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Durham University

Department of Geography

Departmental Research Projects

Publication details

Crang, M. & Cook, I. Doing ethnographies. Norwich: Geobooks; 1995.

Author(s) from Durham


Abu-Lughod, L. (1990) Can there be a Feminist Ethnography? Women &
Performance: a Journal of Feminist Theory 5(1):7-27.
Agar, M. (1980) The Professional Stranger: An Informal Introduction to
Ethnography. New York: Academic Press.
Agar, M. (1986) Speaking of Ethnography. London/Newbury Park/Delhi: Sage.
Aitken, S. & Wingate, J. (1993) A Preliminary Study of Self-Directed Photography
of Middle-Class, Homeless and Mobility Impaired Children. Professional
Geographer 45(1):65-72.
Asch, A. & Sacks, L.H. (1983) Lives Without, Lives Within: Autobiographies of
Blind Women & Men. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness
Ashcroft, B, Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (1989) The Empire Writes Back: Theory
and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures London: Routledge.
Atkinson, P. (1990) The Ethnographic Imagination: Textual Constructions of
Reality. London: Routledge.
Aufderheider, P. (1993) Latin American Grassroots Video: Beyond TV. Public
Culture 5:579-592.
Axelrod, M. (1979) The Dynamics of the Group Interview. p.75-80 in
Higginbotham J & Cox K (eds) Focus Group Interviews.Chicago:
American Marketing Association.
Ball, M. & Smith, G. (1992) Analysing Visual Data. London/Newbury
Park/Delhi: Sage.
Barley, N. (1984) Adventures in a Mud Hut: an Innocent Anthropologist
Abroad. New York: Vanguard.
Becker Ohrn, K. (1975) The Photoflow of Family Life. Folklore Forum 13:27-36.
Bellenger, D., Bernhardt, K. & Goldstucker, J. (1979) Qualitative Research
Techniques: Focus group Interviews. p.71-75 in Higginbotham J & Cox K
(eds) Focus Group Interviews. Chicago: American Marketing Association.
Berko, L. (1992) Surveiling the Surveiled: Video, Space & Subjectivity. Quarterly
Review of Film and Video 14(1-2):61-92.
Bers, T. (1989) The Popularity and Problems of Focus group Research. College &
University 64(3):260-268.
Bogdan, R. & Taylor, S. (1984) Introduction to Qualitative Methods: The
Search for Meanings. Chichester: Wiley:
Bondi, L. & Domosh, M. (1992) Other Figures in Other Places: on Feminism,
Postmodernism & Geography. Environment & Planning D: Society &
Space 10:199-213.
Borland, K. (1991) "That's Not What I Said": Interpretive Conflict in Oral
Narrative Research. p.63-75 in Gluck, S. & Patai, D. (eds.) Women's
Words: the Feminist Practice of Oral History. London: Routledge.
Bourdieu, P. (1984) Distinction: A Critique of the Judgement of Taste. London:
Bourdieu, P. (1988) Homo Academicus. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1990a) In Other Words: Essays Towards a Reflexive Sociology.
Cambridge: Polity Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1990b) Photography: A Middle-Brow Art. Cambridge: Polity
Branthwaite, A. & Lunn, T. (1985) Projective Techniques in Social and Market
Research. p.101-128 In Walker, R. (ed.) Applied Qualitative Research.
Aldershot: Gower.
Burgess, J. & Gold, J. (eds) (1985) Geography, the Media & Popular Culture.
London: Croom Helm.
Burgess, J. (1992a) The Art of Interviewing. p.207-212 in Rogers, A., Viles, H. &
Goudie, A. (eds) The Student’s Companion to Geography. Oxford:
Burgess, J. (1992b) The Cultural Politics of Nature Conservation and Economic
Development. p.235-251 in Anderson, K. & Gale, F. (eds) Inventing
Places: Studies in Cultural Geography. Melbourne: Wiley.
Burgess, J., Harrison, C. & Maiteny, P. (1991) Contested Meanings: the
Consumption of News about Nature Conservation. Media, Culture &
Society 13:499-519.
Burgess, J., Limb, M. & Harrison, C. (1988a) Exploring Environmental Values
through the Medium of Small Groups: 1 Theory and Practice. Environment
& Planning A 20:309-326.
Burgess, J., Limb, M. & Harrison, C. (1988b) Exploring Environmental Values
through the Medium of Small Groups: 2. Illustrations of a Group at Work.
Environment & Planning A 20:457-476.
