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School of Education

Staff Profile

Prof Mike Byram

Emeritus Professor in the School of Education
Telephone: +44 (0) 191 33 48324

Contact Prof Mike Byram (email at


Michael Byram is Professor Emeritus since October 2008.
His work in the School comprised initial teacher education and being Director of Research Degrees with supervision of research students. He began his career teaching French and German at secondary school level and in adult education in an English comprehensive community school. After being appointed to a post in teacher education at the University of Durham in 1980, he carried out research into the education of linguistic minorities, foreign language education and student residence abroad.
He supervised doctoral students in intercultural studies, language teaching and comparative education.
He has published many books and articles including, most recently, Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence; Language Teachers, Politics and Cultures (with Karen Risager); From Foreign Language Education to Education for Intercultural Citizenship; and is the editor of the Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning.

 NEW BOOK: The Common European Framework of Reference. The globalisation of language education policy.


Completed Supervisions (since 2008)

Managing The Evaluation of Difference in Foreign Language Education : A Complex Case Study in a Tertiary Level Context in Japan

Fostering criticality in a beginners’ Japanese language course: a case study in a UK higher education modern languages degree programme.

Minority education and curriculum in the multilingual and multicultural society of the UAE.


‘Approaching the real’: an historical and autobiographical account of foreign language teaching in a middle school.

Designing a reading literacy curriculum for secondary school students in Egypt.

Deaf Education in Early Childhood: Bilingual Approaches in Mainland China from 1996-2004

Chinese Postgraduate Students in a British University: Their Learning Experiences and Learning Beliefs

Reflective Outcomes in Asynchronous Computer Mediated Communication: A Case Study using a Comparative Method.

EFL learners developing critical intercultural awareness through process drama: Dialogue and discovery.


Identity, Language, and Education – A Case Study in Taiwan

Teaching Translation in Higher Education in Taiwan- A Needs Analysis and Action Research Approach.

