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Durham University

Computer Science


Publication details for Professor Matthew Johnson

Feghali, C., Johnson, M. & Paulusma, D. (2017). Kempe equivalence of colourings of cubic graphs. European Journal of Combinatorics 59: 1-10.

Author(s) from Durham


Given a graph G=(V,E) and a proper vertex colouring of G, a Kempe chain is a subset of V that induces a maximal connected subgraph of G in which every vertex has one of two colours. To make a Kempe change is to obtain one colouring from another by exchanging the colours of vertices in a Kempe chain. Two colourings are Kempe equivalent if each can be obtained from the other by a series of Kempe changes. A conjecture of Mohar asserts that, for k≥3, all k-colourings of connected k-regular graphs that are not complete are Kempe equivalent. We address the case k=3 by showing that all 3-colourings of a connected cubic graph G are Kempe equivalent unless G is the complete graph K4 or the triangular prism.