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Durham University

Computer Science


Publication details for Professor Toby Breckon

Gaus, Y.F.A., Bhowmik, N. & Breckon, T.P. (2019), On the Use of Deep Learning for the Detection of Firearms in X-ray Baggage Security Imagery, 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Technologies for Homeland Security. Boston, USA, IEEE.

Author(s) from Durham


X-ray imagery security screening is essential to maintaining transport security against a varying profile of prohibited items. Particular interest lies in the automatic detection and classification of prohibited items such as firearms and firearm components within complex and cluttered X-ray security imagery. We address this problem by exploring various end-to-end object detection Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) architectures. We evaluate several leading variants spanning the Faster R-CNN, Mask R-CNN, and RetinaNet architectures. Overall, we achieve maximal detection performance using a Faster R-CNN architecture with a ResNet 101 classification network, obtaining 0.91 and 0.88 of mean Average Precision (mAP) for a two-class problem from varying X-ray imaging dataset. Our results offer very low false positive (FP) complimented by a high accuracy (A) $(\mathrm{FP}=0.00\%,\ \mathrm{A}=99.96\%)$ . This result illustrates the applicability and superiority of such integrated region based detection models within this X-ray security imagery context.