Professor Neil Cartlidge, MA, MPhil, PhD (Cantab.)
Neil Cartlidge works on the cultural, social and intellectual history of the Middle Ages, focusing particularly on Middle English literature, and its relationships with works in Latin and French (which were living languages in England for much of the medieval period). Much of his current research is addressed to themes and motifs that have resonances throughout medieval Europe; and he has become increasingly interested in the way that such ideas both feed and challenge the construction of the Middle Ages as an idea that suits the purposes and preoccupations of modernity. He has particular research interests in the history of attitudes to the law (and to legal relationships such as marriage); debate-poetry, dialogues and drama; medieval romances; and the works of Chaucer.
Neil Cartlidge has been Professor in Durham’s Department of English Studies since 2013. Before arriving in Durham in 2006, he held teaching posts at University College, Dublin and St John’s College, Oxford.
His most recent book is The Works of Chardri: Three Poems in the French of Thirteenth-Century England: The Life of the Seven Sleepers, The Life of St Josaphaz and The Little Debate (Tempe, AZ, 2015). This is the first translation (into any modern language) of the complete works of a lively but little known Anglo-French writer called “Chardri” (a name which should presumably be read as an anagram of "Richard"). In addition, he has published a critical edition of the first long comic poem in the English language, The Owl and the Nightingale: Text and Translation; and a monograph on medieval depictions of marriage, Medieval Marriage: Literary Approaches 1100-1300 (Cambridge, 1997). He has edited two volumes of essays on different aspects of medieval romance: Boundaries in Medieval Romance (Cambridge, 2008) and Heroes and Anti-Heroes in Medieval Romance (Cambridge, 2012). He is also the author of over forty essays and journal-articles. These include contributions to Journal of Medieval Latin, Studies in the Age of Chaucer, English Studies, Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, Viator, Medium Aevum, Papers on Language and Literature, Chaucer Review, Modern Language Review and Yearbook of English Studies.
Cartlidge studied English Literature at Clare College in Cambridge (graduating in 1990), and completed his doctorate in Cambridge under the direction of the Professor of Medieval Latin, Peter Dronke. He then held a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship at Wolfson College, Oxford in 1995–1998. He was an Alexander-von-Humboldt Research Fellow in 2002–2003 (based at the Seminar for Medieval Latin Philology at the University of Freiburg), and again in 2011 (based at the Institute for English Philology at the FU Berlin). More recently, he was a Leverhulme Trust Research Fellow in 2013–14; he spent the first half of 2014 as a visiting fellow at the University of Freiburg’s Institute of Advanced Studies (FRIAS). He was a DAAD-funded visiting professor at the FU Berlin for the whole of the academic year 2014–15. In November/December 2015, he was a Research Associate at Rikkyo University in Tokyo.
Cartlidge teaches across the range of England’s medieval literatures (including Old English, Middle English, Old French and medieval Latin), and has also offered a variety of special topics including modules on: Robin Hood; English Literature 1066–1348; English Ballads and Popular Romances (focusing particularly on the Percy Folio, Percy's Reliques and the Child corpus of ballads); Early English Drama; Middle English Debates and Dream-Visions; J.R.R. Tolkien and Mervyn Peake. He regularly teaches an MA module on medieval manuscripts and textual editing; and he has recently supervised PhD students working on topics that include: medieval logic and literature; Middle English saints’ lives; and English translations of Boethius from King Alfred to Queen Elizabeth.
Current Research Project
At present, Cartlidge’s major research project is Confrontations in Medieval Culture: Figures of Opposition, 1000–1600. Figurative dichotomies like Body-and-Soul, Carnival-and-Lent, Yes-and-No, Winter-and-Spring or Knight-and-Clerk are prominent among the formal structures cultivated by medieval writers. The aim of this project is a book-length account of the origins, evolution and cultural significance of such oppositional motifs. Focusing principally on literary texts in English, Latin and French, it aims to provide new perspectives both on a set of traditions that are particularly central to medieval literature, and also on the broader cultural dynamics that these traditions imply. What does it mean, ultimately, that medieval literature has such a marked preference for adversarial forms?
He is also working on a new edition/translation of Walter Map's De nugis curialium; a book on multilingual literary cultures in thirteenth-century England; and (in collaboration with Winthrop Wetherbee) a collection of translations of medieval Latin debate-poetry.
- Editing, Bibliography and History of the Book
- Medieval Studies
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2015). The Works of Chardri: Three Poems in the French of Thirteenth-Century England: 'The Little Debate', 'The Life of the Seven Sleepers', and 'The Life of St Josaphaz'. Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2001). The Owl and the Nightingale: Text and Translation.. Exeter: University of Exeter Press.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1997). Medieval Marriage: Literary Approaches 1100-1300. Cambridge: Brewer.
Chapter in book
- Cartlidge, Neil (Forthcoming). 'Holcot, Robert'. In The Chaucer Encyclopedia. Newhauser, Richard, Gillespie, Vincent, Rosenfeld, Jessica & Walter, Katie. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
- Cartlidge, Neil (Forthcoming). ‘Evidence of the Past in the Legend of the Seven Sleepers’. In Material Remains: Reading the Past through Archeological Objects in Medieval and Early Modern British Literature. Hartmann, Jan-Peer & Johnston, Andrew James. Columbus OH: Ohio State UP.