Burgin, V. (ed) (1987) Thinking Photography. Macmillan: London.
Carney, J.A. & Watts, M.J. (1990) Manufacturing Dissent: Work, Gender and the
Politics of Meaning in a Peasant Society. Africa 60(2):207-241.
Carney, J.A. & Watts, M.J. (1991) Disciplining Women? Rice, Mechanisation, and
the Evolution of Mandinka Gender Relations in Senegambia. Signs:
Journal of Women and Culture in Society 16(4):651-681.
Cassell, J. (ed) (1987) Children in the Field. Philadelphia: Temple University
Cassell, J. (1988) The Relationship of Observer to Observed when Studying Up.
Studies in Qualitative Methodology 1:89-108.
Chalfen, R. (1987) Snapshot Versions of Life. Bowling Green: Bowling Green
State University Popular Press.
Clifford, J. (1992) Traveling Cultures. p.96-116 in Grossberg, L., Nelson, C. &
Treichler, P. (eds) Cultural Studies. London: Routledge.
Cohen, E., Nir, Y., & Almagor, U. (1992) Stranger-Local Interaction in
Photography. Annals of Tourism Research 19(2):213-233.
Collier, J. & Collier, M. (1986) Visual Anthropology: Photography as a
Research Method. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Conquergood, D. (1991) Rethinking Ethnography: Towards a Critical Cultural
Politics. Communication Monographs 58:179-194.
Cook, I.J. (1992) Drowning in See-World? Critical Ethnographies of
Blindness. Unpublished MA thesis: University of Kentucky.
Cook, I.J. (1993) Constructing the Exotic: the Case of Tropical Fruit. Paper
presented at the Institute of British Geographers Annual Conference, Royal
Holloway and Bedford New College, Egham, Surrey: 5-8 January.
Cook, I.J. (1994) New Fruits & Vanity: the Role of Symbolic Production in the
Global Food Economy. p.232-248 in Bonanno, A., Busch, L., Friedland, W.,
Gouveia, L. & Mignione, E. (eds.) From Columbus to ConAgra: the
Globalization of Agriculture & Food. Lawrence: University of Kansas
Crang, P. (1992) The Politics of Polyphony: Reconfigurations in Geographical
Authority. Environment & Planning D: Society & Space 10:527-549.
Crang, P. (forthcoming) Spaces of Service. London: Routledge.
Crapanzano, V. (1986) Hermes' Dilemma: the Masking of Subversion in
Ethnographic Description. p.51-76 in Clifford, J. & Marcus, G.E. (eds.)
Writing Culture: the Poetics & Politics of Ethnography. Los Angeles &
Berkeley: University of California Press.
Crawford, P. & Turton, D. (eds) (1992) Film as Ethnography. Manchester:
Manchester University Press.
Crick, M. (1992) Ali and Me: an Essay in Street Corner Anthropology. p.175-192
in Okely, J. & Callaway, H. (eds) Anthropology & Autobiography.
London: Routledge.
Csikzsentmihalyi, M. & Rochberg-Halton, E. (1981) The Meaning of Things:
Domestic Symbols and the Self. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Delaney, C. (1988) Participant-Observation: the Razor's Edge. Dialectical
Anthropology 13:291-300.
DeVita, P. (ed.) (1992a) The Naked Anthropologist: Tales from Around the
World. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
DeVita, P. (1992b) Greasy Hands and Smelly Clothes: Fieldworker or Fisherman.
p.156-164 in op cit The Naked Anthropologist: Tales from Around the
World. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Dewdney, A. & Lister, M. (1988) Youth Culture and Photography. London:
Dey, I. (1993) Qualitative Data Analysis. London: Routledge.
Douglas, J. (1976) Investigative Social Research: Individual and Team Field
Research. London/Newbury Park/Delhi: Sage.
Dowmunt, I. (ed) (1992) Channels of Resistance: Global TV and Local
Empowerment. London: Channel 4/British Film Institute.
Duncan, J. (1981) The Problems and Perils of the Superorganic in Cultural
Geography. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 70:181-
Dwyer, K. (1977) On the Dialogic of Field Work. Dialectical anthropology
England, K. (1994) Getting Personal: Reflexivity, Positionality, & Feminist
Research. Professional Geographer 46(1):80-89.
Evans-Pritchard, E.E. (1940) The Nuer: a Description of the Modes of
Livelihood and Political Institutions of a Nilotic People. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
Fetterman, D.M. (1989) Ethnography: Step by Step. London/Newbury
Park/Delhi: Sage.
