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Department of Archaeology

Staff

Dr Mark Manuel

Research Fellow in the Department of Archaeology
Telephone: +44 (0) 191 33 41111
Room number: 226

(email at m.j.manuel@durham.ac.uk)

Biography

Mark completed his BSc and MA in Archaeology at the Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford in 2001 and 2003 respectively, and his AHRC-funded PhD at Durham University in 2008. He specialises in landscape archaeology, the development of urban communities, cultural heritage management and archaeological survey methodologies, all within the context of South Asia and Iran.

His PhD research focused upon testing models of the social and political organisation of the Indus Valley Tradition, through an analysis of both published and new survey data from western India. It argued that existing models are routed in ethnocentric interpretations of the archaeological record, and that the adoption of systematic approaches to survey and excavation will generate a broader spectrum of data from which to construct future models. As part of this he was attached the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, in India.

Since completion of his PhD, Mark has worked extensively on research projects in Sri Lanka (Anuradhapura), Iran (Tepe Pardis and Sialk) and Nepal (Lumbini, Tilaurakot and Pashupati). In addition, he has completed consultancy work in Bangladesh (Bagerhat, Mahasthangarh and Paharpur), and fieldwork in Egypt (Gurob).

His most recent work has been in Nepal, as part of a six-year program of UNESCO-funded research in the Natal Landscape of the Buddha, in which Durham University is working with local partners and stakeholders to develop a better understanding of the archaeological sequences of the early life of the Buddha; provide training, support and technical expertise to local archaeologists; contribute to the management of archaeological sites in light of development for tourism and pilgrimage; and create a heritage atlas of archaeological sites within the Greater Lumbini Area. 

Publications

Book review

Chapter in book

  • Coningham, R.A.E., Manuel, M.J., Davis, C.E. & Gunawardhana, P. (2017). Archaeology and Cosmopolitanism in Early Historic and Medieval Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka at the Crossroads of History. Biedermann, Z. & Strathern, A. London: UCL Press. 19-43.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Manuel, M.J. & Shoebridge, J.E. (2016). Reconstructing Networks of Trade and Exchange in the Indian Ocean during the Early Historic Period: Case Studies from Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka). In Imperial Rome, Indian Ocean Regions and Muziris: New Perspectives on Maritime Trade. Mathew, K.S. Routledge. 31-51.
  • Manuel, M.J., Coningham, R.A.E., Gillmore, G. & Fazeli, H. (2014). Societal change and sustainability within the Central Plateau of Iran: an archaeological viewpoint. In Sustainable Development: an appraisal from the Gulf Region. Sillitoe, P. Berghahn. 38-61.
  • Manuel, M.J., Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G., Strickland, K.M., Young, R.L., Davis, C.E., Jones, J., McDonnell, G., Rammungoda, U.R., Namalgamuwa, H. & Senanayake, J. (2013). Construction and Building Materials, Stone, Glass, Metal, Archaezoological, Archaeobotanical and Plastic Objects. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 393-444.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G., Manuel, M.J. , Davis, C.E. & Simpson, I.A. (2013). Discussion. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 459-479.
  • Gilliland, K.M, Simpson, I.A., Adderley, P., Burbidge, C.I., Cresswell, A.J., Sanderson, D., Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G., Manuel, M.J., Strickland, K.M., Young, R.L., Namalgamuwa, H., Rammungoda, U.R. & Senanayake, J. (2013). Environment and Water Management. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 191-228.
  • Davis, C.E. , Coningham, R.A.E. , Gunawardhana, P. & Manuel, M.J. (2013). Epigraphy in the hinterland. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 445-458.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G., Strickland, K.M., Manuel, M.J., Senanayake, J. Namalgamuwa, H. & Rammungoda, U.R. (2013). Excavation. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 135-190.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G., Krishnan, K., Davis, C.E., Manuel, M.J., Rammungoda, U.R., Namalgamuwa, H.,, Senanayake, J. & Stern, B. (2013). Glazed and Unglazed Ceramics. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 229-332.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G. Manuel, M.J. & Davis, C.E. (2013). History of Research. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 9-20.
  • Fazeli, H., Coningham, R.A.E., Marghussian, A., Manuel, M.J., Azizi, H. & Pollard, A.M. (2013). Mapping the Neolithic occupation of the Kashan, Tehran and Qazvin Plains. In The Neolithisation of Iran: the formation of new societies. Matthews, R. & Fazeli, H. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 114-135.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P. Adikari, G. Manuel, M.J., Donahue, R., Schmidt, A.R., Simpson, I.A., Bailiff, I. & Young, R.L. (2013). Methodology. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 21-30.
  • Schmidt, A.R., Manuel, M.J., Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P., Senanayake, J. Rammungoda, U.R. & Namalgamuwa, H. (2013). Non-intrusive Surface Survey: Geophysics and Augering. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 97-134.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P. Adikari, G. Davis, C.E. , Manuel, M.J. , Bailiff, I. , Batt, C.M. Namalgamuwa, H. Senanayake, J. & Rammungoda, U.R. (2013). Phasing the Hinterland. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 31-48.
  • Kourampas, N., Simpson, I.A., Fazeli, H., Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2013). Sediments, soils and livelihood in a Late Neolithic village on the Iranian Plateau. In The Neolithisation of Iran: the formation of new societies. Matthews, R. & Fazeli, H. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 178-189.
  • Manuel, M.J. , Young, R.L. Coningham, R.A.E. , Gunawardhana, P. Adikari, G. Katugampola, M. Senanayake, J. & Rammungoda, U.R. (2013). Survey Data. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 49-96.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. , Gunawardhana, P. Davis, C.E. , Manuel, M.J., Strickland, K.M., Namalgamuwa, H. Senanayake, J. & Rammungoda, U.R. (2013). Terracotta Objects. In Anuradhapura Volume III: The Hinterland. Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. Archaeopress (BAR International Series 2568). 333-392.
  • Manuel, M.J. (2010). Chronology and Culture-History in the Indus Valley. In Sirinimal Lakdusinghe Felicitation Volume. P. Gunawardhana, G. Adikari & R.A.E. Coningham Battaramulla: Neptune. 145-152.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2009). The Early Empires of South Asia. In The Great Empires of the Ancient World. Harrison, T. London: Thames & Hudson. 226-249.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2008). Geographic overviews, Asia (South): Asia, South: Northwest Frontier and Kashmir region (MS 218). In Encyclopedia of Archaeology. Pearsall, D. San Diego: Elsevier. 733-745.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2008). Warfare in Ancient South Asia. In The Ancient World at War. De Souza, P. London: Thames and Hudson.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2007). The Indus Civilisation. In Archaeologica The world's most significant sites and cultural treasures. Cremin, Aedeen Melbourne: Random House. 240-245.

Journal Article

Related Links

Selected Grants

  • 2017: Promoting sustainable pilgrimage and the protection of heritage sites in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, India (£66270.00 from UKIERI)
  • 2017: Strengenthening the conservation and Management of Lumbini - Tilaurakot, Kudan and Araurakot 2017 (£52724.00 from UNESCO)
  • 2015: Pilot landscape survey at Polonnaruva, Sri Lanka (£10000.00 from The British Academy)
  • 2015: UNESCO: Strengthening the Conservation and Management of Lumbrini, the Birthplace of Lord Buddha (Phase ll) (£40687.00 from UNESCO)
  • 2014: Archaeological Investigations of Tilaurakot (£34052.94 from Government of Hokke Shu)
  • 2014: Benchmarking the Social and Economic Impacts of Cultural Heritage: a comparative pilot study (£11000.00 from British Council)
Archaeology Staff June 2014