the Shackleton Range for > 1 m.y. Geology. 2004;32:265-268.
  • Moreton, S.G., Rosqvist, G.C., Davies, S.J. & Bentley, M.J. Radiocarbon reservoir ages from freshwater lakes, South Georgia, sub-Antarctic: Modern analogues from particulate organic matter and surface sediments. Radiocarbon. 2004;46:621-626.
  • Hulton, N.R.J., Purves, R.S., McCulloch, R.D., Sugden, D. & Bentley, M.J. The Last Glacial Maximum and deglaciation in southern South America. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2002;21:233-241.
  • Hjort, C., Bentley, M.J. & Ingolfsson, O. Holocene and pre-Holocene temporary disappearance of the George VI Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Science. 2001;13:296-301.
  • McCulloch, R.D., Bentley, M.J., Purves, R.S., Sugden, D.E. & Clapperton, C.M. Climatic interferences form glacial and palaeocological evidence at the last glacial termination, Southern South America. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2000;15:409-417.
  • Bentley, M.J. & Anderson, J.B. Glacial and marine geological evidence for the ice sheet configuration in the Weddell Sea-Antarctic Peninsula Region during the Last Glacial Maximum. Antarctic Science. 1999;10:307-323.
  • Bentley, M.J. Volume of Antarctic ice at the Last Glacial Maximum, and its impact on global sea level change. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1999;18:1569-1595.
  • McCulloch, R.D. & Bentley, M.J. Late glacial ice advance in the Strait of Magellan, southern Chile. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1998;17:775-787.
  • Bentley, M.J. Relative and radiocarbon chronology of adjacent former outlet glaciers in the Chilean Lake District. Journal of Quaternary Science. 1997;12:25-33.
  • Bentley, M.J. The role of lakes in moraine formation, Chilean Lake District. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 1996;21:493-507.

Chapter in book

  • Bentley, M.J. Recent Climate Change: Causes and Impacts of Climate Change in Antarctica. In: Liggett, D., Storey, B., Cook, Y. & Meduna, V. Exploring the Last Continent: An Introduction to Antarctica. Cham: Springer; 2015:505-520.
  • Ross, N. and the Lake Ellsworth Consortium (incl. & Bentley, M.J.) Subglacial Lake Ellsworth, West Antarctica: its history, recent field campaigns and plans for its exploration. In: Siegert, M.J., Kennicutt, M.C. & Bindschadler, R.A. Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments. American Geophysical Union; 2011:221.
  • Bentley, M.J., Christofferson, P., Hodgson, D.A., Smith, A.M., Tulaczyk, S. & Le Brocq, A.M. Subglacial lake sediments and sedimentary processes: potential archives of ice sheet evolution, past environmental change and the presence of life. In: Siegert, M.J., Kennicutt, M.C. & Bindschadler, R.A. Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments. American Geophysical Union; 2011:83.
  • Hodgson, D.A., and 32 others & (incl. Bentley, M.J.) Antarctic climate and environmental history in the pre-instrumental period. In: Turner, J. Bindschadler, R.A., Convey, P., Di Prisco, G., Fahrbach, E., Gutt, J., Hodgson, D.A., Mayewski, P.A. & Summerhayes, C.P. Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment. Cambridge: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research; 2009.
  • Bentley, M.J. Will the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Collapse? In: Amin, A. & O’Neill, M. Thinking about almost everything: new ideas to light up the mind. London: Profile Books; 2009:92-93.
  • Ó Cofaigh, C. & Bentley, M.J. Late Quaternary Relative Sea Level Changes in High-Latitudes. In: Elias S. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science. Elsevier; 2007:3052-3064.
  • Hjort, C., Ingolfsson, O., Bentley, M.J. & Bjorck, S. Late Pleistocene and Holocene Glacial and Climate History of the Antarctic Peninsula Region: A brief overview of the land and lake record. In: Domack, E. Antarctic Peninsula Climate Variability: Antarctic Research Series 79. American Geophysical Union; 2003:95-101.
  • Bentley, M.J. & Dugmore, A.J. Landslides and the rate of glacial trough formation. In: Owen, L.A. Mountain Glaciation: Journal of Quaternary Science - Quaternary Proceedings. 1998:11-16.

Show all publications

Research Groups

Department of Geography

Research Projects

Department of Geography

  • Determination of a New Global GPS-Derived Surface Velocity Field and its Application to the Problem of 20th Century Sea-Level Rise, The
  • Direct Measurement & Sampling of Subglacial Lake Ellsworth: Multidisciplinary Investigation of Life in Extreme Environments & West Antarctic Ice Sheet History
  • Glacial and climate history of South Georgia, sub-Antarctic
  • Glacial Retreat in Antarctica and Deglaciation of the Earth System (GRADES - QWAD)
  • Glaciated North Atlantic Margins (GLANAM)
  • Greenland in a Warmer Climate: What Controls the Advance & Retreat of the NE Greenland Ice Stream? (NEGIS)
  • Improved models of West Antarctic glacial isostatic adjustment through new crustal motion data
  • Millennial-Scale History of the George VI Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula
  • Thinning History of the Foundation - Thiel Trough Ice Stream: A Key Control on Deglaciation of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Weddell Sea Embayment
  • Timing and Rates of Ice Sheet Thinning in The Ellsworth Mountains, Weddell Sea Embayment: Constraints on West Antarctic Ice Sheet Dynamics


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