- Cartlidge, Neil (Forthcoming). ‘Nationale Identitäten und internationale Spannungen in mittellateinischen Streitgedichten’. In Kreativität und Zerstörung: Zur riskanten Produktivität von Wettkampf in mittelalterlicher Literatur und Kultur. Gebert, Bent
- Cartlidge, Neil. (Forthcoming). “Vinegar upon Nitre”? Walter Map’s Romance of ‘Sadius and Galo’. In Cultural Translations in Medieval Romance. Flood, Victoria & Leitch, Megan. Brewer.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2019). 'Gender Trouble? Fabliau and Debate in Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Digby 86’. In Manuscript Digby 86: Devotion, Science, and Literary Diversions for a Worcestershire Household, c. 1280. Fein, Susanna. Cambridge: Brewer. 130-61.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2019). 'Treason'. In The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Law and Literature. Barrington, Candace & Sobecki, Sebastian. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 83-94.
- Cartlidge, Neil (2019). ‘Keine Neuigkeiten? Zur Gattung und Gestaltung des englischen Jest-Buchs ‘A Hundred Merry Tales’ (1526)’. In Schwanksammlungen im frühneuzeitlichen Medienumbruch. Transformationen eines sequentiellen Erzählparadigmas. Plotke, Seraina & Seeber, Stefan. Heidelberg: Winter. 175-88.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2018). 'Medieval Romance Mischief'. In Romance Rewritten. Archibald, Elizabeth, Saunders, Corinne & Leitch, Megan. Cambridge: Brewer. 27–47.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2017). 'Debate poetry'. In The Encyclopedia of Medieval British Literature. Echard, Sîan & Rouse, Robert. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2017). 'Durham'. In The Encyclopedia of Medieval British Literature. Echard, Sîan & Rouse, Robert. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2017). 'The Owl and the Nightingale'. In The Encyclopedia of Medieval British Literature. Echard, Sîan & Rouse, Robert. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2016). 'The Owl and the Nightingale'. In Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies. Szarmach, Paul E. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2015). 'Cultures in Confrontation in BL MS Harley 978'. In Language in Medieval Britain: Networks and Exchanges: Proceedings of the 2013 Harlaxton Symposium. Carruthers, Mary. & Steer, Christian. Donington: Shaun Tyas. 181-200.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2015). 'The Werewolf of Wicklow: Shapeshifting and Colonial Identity in the Lai de Melion'. In Medieval romance and material culture. Perkins, Nicholas Cambridge: D.S. Brewer. 75-89.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2014). 'Courtliness in Jeopardy: The Social Consciousness of the Old French jeux-partis'. In Ambition and Anxiety: Courts and Courtliness: ca. 700-1600. McKinnell, John & Gasper, Giles Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies. 119-138.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2014). 'The Norman Conquest and Literary Culture after 1066'. In A Companion to British Literature: Volume 1: Medieval Literature 700–1500. DeMaria, Robert, Jr., Chang, Heesok & Zacher, Samantha Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 97-113.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2013). 'La3amon’s Ursula and the Influence of Roman Epic'. In Reading La3amon’s Brut: Approaches and Explorations. Allen, Rosamund, Roberts, Jane & Weinberg, Carole. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 499-521.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2012). 'Sons of Devils'. In Heroes and Anti-Heroes in Medieval Romance. Cartlidge, Neil. Cambridge: Brewer. 219–235.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2011). 'Narrative and Gossip in Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde'. In Narrative Developments from Chaucer to Defoe. Bayer, Gerd & Klitgard, Ebbe. New York: Routledge. 221-234.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2010). 'The Owl and the Nightingale and Medieval Debate-poetry'. In A Companion to Medieval Poetry. Saunders, Corinne J. Oxford: Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 237-57.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2010). 'The Fairies in the Fountain: Promiscuous Liaisons?'. In The Exploitations of Medieval Romance. Ashe, Laura., Weiss, Judith. & Djordjevic, Ivana. Cambridge: Cambridge: Brewer. 15-27.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2007). 'Marriage and Chastity in Middle English: [Durham University, Cosin’s Library MS] II.V.14]'. In Treasures of Durham University Library. Gameson, Richard. London: London: Third Millennium.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2006). 'An Intruder at the Feast? Anxiety and Debate in the Letters of Peter of Blois'. In Writers of the Reign of Henry II. Kennedy, Ruth. & Meecham-Jones, Simon. New York: New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 79-108.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2006). 'Nat that I chalange any thyng of right': Love, Loyalty and Legality in the Franklin's Tale. In Writings on Love in the English Middle Ages. Cooney, Helen. New York: New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 115-131.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2005). 'Imagining X: a Lost Early Vernacular Miscellany'. In Imagining the Book. Kelly, Stephen. & Thompson, John J. Turnhout: Turnhout: Brepols. 31-44.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2005). 'Marriage, Sexuality and the Family'. In A Concise Companion to Chaucer. Saunders, Corinne. Oxford: Oxford: Blackwell. 218-40.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2005). 'The Unknown Pilgrim': Drama and Romance in the 'Life of Christina of Markyate'. In Christina of Markyate: A Twelfth-Century Holy Woman.. Fanous, Samuel. & Leyser, Henrietta. London: Routledge. 79-98.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2005). 'Therof seyus clerkus': Slander, Rape and Sir Gowther'. In Cultural Encounters in the Romance of Medieval England. Saunders, Corinne. Cambridge: Cambridge: Brewer. 135-47.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2004). 'Arnold Bennett'. In The Literary Encyclopedia. Clark, Robert. The Literary Dictionary Company.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2012). Heroes and Anti-Heroes in Medieval Romance. Cambridge: Brewer.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2008). Boundaries in Medieval Romance. Cambridge: Brewer.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (Forthcoming). Invektive in der Poetik des Mittelalters: Redundanz, Dialog und Performance. Kulturwissenschaftliche Zeitschrift
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2020). “Scientia vera? Holcot and Chaucer on Astrological Determinism, Magic, Talismans, and Omens. Chaucer Review 55(3): 279-297.