Fielding, N. & Lee, R. (1991) Using Computers in Qualitative Research.
London/Newbury Park/Delhi: Sage.
Foucault, M. (1977) Discipline & Punish. London: Allen Lane.
Foucault, M. (1980) Power/Knowledge. New York: Pantheon.
Fyfe, N. (1992) Observations on Observations. Journal of Geography in Higher
Education 16(2):127-133.
Garfinkel, H. (1984) Studies in Ethnomethodology. Cambridge: Polity.
Geiger, S. (1986) Women's Life Histories: Method & Content. Signs: a Journal of
Women in Culture & Society 11(20):334-351.
Geiger, S. (1990) What's so Feminist about Women's Oral History? Journal of
Women's History 2(1):169-182.
Giddens, A. (1984) The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of
Structuration. Cambridge: Polity.
Giddens, A. (1991) Modernity & Self-Identity: Self & Society in the Late
Modern Age. Cambridge: Polity.
Gilroy, P. (1987) There Ain't no Black in the Union Jack: the Cultural Politics
of Race and Nation. London: Hutchinson.
Gilroy, P. (1992) Cultural Studies and Ethnic Absolutism. p.187-198 in Grossberg,
L., Nelson, C. & Treichler, P. (eds) Cultural Studies. London: Routledge.
Gilroy, P. (1993a) The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness.
London: Verso.
Gilroy, P. (1993b) Small Acts: Thoughts on the Politics of Black Cultures.
London: Serpent’s Tail.
Ginsburg, F. (1991) Indigenous Media: Faustian Contract or Global Village?
Cultural Anthropology 6(1):94-114.
Ginsburg, F. (1993) Aboriginal Media and the Australian Imaginary. Public
Culture 5: 557-578.
Gluck, S. & Patai, D. (eds.) (1991) Women's Words: the Feminist Practice of
Oral History. London: Routledge.
Goffman, E. (1977) Gender Advertisements. New York: Harper & Row.
Gordon, D. (1988) Writing Culture, Writing Feminism: the Poetics and Politics of
Experimental Ethnography. Inscriptions 3/4:7-24.
Greenbaum, T. (1988) The Practical Handbook and Guide to Focus Group
Research. Lexington: Lexington Books.
Gregory, C.A. & Altman, J.C. (1989) Observing the Economy. London:
Grimshaw, A. (1992) Servants of the Buddha: a Winter in the Himalayas.
London: Open Letters Press.
Hall, C. (1992) White, Male and Middle Class: Explorations in Feminism and
History. Cambridge: Polity.
Hall, S. (1991) Old and New Identities, Old and New Ethnicities. p.41-68 in King,
A.D. (ed) Culture, Globalization and the World System. Basingstoke:
Haraway, D. (1988) Situated Knowledges: the Science Question in Feminism and
the Privilege of Partial Perspective. Feminist Studies 14(3):575-599.
Hastrup, K. (1992) Anthropological Visions: Some Notes on Textual and Visual
Authority. p.9-22 in Crawford, P. & Turton, D. (eds) Film as Ethnography.
Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Hebdige, D. (1990) Digging for Britain: an Excavation in Seven Parts. p.325-377
in Strinati, D. & Wagg, S. (eds) Come on Down? Popular Media Culture
in Post-War Britain. London: Routledge.
Hedges, A. (1985) Group Interviewing. p.71-91 In Walker, R. (ed) Applied
Qualitative Research. Aldershot: Gower.
Herod (1993) Gender Issues in the Use of Interviewing as a Research Method.
Professional Geographer 45(3):305-317.
Hirsch, J. (1981) Family Photographs: Content, Meaning & Effect. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
Holland, P. (1991) History, Memory & the Family Album. p.1-14 in Spence, J. &
Holland, P. (eds.) Family Snaps: the Meanings of Domestic Photography.
London: Virago.
Hunt, J. (1989) Psychoanalytic Aspects of Fieldwork. London/Newbury
Park/Delhi: Sage.
Ingersoll, F. & Ingersoll, J. (1987) Both a Borrower and Lender Be: Ethnography,
Oral History and Grounded Theory. Oral History Review Spring 15:81-
Jackson, P. (1983) Principles and Problems of Participant Observation.
Geografiska Annaler, Series B 64(1):39-46.
Jackson, P. (1985) Urban Ethnography. Progress in Human Geography 9(2):157-
Jackson, P. (1989) Maps of Meaning. London: Unwin Hyman.