Indicators of Esteem

  • 2008: External Examiner: PhD external examiner, Dublin City University, 24 July 2008
  • 2008: Lecutres and workshops: Lectures and workshop on 'Multiple linguistic and cultural identities in the classroom', Universidad internacional de Andalucia, Huelva, 22 July 2008
  • 2008: Plenary lecture: 'Self-assessment/evaluation of intercultural competence - and the Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters', University of West of England and Bristol City Council conference on 'Intercultural Dialogue: the Way Forward'. Bristol 12 April 2008
  • 2008: Plenary lecture: Estonia: Plenary lecture: ‘Teaching “national cultures” in foreign language education’, Narva College, University of Tartu, conference on ‘Issues of multilingualismn and multiculturalism in modern education systems’, Narva, Estonia, 18-19 April 2008
  • 2008: Plenary lectures: 1. 'Intercultural competence - teaching and assessing/evaluating' and workshop on 'Social interaction - with and without a foreign language' at Far Eastern National University, Vladivostok, Russia - conference on 'Building bridges with languages and cultures', 26-28 June 2. 'Intercultural citizenship - an education perspective' at University of Surrey CRONEM conference 'Nationalism, Ethnicity and Citizenship: Whose Citizens? Whose Rights?', 30 June-1 July
  • 2008: Seminar co-organiser & contributor: Co-organiser and contributor (with Adelheid Hu) of a seminar on 'Intercultural Competence and Foreign Languages: Models, empiricism and assessment' - University of Hamburg, 29-31 May 2008
  • 2007: Plenary lecture: 'Foreign language and citizenship education: CLIL in foreign language classroom' at conference on New Challenges in Foreign Language Education: content and language integrated learning and intercultural language teacing at University of Lleida, Spain, 18-29 October
  • 2006: Rapporteur of Council of Europe: Study on Language Policy in Lombardy, Italy: * presentation of results 'Roundtable'; * presentation of results In-service course for teachers 'Plurilingual education in school and university'.
  • Adviser to Council of Europe Language Policy Division: CoE is the major influence on language teaching and language education policy and this position is influential in setting the agenda for the work of the CoE in this area. The position includes leading teams to carry out ‘Language Policy Profiles’ in member states (e.g. Hungary, Norway, Poland)
  • Assessment at Jaen University, Spain: Assessment of students on PhD modules on Intercultural Studies:
  • British Council: Member of British Council (North Europe Region) Think tank on Plurilingualism in Europe - meeting 25 January in Berlin.
  • British Council: Invitation to British Council Think Tank and Conference on Multilingualism in Europe, 31 Jan - 2 Feb
  • Editorships etc: I am co-editor of a book series on ‘Language for intercultural communication and education’ for Multilingual Matters which has produced 10 or so books in the RAE period.
  • External evaluator: External evaluator for applicatio for Readership, Institute of Education, London
  • Guest/Visiting professorships and lectures etc: I am a Guest Professor at Beihang University Beijing (Honorary position for the period 2003-8); was Visiting Professor at Tokyo Gakugei University Japan for six months 2004-05; have given numerous guest lectures and plenary lectures at international conferences and in foreign universities.
  • Keynote lecture: 'Foreign language education and education for intercultural citizenship' at International Forum on English Language Teaching II, University of Porto, Portugal, 11 Nov. 05
  • Leader: Leader of group on Languages across the Curriculum in Primary Education, Counicl of Europe 'Languages of Education', meeting in Oslo 31 January - 2 Feb.
  • Lecture Tour - Argentina: Lecture tour for British Council Argentina 18-24 September, including opening plenary ‘Intercultural competence for the intercultural speaker – a task for foreign language education’, and seminars FAAPI Conference, Jujuy, 20-22 September 2007
  • Lectures and workshop: Moscow 2005: Guest lecture on 'Concepts for describing Language People' at Moscow State Linguistic University, 28 Sept 05 Lecture and workshop on 'Autiobiography of Key Intercultural Experiences' at Seminar on the European Language Portfolio, Moscow, 30 Sept. 05
  • Lectures in New Zealand: Guest lecture Auckland University of Technology, 'Language Education and Education for Intercultural Citizenship'- 30 June 2006 Plenary lecture "Standing on the bridge - the 'intercultural speaker' and the purposes of language teaching"; Seminar 'Language teaching for intercultural citizenship' New Zealand Association of Lanugage Teachers, 2 - 5 July 2006
  • Member of organising committee: Member of organising committee 'Forum on the common European Framework', Council of Europe - Forum in Strasbourg 6-8 Feb.
  • Papers: Two papers given by invitation at the Conference 'Sprachen schaffen Chancen' of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Fremdsprachenforschung, Munich 3-6 Oct. 05 'Researching residence and study abroad'; 'Foreign language education in other countries - Britain'
  • PhD external examining: I have done numerous examinations in the RAE period including in France, Australia, Denmark, Finland
  • Plenary lecture: Plenary lecture on 'Intercultural dialogue and encounters' at 2008 Languages in Higher Education Conference, University of York 8-9 July
  • Plenary Lecture, Portugal: Intercultural competence - teaching and assessing/evaluating Plenary lecture University of Minho, Portugal, conference on «Implications didactiques de l’interculturalité pour le processusd’enseignement/ apprentissage des langues-cultures étrangères »
  • Plenary lectures: 'English is not enough' and 'Not enough English': a comparative analysis of purposes, aims and objectives in English Language Teaching', Annual Conference of the Japan Association of College English Teachers, Tokyo, Japan. 10 Sept 05 'Plurilingualism and 'intercultural citizenship'/Demokratialernen'. Kansai University seminar on 'The significance of 'Plurilingualism' in a global society and the European Language Portfolio: prospects for Japan', Osaka Japan. 11 Sept. 05 'Exploring language, identities and education in a European perspective. Croatian Applied Linguistics Society annual conference 'Language and Identities', Split, Croatia, 25-26 May 2006
  • Rapporteur: Language Education Policy Profile: Lombardy. Published by Ministry of Education, Italy and Council of Europe (October 06)
  • Referee: Referee for Royal Society of New Zealand - Marsden Fund
  • Referee for applications: Referee for applications for promotion at Chinese University of Hong Kong, Lingnan University Hong Kong and Dublin City University, Ireland
  • Special lecture and seminar: Lecture: 'Language Learniners as Ethnographers and Teachers as Educators', November 04, Univesity of Hokkaido, Sappora, Japan Seminar: 'The Council of Europe and Language Education Policy', Nov. 04, Univesity of Hokkaido, Sappora, Japan