- Cartlidge, Neil (2018). 'Who is the Traitor at the Beginning of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight?'. Arthurian Literature 34: 22-51.
- Cartlidge, Neil (2017). Ripples on the Water? The Acoustics of Geoffrey Chaucer’s House of Fame and the Influence of Robert Holcot. Studies in the Age of Chaucer 39(1): 57-98.
- Cartlidge, Neil (2016). Robin Hood's Rules: Gang-culture in Early Modern Outlaw-Tales?. Cultural Dynamics 28(1): 13-26.
- Cartlidge, Neil (2015). 'A Debate with Death: John Rudyng's Brass in St Andrew's Church, Biggleswade'. Transactions of the Monumental Brass Society 19(2): 94-100.
- Baker, David. & Cartlidge, Neil. (2014). 'Manuscripts of the Medieval Latin Debate Between Body and Soul ("Visio Philiberti")'. Notes and Queries 61(2): 196-201.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2012). Heroes and Anti-Heroes in Medieval Romance. The Medieval Herald 11.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2012). Wayward Sons and Failing Fathers: Chaucer's Moralistic Paternalism and a Possible Source for the Cook's Tale. The Chaucer Review 47(2): 134-160.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2011). 'Masters in the Art of Lying? The Literary Relationship between Hugh of Rhuddlan and Walter Map'. Modern Language Review 106(1): 1-16.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2010). Criseyde's Absent Friends. Chaucer Review 44(3): 227-45.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2010). Nicholas of Guildford and 'The Owl and the Nightingale'. Medium Ævum 79(1): 14-24.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2006). 'In the Silence of a Midwinter Night': A Re-evaluation of the 'Visio Philiberti'. Medium Ævum 75: 24-45.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2005). 'Homosexuality and Marriage in a Fifteenth-Century Italian Humanist Comedy: The Debate between Cavichiolus and his Wife'. Journal of Medieval Latin 15: 25-66.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2004). 'Sir Orfeo in the Otherworld: Courting Chaos?'. Studies in the Age of Chaucer 26: 195-226.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2004). 'The Battle of Shrovetide: Carnival against Lent as a Leitmotif in Late Medieval Culture'. Viator 35: 517-542.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2003). 'Festivity, Order and Community in Fourteenth-Century Ireland: the Composition and Contexts of BL MS Harley 913'. Yearbook of English Studies 33: 33-52.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2002). 'The Only Really Objective Novel Ever Written'? Arnold Bennett's 'Riceyman Steps'. Papers on Language and Literature 38: 115-36.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2001). 'The Canterbury Tales' and Cladistics. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 102: 135-50.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (2000). 'Aubrey de Bassingbourn, Ida de Beauchamp and the context of the Estrif de deus dames in Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Digby 86'. Notes & Queries 245: 411-414.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1998). '"Alas I Go with Chylde": Representations of Extra-Marital Pregnancy in the Middle English Lyric'. English Studies 79: 395-414.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1998). 'A Note on The Owl and the Nightingale, line 1342'. Notes & Queries 243: 22.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1998). 'Misogyny in a Medieval University? The 'Hoc contra malos' Commentary on Walter Map's Dissuasio Valerii'. Journal of Medieval Latin 8: 156-91.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1998). 'The Linguistic Evidence for the Provenance of The Owl and the Nightingale'. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 99: 249-68.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1997). 'A Note on The Owl and the Nightingale, line 1539'. Notes & Queries 242: 21-22.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1997). 'Orthographical Variation in the Middle English lyrics of BL MS Cotton Caligula A.ix'. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 98: 253-259.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1997). 'The Composition and Social Context of MSS Jesus College Oxford 29 (II) and BL Cotton Caligula A.ix'. Medium Ævum 66: 250-269.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1997). 'The Source of John Lydgate's "The Churl and the Bird"'. Notes & Queries 242: 22-24.
- Cartlidge, Neil. (1996). 'The Date of The Owl and the Nightingale'. Medium Ævum 65: 230-247.