Jacobs, D. (1981) Domestic Snapshots Towards a Grammar of Motives. Journal
of American Culture 4(1):93-105.
James, W. (1992) Migration, Racism and Identity: the Caribbean Experience in
Britain. New Left Review 193:15-55.
Jeater, D. (1992) Roast Beef & Reggae Music: the Passing of Whiteness. New
Formations Winter:107-121.
Johnson, J. (1983) Trust & Personal Involvements in Fieldwork. p.203-215 in
Emerson, R. (ed.) Contemporary Field Research. Boston: Little Brown.
Johnson, M. (1992) A Silent Conspiracy?: Some Ethical Issues of Participant
Observation in Nursing Research. International Journal of Nursing
Studies 29(2):213-223.
Jones, J.P. & Natter, W. (1993) Pets or Meat: Class, Ideology and Space in Roger
& Me. Antipode 25(2):140-158.
Jones, S. (1985) The Analysis of Depth Interviews. p.56-70 In Walker, R. (ed)
Applied Qualitative Research. Aldershot: Gower.
Jones, S. (1988) Black Culture, White Youth: the Reggae Tradition from JA to
UK. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Katz, C. (1994) Playing the Field: Questions of Fieldwork in Geography.
Professional Geographer 46(1):67-72.
Keith, M. (1992) Angry Writing: (Re)Presenting the Unethical World of the
Ethnographer. Environment & Planning D: Society & Space 10:551-568.
Kenney, K. (1993) Using Self-portrait Photographs to Understand the Self-
Concepts of Chinese and American University Students. Visual
Anthropology 5(3-4):245-269.
Knorr-Cetina, K. (1981a) Introduction. p.1-45 In Knorr-Cetina, K. & Cicourel, A.
(eds.) Advances in Social Theory and Methodology: Towards an
Integration of Macro-Sociology and Micro-Sociology. Andover:
Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Knorr-Cetina, K. (1981b) The Manufacture of Knowledge: An Essay on the
Constructivist and Contextual Nature of Science. Oxford: Pergamon.
Kobayashi, A. (1994) Coloring the Field: Gender, 'Race' & the Politics of
Fieldwork. Professional Geographer 46(1):73-80.
Krueger, R. (1988) Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research.
London/Newbury Park/Delhi: Sage.
Lacan, J. (1977) Ecrits: Selected Writings. London: Routledge.
Lesy, M. (1980) Time Frames: the Meaning of Family Pictures. New York:
Ley, D. (1988) Interpretive Social Research in the Inner City. p.121-138 in Eyles,
J. (ed.) Research in Human Geography: Introductions and
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Ley, D. (1992) Qualitative Methods: Reshaping a Tradition. Journal of
Geography in Higher Education 16(2):167-170.
Linebaugh, P. & Rediker, M. (1990) The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves,
and the Atlantic Working Class in the Eighteenth Century. Journal of
Historical Sociology 3(3):225-252.
Linebaugh, P. (1982) All the Atlantic Mountains Shook. Labour/Le travailleur
Lowe, M. (1992) Safety in Numbers? How to Teach Qualitative Geography?
Journal of Geography in Higher Education 16(2):171-175.
Lutz, C. & Collins, J. (1993) Reading National Geographic. Chicago: Chicago
University Press.
Madge, C. (1993) Boundary Disputes: Comments on Sidaway (1992). Area
Mann, M. (1986) Sources of Social Power 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Maranhao, T. (1986) The Hermeneutics of Participant Observation. Dialectical
Anthropology 10(3-4):291-309.
Marcus, G.E. & Clifford, J. (eds) (1986) Writing Culture: the Poetics and
Politics of Ethnography. Los Angeles & Berkeley: University of California
Marcus, G.E. & Cushman, D. (1982) Ethnographies as Texts. Annual Review of
Anthropology 11:25-69.
Marcus, G.E. & Fischer, M.M.J. (1986) Anthropology as Cultural Critique; an
Experimental Moment in the Human Sciences. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press.
Marcus, G.E. (1986) Contemporary Problems of Ethnography in the Modern
World System. p.165-193 in Clifford, J. & Marcus, G.E. (eds) Writing
Culture: the Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Los Angeles &
Berkeley: University of California Press.
Marcus, G.E. (1992) Past, Present and Emergent Identities: Requirements for
Ethnographies of Late Twentieth-Century Modernity Worldwide. p.309-330
in Lasch, S. & Friedman, J. (eds.) Modernity and Identity. Oxford:
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London/Newbury Park/Delhi: Sage.