Research Interests

  • Bilingual education
  • Comparative education
  • Foreign language teaching

Research Groups


Journal papers: academic

Books: authored

Books: edited

Books: sections

  • Byram, M. (2013). Citizenship Education. In Wiley Online encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Chapelle, C. Wiley Online Library.
  • Byram, M. (2013). Cultural awareness in multilingual education. In Wiley Online Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Chapelle, C.
  • Byram, M. (2013). De la formation en langues étrangères à l'éducation à la citoyenneté interculturelle. In Éthique et politique en didactigue des langues. Beacco, J-C. Paris: Didier. 1-26.
  • Byram, M. (2013). Identifications through languages. In Intersecting Identities and Interculturality: Discourse and Practice. Machart, R., Lim, C.B., Lim, S.N. & Yamato, E. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 45-56.
  • Byram, M. & Masuhara, H. (2013). Intercultural competence. In Applied linguistics and materials development. Tomlinson, B. London: Bloomsbury. 143-160.
  • Byram, M. (2013). Intercultural Competence. In Wiley Online Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Chapelle, C.
  • Byram, M. (2013). Sprachenpolitik zwischen Theorie und Praxis. In Mehrsprachigkeit grenzuberschreitend. Modelle, Konzepte, Erfahrungen. Gombos, G. Klagenfurt: Drava Verlag. 35-45.
  • Byram, M.S. (2012). Characteristics and competences of the plurilingual and intercultural citizen. In Mehrsprachigkeit. Bildung - Kommunikation - Standards. Facke, C., Martinez, H. & Meissner, F-J. Stuttgart: Ernst Klett Verlag. 15-25.
  • Byram, M. (2012). Reflecting on teaching 'culture' in foreign language education. In Insights into the European Portfolio for Student Teachers of Languages (EPOSTL). Newby, D. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Byram, M.S. (2011). A research agenda for 'intercultural competence'. In Intercultural competence. Concepts, challenges and evaluations. Witte, A. & Harden, T. Oxford: Peter Lang. 19-36.
  • Byram, M. (2011). Conceptualizing intercultural (communicative) competence and intercultural citizenship. In The Routledge Handbook of Language and Intercultural Communication. Jackson, J. Routledge: London. 85-97.
  • Byram, M.S. (2011). Intercultural citizenship - an education perspective. In Nationalism, Ethnicity, Citizenship. Barrett, M., Flood, C. & Eade, J. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 163-180.
  • Byram, M.S. (2011). La competence interculturelle. In guide pur la recherche en didactique des langues et des cultures. Blanchet, P. & Chardent, P. Paris: Editions des archives contemporaines. 253-260.
  • Byram, M. (2011). Language teaching (and learning) in a European perspective. In Foreign language teaching - history, theory, methods. Appel, J., Doff, S., Rymarczyk, J. & Thaler, E. Langenscheidt. 11-18.
  • Byram, M.S. (2011). Recherche et prise de position. In Guide pur la recherche en didactique des langues et des cultures. Blanchet, P. & chardent, P. Paris: Editions des archives contemporaines. 41-44.
  • Byram, M. & Parmenter, L. (2010). An overview of the international influences oon the CEFR. In Statements in language education in Japan and beyond - Applications of the CEFR. Schmidt, M.G., Naganuma, N., O'Dwyer, F., Imig, A. & Sakai, K. Tokyo: Asahi Press.
  • Byram, M., Lapkin, S., LoBianco, J., Met, M. & Scott, A. (2010). Fremds[prachen] didaktik in englischsprachigen Landern. In Handbuch Fremdsprachendidaktik. Hallet, W. & Konigs, F.G. Seelze-Velber, Germany: Klett/Kallmeyer.
  • Byram, M. (2010). Intercomprehension; intercultural competence and foreign language teaching. In Lernerautonouire durch Interkomprehension. Doye, P. & Meissner, F-J. Tubingen: Narr Verlag.
  • Byram, M. & Guilherme, M. (2010). Intercultural education and intercultural communication: tracing the relationship. In Becoming intercultural: inside and outside the classroom. Tsai, Y. & Houghton, S. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 2-22.
  • Byram, M.S. (2008). Education for intercultural citizenship: language teaching and education for citizenship - in Europe and beyond. In Visions of Language in Education. Visionen der Bildung durch Sprachen. Doff, S., Hullen, W. & Klippel, F. (eds) Berlin: Langenscheidt. 65-75.
  • Byram, M.S. (2008). Researching residence and study abroad. In Auslandsaufenthalte in Schule und Studium. Bestanbdsaufnahme aus Forschung und Praxis. Ehrenreich, S., Woodman, G. & Perrefort, M. Munster: Waxman. 19-28.

Conference papers

  • Byram, M. (2010), Global communities, cosmopolitan and intercultural citizenship, International Association for Intercultural Studies Conference. Guangzhou, China.

Edited works: journals

  • Byram, M., Holmes, P. & Savvides, N. (2013). Teaching and Learning Intercultural communication in the Second/Foreign Language Classroom. The Language Learning Journal Special Issue I, 41 (3).

Journal papers: online

Media Contacts

Available for media contact about:

  • Subject specialists: modern languages
  • Subject specialists: bilingual education
  • Subject specialists: foreign language teaching
  • Subject specialists: ethnic minority education
  • Europe: Language, literature & culture: France/Germany
  • Europe: Language, literature & culture: language teaching
  • Foreign Literature & Language: French/German
  • Foreign Literature & Language: modern language teaching