Dr Claudio Cavazzuti, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow
Taking into account the present-day strong debate on mobility and migration in Prehistory, the Ex-SPACE project raises from the need of a better understanding of the social impact of mobility in ancient times, using the most advanced techniques now available in the archaeological research. The program will focus on some Italian cemeteries from the Late Copper Age to the Late Bronze Age (c. namely 1800-1200 BC).
These mortuary contexts will be analysed from both an archaeological and a biological point of view, exploring variability in terms of ritual practices, social articulation and demographic structures (life expectancy, mortality rates). Grave goods and grave structural characteristics will be collated in a catalogue and in a multivariate database. A GIS map for each cemetery will be then produced in order to visualize the distribution of the variables.
After this preliminary phase, a selection of burials will be sampled and submitted for strontium and oxygen isotope analysis in Durham University’s Department of Archaeology.
After completing the database with the isotopic results, the “Index of Social Permeability” (ISP) will be calculated for different sets and subset of cases, differentiated by chronology, sex, richness of grave goods, affiliation to a specific topographic group, and type of ritual (inhumations vs cremations). The ISP will describe the ratio between local and non-local individuals in the different communities and, inside them, among different groups. The result will be discussed amongst a variety of scholars based at Durham University and in the Italian institutions that carried out the excavations and that are responsible for the archaeological and skeletal materials.
Ex-SPACE project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 702930.