Mascia-Lees, F.E., Sharpe, P. & Ballerino Cohen, C. (1989) The Postmodern Turn
in Anthropology: Cautions from a Feminist Perspective. Signs: Journal of
Women in Culture and Society. 15(1):7-33.
Massey, D. (1991) A Global Sense of Place. Marxism Today June:24-29.
McCracken, G. (1988a) Culture & Consumption: New Approaches to the
Symbolic Character of Consumer Goods and Activities. Bloomington:
Indiana University Press.
McCracken, G. (1988b) The Long Interview. London/Newbury Park/Delhi: Sage.
McDowell, L. (1992) Valid Games? A response to Erica Schoenberger.
Professional Geographer 44(2):212-215.
McDowell, L. (1993) Power & Masculinity in City Work Spaces. Paper presented
at the Institute of British Geographers Annual Conference, Royal Holloway
and Bedford New College, Egham, Surrey: 5-8 January.
Miles, M. & Crush, J. (1993) Personal Narratives as Interactive Texts: Collecting
and Interpreting Migrant Life-Histories. Professional Geographer
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Miller, D. (1987) Material Culture & Mass Consumption. Oxford: Blackwell.
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masculinity. London: Lawrence & Wishart.
Morgan, D. (1988) Focus Groups as Qualitative Research. London/Newbury
Park/Delhi: Sage.
Morley, D. (1991) Where the Global Meets the Local: Notes from the Sitting
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Ethnoethnography & Political Polarisation in an Andalucian Town. p.173-
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Personal Narratives Group (eds.) (1989) Interpreting Women's Lives: Feminist
Theory & Personal Narratives. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Pfaffenberger, B. (1989) Microcomputer Applications in Qualitative Research.
London/Newbury Park/New Delhi: Sage.
Pile, S. (1991) Securing the Future: Survival Strategies Amongst Somerset Dairy
Farmers. Sociology 25(2):255-274.
Pile, S. (1993) Human Agency and Human Geography Revisited: a Critique of
‘New Models’ of the Self. Transactions of the Institute of British
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London: Routledge.
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Rapport, N. (1993) Diverse World Views in an English Village. Edinburgh:
Edinburgh University Press.
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Pirates and the Anglo-American Maritime World, 1700-1750.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reme, E. (1993) Every Picture Tells a Story: Wall decorations as expressions of
Individuality, Family Unit and Cultural Belonging. Journal of Popular
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Bryman, A. & Burgess, R. (ed.) Analysing Qualitative Data. London:
Rosaldo, R. (1989) Culture & Truth: the Remaking of Social Analysis. Boston:
Beacon Press.
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Experience of Older People. Boulder: Westview.
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Linda McDowell. Professional Geographer 44(2):215-218.
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London/Newbury Park/Delhi Sage.
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Schwartz, D. (1989) Visual Ethnography: Using Photography in Qualitative
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Shostak, M. (1981) Nisa: the Life and Words of a !Kung Woman. Cambridge:
Harvard University Press.
Sidaway, J. (1992) In Other Worlds: on the Politics of Research by ‘First World’
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Spencer, J. (1989) Anthropology as a Kind of Writing. Man, New Series 24:145-
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Okely, J. & Callaway, H. (eds) Anthropology & Autobiography. London:
Spradley, J.P. (1979) The Ethnographic Interview. London: Holt, Rinehart &
Stewart, D. & Shamdasani, P. (1990) Focus Groups: Theory and Practice.
London/Newbury Park/Delhi: Sage.
Strathern, M. (1989) The Limits of Auto-Anthropology. p.16-37 in Jackson, A.
(ed) Anthropology at Home. London: Tavistock.
Strauss, A. (1987) Qualitative Analysis For Social Scientists. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Superville, P. (1993) ‘What the Hell are You Doing Here?’ or Where do I Fit into
the IBG? Women & Geography Study Group Newsletter 2:4-7.
Swenson, J., Griswold, W. & Kleiber, P. (1992) Focus Groups: Method of
Inquiry/Intervention. Small Group Research 23(4):459-474.
Taussig, M. (1987) Shamanism, Colonialism & the Wild Man: a Study in
Terror & Healing. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Taussig, M. (1992) The Nervous System. London: Routledge.
Taylor, L. (ed.) (1994) Visualising Theory: Selected Essays from Visual
Anthropology Review. London: Routledge.
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